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Encyclopedia > El Djem
El Djem: the amphitheatre of Thysdrus
El Djem: the amphitheatre of Thysdrus

El Djem (Latin Thysdrus) is a town in Mahdia governorate, Tunisia, population 18,302 (2004 census). It is home to the most impressive Roman remains in Africa. El Jem Photo taken in 2002 by Andy Avery File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... El Jem Photo taken in 2002 by Andy Avery File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mahdia, Arabic: المهدية (al-Mahdiya), is a Tunisian coastal city with 37,000 inhabitants, south of Monastir and southeast of Sousse. ... The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...

Contents

History

The city was built, like almost all Roman settlements in Tunisia, on former Punic settlements. In a less arid climate than today's, Roman Thysdrus prospered especially in the 2nd century, when it became an important centre of olive oil manufacturing for export. It was the seat of a Christian bishop - which is still occupied by a titular Roman Catholic bishop today. This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Ruins of Roman-era Carthage For other uses, see Carthage (disambiguation). ... The 2nd century is the period from 101 - 200 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Olive Oil can be: Olive oil, a food made from crushed olives Olive Oyl, a cartoon character olive oils AOC and AOP, oléïcole tourism site Terra Olea, in partnership with the room of agriculture of Gard, the Association of Local Development ADEGUA, the town of Mirandela, SUDOE Category: ... A mitre is used as a symbol of the bishops ministry. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


By the early 3rd Century AD, when the amphitheatre was built, Thysdrus rivalled Hadrumetum (modern Sousse) as the second city of Roman North Africa, after Carthage. However, following the abortive revolt that began there in 238 AD, and Gordian I's suicide in his villa near Carthage, Roman troops loyal to the Emperor Maximinus Thrax destroyed the city. It never really recovered. // Overview Events 212: Constitutio Antoniniana grants citizenship to all free Roman men 212-216: Baths of Caracalla 230-232: Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east 235-284: Crisis of the Third Century shakes Roman Empire 250-538: Kofun era, the first... Hadrumetum was a Phoenician colony earlier than Carthage, and was already an important town when the latter rose to greatness. ... View from the Abou Nawas Hotel over to the main beach in Sousse (Bou Jaafar) The Grand Mosque of Sousse, Tunisia, as seen from the tower of the Ribat The Ribat of Sousse Sousse (Arabic سوسة Susa), is a city of Tunisia. ...  Northern Africa (UN subregion)  geographic, including above North Africa or Northern Africa is the northernmost region of the African continent. ... Ruins of Roman-era Carthage For other uses, see Carthage (disambiguation). ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus ( 159 – April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year 238. ... The Roman Empire contained many kinds of villas. ... Gaius Iulius Verus Maximinus (c. ...


How thorough the destruction was in the 3rd century is not known. Perhaps there was a garbage dump at Thysdrus like the one at Oxyrhyncus. There are few remains at Oxyrhynchus to be seen above ground: its treasures lie beneath the sands Oxyrhynchus ( Greek: Οξύρυγχος; sharp-nosed; ancient Egyptian Per-Medjed; modern Arabic el-Bahnasa) is an archaeological site in Egypt, considered one of the most important...


Sights

El Djem in the morning
El Djem in the morning

El Jem in the morning Photo taken by Andy Avery in 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... El Jem in the morning Photo taken by Andy Avery in 2002 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Amphitheatre

El Djem is famous for its amphitheatre (often incorrectly called "a colosseum"), capable of seating 35,000 spectators. Only Rome's Colosseum (about 45,000 spectators) and the ruined theatre of Capua are larger. The amphitheatre at El Djem was built by the Romans under proconsul Gordian, who was acclaimed Emperor at Thysdrus, around 238 and was probably mainly used for gladiator shows and chariot races (like in Ben-Hur). It is also possible that construction of the amphitheatre was never finished. // The name amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is given to a public building of the Classical period (being particularly associated with ancient Rome) which was used for spectator sports, games and displays. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 8th century BC Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1,285 km²  (496. ... The Colosseum by night: exterior view of the best-preserved section. ... Country Italy Region Campania Province Caserta (CE) Mayor Elevation m Area 30 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 43,139  - Density 1,329/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Capuani Dialing code 0823 Postal code 81025 Frazioni Cantone Patron St. ... For the Miocene ape, see Proconsul (genus) Under the Roman Empire a proconsul was a promagistrate filling the office of a consul. ... Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus ( 159 – April 12, 238), known in English as Gordian I, was Roman Emperor during the year 238. ... Events Carpians invade Moesia, Maximinus Thrax campaigns against them. ... This article is about the Roman professional fighter. ... Chariot racing was one of the most popular ancient Greek and Roman sports. ... Ben-Hur is a 1959 film directed by William Wyler, and is the most recent and most popular, live-action film version of Lew Wallaces novel, Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ (1880). ...


Until the 17th century it remained more or less whole. From then on its stones were used for building the nearby village of El Djem and transported to the Great Mosque in Kairouan, and at a tense moment during struggles with the Ottomans, the Turks used cannons to flush rebels out of the amphitheatre. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Mosque of Oqba Kairouan (Arabic القيروان) (variations include Kairwan, Kayrawan, Al Qayrawan) is a city in Tunisia, about 160 kilometres south of Tunis. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29...


The ruins of the amphitheatre were declared a World Heritage Site in 1979. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This page refers to the year 1979. ...

The town seen from the ruins
The town seen from the ruins

Image File history File links El_Jem. ... Image File history File links El_Jem. ...

Others

Drifting sand is preserving the market city of Thysdrus and the refined suburban villas that once surrounded it. The amphiteatre occupies artchaeologists' attention: no digging required. Some floor mosaics have been found and published, but field archaeology has scarcely been attempted. The idea and function of a villa has evolved considerably since its invention towards the end of the Roman Republic. ... Mosaic is the art of decoration with small pieces of colored glass, stone or other material. ...


In the world of writing materials, Thysdrus lay in the Empire of Papyrus, which preserves remarkably well if kept as dry as at El Djem.. Papyrus plant Cyperus papyrus at Kew Gardens, London Papyrus is an early form of paper made from the pith of the papyrus plant, Cyperus papyrus, a wetland sedge that grows to 5 meters (15 ft) in height and was once abundant in the Nile Delta of Egypt. ...


See also

Thapsus (less commonly, Tapsus) was an ancient city in what is modern day Tunisia. ...

External links

Coordinates: 35°18′N 10°43′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
El Jem travel guide - Wikitravel (347 words)
El Jem is a small town in the east of Tunisia that holds the remains of a UNESCO World Heritage listed Roman amphitheater.
El Jem was formerly the Roman town of Thysdrus, one of the most important towns in North Africa after Carthage (now to be found in the suburbs of modern Tunis).
El Jem is a small town and everything that may be of interest to the visitor can be reached on foot.
El Djem: Information from Answers.com (449 words)
El Djem (Latin Thysdrus) is a town in Mahdia governorate, Tunisia, population 18,302 (2004 census).
El Djem is famous for its amphitheatre (often incorrectly called "a colosseum"), capable of seating 35,000 spectators.
From then on its stones were used for building the nearby village of El Djem and transported to the Great Mosque in Kairouan, and at a tense moment during struggles with the Ottomans, the Turks used cannons to flush rebels out of the amphitheatre.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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