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Encyclopedia > El Camino Real (California)
A map produced in 1920 illustrating the route of "El Camino Real" in 1821, along with the 21 Alta California Franciscan missions. The road at this time was merely a horse and mule trail.

El Camino Real (Spanish for The Royal Road, also known as The King's Highway) usually refers to the 600-mile (966-kilometer) California Mission Trail, connecting the former Alta California's 21 missions (along with a number of support sites), 4 presidios, and several pueblos, stretching from Mission San Diego de Alcalá in San Diego in the south to Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma in the north. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (751x1444, 106 KB) Summary An early map illustrating the route of El Camino Real and the 21 Franciscan missions in 1821. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (751x1444, 106 KB) Summary An early map illustrating the route of El Camino Real and the 21 Franciscan missions in 1821. ... The Spanish missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Catholic faith among the local Native Americans. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Alta California (Upper California) was formed in 1804 when the province of California, then a part of the Spanish colony of New Spain, was divided in two along the line separating the Franciscan missions in the north from the Dominican missions in the south. ... The Spanish missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Catholic faith among the local Native Americans. ... Presidio is a place in the State of Texas in the United States of America: see Presidio, Texas. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Pueblo Indians . ... Mission San Diego de Alcalá as it stood circa 1900. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Mission San Francisco Solano was founded on July 4, 1823 and named for a missionary to the Indians of Peru born in Montilla, Spain, known as the Wonder Worker of the New World. ... Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ...


In fact, any road under the direct jurisdiction of the Spanish crown and its viceroys was a "camino real". Examples of such roads ran between principal settlements throughout Spain and its colonies such as New Spain. Most caminos reales had names apart from the appended "camino real". Once Mexico won its independence from Spain, no road in Mexico, including California, was any longer a camino real. The name was rarely used after that and was only revived in the American period in connection with the boosterism associated with the Mission Revival movement of the early 20th century. El Camino Real (Spanish for the Royal or Kings Highway) was the name of a series of pre-automobile highways linking the various New World colonies of Spain: There is an El Camino Real in California; see: El Camino Real (California); that road provoked a Jargon File bilingual homographic... map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... American history redirects here. ... The Mission Revival Style was an architectural movement that began in the late 19th Century and drew inspiration from the early Spanish missions in California. ...


The route originated in Baja California Sur, Mexico, at the site of Misión San Bruno in San Bruno (the first mission established in Las Californias), though it was only maintained as far south as Loreto. Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... The short-lived Jesuit mission of San Bruno was established in 1683 on the Gulf coast of Baja California Sur, about 20 kilometers north of the later site of the town of Loreto. ... San Bruno is a populated place on the Gulf coast of Baja California Sur (a region of Mexico) located at , about 20 kilometers north of the town of Loreto. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Loreto (or Conchó) was the first Spanish town on the Baja California Peninsula, the capital of Las Californias from 1697–1777, and the current seat of the Loreto municipality in Baja California Sur. ...

Contents

History

A map of 1920 traces the mission trail in Baja California as it existed in 1769.

Between 1683 and 1834, Spanish missionaries established a series of religious outposts throughout the present-day U.S. State of California and the present-day Mexican states of Baja California and Baja California Sur. To facilitate overland travel, mission settlements were approximately 30 miles (48 kilometers) apart, so that they were separated by one day's long ride on horseback along the 600-mile (966-kilometer) long El Camino Real (Spanish for "The Royal Highway," though often referred to in the later Anglo American embellished translation, "The King's Highway"), and also known as the California Mission Trail. (The actual Spanish expression for "King's Highway" is "carretera del rey".) Heavy freight movement was practical only via water. Tradition has it that the padres sprinkled mustard seeds along the trail in order to mark it with bright yellow flowers. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (695x905, 70 KB) Summary The overland route of Gaspar de Portolà and Father Junípero Serra from Loreto, Mexico to San Diego in 1769. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (695x905, 70 KB) Summary The overland route of Gaspar de Portolà and Father Junípero Serra from Loreto, Mexico to San Diego in 1769. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Location within Mexico Municipalities of Baja California Country Capital Municipalities 5 Largest City Tijuana Government  - Governor José Guadalupe Osuna Millán (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 8  - Federal Senators Alejandro González (PAN) Rafael Díaz (PAN) Fernando Castro (PRI) Area Ranked 12th  - Total 69,921 km² (26,996. ... Baja California Sur (English: South Lower California) is one of the 31 States of Mexico, occupying the part of the Baja California Peninsula south of the 28th parallel. ... Species See text. ...


