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Encyclopedia > Elections in Germany
Politics - Politics portal
Germany

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Germany
Politics, sometimes defined as the art and science of government. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_Arms_of_Germany. ... Politics of Germany takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Federal Chancellor is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...

The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Länder) of Germany at the federal level. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... The Federal Convention (Bundesversammlung) is a special body in the institutional system of Germany, convoked only for the purpose of selecting the Bundespräsident every five years. ... The Federal Constitutional Court (in German: Bundesverfassungsgericht, BVerfG) is a special court established by the German Constitution, the Grundgesetz (Basic Law). ... The Bundesgerichtshof or BGH (German for federal court) is the highest Germany for civil and criminal lawsuits. ... The President of Germany (German: Bundespräsident, formerly Reichspräsident) is Germanys head of state. ... Horst Köhler ( ▶(?), born 22 February 1943) is the current President of Germany. ... The German head of government has been known as the Chancellor (German: Kanzler) ever since the creation of the post. ... Dr. Angela Dorothea Merkel (pronounced //, born July 17, 1954) is the current Chancellor of Germany. ... The Cabinet of Germany (German: Bundeskabinett, Bundesregierung) is the chief executive body of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ... There are 439 German districts, administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of political parties in Germany. ... Germany is seen to be one of the democratic nations in Europe. ... The Federal Republic of Germany is a Central European country and member of the European Union, Group of 8 and NATO (among others). ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ...


Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections. An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... In Germany, Austria and South Tyrol, a Landtag is a unicameral legislature for a federal land. ...

Contents


German elections since 1949

Federal Republic of Germany

Election system

Germany elects on federal level a legislature. The parliament has two chambers. The Federal Diet (Bundestag) nominally has 598 members, elected for a four year term, 299 members elected in single-seat constituencies according to first-past-the-post, while a further 299 members are allocated from statewide party lists to achieve a proportional distribution in the legislature, conducted according to a system of proportional representation called the additional member system. Voters vote once for a constituency representative, and a second time for a party, and the lists are used to make the party balances match the distribution of second votes. In the current parliament there are 16 overhang seats, giving a total of 614. This is caused by larger parties winning additional single-member districts above the totals determined by their proportional party vote. A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... The First Past the Post electoral system, is a voting system for single-member districts. ... Proportional representation, also known as full representation, is an electoral system in which the overall votes are reflected in the overall outcome of the body or bodies of representatives. ... The Additional Member System (AMS) is a voting system in which some representatives are elected from geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from party lists. ... Overhang seats can arise in elections under mixed member proportional (MMP), when a party is entitled to fewer seats as a result of party votes than it has won constituencies. ...


Germany has a multi-party system, with two strong parties and some other third parties that are electorally successful. A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ...


Elections are conducted every 4 years, with the exact date of the election chosen by the outgoing government. The Bundestag can be dismissed and a new election called before the four year period has ended, but this usually only occurs in the case of a government losing its majority.


German nationals over the age of 18 are eligible to vote, including most Germans resident outside Germany, and eligibility for candidacy is essentially the same as eligibility to vote.


The Federal Council (Bundesrat) has 69 members representing the governments of the states. The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Federal States (Bundesländer) of Germany at the federal level. ...


