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Encyclopedia > Elbe
Elbe
Czech: Labe, German: Elbe, Low German: Ilv
The Labe near Děčín, Czech Republic
Countries Czech Republic, Germany
Regions Hradec Králové Region, Pardubice Region, Central Bohemian Region, Ústí nad Labem Region, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Brandenburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein
Major cities Pardubice, Ústí nad Labem, Pirna, Dresden, Meißen, Torgau, Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Dessau, Magdeburg, Hamburg, Cuxhaven
Length 1,091 km (678 mi)
Watershed 148,268 km² (57,247 mi²)
Discharge at mouth
 - average 711 /s (25,109 ft³/s)
 - maximum 1,232 /s (43,508 ft³/s)
 - minimum 493 /s (17,410 ft³/s)
Discharge elsewhere
 - Děčín 303 /s (10,700 ft³/s)
Source Bílé Labe
 - location Krkonoše, Czech Republic
 - coordinates 50°46′31″N 15°32′16″E / 50.77528, 15.53778
 - elevation 1,386 m (4,547 ft)
Mouth North Sea
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Major tributaries
 - left Vltava, Ohře, Mulde, Saale, Ohre, Tanger, Ilmenau River, Oste
 - right Jizera, Schwarze Elster, Havel, Elde, Sude, Alster, Stör
The Elbe watershed

The Elbe (Czech: ; German: Die Elbe; Low German: De Ilv) is one of the major rivers of Central Europe. It originates in the northwestern Czech Republic before traversing much of Germany and flowing into the North Sea. Its total length has been given as 1,091 kilometers or 678 miles. Elbe Evangelisch Lutherische Kirche Elbe is an unincorporated community in Pierce County, Washington. ... Low German (also called Niederdeutsch, Plattdeutsch or Plattdüütsch) is a name for the regional language varieties of the West Germanic languages spoken mainly in Northern Germany where it is officially called Niederdeutsch (Low German), and in Eastern Netherlands where it is officially called Nedersaksisch (Low Saxon). Low refers to... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 1729 KB) Valley of Labe near Děčín. ... Hradec Králové Region (Czech: Královéhradecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Pardubice Region (Czech: Pardubický kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. ... Statistics Capital: Prague Area:11,014 km² Population:1,128,674 (2002) Map Central Bohemian Region ( Czech: Středočeský kraj) is an administrative unit ( Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Ústí nad Labem Region (Czech: Ústecký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western part of its historical region of Bohemia. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DED Capital Dresden Minister-President Georg Milbradt (CDU) Governing parties CDU / SPD Votes in Bundesrat 4 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  18,416 km² (7,110 sq mi) Population 4,252,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 231 /km... With an area of 20,447 km² and a population of 2. ...   (Lower Sorbian: Bramborska; Upper Sorbian: Braniborska) is one of Germanys sixteen Bundesländer (federal states). ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ... Pardubice (German: Pardubitz) capital of the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic on the Labe (Elbe) river. ... Ústí nad Labem (help· info) (-Czech, German: Aussig an der Elbe) is a city of the Czech Republic, in the Usti nad Labem Region. ... This term is ambiguous for Piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA) Pirna is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany in the administrative district of the Sächsische Schweiz. ... Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Meißen, internationally most known for porcelain, is a town of approximately 35,000 near Dresden on the river Elbe in the State of Saxony in the southern part of eastern Germany. ... Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany. ... Statue of Martin Luther at the main square Wittenberg, officially Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12°59 east, 51°51 north, in the Elbe river. ... Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt. ... This article is about the German city. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Cuxhaven beach at sunset Cuxhaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, with about 55000 inhabitants. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Podmokly coat of arms. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Aerial view over Karkonosze Karkonosze (Polish name, pronounced kár-ko-no-she;  KrkonoÅ¡e? in Czech; Riesengebirge in German) or Giant Mountains are part of the Sudetes Mountains in Central Europe. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... OhÅ™e (German: Eger) is a 291 km long river in Germany and the Czech Republic. ... The Mulde is a river in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Length 413 km Elevation of the source 728  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Germany Mouth  Elbe Basin countries Germany Saale is the name of two rivers in Germany: the Saxonian Saale (German: Sächsische Saale) and the Franconian Saale (German: Fränkische Saale). ... . Ohře (German: Eger) is a 291 km long river in Germany and the Czech Republic. ... The Ilmenau is a river in Lower Saxony, Germany, tributary of the Elbe. ... The Oste [Ê”o:stÉ™] is a river in northern Lower Saxony, Germany with a length of 153 km. ... The Jizera (-Czech, German: Iser) is a river in the northern Czech Republic. ... For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ... Alster in Hamburg The Alster is a 53 km long right tributary of the river Elbe in Northern Germany. ... Watershed of the River Elbe in central Europe Licensed for use in accordance with the GFDL. created with this online map creation tool. ... Image File history File links Cs-Labe. ... Low German (also called Niederdeutsch, Plattdeutsch or Plattdüütsch) is a name for the regional language varieties of the West Germanic languages spoken mainly in Northern Germany where it is officially called Niederdeutsch (Low German), and in Eastern Netherlands where it is officially called Nedersaksisch (Low Saxon). Low refers to... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... Central Europe The Alpine Countries and the Visegrád Group (Political map, 2004) Central Europe is the region lying between the variously and vaguely defined areas of Eastern and Western Europe. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ...

