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Encyclopedia > Eleanor Rigby
"Eleanor Rigby"
"Eleanor Rigby" cover
Single by The Beatles
from the album Revolver
A-side "Yellow Submarine"
Released 1966-08-05 (UK)
1966-08-08 (U.S.)
Format 7"
Recorded Abbey Road Studios
28–29 April; 6 June 1966
Genre Pop-Rock
Length 2:06
Label Parlophone (UK)
Capitol (U.S.)
Writer Lennon/McCartney
Producer George Martin
The Beatles singles chronology
"Paperback Writer"
(1966)
"Eleanor Rigby" / "Yellow Submarine"
(1966)
"Strawberry Fields Forever" / "Penny Lane"
(1967)
Music sample
" Eleanor Rigby"
Problems? See media help.
Revolver track listing
Side one
  1. "Taxman"
  2. "Eleanor Rigby"
  3. "I'm Only Sleeping"
  4. "Love You To"
  5. "Here, There and Everywhere"
  6. "Yellow Submarine"
  7. "She Said She Said"
Side two
  1. "Good Day Sunshine"
  2. "And Your Bird Can Sing"
  3. "For No One"
  4. "Doctor Robert"
  5. "I Want to Tell You"
  6. "Got to Get You Into My Life"
  7. "Tomorrow Never Knows"

"Eleanor Rigby" is a song by The Beatles, originally released on the 1966 album Revolver. The song was primarily written by Paul McCartney,[1] although in an interview conducted with Playboy magazine in 1980, John Lennon claimed that "the first verse was his and the rest are basically mine."[2] Pete Shotton, a close friend of Lennon who was present at the time, said "Though John (whose memory could be extremely erratic) was to take credit, in one of his last interviews, for most of the lyrics, my own recollection is that 'Eleanor Rigby' was one 'Lennon-McCartney' classic in which John's contribution was virtually nil."[3] McCartney also says that Lennon helped on about "half a line". It remains one of the Beatles' most recognizable and unique songs, with a double string quartet arrangement by George Martin and its striking lyrics about the loneliness, continuing the transformation of the Beatles started in Rubber Soul from a mainly pop-oriented act to a more serious and experimental studio band. Douglas Coupland (born December 30, 1961) is a major Canadian fiction writer as well as a playwright and visual artist. ... Eleanor Rigby is a 2004 novel by Douglas Coupland, about a plain, fat and lonely 42-year-old woman. ... This image is the cover of an album or single. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... “B-Sides” redirects here. ... Music sample Yellow Submarine ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... A 12-inch record (left), a 7-inch record (right), and a CD (above) Two 7 singles (left), two colored 7 singles (middle), and two 7 singles with large spindle holes (right). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the music genre. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindstrom Company. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... {{Infobox Single | Name = Paperback Writer | Cover = Paperrain. ... Music sample Yellow Submarine ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Music sample Penny Lane ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Image File history File links Beatles_eleanor_rigby. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... For the profession, see Tax collector. ... Im Only Sleeping is a song by The Beatles that appeared on their studio album Revolver (in the US on the Yesterday and Today album). ... Love You To is a song by the Beatles off of the album Revolver. ... Here, There and Everywhere is a song by Paul McCartney (though credited to Lennon-McCartney), recorded for The Beatles 1966 album Revolver. ... Music sample Yellow Submarine ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... She Said She Said is a song by The Beatles from their 1966 album Revolver, recorded in June of that year. ... Good Day Sunshine is a song by The Beatles on the 1966 album Revolver. ... And Your Bird Can Sing is a song by the British rock and roll group The Beatles, released on their 1966 album Revolver (but on Yesterday. ... For No One is a song written by Paul McCartney (credited to Lennon/McCartney) that originally appeared on The Beatles seventh album, Revolver. ... Doctor Robert is a song by The Beatles on the album Revolver, recorded April 15, 1966 with vocals overdubbed April 16. ... I Want to Tell You is a song by the Beatles on the album Revolver. ... Got to Get You into My Life is a song by The Beatles on the album Revolver. ... Tomorrow Never Knows is the final track of The Beatles 1966 studio album Revolver, but it was the first to be recorded for the album. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an iconic English singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who first gained worldwide fame as one of the founding members of The Beatles. ... For other uses, see Playboy (disambiguation). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney, usually referred to as Lennon/McCartney (sometimes McCartney/Lennon), is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. ... For other uses, see George Martin (disambiguation). ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1965 U.S. LP, with a different colour saturation (see below) Back cover Back cover of the original 1965 UK LP Rubber Soul is the sixth album by The Beatles, first released in December 1965. ...

