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Encyclopedia > Elections in Poland
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This article is part of the series
Politics of Poland
Constitution
President
Sejm
Senate
Prime Minister
Council of Ministers
Ministries
Law
Supreme Court
Constitutional Tribunal
State Tribunal
Supreme Administrative Court
Supreme Chamber of Control
Attorney General
Ombudsman
Political Parties:
LPR PC PD PiS PO PSL SDPL SLD SRP UP UPR
Elections
Presidential (after 1989):
1990 1995 2000 2005
Parliamentary (after 1989):
1989 1991 1993 1997 2001 2005
European Parliament:
2004
Polish referenda
Local elections
See also
Economy
Foreign relations
History
Military

Elections in Poland gives information on election and election results in Poland. Poland has a multi-party political system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The current government structure consists of a council of ministers led by a Prime Minister, typically chosen from a majority coalition in the bicameral legislatures lower house. ... Flag of the President of Poland The President of the Republic of Poland plays a very important part in the Polish legal system. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland represents the Council of Ministers (the Cabinet) and directs their work, supervises territorial self-government within the guidelines and in ways described in the Constitution and other legislation, and acts as the superior for all government administration workers (heading the public service... The Council of Ministers (cabinet), or Polish government, consists of ministers, heads of departments of ministerial rank, and heads of central institutions. ... // Existing ministries Ministerstwo Finansów (Ministry of Finances) Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych (Ministry of Foreign Affairs) Ministerstwo Spraw WewnÄ™trznych i Administracji (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration) Ministerstwo SprawiedliwoÅ›ci (Ministry of Justice) Ministerstwo Obrony Narodowej (Ministry of National Defence) Ministerstwo Rolnictwa i Rozwoju Wsi ( Ministry of Agriculture and Rural... The Supreme Court of Poland supervises the adjudication in: General courts - these are district, voivodeship, and appeal courts. ... The Constitutional Tribunal of Poland is a judicial body established to resolve disputes on the constitutionality of the activities of state institutions; its main task is to supervise the compliance of statutory law with the Constitution of the Republic of Poland. ... The State Tribunal of Poland is the judicial body, which rules on the constitutional liability of people holding the highest offices of state. ... The Supreme Administrative Court of Poland (Polish: Naczelny SÄ…d Administracyjny) is the court of last resort in administrative cases i. ... The Supreme Chamber of Control (Polish: Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, short: NIK) is one of the oldest state institutions in Poland, created under the Second Republic on February 7, 1919, barely 3 months after the restoration of Polands independence. ... List of the Polish Ombudsmen: Ewa Łętowska - November 19, 1987 - February 12, 1992 Tadeusz ZieliÅ„ski - February 13, 1992 - May 7, 1996 Adam ZieliÅ„ski - May 8, 1996 - June 29, 2000 Andrzej Zoll - from June 30, 2000 Official site Categories: Poland-related stubs | Politics of Poland ... Political parties in Poland lists political parties in Poland. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) is a conservative-nationalist opposition party within the Polish Parliament. ... Partia Centrum (Centre Party) is a centrist, moderately conservative political party in Poland. ... The Democratic Party () is a liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia WolnoÅ›ci), which it legally succeeds. ... Jump to: navigation, search Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish right political party, established in 2001, by the KaczyÅ„ski brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and JarosÅ‚aw, who is the President of the party. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a Polish conservative-liberal political party. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Socialdemocracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... Democratic Left Alliance (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties. ... Self-Defense of the Polish Republic (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitiej Polskiej, SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Labor Union (Unia Pracy) is a Polish political party. ... Real Politics Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... The first round of the Presidential elections was held in Poland October 9, 2005. ... Sejm election Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1991 elections | Elections in Poland | 1991 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 4 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1993 elections | Elections in Poland | 1993 in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 1997 elections | Elections in Poland ... Sejm election German Minority - 2 MPs Senat election Categories: Politics of Poland | 2001 elections | Elections in Poland ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ... There have been several referenda in history of Poland. ... Poland became a full member of NATO in March 1999, and of the European Union in May 2004. ... In the first centuries of its emergence in the 10th century, the Polish nation was led by a series of strong rulers who converted the Poles to Christendom, created a strong Central European state, and integrated Poland into European culture. ... Jump to: navigation, search An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... A political system is a social system of politics and government. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... A coalition government, or coalition cabinet, is a cabinet in parliamentary government in which several parties cooperate. ...


