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Encyclopedia > Elections in Wales

Wales has elections to four tiers of government: 22 unitary local authorities, the National Assembly for Wales, the United Kingdom Parliament and the European Parliament. Motto: (Welsh for Wales for ever) Anthem: Hen Wlad Fy Nhadau Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff Official language(s) English, Welsh Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Rhodri Morgan AM Unification    - by Gruffudd ap Llywelyn 1056  Area    - Total 20,779 km² (3rd... For local government purposes, Wales is divided into 22 unitary authorities. ... The National Assembly for Wales (or NAfW) (Welsh: ) is a devolved assembly with power to make legislation in Wales, and is also responsible for most UK government departments in Wales. ... The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the Strasbourg building The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary...

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Local Government

There are elections to 22 unitary authorites across Wales every four years, and the next are scheduled for 2008. The electoral system currently used is First Past The Post, however there have been calls to follow Scotland into introducing the Single Transferable Vote for local elections. Key unitary authorities are Cardiff, Newport and Swansea councils which all lie on the southern coastal belt. 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... Motto: (Latin for No one provokes me with impunity)1 Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official language(s) English, Gaelic, Scots2 Government Constitutional monarchy  - Queen of the UK Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister of the UK Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... Cardiff (English:  Welsh: ) is the capital of Wales and its largest city. ... For other uses of the name Newport, see Newport (disambiguation). ... Swansea (Welsh: , mouth of the Tawe) is a city and county in South Wales in the United Kingdom, situated on the coast immediately to the east of the Gower Peninsula. ...

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National Assembly for Wales

The National Assembly for Wales has existed since 1999, after the Welsh voters narrowly approved it in the 1997 devolution referendum. It is based in Cardiff Bay, and there are elections every 4 years for 60 Assembly Members (AMs). Voters have 2 votes with 40 AMs being elected by First Past The Post system in individual constituencies, and a further 20 AMs are elected by the Regional Top-Up system in which voters have an extra vote for a specific region that they reside in. The regions are South Wales East, South Wales Central, South Wales West, Mid and West Wales and North Wales. Each region elects four AMs based on the proportionality of the vote. The National Assembly for Wales (or NAfW) (Welsh: ) is a devolved assembly with power to make legislation in Wales, and is also responsible for most UK government departments in Wales. ... Cardiff Bay Cardiff Bay (Welsh: Bae Caerdydd) is the regeneration area created by the Cardiff Barrage which impounded two rivers (Taff and Ely) to form a new freshwater lake around the former dockland area south of the city centre of Cardiff in south Wales. ...


The next Assembly elections are due to be held in May 2007.

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UK Parliament

Wales has been eligible to send MP's to Westminster since the Act of Union in 1538. Between then and 1885, most constituencies were divided into county and borough constituencies and were both able to send one MP to Westminster. As the industrial revolution took hold and calls for reform (particulary in towns such as Methyr Tydfil), Parliament eventually allowed the new towns to vote and this introduced the first Labour MP's. Indeed the first leader of the Labour Party in Parliament, Keir Hardie, was one of the two MP's for Merthyr Tydfil. The following table shows the composition of Wales's MP's sent to Westminster since 1885.

Party
Year
Conservative Party (UK) Labour Party (UK) Liberal Democrats (UK)/
Liberal Party (UK)
Plaid Cymru Independent Liberal Unionist Independent Labour others seats
1885 4 - 29 - - - - 1 34
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The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative & Unionist Party) is currently the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), and the largest in terms of public membership. ... The Labour Party has been, since its founding in the early 20th century, the main democratic socialist [1] political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Liberal Democrats, often shortened to Lib Dems, are a liberal political party based in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the historic Liberal Party. ... Plaid, also known in full as Plaid Cymru (pronounced IPA: ) – The Party of Wales, is the principal nationalist political party in Wales. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | UK political parties | Historical liberal parties ...

European Parliament

Wales is a constituency in European Parliament elections. Wales is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... Sign in the entrance of the European Parliament building in Brussels, written in all the official languages used in the European Union as of July 2006 The European Parliament building in Strasbourg The inside of the Strasbourg building The European Parliament building in Brussels The European Parliament (formerly European Parliamentary...

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