In 1912, the State of California began paving a section of the historic route in San Mateo County. Construction of a two-lane concrete highway began in front of the historic Uncle Tom's Cabin, an inn in San Bruno that was built in 1849 and demolished exactly 100 years later. There was little traffic initially and children used the pavement for roller skating until traffic increased. By the late 1920s, the State of California began the first of numerous widening projects of what later became part of U.S. Route 101. Today the route through San Mateo and Santa Clara counties is designated as California Highway 82.[1] San Bruno is a city located in San Mateo County, California. ...


An unpaved portion of the original Spanish road has been preserved just east of Mission San Juan Bautista in San Juan Bautista, California. Mission San Juan Bautista was founded on June 24, 1797. ... San Juan Bautista is a city located in San Benito County, California. ...


The road today

Today, several modern highways cover parts of the historic route, though large sections are on city streets (for instance, most of the stretch between San Jose and San Francisco). Its full modern route, as defined by the California State Legislature, is as follows:[2][3] Californias Capitol, where the State Legislature meets California State Assembly chamber California state Senate chamber The California Legislature is the legislative branch of the state government of California. ...

East Bay route

Some older local roads that parallel these routes also have the name. INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # Mexican Federal Highway 1/ Mexican Border CA 0 I-805 CA 1 I-15 CA 13 I-8 CA 20 I-805 CA 31 I-405 CA 94 I-605 CA 124 I-710 CA 130 I-10 CA 134 CA 135 I-405 CA 158... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... Official website: http://www. ... Harbor Boulevard is a major divided street in Central Orange County. ... Eastbound Route 72 on Whittier Boulevard, entering Whittier. ... Eastbound Route 72 on Whittier Boulevard, entering Whittier. ... The City of Los Angeles (from Spanish Los Ángeles , meaning the angels), also known as L.A., is the second-largest city in the United States in terms of population, as well as one of the worlds most important economic, cultural, and entertainment centers. ... U.S. Route 101, also known as Highway 101, The 101 in Southern California, and simply 101 in Northern California, is one of the last remaining and longest U.S. Routes still active in California. ... Nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Official website: http://www. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this articles infobox may require cleanup. ... The downtown San Francisco skyline, looking east from the central part of the city. ... A view of the scenic portion of Interstate 280 Interstate 280 (abbreviated I-280) is a 57-mile-long interstate highway in the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ... Novato is a city located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, in northern Marin County. ... State Route 37 in the northern part of the U.S. State of California runs twenty-one miles along the northern shore of San Pablo Bay and is currently built from U.S. Route 101 in Novato, California to Interstate 80 in Vallejo, California. ... State Route 121 is a California state highway in the Wine Country that runs from its junction with California State Route 116 southerly past the Tolay Lake basin, thence crossing Tolay Creek to Sears Point near the Infineon Raceway, thence eastward to the city of Napa, California. ... Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ... State Route 12 is a state highway in the U.S. state of California that travels in an east-west direction from Sebastopol in Sonoma County to CA-49 just north of San Andreas in Calaveras County. ... The East Bay, in the northern part of the U.S. state of California, lies on the east shores of the San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay, and includes Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... State Route 87, locally called Highway 87 or the Guadalupe Freeway, is a north-south state highway entirely within San Jose, California, United States. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... Alameda County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... SR 92 over the Coast Range State Route 92 is an east-west highway in the San Francisco Bay Area between Half Moon Bay, California near the coast (and California State Highway 1) in the west and downtown Hayward, California at its junction with State Route 238 and State Route... State Route 238 is a north-south highway in the southeastern part of the San Francisco Bay Area, USA. A divided multilane surface highway, it connects Interstate 580 in Castro Valley, California and Interstate 680 in Fremont, California. ... The city of Hayward highlighted within Alameda County Hayward is a city located in the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area in Alameda County. ... State Route 185 is a state highway in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Aerial view looking west over downtown Oakland, Lake Merritt and the Port of Oakland. ... State Route 123, named San Pablo Avenue for much of its length, is a major north-south state highway along the flats of the urban East Bay in the U.S. state of California. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Many streets throughout California today bear the name of this famous road, often with little factual relation to the original. This article is about the U.S. state. ...


