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Encyclopedia > Elections in France
France

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
France
Image File history File links France_coa. ... Politics of France takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of France is head of state and the Prime Minister of France head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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France is a representative democracy. Public officials in the legislative and executive branches are either elected by the citizens (directly or indirectly), or appointed by elected officials. On some occasions the French citizenry also is consulted in referendums. The Fifth Republic is the fifth and current republican constitution of France, which was introduced on October 5, 1958. ... Symbol of the French government The government of France is a semi-presidential system based on the French Constitution of the fifth Republic, in which the nation declares itself to be an indivisible, secular, democratic, and social Republic. The constitution provides for a separation of powers and proclaims Frances... Symbol of the French government The President of the French Republic (French: ) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State and also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra and Grand Master of the Légion dhonneur. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... Dominique Marie François René Galouzeau de Villepin (born 14 November 1953 in Rabat, French Morocco) simply known as Dominique de Villepin ( —  , is a French diplomat and politician. ... This page is a list of French prime ministers. ... The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: ) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The Senate (in French : le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... The French Congress (French: ) is the name given to the body created when both houses of the present-day French Parliament – the French National Assembly and the French Senate – reunite at the Château of Versailles to vote on revisions to the French constitution. ... A republican guard giving directions to visitors at the front entrance of the Constitutional Council The Constitutional Council (Conseil Constitutionnel) was established by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic on 4 October 1958. ... The Court of Cassation (Cour de cassation in French) is the main court of last resort in France. ... Political parties in France lists political parties in France. ... Charles de Gaulle, in his generals uniform Gaullism (from French Gaullisme) is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of Charles de Gaulle. ... The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates (Jacques Chirac and Jean-Marie Le Pen) on 5 May 2002. ... The 2007 French presidential election will be the ninth such election of the Fifth French Republic. ... These are the results of the French legislative election of 2002 Category: ... The French legislative election will take place on 10 June and 17 June 2007 to elect the 13th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic, a few weeks after the French presidential election run-off on 6 May. ... In France, the country is often called the patrie des droits de lHomme (human rights homeland), mostly ironically by persons who complain about a perceived violation of theses rights. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... A charter member of the United Nations, France holds one of the permanent seats in the Security Council and is a member of most of its specialized and related agencies. ... The honour entrance to the Ministry building on the Quai dOrsay The Minister of Foreign Affairs, in the Government of France, is the cabinet member responsible for the Republics network of relationships with foreign nations. ... This is a list of major political scandals in France: 1816 shipwreck of and search for French frigate Medusa off the west coast of Africa Dreyfus Affair, 1894 treason conviction of Alfred Dreyfus - exposed by writer Emile Zola on January 13, 1898 The Ben Barka affair, 1965 disappearance of the... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... Ballots of the Argentine plebiscite of 1984 on the border treaty with Chile A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ...

Contents

Generalities

France elects on its national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature: Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... A legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ...

  • The president is elected for a five-year term (previously, seven years), directly by the citizens. The Parliament (Parlement) has two chambers.
  • The National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) has 577 members, elected for a five-year term in single seat-constituencies directly by the citizens.
  • The Senate (Sénat) has 321 members, 304 of which are elected for six-year terms by an electoral college consisting of elected representatives from each département, five of which are elected from other dependencies, and 12 of which are elected by the High Council of French Citizens Living Abroad (Conseil Supérieur des Français de l'Étranger) a 150-member assembly elected by citizens living abroad.

See Government of France for more details about these political structures. The Parlement of France is bicameral, and consists of the National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and the Senate (Sénat). ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... The Senate amphitheater in the Luxembourg Palace The Senate (in French :le Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of France. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties. ... Symbol of the French government The government of France is a semi-presidential system based on the French Constitution of the fifth Republic, in which the nation declares itself to be an indivisible, secular, democratic, and social Republic. The constitution provides for a separation of powers and proclaims Frances...


In addition, French citizens elect a variety of local governments. There also are public elections for some non-political positions, such as those for the judges of courts administering labor law (tribunaux de prud'hommes), elected by workers and employers, or those for judges administering cases of rural land leases. This article is in need of attention. ...


