Over the centuries, three distinct Elamite scripts developed successively.
Proto-Elamite is the oldest known Elamite script. It is first attested in 2900 BCE in Susa, the capital of Elam. The Proto-Elamite script is thought to have developed from an early Sumerian script. The Proto-Elamite script consists of about 1,000 signs and is thought to be partly logographic. Since it has not yet been deciphered, it is not known whether the language it represents is Elamite or another language.
Old Elamite is a syllabary derived from Proto-Elamite which was known to be used between about 2250 and 2220 BCE, although it may have been invented at an earlier date. Old Elamite has only been partially deciphered, mainly by Walther Hinz. Old Elamite consisted of about 80 symbols and was written in vertical columns running from top to bottom and left to right.
The Elamite Cuneiform script was used from about 2500 BCE to 331 BCE, and was adapted from the AkkadianCuneiform. The Elamite Cuneiform script consisted of about 130 symbols, far fewer than most other cuneiform scripts.
Categories: Extinct languages | Isolated languages
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