A surviving, unpaved stretch of the road has been preserved next to the old Spanish mission in San Juan Bautista; this road actually follows part of the San Andreas Fault. San Juan Bautista has several meanings: The Spanish translation of John the Baptist. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ...


El Camino Real on the San Francisco Peninsula

The iconic status of El Camino Real on the San Francisco Peninsula (where it is signed as Route 82, and sometimes simply called El Camino) is such that navigation is usually done relative to it, and it defines logical north and south in the area. In the mid-Peninsula, it runs almost directly north-south; in the Sunnyvale-Santa Clara area, it runs almost directly east-west. Additionally, the name of the road changes in the middle and on the boundaries of most of the many Peninsula cities between north, south, east, west, and (plain) El Camino, and its street numbers reset (often to 100) as it enters each new city. San Francisco's Mission Street continues the route, connecting what is now State Route 82 to Mission San Francisco de Asís (Mission Dolores). USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE 101 SCL 0. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Mission Street is San Franciscos longest street and is one of its oldest. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE 101 SCL 0. ... Mission San Francisco de Asís is the oldest surviving structure in San Franciso and the sixth religious settlement established as part of the California chain of missions. ...


El Camino Real is the centermost of the four transit corridors that run the length of the peninsula, namely Interstate 280, El Camino Real, the Caltrain tracks, and U.S. Route 101. El Camino runs past Stanford University, Santa Clara University and through downtown San Jose where it is named Santa Clara Street. A view of the scenic portion of Interstate 280 Interstate 280 (abbreviated I-280) is a 57-mile-long interstate highway in the San Francisco Bay Area metropolitan area of Northern California. ... Caltrain is a commuter rail line on the San Francisco Peninsula and the Santa Clara Valley in the United States. ... U.S. Route 101, also known as Highway 101, The 101 in Southern California, and simply 101 in Northern California, is one of the last remaining and longest U.S. Routes still active in California. ... Stanford redirects here. ... The Santa Clara Mission is a notable on-campus landmark. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ...


El Camino Real in Southern California

In Southern California, the road follows Harbor Boulevard in Orange County, Whittier Boulevard/Route 72, Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, the Cahuenga Pass, and Ventura Boulevard. This article is about the region of Southern California. ... Cities in Orange County Orange County is a county in Southern California, United States. ... JUNCTION MILE POST 39 ORA 11. ... Sunset Boulevard (officially known as West Sunset Boulevard, except in Beverly Hills) is a street in the western part of Los Angeles County, California, that stretches from Figueroa Street in downtown Los Angeles to the Pacific Coast Highway at the Pacific Ocean in the Pacific Palisades. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Cahuenga Pass (from the indigenous Tongva language) (el. ... Ventura Boulevard is one of the primary east-west thouroughfares in the San Fernando Valley; as it was originally a part of the El Camino Real (the trail between Spanish missions), Ventura Boulevard is the oldest route in the San Fernando Valley. ...


Bells

A historical marker situated along El Camino Real.