Latest election results

Main article: German federal election, 2005
edit
Summary of the 18 September 2005 German Federal Diet (Bundestag) election results
Parties Constituency Party list Total seats
Votes % +/− Seats +/− Votes % +/− Seats +/− Total +/− %
Christian Democratic Union (Christlich-Demokratische Union) 15,390,950 32.6 +0.6 106 +24 13,136,740 27.8 -1.7 74 -34 180 -10 29.3
Christian Social Union in Bavaria (Christlich Soziale Union in Bayern) 3,889,990 8.2 -0.8 44 +1 3,494,309 7.4 -1.6 2 -13 46 -12 7.5
CDU/CSU 19,280,940 40.8 -0.2 150 +25 16,631,049 35.2 -3.3 76 -47 226 -22 36.8
Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands) 18,129,100 38.4 -3.5 145 -26 16,194,665 34.2 -4.3 77 -3 222 -29 36.2
Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei) 2,208,531 4.7 +1.1 0 0 4,648,144 9.8 +2.5 61 +14 61 +14 9.9
The Left Party (Die Linkspartei) 3,764,168 8.0 +3.6 3 +1 4,118,194 8.7 +4.7 51 +51 54 +52 8.8
Alliance '90/The Greens (Bündnis '90/Die Grünen) 2,538,913 5.4 -0.2 1 0 3,838,326 8.1 -0.5 50 -4 51 -4 8.3
Other 1,272,410 2.7 0 0 1,857,610 4.0 0 0 0 0
Totals 47,194,062 100 299 47,287,988 100 315 +11 614 +11 100

German federal elections took place on September 18, 2005 to elect the members of the 16th German Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany. ... The Bundestag (Federal Diet) is the parliament of Germany. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... The Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU – ) is a conservative political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a free-market liberal (libertarian) party in Germany. ... The Left Party (In German: , officially with a period at the end), formerly Party of Democratic Socialism (Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus, PDS) is a left-wing socialist political party in Germany. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ...

List of Federal election results

German federal elections took place on September 18, 2005 to elect the members of the 16th German Bundestag, the federal parliament of Germany. ... The 15th German federal election, 2002 was conducted on September 22, 2002, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 36th German federal election, 1998 was conducted on September 27, 1998, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 13th German federal election, 1994 was conducted on October 16, 1994, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 34th German federal election, 1990 was conducted on December 2, 1990, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 11th German federal election, 1987 was conducted on January 25, 1987, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 10th German federal election, 1983, was conducted on March 6, 1983, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 9th German federal election, 1980, was conducted on October 5, 1980, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 8th German federal election, 1976, was conducted on October 3, 1976, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 7th German federal election, 1972, was conducted on November 19, 1972, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 6th German federal election, 1969, was conducted on September 28, 1969, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 5th German federal election, 1965, was conducted on September 19, 1965, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 4th German federal election, 1961, was conducted on September 17, 1961, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 3rd German federal election, 1957, was conducted on September 15, 1957, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 2nd German federal election, 1953, was conducted on September 6, 1953, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of Germany. ... The 1st German federal election, 1949, was conducted on August 14, 1949, to elect members to the Bundestag (lower house) of West Germany. ...

State elections in the Federal Republic of Germany

State elections are conducted under various rules set by the Länder. In general they are conducted according to some form of party list proportional repesentation, either the same as the federal system or some simplified version. The election period is generally four to five years, and the dates of elections vary from state to state. Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (transliterated as Laender in English, singular Land). ...


Baden-Württemberg state election results

  • Baden-Württemberg state election, 2006
  • Baden-Württemberg state election, 2001

The Baden-Württemberg state election, 2001, was conducted on March 25, 2001, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Baden-Württemberg. ...

Bavaria state election results

The Bavaria state election, 1998, was conducted on September 13, 1998, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Bavaria. ... The Bavaria state election, 2003, was conducted on September 21, 2003, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Bavaria. ...

Berlin state election results

The Berlin state election, 2001, was conducted on October 21, 2001, to elect members to the Abgeordnetenhaus (lower house) of Berlin. ...

Brandenburg state election results

The Brandenburg state election, 1999, was conducted on September 5, 1999, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Brandenburg. ... The Brandenburg state election, 2004, was conducted on September 19, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Brandenburg. ...

Bremen state election results

The Bremen state election, 1999, was conducted on June 6, 1999, to elect members to the Bürgerschaft (city and state legislature) of Bremen. ... The Bremen state election, 2003, was conducted on May 25, 2003, to elect members to the Bürgerschaft (city and state legislature) of Bremen. ...