France does not have a full-fledged two-party system; that is, a system where, though many political parties exist, only two parties have a chance of getting elected to major positions. However French politics display some tendencies characterizing a two-party system, in which power alternates between relatively stable coalitions, each being led by a major party: on the left, the French Socialist Party, on the right, the UMP and its predecessors. See politics of France for more details. A two-party system is a form of party system where two major political parties dominate the voting in nearly all elections. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... The emblem of the French Socialist Party The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste or PS), founded in 1969, is the main opposition party in France. ... In politics, right-wing, the political right, or simply the right, are terms which refer, with no particular precision, to the segment of the political spectrum in opposition to left-wing politics. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), initially named the Union for the Presidential Majority (Union pour la Majorité Présidentielle), is the main French conservative political party. ... Politics of France takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of France is head of state and the Prime Minister of France head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...


Voters

The voters are French citizens over the age of 18 registered on the electoral rolls. For municipal and European elections, citizens aged 18 or older of other European Union countries may decide to vote in France. Registration is not compulsory, but the absence of registration precludes the possibility of voting. Currently, all youths reaching the age of 18 are automatically registered. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Citizens may register either in their place of residence or in a place where they have been on the roll of taxpayers for local taxes for at least 5 years. A citizen may not be legally registered in more than one place. Citizens living abroad may register at the consulate responsible for the region in which they live. The rule of Napoleon Bonaparte after his coup detat in France had conducted the manners of French governmant under dictatorship and in a consulate. ...


Only citizens legally registered as voters can run for public office.


There are exceptions to the above rules. Convicted criminals may be deprived of their civic rights, which include the right to vote, for a certain period of time depending on the crime. In particular, elected officials who have abused public funds may be deprived of the right to run for national public office for as long as 10 years. The application of such rules in the case of certain politicians has been controversial; see for instance the case of Alain Juppé. Alain Marie Juppé (born August 15, 1945) is a French politician; among other positions, he was Prime Minister of France from 1995 to 1997. ...


Latest election

Presidential

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 21 April and 5 May 2002 French presidential election results
Candidates Nominating parties Votes 1st round % Votes 2nd round %
Jacques Chirac Rally for the Republic (Rassemblement pour la République) 5,666,440 19.88% 25,537,956 82.2%
Jean-Marie Le Pen National Front (Front national) 4,805,307 16.86% 5,525,032 17.8%
Lionel Jospin Socialist Party (Parti socialiste) 4,610,749 16.18%
François Bayrou Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française) 1,949,436 6.84%
Arlette Laguiller Workers' Struggle (Lutte ouvrière) 1,630,244 5.72%
Jean-Pierre Chevènement Citizens' Movement (Mouvement des citoyens) 1,518,901 5.33%
Noël Mamère The Greens (Les verts) 1,495,901 5.25%
Olivier Besancenot Revolutionary Communist League (Ligue communiste révolutionnaire) 1,210,694 4.25%
Jean Saint-Josse Hunt, Fish, Nature, Traditions (Chasse, pêche, nature, traditions) 1,204,863 4.23%
Alain Madelin Liberal Democracy (Démocratie libérale) 1,113,709 3.91%
Robert Hue French Communist Party (Parti communiste français) 960,757 3.37%
Bruno Mégret National Republican Movement (Mouvement national républicain) 667,123 2.34%
Christiane Taubira Left Radical Party (Parti radical de gauche) 660,576 2.32%
Corinne Lepage Citizenship, Action, Participation for the XXIst Century (Citoyenneté action participation pour le XXIe siècle) 535,911 1.88%
Christine Boutin Forum of Social Republicans (Forum des républicains sociaux) 339,142 1.19%
Daniel Gluckstein Party of the Workers (Parti des travailleurs) 132,702 0.47%
Total (turnout 71.6 %) 28,502,455 100.0 31,062,988 100.0
Source: Yahoo France and Rulers.
Runoff results source: http://www.electionresources.org/fr/president.php?election=2002