Modern El Camino Real was one of the first state highways in California. Given the lack of standardized road signs at the time, it was decided to place distinctive bells along the route, hung on supports in the form of an 11-foot high shepherd's crook, also described as "a Franciscan walking stick." The first of 450 bells was unveiled on August 15, 1906 at the Plaza Church in the Pueblo near Olvera Street in Los Angeles. Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1297 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1704x2272, 1297 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Olvera Street Market in December, 2005 Olvera Street is in the oldest part of Downtown Los Angeles, California, and is otherwise known as the birthplace of the City of Angels or El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument and is a department within the city. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ...


The original organization which installed the bells fragmented, and the Automobile Club of Southern California and associated groups cared for the bells from the mid-1920s through 1931. The State took over bell maintenance in 1933. Most of the bells eventually disappeared due to vandalism, theft or simple loss due to the relocation or rerouting of highways and roads. After a reduction in the number of bells to around 150, the State began replacing them, at first with concrete, and later with iron. A design first produced in 1960 by Justin Kramer of Los Angeles was the standard until the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) began a restoration effort in 1996. The Automobile Club of Southern California, or Auto Club was founded December 15, 1900 in Los Angeles as one of the nations first motor clubs dedicated to improving roads, proposing traffic laws and improvement of overall driving conditions. ...


Keith Robinson, Principal Landscape Architect at Caltrans developed an El Camino Real restoration program which resulted in the installation of 555 El Camino Real Bell Markers in 2005. The Bell Marker consists of a 460 mm diameter cast metal bell set atop a 75 mm diameter Schedule 40 pipe column that is attached to a concrete foundation using anchor rods. The original 1906 bell molds were used to fabricate the replacement bells. The replacement and original bells were produced by the California Bell Company, are dated 1769 to 1906, and include a designer's copyright notice. According to their website, the California Bell Company was established in 1914 by Mrs. ...


Miscellany

El Camino Real is the subject of a bilingual pun among Stanford University computer scientists. From the Jargon File[4]: This photograph is likely to make any French speaker able to read Greek laugh to tears: the big blue letters read PTI MPER, which is pronounced PTI BER. This is a phonetic transcription of the French petit beurre (often pronounced ptit beurre, literally small butter). A bilingual pun is... Stanford redirects here. ... The Jargon File is a glossary of hacker slang. ...

In the FORTRAN language, a 'real' is a number typically precise to seven significant figures, and a 'double precision' quantity is a larger floating-point number, precise to perhaps fourteen significant digits (other languages have similar 'real' types). When a hacker from MIT, Guy L. Steele, visited Stanford in 1976, he remarked what a long road El Camino Real was. Making a bilingual pun on 'real', he started calling it 'El Camino Double Precision'.
When he was told that the road was hundreds of miles long (resulting in extremely large street address numbers), he renamed it 'El Camino Bignum' ["bignum" is LISP jargon for an indefinite-precision integer], and that name has stuck.
In the early 1990s, the synonym "El Camino Virtual" has been reported as an alternate at IBM and Amdahl sites in Silicon Valley. Mathematically literate hackers in the Valley have also been heard to refer to some major cross-street intersecting El Camino Real as "El Camino Imaginary" (referring to the complex plane). One popular theory is that the intersection is located near Moffett Field — where they keep all those complex planes.

A common language faux pas is to call the road "The El Camino", which literally translates to "The The Road". Fortran (previously FORTRAN[1]) is a general-purpose[2], procedural,[3] imperative programming language that is especially suited to numeric computation and scientific computing. ... In mathematics, the real numbers may be described informally as numbers that can be given by an infinite decimal representation, such as 2. ... Rounding to n significant figures is a form of rounding. ... “MIT” redirects here. ... Guy Lewis Steele, Jr. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This photograph is likely to make any French speaker able to read Greek laugh to tears: the big blue letters read PTI MPER, which is pronounced PTI BER. This is a phonetic transcription of the French petit beurre (often pronounced ptit beurre, literally small butter). A bilingual pun is... A bignum package in a computer or program allows internal representation of very large integers, rational numbers, decimal numbers, or floating-point numbers (limitted only by available memory), and provides a set of arithmetic operations on such numbers. ... For the programming language, see Lisp (programming language). ... For the glossary of hacker slang, see Jargon File. ... The integers are commonly denoted by the above symbol. ... International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) (NYSE: IBM) (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. ... Amdahl Corporation was founded by Dr. Gene Amdahl, a former IBM employee, in 1970, and specializes in IBM mainframe-compatible computer products. ... For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... In mathematics, the complex plane is a way of visualising the space of the complex numbers. ... Aerial View of Moffett Field and NASA Ames Research Center. ... Look up faux pas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Historic designations