Poland elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five year term by the people. The National Assembly has two chambers. The parliament (Sejm) has 460 members, elected for a four year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies with a 5 % threshold (8% for coalitions, requirement waived for national minorities). The Senate (Senat) has 100 members elected for a four year term in 40 multi-seat constituencies. Since 1991 elections are supervised by National Electoral Commission (Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza), whose administrative division is called the National Electoral Office (Państwowe Biuro Wyborcze). The President of the Philippines meets with the President of the United States. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, universities, and countries. ... Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. ... The National Assembly (Zgromadzanie Narodowe) is the name of both chambers of the Polish parliament, the Diet (Sejm) and the Senate, when sitting in joint session. ... In government, bicameralism is the practice of having two legislative or parliamentary chambers. ... An aerial view of Parliament of India at New Delhi. ... This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Jump to: navigation, search Proportional representation (PR) is any election system which ensures a proportionally representative result of a democratic election, x% of votes should be represented by x% in the democratic institutions, parliament or congress. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... The Senate (Senat) is the upper house of the Polish parliament. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ...


Poland has a long history of elections dating several centuries, including the elections to Sejm from 1182 and the elective monarchy from 1569 to 1795. Events Canute VI crowned king of Denmark Serbia allies itself with Hungary to gain independence First Sejm, or Polish Parliment, convenes at Łęczyca Jews expelled from Paris by Philip Augustus Maronites reestablish their affiliation with Catholicism Venetians massacred during a riot in Constantinople Raynald of Chatillon instigates another war between... Jump to: navigation, search An elective monarchy is a monarchy whose reigning king or queen is elected in some form. ... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents


2005 Presidential election

Summary of 9 October Presidential election results Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Donald Franciszek Tusk - Citizens Platform 5,429,666 36.3    
Lech Aleksander Kaczyński - Law and Justice 4,947,927 33.1    
Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper - Self-Defense of the Polish Republic 2,259,094 15.1 - -
Marek Stefan Borowski - Social Democracy of Poland 1,544,642 10.3 - -
Jarosław Kalinowski - Polish Peasant Party 269,316 1.8 - -
Janusz Ryszard Korwin-Mikke - Real Politics Union 214,116 1.4 - -
Henryka Teodora Bochniarz - Democratic Party 188,598 1.3 - -
Liwiusz Marian Ilasz 31,691 0.2 - -
Stanisław Tymiński 23,545 0.2 - -
Leszek Henryk Bubel 18,828 0.1 - -
Jan Pyszko 10,371 0.1 - -
Adam Andrzej Słomka 8,895 0.1 - -
Total (turnout 49.7 %) 15,046,350 100    
More info: Polish presidential election, 2005

Donald Tusk, born 22 April 1957 in Gdańsk, is a Polish politician, co-founder and now chairman of the moderately conservative Civic Platform (Platforma Obywatelska). ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a Polish conservative-liberal political party. ... Lech Kaczyński, President of Warsaw; leader of Law and Justice Party Lech Kaczyński (born: 18th June 1949, Warsaw) is a Polish politician, and together with his twin brother Jarosław Kaczyński a leader of Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (Law and Justice) party. ... Jump to: navigation, search Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish right political party, established in 2001, by the Kaczyński brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and Jarosław, who is the President of the party. ... Andrzej Zbigniew Lepper (born June 13, 1954 in Stowięcino, Poland) is a Polish politician, leader of Samoobrona political party and Member of Parliament. ... Self-Defense of the Polish Republic (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitiej Polskiej, SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Marek Borowski (b. ... Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Socialdemocracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... Janusz Korwin-Mikke (b. ... Real Politics Union - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Democratic Party () is a liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia Wolności), which it legally succeeds. ... Stanisław Stan Tymiński (born: 27th January 1948, Pruszków) is a Canadian businessman of Polish origin, dealing in electronics and computers, and a sometime-politician in both Poland and Canada. ... The first round of the Presidential elections was held in Poland October 9, 2005. ...