Contents

Geography

The Elbe rises at an elevation of about 1400 m (4593 ft) in the Krkonoše (also known as Giant Mountains or in German as Riesengebirge) on the north west borders of the Czech Republic. Of the numerous small streams whose waters compose the infant river, the most important is the Bílé Labe, or White Elbe. After plunging down the 60 m of the Labský vodopád, the latter stream unites with the steeply torrential Malé Labe, and thereafter the united stream of the Elbe pursues a southerly course, emerging from the mountain glens at and continuing on to Pardubice, where it turns sharply to the west. At Kolín some 43 km (27 miles) further on, it bends gradually towards the north-west. At the village of Káraný, a little above Brandýs nad Labem it picks up the Jizera. Aerial view over the Karkonosze The Karkonosze (Polish; pronounced kár-ko-no-she) or KrkonoÅ¡e (Czech; IPA: ) is a mountain range in the Sudetes in Central Europe. ... Pardubice (German: Pardubitz) capital of the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic on the Labe (Elbe) river. ... Town hall Kolín is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic on the Elbe river. ... Káraný, Czech Republic, is a village in central Bohemia founded in 1777. ... Location of Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav in the Czech Republic Brandýs nad Labem-Stará Boleslav (-Czech, German: Brandeis-Altbunzlau) is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic on the banks of the Elbe river. ... The Jizera (-Czech, German: Iser) is a river in the northern Czech Republic. ...

German map of the River Elbe.
German map of the River Elbe.

At Mělník its stream is more than doubled in volume by the Vltava, or Moldau, a river which winds northwards through Bohemia. Although upstream from the confluence Vltava is longer (434 km vs. 294), has larger discharge and larger drainage basin, due historical reasons (at the confluence the Vltava meets the Elbe at almost a right angle, so it appears as a tributary) river continues as Elbe. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1341, 78 KB) Map of the river Elbe - german texts image made by: de:User:Tzzzpfff first uppload: Dec 12, 2004 - de:Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Elbe ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x1341, 78 KB) Map of the river Elbe - german texts image made by: de:User:Tzzzpfff first uppload: Dec 12, 2004 - de:Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Elbe ... For the town in Bulgaria see Melnik, Bulgaria. ... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Vltava   (Moldau in German and many other Germanic languages, Moldva in Hungarian, unrelated to the Moldova river of Romania) is the longest river in the Czech Republic, draining into the north from its source in Å umava through ÄŒeský Krumlov, ÄŒeské BudÄ›jovice, and Prague (Praha), merging with the Elbe...


Some distance lower down, at Litoměřice, the waters of the Elbe are tinted by the reddish Ohře. Thus augmented, and swollen into a stream 140 m (459 ft) wide, the Elbe carves a path through the basaltic mass of the České Středohoří, churning its way through a deep, narrow rocky gorge. Shortly after crossing the Czech-German frontier, and passing through the sandstone defiles of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, the stream assumes a north-westerly direction, which on the whole it preserves right to the North Sea. Litomerice as seen from the Radobyl Hill Main square with town hall Litoměřice (-Czech, German: Leitmeritz, Population: 28,000) is a town in the Czech Republic, in Usti nad Labem Region (German: Aussig an der Elbe). ... OhÅ™e (German: Eger) is a 291 km long river in Germany and the Czech Republic. ... Czech Central Mountains (Czech: ÄŒeské stÅ™edohoří, German: Böhmisches Mittelgebirge) are located in North Bohemia. ... Rocks at Elbe Sandstone Mountains The Elbe Sandstone Mountains (German Elbsandsteingebirge, Czech Labské pískovce) is a mountain range. ...