Hamburg state election results

The Hamburg state election, 2001, was conducted on September 23, 2001, to elect members to the Bürgerschaft (state and city legislature) of Hamburg. ... The Hamburg state election, 2004, was conducted on February 29, 2004, to elect members to the Bürgerschaft (state and city legislature) of Hamburg. ...

Hessen state election results

The Hessen state election, 1999, was conducted on February 7, 1999, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Hessen. ... The Hessen state election, 2003, was conducted on February 2, 2003, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Hessen. ...

Lower Saxony state election results

The Lower Saxony state election, 1998, was conducted on March 1, 1998, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Lower Saxony. ... The Lower Saxony state election, 2003, was conducted on February 2, 2003, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Lower Saxony. ...

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state election results

  • Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state election, 2002

The Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania state election, 2002, was conducted on September 22, 2002, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. ...

North Rhine-Westphalia state election results

  • North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2000
  • North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2005

The North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2000, was conducted on May 14, 2000, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... The North Rhine-Westphalia state election, 2005, was conducted on May 22, 2005, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. ...

Rhineland-Palatinate state election results

  • Rhineland-Palatinate state election, 2006
  • Rhineland-Palatinate state election, 2001

The Rhineland-Palatinate state election, 2001, was conducted on March 25, 2001, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Rhineland-Palatinate. ...

Saarland state election results

The Saarland state election, 1999, was conducted on September 5, 1999, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Saarland. ... The Saarland state election, 2004, was conducted on September 5, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Saarland. ...

Saxony state election results

The Saxony state election, 2004, was conducted on September 19, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Saxony. ...

Saxony-Anhalt state election results

  • Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2006
  • Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2002

The Saxony-Anhalt state election, 2002, was conducted on April 21, 2002, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Saxony-Anhalt. ...

Schleswig-Holstein state election results

  • Schleswig-Holstein state election, 2000
  • Schleswig-Holstein state election, 2005

The Schleswig-Holstein state election, 2000, was conducted on February 27, 2000, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Schleswig-Holstein. ... The Schleswig-Holstein state election, 2005, was conducted on February 20, 2005, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Schleswig-Holstein. ...

Thuringia state election results

The Thuringia state election, 2004, was conducted on June 13, 2004, to elect members to the Landtag (state legislature) of Thuringia. ...

German Democratic Republic

See: Politics of East Germany


In the German Democratic Republic, elections between multiple parties to the Volkskammer took place, but were effectively controlled by the SED/state hierarchy, even if multiple parties existed pro forma. On 18 March 1990 the first and only free elections in the history of the GDR were held, producing a government whose major mandate was to negotiate an end to itself and its state. East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR), German Deutsche Demokratische Republik (DDR), was a socialist country that existed from 1949 to 1990. ... The Volkskammer (Peoples Chamber) was the de jure Legislature of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ...


German elections 1871 to 1945

From the unification of Germany under Emperor Wilhelm I in 1871 to the Nazi accession to power and the abolishment of elections following the Enabling Act of 1933, elections were held to the German Reichstag or "Imperial Assembly", which supplanted its namesake, the Reichstag of the Norddeutscher Bund. The Reichstag could be dissolved by the Kaiser, and after the abdication of Wilhelm II in 1918 by the Reichspräsident. With the Weimar constitution of 1919, the voting system changed from single-member constituencies to proportional representation. Election age was reduced to 20 years. Women's suffrage had already been established by a new electoral law in 1918, following the November revolution of that year. Wilhelm I of Germany (March 22, 1797 – March 9, 1888), German Emperor (Kaiser), ruled January 18, 1871 – 9 March 1888 and King of Prussia, ruled 2 January 1861 – 9 March 1888. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the German law passed in 1933 at the beginning of the Third Reich. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... The German Navy has had several names depending on the political structure of Germany at the time: Deutsche Marine (German Navy) (1848)-(1852) Norddeutsche Bundesmarine (Northern German Federal Navy) (1866-1871) Kaiserliche Marine (Imperial Navy) (1872-1918) Vorläufige Reichsmarine (1919-1921) Reichsmarine (State Navy) (1921-1935) Kriegsmarine (War Navy... German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ... The Reichspräsident (Reich President) was the German head of state during the period of the 1919-1933 Weimar Republic and the title was later briefly revived in 1945. ... The Weimar Constitution in booklet form. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Suffrage parade, New York City, 1912 The movement for womens suffrage, led by suffragists (peaceful protestors) and suffragettes (violent protestors), was a social, economic and political reform movement aimed at extending the suffrage (the right to vote) to women, advocating equal suffrage (abolition of graded votes) rather than universal... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... This article describes the November 1918 revolution in Germany. ...


