FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Elba" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Elba
Elba (bottom centre) from space, February 1994.

Elba (Latin: Ilva) is an island in Tuscany, Italy, 20 km (or 12 miles) from the coastal town of Piombino ( 42°44′N, 10°22′E). It is the largest island of the Tuscan Archipelago, and the third largest island in Italy after Sicily and Sardinia. Elba and the other islands (Gorgona, Capraia, Pianosa, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri) of the Tuscan Archipelago are protected in the National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago. The French island of Corsica lies about 35 km to the west. In Italian it is called Isola d'Elba. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (639x639, 194 KB)Elba Island, Italy - February 1994 image description here File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (639x639, 194 KB)Elba Island, Italy - February 1994 image description here File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... KM, Km, or km may stand for: Khmer language (ISO 639 alpha-2, km) Kilometre Kinemantra Meditation Knowledge management KM programming language KM Culture, Korean Movie Maker. ... Piombino is a town and commune in the province of Livorno (Tuscany), Italy, on the medium coast of Tyrrhenian sea, in front of Elba Island and at the northern side of Maremma. ... Elba and the Tuscan Archipelago. ... This is a list of islands of Italy. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Sardinia (pronounced ; Italian: ; Sardinian: or Sardinnya) is the second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea (after Sicily). ... Gorgona is an island in the Tuscan Archipelago, a group of islands off the west coast of Italy. ... Capraia, called Capraria in ancient times, is an island of Italy, part of the Tuscan Archipelago, off the northwest coast, belonging to the Province of Livorno. ... Pianosa is a small (about 10 km2) island in Italys Tuscan Archipelago. ... Montecristo, part of the Tuscan archipelago. ... Giglio Island (Italian: Isola del Giglio) is an island and Italian commune situated in the Tyrrhenian Sea, off the coast of Tuscany, part of the Province of Grosseto. ... Giannutri is a small island in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Tuscany, Italy. ... (Territorial collectivity flag) (Territorial collectivity logo) Location Administration Capital Ajaccio President of the Executive Council Ange Santini (UMP) (since 2004) Departments Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Statistics Land area1 8,680 km² Population (Ranked 25th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ...


The island is divided into eight comunes: Portoferraio, Campo nell'Elba, Capoliveri, Marciana, Marciana Marina, Porto Azzurro, Rio Marina and Rio nell'Elba. In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... A view from the local mountains of Portoferraio. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Livorno (LI) Mayor Elevation 2 m Area 55. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Livorno (LI) Mayor Paolo Ballerini (since June 2004) Elevation 167 m Area 39. ... Ulpia Marciana was the sister of Roman Emperor Trajan. ... Marciana Marina is one of the most important towns of Elba Island. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Livorno (LI) Mayor Maurizio Papi (since May 2002) Elevation 2 m Area 13. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Livorno (LI) Mayor Elevation 10 m Area 19. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Livorno (LI) Mayor Catalina Schezzini (since June 2004) Elevation 165 m Area 16. ...


The land area of the island is about 224 km² (86 square miles) and the coastline is about 147 km (91 miles). The highest mountain is Monte Capanne at 1,018 metres (3,340 feet). The island has a population of approximately 30 000. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... The or meter (see spelling differences) is a measure of length. ... This article is about a foot as a unit of length. ...


History

Return of Napoleon Bonaparte from Elba.
Return of Napoleon Bonaparte from Elba.

The island was well known from very ancient times for its iron resources. Mines were created by the Etruscans first and (after 480 BC) the Romans. The Greeks called it Aethalia (flame) after the flames of the furnaces for the metal production. Image File history File links Return of Napoleon from Elba Artwork by Ambroise-Louis Garneray File links The following pages link to this file: Napoleon I of France ... Image File history File links Return of Napoleon from Elba Artwork by Ambroise-Louis Garneray File links The following pages link to this file: Napoleon I of France ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Standard atomic weight 55. ... Map showing the extent of the Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...