2005 Parliamentary election

Summary of the 25 September 2005 Sejm and Senate election results Votes % Seats +/- Senators
Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS) 3,185,714 27.0 155 +111 49
Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, PO) 2,849,259 24.1 133 +68 34
Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Samoobrona RP) 1,347,355 11.4 56 +3 3
Democratic Left Alliance (Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) 1,335,257 11.3 55 -161 -
League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin, LPR) 940,726 8.0 34 -4 7
Polish Peasant Party (Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe, PSL) 821,656 7.0 25 -17 2
Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL)   3.9 -   -
Democratic Party (Partia Demokratyczna)   2.5 -   -
Election Committee German Minority (Komitet Wyborczy Mniejszość Niemiecka) 34.469 0,3 2    
Non-partisans         5
Total (turnout 40.6 %) 11,804,676   460   100
  • Registered voters: 30,338,316
  • Votes counted: 12,255,875
  • Invalid votes: 451,199
  • Valid votes: 11,804,676
More info: Polish parliamentary election, 2005

Jump to: navigation, search Law and Justice (Prawo i Sprawiedliwość) (PiS) is a Polish right political party, established in 2001, by the Kaczyński brothers: Lech, the former justice minister and the current mayor of the capital, Warsaw, and Jarosław, who is the President of the party. ... Citizens Platform (Platforma Obywatelska, often also called Civic Platform) is a Polish conservative-liberal political party. ... Self-Defense of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Samoobrona Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, SO or SRP) is a political party and trade union in Poland. ... Alliance of the Democratic Left (Polish: Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej, SLD) is one of the main Polish social democratic political parties, established on April 15, 1999. ... League of Polish Families (Liga Polskich Rodzin) is a conservative-nationalist opposition party within the Polish Parliament. ... The Polish Peasant Party (Polish: Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe) is a political party in Poland. ... Social Democracy of Poland (Socjaldemokracja Polska, SDPL) is a new leftist political party in Poland founded in April 2004 as a splinter group from Sojusz Lewicy Demokratycznej (it should not be confused with a former party Socialdemocracy of the Republic of Poland - SdRP). ... The Democratic Party () is a liberal party in Poland, publicly announced on February 28 and formally established on May 9, 2005 as an enlargement of the Freedom Union (Unia Wolności), which it legally succeeds. ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ...

Past elections

Poland (1989-present)

Elections in Poland
Elections '89 '90 '91 '92 '93 '94 '95 '96 '97 '98 '99 '00 '01 '02 '03 '04 '05
Presidential X X X X
Parliament X X X X X X
Local X X X X
European Parliament X

Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ... Polish parliamentary election in 2001 to Sejm and Senate of Poland were held on the 23rd September. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... The Polish parliamentary election in 1997 to the Sejm and Senate of Poland was held on the 21st September. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Polish parliamentary election in 1993 to Sejm and Senate of Poland was held on the 19th September. ... Polish parliamentary election in 1991 to Sejm and Senate of Poland was held on October 27th. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Image File history File links Polish_ballot_box. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1992 was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year 2000. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2004(MMIV) is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 25 (1st round), and Sunday December 9, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday November 5 (1st round), and Sunday November 19, 1990 (2n round). ... Presidential elections were held in Poland on Sunday October 8. ... The first round of the Presidential elections was held in Poland October 9, 2005. ... Polish parliamentary election in 1991 to Sejm and Senate of Poland was held on October 27th. ... Polish parliamentary election in 1993 to Sejm and Senate of Poland was held on the 19th September. ... The Polish parliamentary election in 1997 to the Sejm and Senate of Poland was held on the 21st September. ... Polish parliamentary election in 2001 to Sejm and Senate of Poland were held on the 23rd September. ... Parliamentary elections for both houses of the Parliament of Poland were held on September 25, 2005. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held in Poland on June 13, 2004. ...

People's Republic of Poland (1945-1989)

  • Polish legislative election, 1989
  • Polish legislative election, 1947

The Peoples Republic of Poland or Polish Peoples Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ...

Second Polish Republic (1918-1939)

  • Polish legislative election, 1938
  • Polish legislative election, 1930
  • Polish legislative election, 1925
  • Polish legislative election, 1928
  • Polish presidential election, 1926
  • Polish presidential election, 1922
  • Polish legislative election, 1922
  • Polish legislative election, 1919

Second Polish Republic 1921-1939 The Second Polish Republic is an unofficial name applied to the Republic of Poland between World War I and World War II. When the borders of the state were fixed in 1921, it had an area of 388. ...

Kingdom of Poland and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (until 1795)

The state formed by Boleslaus I of Poland in 1025 during his coronation. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...