The river rolls through Dresden and finally, beyond Meißen, enters on its long journey across the North German Plain passing along the former border of East Germany, touching Torgau, Wittenberg, Dessau, Magdeburg, Wittenberge, and Hamburg on the way, and taking on the waters of the Mulde and Saale from the west, and those of the Schwarze Elster, Havel and Elde from the east. Soon the Elbe reaches Hamburg, and then passes through Holstein until it flows into the North Sea at Cuxhaven. Near its mouth it passes Glückstadt, Brunsbüttel and the entrance to the Kiel Canal. Dresden (Sorbian: Drježdźany; etymologically from Old Sorbian Drežďany, meaning people of the riverside forest, Czech: ) is the capital city of the German Federal Free State of Saxony. ... Meißen, internationally most known for porcelain, is a town of approximately 35,000 near Dresden on the river Elbe in the State of Saxony in the southern part of eastern Germany. ... The North German Plain is a lowland region extending from the North Sea and Baltic Sea southward to the uplands of central Germany. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph... Torgau is a town on the banks of the Elbe in northwestern Saxony, Germany. ... Statue of Martin Luther in the main square Wittenberg, officially [Die] Lutherstadt Wittenberg, is a town in Germany, in the Bundesland Saxony-Anhalt, at 12° 59 E, 51° 51 N, on the Elbe river. ... Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt. ... This article is about the German city. ... A town of thirty thousand people on the lower Elbe in the district of Prignitz (district capital Perleberg), land Brandenburg, Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... The Mulde is a river in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Length 413 km Elevation of the source 728  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Germany Mouth  Elbe Basin countries Germany Saale is the name of two rivers in Germany: the Saxonian Saale (German: Sächsische Saale) and the Franconian Saale (German: Fränkische Saale). ... Schwarze Elster is a 188 km long river in eastern Germany, in the states Saxony, Brandenburg and Saxony-Anhalt. ... For the Biblical Havel, see Abel. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Holstein (Hol-shtayn) (Low German: Holsteen, Danish: Holsten, Latin and historical English: Holsatia) is the southern part of Schleswig-Holstein in Germany, between the rivers Elbe and Eider. ... Cuxhaven beach at sunset Cuxhaven is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany, with about 55000 inhabitants. ... Flag of Glückstadt Map of the River Elbe, showing Glückstadt Glückstadt, a town of Germany in Schleswig-Holstein, on the right bank of the Elbe river, at the confluence of the small river Rhin, and 28 miles NW of Altona, on the railway from Itzehoe to Elmshorn. ... Elbe estuary Brunsbüttel is a city in northern Germany that lies on the mouth of the Elbe river, near the North Sea. ... The Kiel Canal (in German Nord-Ostsee-Kanal, formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) is a 98 kilometre long waterway linking the North Sea at Brunsbüttel, Germany to the Baltic Sea at Kiel-Holtenau, Germany. ...


Navigation

The Elbe near Festung Königstein in Germany.
The Elbe near Festung Königstein in Germany.

The Elbe has been navigable by commercial vessels since 1842, and provides important trade links as far inland as Prague. The river is linked by canals to the industrial areas of Germany and to Berlin. The Elbe-Lübeck Canal links the Elbe to the Baltic Sea, as does the Kiel Canal, whose western entrance is near the mouth of the Elbe. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2336 × 3504 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2336 × 3504 pixel, file size: 3. ... View from the river Elbe to the fortress View from Festung Königstein, looking down onto the Elbe and the town of Königstein Festung Königstein is a famously impregnable fortress near Dresden, in Saxon Switzerland, Germany, near the town of Königstein. ... Nickname: Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: , Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area  - City 496 km²  (191. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... The Elbe-Lübeck Canal (also known as Elbe-Trave Canal) is an artificial waterway in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... The Kiel Canal (in German Nord-Ostsee-Kanal, formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Kanal) is a 98 kilometre long waterway linking the North Sea at Brunsbüttel, Germany to the Baltic Sea at Kiel-Holtenau, Germany. ...


Before Germany was reunited, waterway transport in Western Germany was hindered by the fact that inland navigation to Hamburg had to pass through the German Democratic Republic. The Elbe Seitenkanal (Elbe Lateral Canal) was built between the Mittellandkanal and the lower Elbe to restore this connection. When the two nations were reunited, works began to improve and restore the original links: the Elbe Canal Bridge near Magdeburg now allows large barges to cross the Elbe without having to enter the river. The often low water levels of the Elbe do not hinder navigation to Berlin any longer. (Source: NoorderSoft Waterways Database) The Magdeburg Water Bridge as seen from the shores of the Elbe. ...