Elections in Nazi Germany

See: Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


With the 9th German election in 1933, the NSDAP came to power. In the "Third Reich", several so-called elections were conducted, leading to unanimous support of the NSDAP and their politicians, because other parties were dissolved or banned. The 9th and last German federal election of the Weimar Republic was held on March 5, 1933, and was significant in that it was the last election to be held in Germany before World War II. Due to the success of the Nazi Party in the poll, its leader, and...


Weimar Republic elections

See: Weimar Republic Flag of Weimar Republic, 1919–1933 This article outlines political events from 1918 until the collapse of the Republic in 1933. ...

The 9th and last German federal election of the Weimar Republic was held on March 5, 1933, and was significant in that it was the last election to be held in Germany before World War II. Due to the success of the Nazi Party in the poll, its leader, and... The 8th German federal election of November 1932 (Weimar Republic) saw support for the Nazi party drop significantly, due to increased support for the KPD and DNVP. Categories: Elections in Germany | 1932 elections ... The German election of July 1932, under the Weimar Republic, saw the Nazis become the biggest party in the Reichstag, although without a majority of the seats. ... The German election of 1930, under the Weimar Republic. ... The 18th German federal election of 1928, under the Weimar Republic. ... The 4th German federal parliament elections of December 1924 (Weimar Republic). ... The 3rd German parliamentary federal elections in the Weimar Republic took place in May 1924. ... The 2nd German elections in the Weimar Republic of 1920. ... The 14th German federal elections of January 19, 1919 created the constitution-giving national-assembly which would later create the constitution of the Weimar Republic. ...

Imperial elections

See: German Empire Flag of the German Empire, 1871–1919: black-white-red Coat of arms The term German Empire commonly refers to Germany, from its foundation as a unified nation-state on January 18, 1871, until the abdication of Emperor Wilhelm II on November 9, 1918. ...

The 13th German election of 1912 is most notable for the major breakthrough of the leftist Social Democratic Party (SPD, Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands). ... The 12th German federal election to the Reichstag of 1907. ... The 11th German federal election of 1903. ... The 10th German federal election of 1898. ... The 9th German federal election of 1893. ... The 8th German federal election of 1890. ... The 7th German federal election of 1887. ... The 6th German federal elections of 1884. ... The 5th German federal elections of 1881. ... The 4th German federal elections of 1878. ... The 3rd German federal elections of 1877. ... The 2nd German federal elections were held in 1874. ... The 1st German federal election of 1871 was the first election to the Reichstag in the German Empire, which had been created earlier that year. ...

See also

This electoral calendar lists the national/federal direct elections in the countries listed in the list of countries. ...

External links

  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • Parties and elections
  • Latest polling results for state and federal elections (in German)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: States of Germany (1151 words)
Germany is a federal republic made up of 16 states, known in German as Länder (transliterated as laender in English, singular Land).
The Bundesrat (federal council) is the representation of the 16 Germany at the federal level.
Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land) or Bundesländer (singular Bundesland).
Elections in Germany - definition of Elections in Germany in Encyclopedia (441 words)
Elections in Germany gives information on election and election results in Germany, including elections to the Federal Diet (the lower house of the federal parliament), the Landtage of the various states, and local elections.
An election is a process in which a vote is held to elect candidates to an office.
Elections are conducted every 4 years, with the exact date of the election chosen by the outgoing government.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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