Sejm

Main article: Sejm#Sejm_of_the_Kingdom_of_Poland_and_the_Polish-Lithuanian_Commonwealth

The first Sejm was called in 1182. Since the Sejm of 1493, called by king John I Olbracht in 1493, Sejms were held every 2 years. Famous Sejms included: This article is about the lower chamber of Polish parliament. ... Events Canute VI crowned king of Denmark Serbia allies itself with Hungary to gain independence First Sejm, or Polish Parliment, convenes at Łęczyca Jews expelled from Paris by Philip Augustus Maronites reestablish their affiliation with Catholicism Venetians massacred during a riot in Constantinople Raynald of Chatillon instigates another war between... Reign From September 23, 1492 until June 17, 1501 Coronation On September 23, 1492 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Kazimierz IV Jagiellończyk Elżbieta Rakuszanka Consorts None Children None Date of Birth December 27, 1459 Place of Birth Kraków, Poland Date of Death June 17, 1501... Events January 4 - Christopher Columbus leaves the New World. ...

Silent Sejm (Polish: Sejm Niemy) is the name given to the session of the Sejm (parliament) of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth of 1 February 1717. ... Insert non-formatted text hereMedia:Example. ... Sejm Czteroletni (Four-Year Sejm, also known as Sejm Wielki, the Great Sejm) was a Sejm of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth held in Warsaw, inaugurated in 1788. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... May 3rd Constitution (painting by Jan Matejko, 1891). ...

Elective monarchy and officials

Main article: Offices of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
Main article: List of Polish kings
Main article: Golden Freedom

Since the death of Sigismund II Augustus, last of the Jagiellonian dynasty, and following a brief period of interregnum, the entire nobility (szlachta) of the Commonwealth (10% of the population) could take part in the elections of the monarchs. Last elected king was Stanislaw August Poniatowski in 1764. He abdicated in 1795 after the partitions of Poland ended the existence of sovereign state of Poland for 123 years. Offices in Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth article presents the organizational structure and administrative system of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... Golden Liberty (latin: Aurea Libertas, Polish: Złota Wolność, sometimes used in plural form; this phenomena can be also reffered to as Golden Freedoms, Nobles Democracy or Nobles Commonwealth, Polish: Rzeczpospolita Szlachecka) refers to a unique democratic political system in the Kingdom of Poland and later, after the Union of Lublin... Reign From April 1, 1548 until July 6, 1572 Coronation On September 15, 1697 in the Wawel Cathedral, Kraków, Poland Royal House Jagiellon Parents Zygmunt I Stary Bona Sforza Consorts Elżbieta Habsburzanka Barbara Radziwiłł Katarzyna Austriaczka Barbara Giżycka Children with Barbara Giżycka Barbara Date of Birth August 1, 1520 Place... The Jagiellons were a royal dynasty which reigned in some Central European countries between the 14th and 16th century. ... An interregnum is a period between kings, between popes of the Roman Catholic Church, or between consuls of the Roman Republic. ... // English Title of Nobility (footnotes at bottom of entry) From the beginning, English law hardly knew anything of a noble or a gentle class. ... Polish szlachcic. ... Jump to: navigation, search An elective monarchy is a monarchy whose reigning king or queen is elected in some form. ... For other persons named Stanisław Poniatowski, see Stanisław Poniatowski. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio, disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one) is the act of renouncing and resigning from a formal office, especially from the supreme office of state. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski, Lithuanian Padalijimas) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...


See also

The Politics Series Politics Politics Portal Politics by country Political campaigns Political science Political philosophy Related topics Ideology Democracy Democracy Representative democracy History of democracy Referenda Liberal democracy Representation Voting Voting systems Elections Elections Elections by country Elections by calendar Political parties Political party Parties by country Parties by name...

External links

  • Electionworld
  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • Parties and elections
  • Państwowa Komisja Wyborcza - National Electoral Commission (in Polish)
  • Warsaw Consolidates the Countries of Eastern and Central Europe
  • Jan Rokita: The Triumph of the Politician - Intellectual
  • Kaczynski Brothers: Movie Stars That Turned Politicians
  • Elections 2005: Brief Information About the Participants

  Results from FactBites:
 
Poland (2694 words)
The adoption of Christianity in Poland is seen by many Poles, regardless of their religious affiliation, as one of the most significant national historical events.
Jagiellon dynasty, Poland forged an alliance with its neighbour Lithuania.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the
Poland at AllExperts (3486 words)
It is bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and Russia (in the form of the Kaliningrad Oblast exclave) to the north.
Poland's first historically documented ruler, Mieszko I, was baptized in 966, adopting Catholic Christianity as the country's new official religion, to which the bulk of the population converted in the course of the next century.
Poland has a large agricultural sector of private farms, that could be a leading producer of food in the European Union now that Poland is a member.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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