Etymology

First attested in Latin as Albis, the name Elbe means "river" or "river-bed" and is nothing more than the High German version of a word (*albiz) found elsewhere in Germanic; cf. Old Norse river name Elfr, Swedish dialectal älv "deep river-bed", Old English river name Ielf, and Middle Low German elve "river-bed" [1]. Subdivisions Central German Upper German High German (in German, Hochdeutsch) is any of several German dialects spoken in Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, and Luxembourg (as well as in neighbouring portions of Belgium, France (Alsace), Italy, Poland, and Romania (Transylvania) and in some areas of former colonial settlement, for example in... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon[1], Old English: ) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... The Middle Low German language is an ancestor of the modern Low German language, and was spoken from about 1100 to 1500. ...


History

The Elbe was recorded by Ptolemy as Albis (Germanic for "river", see below) in Germania Magna with its source in the Asciburgis mountains (Krkonoše, Riesengebirge or Giant Mountains), where the Germanic Vandalii lived. A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... Map of the Roman Empire and the free Germania, Magna Germania, in the early 2nd century For other uses, see Germania (disambiguation). ... Aerial view over the Karkonosze The Karkonosze (Polish; pronounced kár-ko-no-she) or KrkonoÅ¡e (Czech; IPA: ) is a mountain range in the Sudetes in Central Europe. ... Vandal and Vandali redirect here. ...

the Elbe
the Elbe

The Elbe has long been an important delineator of European geography. The Romans knew the river as the Albis; however, they only attempted once to move the Eastern border of their empire forward from the Rhine to the Elbe, and this attempt failed in the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in 9 AD, after which they never seriously tried again. In the Middle Ages it formed the eastern limit of the Empire of Charlemagne. The river's navigable sections were also essential to the success of the Hanseatic League and much trade was carried on its waters. The River Elbe, This photo was taken by me from the train from Berlin to Prague. ... The River Elbe, This photo was taken by me from the train from Berlin to Prague. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... Combatants Germanic tribes (Cherusci, Marsi, Chatti, Bructeri and Chauci) Roman Empire Commanders Arminius Publius Quinctilius Varus † Strength 10,000 to 18,000 3 Roman legions, 3 alae and 6 auxiliary cohorts, probably 20,000 - 25,000 Casualties Unknown; but far less than Roman losses 15,000-20,000 The Battle... For other uses, see 9 (disambiguation). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Charlemagne and Pippin the Hunchback. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ...


In 1945, as World War II was drawing to a close, Nazi Germany was caught between the armies of the western Allies advancing from the west and the Soviet Union advancing from the east. On April 25, these two forces linked up near Torgau, on the Elbe. The event was marked as Elbe Day. After the war, the Elbe formed part of the border between East and West Germany. Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... is the 115th day of the year (116th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Elbe Day, April 25, 1945, was the date Soviet and American troops met at the River Elbe, near Torgau in Germany, marking an important step toward the end of the Second World War in Europe. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph...


According to Russian accounts, In April, 1970, when the SMERSH facility in Magdeburg was being transferred to the East German government, the remains of Adolf Hitler, Eva Braun, Joseph Goebbels, Magda Goebbels and the Goebbels' six children were reportedly exhumed, thoroughly cremated, and the ashes finally dumped unceremoniously into the Elbe. Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the German city. ... Anthem Auferstanden aus Ruinen Capital East Berlin Language(s) German Government Socialist republic Head of State  - 1949 – 1960 Wilhelm Pieck  - 1960 – 1973 Walter Ulbricht  - 1973 – 1976 Willi Stoph  - 1976 – 1989 Erich Honecker  - 1989 Egon Krenz  - 1989 - 1990 Manfred Gerlach Head of Government  - 1949 – 1964 Otto Grotewohl  - 1964 – 1973 Willi Stoph... Hitler redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Paul Joseph Goebbels (German pronunciation: IPA: ) (29 October 1897 – 1 May 1945) was a German politician and Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during the National Socialist regime from 1933 to 1945. ... Johanna Maria Magdalena Goebbels, (November 11, 1901 – May 1, 1945) was the wife of Nazi Germanys Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels. ... The Goebbels family on October 29, 1942: (back row) Hilde, Harald Quandt and Helga; (front row) Helmut, Holde, Magda, Heide, Joseph and Hedda. ...


References

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir. A Handbook of Germanic Etymology. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2003: 13

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Elbe - definition of Elbe in Encyclopedia (488 words)
The Elbe River (Czech Labe, Sorbian/Lusatian Łobjo, Polish Łaba) is one of the major waterways of central Europe.
After plunging down the 37 miles of the Labský vodopád, the latter stream unites with the steep torrential Malé Labe, and thereafter the united stream of the Elbe pursues a southerly course, emerging from the mountain glens at and continuing on to Pardubice, where it turns sharply to the west.
In 1945 a section of the Elbe was made a section of the border between East and West Germany.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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