California Historical Landmarks (CHLs) are buildings, structures, sites, or places in the state of California that have been determined to have statewide historical significance by meeting at least one of the criteria listed below: approved for designation by the County Board of Supervisors or the City/Town Council in whose... Mission San Diego de Alcalá as it stood circa 1900. ... Mission San Francisco de Asís is the oldest surviving structure in San Franciso and the sixth religious settlement established as part of the California chain of missions. ...

Notes

  1. ^ San Mateo County Historical Society, San Bruno Herald
  2. ^ California Streets and Highways Code, Chapter 2, Article 3, Section 635
  3. ^ California Highways: El Camino Real
  4. ^ Eric S. Raymond. "El Camino Bignum", July 20, 2006. 

References

  • Crump, S. (1975). California's Spanish Missions: Their Yesterdays and Todays. Trans-Anglo Books, Del Mar, CA. ISBN 0-87046-028-5. 
  • Johnson, P., ed. (1964). The California Missions. Lane Book Company, Menlo Park, CA. 
  • Wright, R. (1950). California's Missions. Hubert A. and Martha H. Lowman, Arroyo Grande, CA. 

See also

El Camino Real (Spanish for the Royal or Kings Highway) was the name of a series of pre-automobile highways linking the various New World colonies of Spain: There is an El Camino Real in California; see: El Camino Real (California); that road provoked a Jargon File bilingual homographic... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... The Spanish missions in California (more simply referred to as the California Missions) comprise a series of religious outposts established by Spanish Catholics of the Franciscan Order between 1769 and 1823 to spread the Catholic faith among the local Native Americans. ... Misión Santa Rosalía de Mulegé in Baja California Sur. ...

External links

  • Caltrans: El Camino Real Mission Bell Marker Project
  • El Camino Bignum (Jargon file entry)
  • Grand Boulevard Initiative

  Results from FactBites:
 
California Highways (www.cahighways.org): El Camino Real (1349 words)
In June of 1998, the California State Dept. of Transportation and the Mexican National Institute of Anthropology and History, in conjuction with CFWC and The Knights of Columbus, dedicated a bell on the international border at the San Ysidro/Tijuana crossing.
The bells, manufactured by California Bell, were cast from a mold made from one of the original bells installed before 1910, they are an exact copy of the original bells, unlike the bells installed on or near El Camino Real by the CFWC and others.
El Camino Real de los Tejas and variations in the primary route were used for more than 150 years as the principal route between Mexico City, Saltillo, Monclova, and respective presidios, and the missions near the present Guerrero, Coahuila, Mexico, on the Rio Grande and Los Adaes in what is now northwestern Louisiana.
El Camino Real (California) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (786 words)
El Camino Real (Spanish for "The Kings Highway") traditionally refers to the 600–mile (966–kilometer) long California Mission Trail between Mission San Diego de Alcalá in San Diego and Mission San Francisco Solano in Sonoma.
The iconic status of El Camino Real on the San Francisco Peninsula (where it is signed as Route 82, and usually abbreviated as El Camino) is such that navigation is usually done relative to it, and it defines logical north and south in the area, even though it is closer to north-west/south-east.
In the FORTRAN language, a 'real' is a number typically precise to seven significant figures, and a `double precision' quantity is a larger floating-point number, precise to perhaps fourteen significant digits (other languages have similar 'real' types).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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