Symbol of the French government The President of the French Republic (French: ) colloquially referred to as President of France, is Frances elected Head of State and also the ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra and Grand Master of the Légion dhonneur. ... “Chirac” redirects here. ... In France the Gaullist Party is usually used to refer to the largest party professing to be Gaullist. ... Jean-Marie Le Pen Jean-Marie Le Pen (born June 20, 1928, La Trinité-sur-Mer France) is a French far-right nationalist politician, founder and president of the Front National party, and a perennial candidate for the French presidency. ... The National Front (FN, French: ) is a far-right, nationalist, anti-Establishment[1] political party in France, founded in 1972 by Jean-Marie Le Pen. ... Lionel Robert Jospin (born July 12, 1937 in Meudon, a suburb of Paris) is a French statesman who served as Prime Minister of France from 1997-2002. ... The Socialist Party (French: Parti Socialiste or PS) is the main opposition party in France. ... François Bayrou François Bayrou (IPA: ) is a leading candidate for the French Presidental election of 2007. ... The Union for French Democracy, also known by its French acronym UDF (Union pour la Démocratie Française), is a French centrist political party. ... Arlette Laguiller (born March 18, 1940) is the spokeswoman and by far the best known leader of the Lutte Ouvrière French Trotskyist political party. ... Workers Struggle (Lutte Ouvrière) is the usual name under which the Communist Union (Trotskyist) (Union Communiste (Trotskyste)), a French Trotskyist political party, is known (technically, it is the name of the weekly paper edited by the party). ... Jean-Pierre Chevènement Jean-Pierre Chevènement (born March 9, 1939 in Belfort) is a French politician. ... The Citizen and Republican Movement (Mouvement républicain et citoyen) is a political party in France. ... Noël Mamère (born December 25, 1948) is a French politician of the French Green Party (Les Verts). ... Les Verts (or The Greens) are an ecologist political party to the left of the political spectrum in France. ... Olivier Besancenot Olivier Besancenot (born April 18, 1974) is a French left-wing political figure. ... The Revolutionary Communist League (Ligue Communiste Révolutionnaire) (LCR) is a French Trotskyist political party. ... Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition (French: Chasse, Pêche, Nature, Traditions) is a French political party of the right, which aims to defend the traditional values of rural France. ... Alain Madelin in 2005 Alain Madelin (born March 26, 1946) is a French politician and a former minister of that country. ... Liberal Democracy (Démocratie Libérale, DL) was a French political party that advocated laissez-faire economics and whose leader was Alain Madelin. ... Robert Hue (born October 19, 1946) is a French politician. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Bruno Mégret (born April 4, 1949) is a French politician. ... The National Republican Movement (Mouvement National Républicain or MNR) is a French far-right political party, created by Bruno Mégret as a split from Jean-Marie Le Pens National Front. ... Christiane Taubira (February 2, 1952, Cayenne, French Guiana -) is a French politician. ... The Left Radical Party (Parti Radical de Gauche or PRG) is a minor French centre-left, social-liberal party with moderate views, formed in 1972 by a split from the Radical Republicans and Radical Socialists Party, once the dominant party of the French left. ... Corinne Lepage in 1995. ... The Citizenship, Action, Participation for the XXIst Century (Citoyenneté Action Participation pour le XXIe siècle) is a political party in France. ... Christine Boutin (born in Levroux, Indre, France on February 6, 1944) is a French politician. ... Daniel Gluckstein (born March 3, 1953) is a French far-left Trotskyist politician from the Parti des Travailleurs (PT). ... The Party of the Workers (Parti des Travailleurs or PT), is a French socialist party. ... The 2002 French presidential election consisted of a first round election on 21 April 2002, and a runoff election between the top two candidates (Jacques Chirac and Jean-Marie Le Pen) on 5 May 2002. ...

Legislative

[discuss] – [edit]
Summary of the 9 and 16 June 2002 French National Assembly election results
Parties and coalitions Abbr. Votes (1st round) % (1st round) Seats (2nd round)
Union for the presidential majority (Union pour la majorite presidentielle) UMP 8 408 023 33.3 357
Union for French Democracy (Union pour la démocratie française) UDF 1 226 462 4.9 29
Miscellaneous Right-wing DVD 921 973 3.7 8
Movement for France (Mouvement pour la France) MPF 202 831 0.8 1
Liberal Democracy (Démocratie libérale) DL 104 767 0.4 2
Rally for France (Rassemblement pour la France) RPF 94 222 0.4 2
Total "Presidential Majority" (Right) 10 958 278 43.4 399
Socialist Party (Parti socialiste) PS 6 086 599 24.1 141
French Communist Party (Parti communiste français) PCF 1 216 178 4.8 21
The Greens (Les Verts) 1 138 222 4.5 3
Left Radical Party (Parti radical de gauche) PRG 388 891 1.5 7
Miscellaneous Left-wing DVG 275 533 1.1 6
Total "United Left" 9 105 443 36.1 178
National Front (Front national) FN 2 862 960 11.3 -
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Traditions (Chasse, pêche, nature, traditions) CPNT 422 448 1.7 -
Revolutionary Communist League (Ligue communiste révolutionnaire) LCR 320 467 1.3 -
Workers' Struggle (Lutte ouvrière) LO 301 984 1.2 -
Republican Pole (Pôle républicain) 299 897 1.2 -
Other Ecologists 295 899 1.2 -
National Republican Movement (Mouvement national républicain) MNR 276 376 1.1 -
Miscellaneous 194 946 0.8 -
Other Far-Left 81 558 0.3 -
Regionalists 66 240 0.3 -
Other Far-right 59 549 0.2 -
Total 25 252 045 100 577
Abstention: 35.6% (1st round), 39.6% (2nd round)