Contents

Inspiration

As is true of many of McCartney's songs, the melody and first line of the song came to him as he was playing around on his piano. The name that came to him, though, was not Eleanor Rigby but Miss Daisy Hawkins. In 1966, McCartney recalled how he got the idea for his song:

I was sitting at the piano when I thought of it. The first few bars just came to me, and I got this name in my head... 'Daisy Hawkins picks up the rice in the church'. I don't know why. I couldn't think of much more so I put it away for a day. Then the name Father McCartney came to me, and all the lonely people. But I thought that people would think it was supposed to be about my Dad sitting knitting his socks. Dad's a happy lad. So I went through the telephone book and I got the name McKenzie.[4]

Others believe that Father McKenzie refers to 'Father' Tommy McKenzie, who was the compere at Northwich Memorial Hall[5][6] A Master of Ceremonies or MC (sometimes spelled emcee), sometimes called a compere or an MJ for microphone jockey, is the host of an official public or private staged event or other performance. ... Northwich is a wich town in Cheshire, England. ... Memorial Hall Memorial Hall is a prominent building on the campus of the University of Kentucky. ...


McCartney originally imagined Daisy as a young girl, but anyone who cleaned up in churches would probably be older. If she were older, she might have missed not only the wedding she cleans up after but also her own. Gradually, McCartney developed the theme of the loneliness of old age, morphing his song from the story of a young girl to that of an elderly woman whose loneliness is worse for having to clean up after happy couples.

A promotional poster for the single from the UK.
A promotional poster for the single from the UK.

McCartney said he came up with the name Eleanor from actress Eleanor Bron, who had starred with the Beatles in the film Help!. Rigby came from the name of a store in Bristol, Rigby & Evens Ltd, Wine & Spirit Shippers, that he noticed while seeing his then-girlfriend Jane Asher act in The Happiest Days Of Your Life. He recalled in 1984, "I just liked the name. I was looking for a name that sounded natural. Eleanor Rigby sounded natural."[7] Image File history File links EleanorRigby-singlecover. ... Image File history File links EleanorRigby-singlecover. ... Eleanor Bron (born 14 March 1938) is a British stage, film and television actress and author. ... Help! is a 1965 film starring the The Beatles and featuring Leo McKern, Eleanor Bron, Victor Spinetti, John Bluthal and Roy Kinnear. ... Jane Asher (born 5 April 1946) is an English film and television actress and the author of several full-length novels as well as a former girlfriend of Paul McCartney. ...


In the 1980s, a grave of an Eleanor Rigby was discovered in the graveyard of St. Peter's Parish Church in Woolton, Liverpool, and a few yards away from that, another tombstone with the last name McKenzie scrawled across it.[8][9] During their teenage years, McCartney and Lennon spent time "sunbathing" there; within earshot distance of where the two had met for the first time during a fete in 1957. Many years later McCartney stated that the strange coincidence between reality and lyric could be a product of his subconsciousness, rather than being a meaningless fluke.[8] The actual Eleanor Rigby was born in 1895 and lived in Liverpool, possibly in the suburb of Woolton, where she married a man named Thomas Woods. She died on 10 October 1939 at age 44. Whether this Eleanor was the inspiration for the song or not, her tombstone has become a landmark to Beatles fans visiting Liverpool. A digitized version was added to the 1995 music video for the Beatles' reunion song "Free as a Bird". Woolton is a suburban area of South Liverpool, England and a Liverpool City Council Ward. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Woolton is a suburban area of South Liverpool, England and a Liverpool City Council Ward. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A music video is a short film or video that accompanies a complete piece of music, most commonly a song. ... Free As A Bird is a song, single and video released by The Beatles in December 1995 as part of their reunion and promotion around the release of the video documentary Anthology and their Anthology 1 compilation album. ...