After the end of the Roman Empire, the island suffered for ravages from barbarians and Saracens. In the early 11th century it became a possession of Pisa. When the latter, in 1398, was sold to the Visconti of Milan, the island was acquired by the Appiani, Lords of Piombino, who retained it for two centuries. In 1546 part of the island was handed over to Cosimo I de' Medici, who fortified Portoferraio, renaming it "Cosmopoli", while in 1577 the rest of the island returned to the Appiani. In 1603 Philip II of Spain captured Porto Azzurro and built there two fortresses. In 1802 the island became a French possession, and its economy flourished. This article discusses the Italian city. ... Visconti was a noble family that ruled Milan during the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance period. ... Piombino is a town and commune in the province of Livorno (Tuscany), Italy, on the medium coast of Tyrrhenian sea, in front of Elba Island and at the northern side of Maremma. ... Cosimo I de Medici in Armour by Agnolo Bronzino Cosimo I de Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1537 to 1574, during the waning days of the Renaissance. ... Year 1603 (MDCIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Philip II (Spanish: Felipe II de Habsburgo; Portuguese: Filipe I) (May 21, 1527 – September 13, 1598) was the first official King of Spain from 1556 until 1598, King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until 1598, King of England (as King-consort of Mary I) from 1554 to 1558, King...

Elba and the Tuscan Archipelago.
Elba and the Tuscan Archipelago.

Following the Treaty of Fontainebleau, French emperor Napoleon I was exiled to Elba after his forced abdication in 1814 and arrived at Portoferraio on May 4, 1814 to begin his exile there. He was allowed to keep a personal guard of six hundred men and was made the Emperor of the island. Although he was nominally sovereign of Elba, the island was watched (more or less) by British naval patrols. During these months, partly to pass the time and partly out of a genuine concern for the well-being of the people, he carried out a series of economic and social reforms to improve the quality of life on Elba. Napoleon stayed on Elba for 9 months and 21 days before he escaped and returned to France on February 26 for a Hundred Days. After his defeat at Waterloo he was subsequently exiled again, this time to the barren and isolated South Atlantic island of Saint Helena. Napoleon's stay on Elba is the basis for the famous English language palindrome: "Able was I ere I saw Elba." Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Elba and the Tuscan Archipelago. ... The Treaty of Fontainebleau refers to a number of agreements signed at Fontainebleau, France, often at the Château de Fontainebleau: October 24, 1745 creating a military alliance between Louis XV of France and Charles Edward Stuart. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... May 4 is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1814 (MDCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Hundred Days (French Cent-Jours) or the Waterloo Campaign commonly refers to the period between 20 March 1815, the date on which Napoleon Bonaparte arrived in Paris after his return from Elba, and 8 July 1815, the date of the restoration of King Louis XVIII. The phrase Cent jours... Combatants First French Empire Seventh Coalition: United Kingdom Kingdom of Prussia United Netherlands Hanover Nassau Brunswick Commanders Napoleon Bonaparte Michel Ney Duke of Wellington Gebhard von Blücher Strength 73,000 67,000 Coalition 60,000 Prussian (48,000 engaged by about 18:00) Casualties 25,000 dead or wounded... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... see also Alexadrome For the movie, see Palindromes (film) Look up Palindrome in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In the Congress of Vienna the island was given to the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. In 1860 it became part of the new unified Kingdom of Italy. The Congress of Vienna by Jean-Baptiste Isabey, 1819. ... The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was a state in central Italy which came into existence in 1569, replacing the Duchy of Florence, which had been created out of the old Republic of Florence in 1532, and which annexed the Republic of Siena in 1557. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy...


French troops landed on Elba on June 17, 1944, liberating the island from the Germans. Faulty intelligence and strong defences made this battle more difficult than expected. The I Corps (French: ) was first formed before World War I. During World War II it fought in the Campaign for France in 1940, on the Mediterranean islands of Corsica and Elba in 1943 - 1944, and in the campaigns to liberate France in 1944 and invade Germany in 1945. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


More recently, the island has become famed for its wine. It is today a renowned tourist resort. A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ...


References

  • Chandler, David G (1990). The Illustrated Napoleon. Henry Holt & Co.. ISBN 0-8050-0442-4. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Elba (580 words)
In the tenth century Elba came into the power of Pisa, from which it was wrested in 1290 by the city of Genoa.
In 1399 Gian Galeazzo Visconti gave the island and the principality of Piombino to Gherardo Appiano in exchange for the lordship of Pisa.
The Emperor Charles V gave a part of Elba to the Grand Duke Cosimo I of Tuscany, who built the citadel of Cosmopoli and thus laid the foundation of the later Porto Ferrajo, the chief town of the island; another district including Porta Longone came into the power of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies.
Elba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (244 words)
Elba (Latin "Ilva") is an island in Tuscany, Italy, 20 km from the coastal town of Grosseto (42°44′N 10°22′E).
Elba and other islands of the Tuscan Archipelago are protected in the National Park of the Tuscan Archipelago.
Elba World is a site with a big session about general history, geology, characteristics and itineraries for the island, with a photographic gallery.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m