The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: Assemblée nationale) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), initially named the Union for the Presidential Majority (Union pour la Majorité Présidentielle), is the main French conservative political party. ... The Union for French Democracy, also known by its French acronym UDF (Union pour la Démocratie Française), is a French centrist political party. ... The Movement for France (French: Mouvement pour la France), or MPF, is a conservative, traditionalist and nationalist party, founded on November 20, 1994, with a marked regional implementation in Vendée. ... Liberal Democracy (Démocratie Libérale, DL) was a French political party that advocated laissez-faire economics and whose leader was Alain Madelin. ... The Rally for France and European Independence (Rassemblement pour la France et lIndépendance de lEurope) is a political party in France founded by Charles Pasqua. ... The Socialist Party (French: Parti Socialiste or PS) is the main opposition party in France. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Les Verts (or The Greens) are an ecologist political party to the left of the political spectrum in France. ... The Left Radical Party (Parti Radical de Gauche or PRG) is a minor French centre-left, social-liberal party with moderate views, formed in 1972 by a split from the Radical Republicans and Radical Socialists Party, once the dominant party of the French left. ... This article is about the French political party, not the WWII French resistance movement Front national. ... CPNT symbol Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition (French: Chasse, Pêche, Nature, Traditions) is a French political party of the right, which aims to defend the traditional values of rural France. ... The Revolutionary Communist League (Ligue Communiste Révolutionnaire) (LCR) is a French Trotskyist political party. ... Workers Struggle (Lutte Ouvrière) is the usual name under which the Communist Union (Trotskyist) (Union Communiste (Trotskyste)), a French Trotskyist political party, is known (technically, it is the name of the weekly paper edited by the party). ... The Citizen and Republican Movement (Mouvement républicain et citoyen) is a political party in France. ... The National Republican Movement (Mouvement National Républicain or MNR) is a French far-right political party, created by Bruno Mégret as a split from Jean-Marie Le Pens National Front. ... These are the results of the French legislative election of 2002 Category: ...

Past elections

Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: | | ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: | | ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: | | ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Second Round First Round See also President of France France Politics of France Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in France | 1988 elections ... Second Round First Round See also: President of France, France, Politics of France Categories: Elections in France | 1995 elections ... Legislative elections in France Parties and Elections Categories: | | | ... Parties and Elections Categories: | | | ... Legislative elections in France took place on 10 November 1946. ... Legislative elections in France in 1951. ... French legislative election took place on 2 January 1956 to elect the 3rd National Assembly of the Fourth Republic by the party-list proportional representation. ... French legislative election took place on November 23 and 30, 1958 to elect the 1st National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on November 18 and 25, 1962 to elect the 2nd National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on March 5 and 12, 1967 to elect the 3rd National Assembly or the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on June 23 and 30, 1968 to elect the 4th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic In 1967, the Presidential Majority won by a short head the legislative election. ... French legislative election took place on March 4 and 11, 1973 to elect the 5th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on March 12 and 19, 1978 to elect the 6th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on June 14 and 21, 1981 to elect the 7th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... The French legislative election took place on March 16, 1986 to elect the 8th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on June 5 and 12, 1988 to elect the 9th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place on March 21 and 28, 1993 to elect the 10th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... French legislative election took place in May 25 and June 1, 1997 to elect the 11th National Assembly of the Fifth Republic. ... Regional elections were held in France on March 21 and March 28, 2004. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held in France on June 13, 2004. ... On 24 September 2000, a referendum on the reduction of the mandate of the President of the French Republic was held to detemine whether the mandate of the President should be reduced from seven years to five years in line with terms in office in other European countries. ... On 29 May 2005 a referendum was held in France to decide whether the country should ratify the proposed Constitution of the European Union. ...

See also

This electoral calendar lists the national/federal direct elections in the countries listed in the list of countries. ...

External links

  • Official results from the Ministry of the Interior
  • thematic files from the Constitutional Council, including election results
  • Adam Carr's Election Archive
  • Président2007.biz A wiki web site dedicated to the 2007 french presidential election, for the replacement of the current Président de la République Française, Jacques Chirac.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Elections in France - Ministère des Affaires étrangères (3671 words)
The purpose of regional elections is to elect the members of the regional councils, the region’s decision-making organ.
France was the first country to legislate for gender parity in political life.
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  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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