The Beatles finished off the song in the music room of John Lennon's home at Kenwood. John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr, and their friend Pete Shotton all listened to McCartney play his song through and contributed ideas. Someone suggested introducing a romance into the story, but this was rejected because it made the story too complicated. Starr contributed the line "writing the words of a sermon that no one will hear " and suggested making "Father McCartney" darn his socks, which McCartney liked, and Harrison came up with the line "Ah, look at all the lonely people". Shotton then suggested that McCartney change the name of the priest, in case listeners mistook the fictional character in the song for McCartney's own father.[10] Kenwood is a house on the St. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... For other persons named George Harrison, see George Harrison (disambiguation). ... Richard Starkey Jr, MBE (born 7 July 1940), known by his stage name Ringo Starr, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor, best known as the drummer of The Beatles. ... Boyhood friend of John Lennon of the Beatles, who also attended Dovedale Primary and Quarry Bank schools. ...


McCartney couldn't decide how to end the song, and Shotton finally suggested that the two lonely people come together too late as Father McKenzie conducts Eleanor Rigby's funeral. At the time, Lennon rejected the idea out of hand, but McCartney said nothing and used the idea to finish off the song, later acknowledging Shotton's help.[10]


Recording

The "Eleanor Rigby"/"Yellow Submarine" single issued by Parlophone in the UK. "Eleanor Rigby" stayed at #1 for four weeks on the British pop charts.
The "Eleanor Rigby"/"Yellow Submarine" single issued by Parlophone in the UK. "Eleanor Rigby" stayed at #1 for four weeks on the British pop charts.

"Eleanor Rigby" does not have a standard pop backing; none of the Beatles played instruments on it, though John Lennon and George Harrison did contribute harmony and backing vocals. Instead, McCartney used a string octet of studio musicians, composed of four violins, two cellos, and two violas all performing a score composed by producer George Martin. For the most part, the instruments "double up"—that is, they serve as two string quartets with two instruments playing each part in the quartet. Microphones were placed close to the instruments to produce a more vivid and raw sound. George Martin asked the musicians if they could play without vibrato and recorded two versions, one with and one without, the latter of which was used. McCartney's choice of a string backing may have been influenced by his interest in the composer Vivaldi. Lennon recalled in 1980 that "Eleanor Rigby" was: This image is the cover of an album or single. ... This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Music sample Yellow Submarine ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindstrom Company. ... The resident string quartet of the Library of Congress in 1963 A string quartet is a musical ensemble of four string instruments—usually two violins, a viola and cello—or a piece written to be performed by such a group. ... “Vivaldi” redirects here. ...

"Paul's baby, and I helped with the education of the child ... The violin backing was Paul's idea. Jane Asher had turned him on to Vivaldi, and it was very good."[11]

The octet was recorded on 28 April 1966 in Studio 2 at Abbey Road Studios and completed in Studio 3 on 29 April and on 6 June. Take 15 was selected as the master.[12] is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


George Martin in his autobiography All You Need is Ears takes credit for combining two of the vocal parts, having noticed that they would work out contrapuntally together.


The original stereo mix had Paul's voice only in the right channel during the verses, with the string octet mixed to one channel, while the mono single and mono LP featured a more balanced mix. On the Yellow Submarine Songtrack and Love versions, McCartney's voice is centered and the string octet appears in stereo in an attempt to create a more "modern" sounding mix. Yellow Submarine Songtrack is a 1999 soundtrack album by The Beatles for the film of the same name. ... Love is a soundtrack compilation album by The Beatles released in November 2006. ...


Releases

"Eleanor Rigby" was released simultaneously on 5 August 1966 on both the album Revolver and on a double A-side single with "Yellow Submarine" on Parlophone in the United Kingdom and Capitol in the United States.[13] It spent four weeks at number one on the British charts,[14] but in America it only reached the eleventh spot.[15] is the 217th day of the year (218th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... The Beatles U.S. chronology Alternate cover Cover of the original 1966 U.S. LP Back cover Back cover of the original 1966 UK LP. The main photo was edited in separate parts for the booklet of the 1988 Compact Disc release. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into B-side. ... Music sample Yellow Submarine ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... Parlophone is a record label, founded in Germany in 1896 by the Carl Lindstrom Company. ... Capitol Records is a major United States-based record label, owned by EMI. // The Capitol Records company was founded by the songwriter Johnny Mercer in 1942, with the financial help of movie producer Buddy DeSylva and the business acumen of Glenn Wallichs, (1910-1971) (owner of Music City, at the...


The song was nominated for three Grammies and won the 1966 Grammy for Best Contemporary Rock and Roll Vocal Performance, Male for McCartney. Thirty years later, George Martin's isolated string arrangement (without the vocal) was released on the Beatles' Anthology 2. A remixed version of the track was included in the 2006 album Love. The Beatles Anthology 2 is a compilation album released in March 1996 by Apple Records as part of The Beatles Anthology series. ... Love is a soundtrack compilation album by The Beatles released in November 2006. ...


Significance

The "Eleanor Rigby"/"Yellow Submarine" single from Japan. The photo shows the Beatles on stage at Tokyo in 1966.
The "Eleanor Rigby"/"Yellow Submarine" single from Japan. The photo shows the Beatles on stage at Tokyo in 1966.

Though "Eleanor Rigby" was not the first pop song to deal with death and loneliness, it was certainly among the first to present such a serious attitude. The Shangri-Las' 1964 hit "Leader of the Pack" gave a rendition of star-crossed lovers ending in one of their deaths, but the subject matter was purely in a romantic vein and far from a serious look at loss.[14] In fact, in the mid-1960s, the pop format hardly seemed the right vehicle for such a message, but pop music consistently had a more rosy outlook on life. Nevertheless, "Eleanor Rigby" took a message of depression and desolation, written by a famous pop band, with a sombre, almost funeral-like backing, to the number one spot of the pop charts.[14] "Eleanor Rigby" marks a midpoint of sorts in the Beatles' evolution from a pop, live-performance band to a more experimental, studio-oriented band though the track contains no obvious studio trickery. Whereas many of the other tracks on Revolver lend themselves to a rock group, "Eleanor Rigby" in a sense is a precursor to the psychedelic tracks of Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band. The subject matter also reflects a band in transition. The bleak lyrics were not The Beatles' first deviation from love songs, but were some of the most explicit. Eleanor Rigby's lonely existence shares more in tone with the sense of detachment of "A Day in the Life" than with "I Want to Hold Your Hand". This is an album cover. ... This is an album cover. ... Music sample Yellow Submarine ( file info) Problems? See media help. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... The Shangri-Las on the cover of a modern collection of their works. ... // January 3 - Hullabaloo shows promotional videos of The Beatles songs Day Tripper and We Can Work It Out. January 8 - Shindig! airs for the last time on ABC, with musical guests the Kinks and the Who January 14 - Young singer David Jones changes his last name to Bowie to avoid... For other uses, see Sgt. ... A Day in the Life is a song composed by John Lennon and Paul McCartney and recorded by The Beatles for their album Sgt. ... Music sample I Want to Hold Your Hand ( file info) Problems? See media help. ...


It is the second song to appear in the Beatles' 1969 animated film Yellow Submarine, after "Yellow Submarine," the only songs in the film where the Beatles are not seen to be singing. Eleanor Rigby is introduced just before we see the Beatles in the film in their hometown, Liverpool, and its poignancy ties in quite well with Ringo Starr (the first member of the group to encounter the submarine) who is represented as quietly bored and depressed. Yellow Submarine can refer to: Yellow Submarine - original song by The Beatles, released in 1966. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... Richard Starkey Jr, MBE (born 7 July 1940), known by his stage name Ringo Starr, is an English musician, singer, songwriter and actor, best known as the drummer of The Beatles. ...


In some reference books on classical music, "Eleanor Rigby" is included and considered comparable to art songs (lieder) by the great composers. Howard Goodall said that the Beatles' works are "a stunning roll-call of sublime melodies that perhaps only Mozart can match in European musical history" and that they "almost single-handedly rescued the Western musical system" from the "plague years of the avant-garde". About "Eleanor Rigby", he said it is "an urban version of a tragic ballad in the Dorian mode[16]. An art song is a vocal music composition, usually written for one singer and often with piano accompaniment. ... Lied (plural Lieder) is a German word, literally meaning song; among English speakers, however, it is used primarily as a term for European classical music songs, also known as art songs. Typically, Lieder are arranged for a single singer and piano. ... Howard Goodall Howard Goodall (born 1958 in Bromley, South London) is a British composer of musicals, choral music and music for television. ... A work similar to Marcel Duchamps Fountain Avant garde (written avant-garde) is a French phrase, one of many French phrases used by English speakers. ... Due to historical confusion, Dorian mode can refer to two very different musical modes or diatonic scales. ...


In 2004, this song was ranked number 137 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time.[17] This article is about the magazine. ... The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time was the cover story of a special issue of Rolling Stone magazine published in November 2004. ...


In a 1966 press conference, an American reporter asked Paul what the inspiration for "Eleanor Rigby" was, and John jumped in saying "two queers." John was making a mockery of it, because at that time it was rumoured that "Day Tripper" was about a prostitute and "Norwegian Wood" was about a lesbian[citation needed]. A day-tripper is a person who visits a tourist destination, tourist attraction, or visitor attraction from home and returns there on the same day - in other words this excursion does not involve a night away from home. ... Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown) is a song by The Beatles which first appeared on the 1965 album Rubber Soul. ...


Subsequent non-Beatles recordings

Numerous artists have recorded "Eleanor Rigby" in a variety of styles, at least 61 released on albums by one count:[18]

  • Joan Baez's 1967 version, included on her Joan album, was sung to classical orchestration.
  • Ray Charles also released a famous version as a single and on the album A Portrait of Ray. This soul cover one steers closer to the original, retaining a string section, but adds a driving drum part and a more subdued chorus.
  • The group Godhead also recorded this song, on their 2001 album 2000 Years of Human Error. This version is done in an Industrial sounding way, a unique track on the album.
  • Eleanor Rigby has also been recorded by the band Dirt Poor Robins, being the first track on their debut album "The Greatest of Earth on Show" and on the re-release entitled "The Cage".
  • Bobbie Gentry also recorded Eleanor Rigby. Her version can be heard on the Capitol/Cema Special Markets album Great Songs of The Beatles.
  • Australian band Zoot released a version in 1970. It reached #4 on the Australian charts and went gold after its 1980 re-release.
  • Russian alternative rock band "Animal Jazz" also recorded "Eleanor Rigby" in 2003.

Joan Chandos Baez (born January 9, 1941) is an American folk singer and songwriter known for her highly individual vocal style. ... Joan was a 1967 album by Joan Baez. ... For the composer and conductor of the Ray Charles Singers, see Ray Charles (composer). ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American singer, songwriter, and pianist. ... This Girls In Love With You is a 1970 album (see 1970 in music) by soul musician Aretha Franklin. ... The Crusaders are an American music group popular in the early 1970s known for their amalgamated jazz, pop and soul sound. ... John Leslie Wes Montgomery (6 March 1923 - 15 June 1968) was an American jazz guitarist and the grandfather of actor Anthony Montgomery. ... Stanley Jordan (July 31, 1959) is an American jazz/jazz fusion guitarist, best known for his development of the touch technique for playing guitar. ... John Paul Pizzarelli Jr. ... Look up thrice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... If We Could Only See Us Now is the first complete retrospective of a band still on the rise; Thrice. ... Magnolia is a 1999 drama film, written and directed by Paul Thomas Anderson. ... Aimee Mann (born September 8, 1960) is an American rock guitarist, bassist, singer, and noted songwriter. ... Godhead, from left to right: Method, Mike Miller, Jason Miller, James OConnor. ... 2000 Years of Human Error is the fourth studio album of the Washington, DC-based industrial rock band Godhead. ... The Violet Burning is an independent rock and roll Christian band based in Long Beach, California. ... Look up strength in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Industrial metal is a musical genre which draws elements from industrial music and heavy metal music. ... For other music bands, see Pain (disambiguation). ... Nothing Remains The Same is the 3rd album by the Swedish metal band Pain. ... Bobbie Gentry (b. ... Zoot was a four piece pop/rock band formed in Adelaide, South Australia in 1965. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Miles, Barry (1997). Paul McCartney: Many Years From Now. New York: Henry Holt & Company, 281. ISBN 0-8050-5249-6. 
  2. ^ Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: St. Martin's Press, 139. ISBN 0-312-25464-4. 
  3. ^ Shotton, Pete; Nicholas Schaffner (1983). John Lennon: In My Life. New York: Stein and Day. ISBN 0-8128-6185-X. 
  4. ^ Revolver: Eleanor Rigby. The Beatles Interview Database. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.
  5. ^ BEATLES' TRIBUTE TO 'FATHER MCKENZIE'. Northwich Guardian (2000-06-98). Retrieved on 2007-01-15.
  6. ^ Item 934 - Beatles: Father McKenzie Catalog 292 (Dec 2004). rrauction.com. Retrieved on 2007-01-17.
  7. ^ Goodman, Joan (December 1984). "Playboy Interview with Paul McCartney". Playboy. Playboy Press. 
  8. ^ a b The Beatles (2000). The Beatles Anthology. San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 208. ISBN 0-8118-2684-8. 
  9. ^ Gravestone of an "Eleanor Rigby" in the graveyard of St. Peter's Parish Church in Woolton, Liverpool. Retrieved on 2007-03-09.
  10. ^ a b Turner, Steve (1994). A Hard Day's Write: The Stories Behind Every Beatles' Song. New York: Harper. 
  11. ^ Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying, 140. 
  12. ^ Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions. New York: Harmony Books, 77, 82. ISBN 0-517-57066-1. 
  13. ^ Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions, 200. 
  14. ^ a b c MacDonald, Ian (1994). Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 162-163. ISBN 0-8050-2780-7. 
  15. ^ Wallgren, Mark (1982). The Beatles on Record. New York: Simon & Schuster, 48. ISBN 0-671-45682-2. 
  16. ^ Howard Goodall's 20th Century Greats
  17. ^ The Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. Retrieved on 2007-03-07.
  18. ^ Beatles Cover List.

Barry Miles (commonly known as, and called, simply Miles) is an author who has written biographies of Paul McCartney, William Burroughs and Allen Ginsberg as well as books about John Lennon, the Beatles and Frank Zappa. ... Boyhood friend of John Lennon of the Beatles, who also attended Dovedale Primary and Quarry Bank schools. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Playboy (disambiguation). ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Mark Lewisohn (born 1958) is one of the worlds foremost experts on The Beatles. ... Mark Lewisohn (born 1958) is one of the worlds foremost experts on The Beatles. ... Ian MacCormick (October 3, 1948 – August 20, 2003), who wrote under the pseudonym Ian MacDonald, was a British music critic and author, best known for his detailed history of The Beatles. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • The Eleanor Rigby statue in Liverpool, England
  • Interpretation
  • Alan W. Pollack's Notes on "Eleanor Rigby"
  • Eleanor Rigby tombstone photo and info

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Eleanor Rigby - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1832 words)
The actual Eleanor was born in 1895 and lived in Liverpool, possibly in the suburb of Woolton, where she married a man named Thomas Woods.
"Eleanor Rigby" was released simultaneously on August 5, 1966 on both the album Revolver and on a double A-side single with the song "Yellow Submarine" on Parlophone in the United Kingdom and Capitol in the United States.
Though "Eleanor Rigby" was not the first pop song to deal with death and loneliness, it was certainly among the first to present such a serious attitude.
Eleanor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (427 words)
The domestic mouse, is known by the Yoruba as Eyla-Nor Rob, (Pronounced Eleanor Robb) literally meaning the inquisitive little rat, to differentiate this creature from its larger rodent cousin.
Eleanor Rigby, the fictional titular subject of a song by The Beatles; although she is fictional, a gravestone bearing the name Eleanor Rigby exists in a church in the band's birthplace of Liverpool
Eleanor (1973 Ford Mustang), a codenamed car in the 1974 film Gone in 60 Seconds (as the 1971-1973 Ford Mustang Mach 1).
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