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Encyclopedia > El Alamein
Map of El Alamein (Al 'Alamayn)

El Alamein (or Al Alamayn) (Arabic: العلمين) is a town in northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea coast. It is located 106 km (66 mi) west of Alexandria and 240 km (149 mi) northwest of Cairo. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article is about the city in Egypt. ... Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ...


Until recently it has mainly been a port facility for shipping oil, but like the whole north coast of Egypt is now developing as a luxury resort for elite tourism. Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ...


El Alamein played a major role in the outcome of World War II. Two extended battles were fought in that area: Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Commonwealth War Cemetery at El Alamein

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1846x1097, 215 KB)Commonwealth War Cemetery, El Alamein, Egypt. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1846x1097, 215 KB)Commonwealth War Cemetery, El Alamein, Egypt. ... Combatants Allies (mostly British Empire forces) Axis Commanders Claude Auchinleck Erwin Rommel Strength 150,000 troops in 3 army corps, 7 infantry and 3 armoured divisions 1,114 tanks, over 1,000 artillery and over 1,500 planes 96,000 troops (including 56,000 Italians) 8 infantry and 4 armoured... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 208th day of the year (209th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the independent states that comprised the Allies. ... For the Battle of Alam Halfa, which is also often termed the Second Battle of El Alamein, see Battle of Alam Halfa Combatants British Eighth Army: United Kingdom Australia New Zealand South Africa India Panzer Army Africa: Nazi Germany Fascist Italy Commanders Bernard Montgomery Erwin Rommel Strength 220,000 men... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Churchill redirects here. ...

Tourism

There is a local war museum with collectibles from "the civil war" and other North African battles. Visitors can also go to the Italian and German Military Cemetery on Tel el-Eisa Hill just outside the town. The German cemetery is actually an ossuary containing the remains of 4200 German soldiers which is built in the style of a medieval fortress. The Italian cemetery is a mausoleum containing many galleries of tombs. Wherever possible, each tomb bears the soldier's name, but many are simply marked "IGNOTO" – "Unknown". Castle Ashby Graveyard Northamptonshire A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... Ossuary in Hallstatt (see the article for details). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ...

El Alamein is on the Mediterranean Sea (top center).

There is also a Commonwealth war cemetery with graves of soldiers from various countries who fought on the British side. This has monuments commemorating Greek, New Zealand, Australian and South African forces. The Commonwealth cemetery, as is common at many such cemeteries in the world, consists of parallel rows of gravestones, each one bearing an engraving of the deceased soldier's unit emblem, his name and an epitaph from his family. Rows upon rows of gravestones stand witness to the battles' human cost. Image File history File links Egypt-region-map-cities. ... Image File history File links Egypt-region-map-cities. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Commonwealth of Nations as of 2006 Headquarters Marlborough House, London, UK Official languages English Membership 53 sovereign states Leaders  -  Queen Elizabeth II  -  Secretary-General Don McKinnon (since 1 April 2000) Establishment  -  Balfour Declaration 18 November 1926   -  Statute of Westminster 11 December 1931   -  London Declaration 28 April 1949  Area  -  Total...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
El Alamein

Porto Marina Marina is a tourist village located on the northern coast of Egypt, with a 7 km long beach. ... // Enham Alamein is a village about 2½ miles north of Andover in the north of Hampshire, England. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

  • Egypt travel gate

Coordinates: 30°50′N, 28°57′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
El Alamein - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (438 words)
El Alamein (or Al Alamayn) (Arabic: العلمين) is a town in northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea coast.
At the First Battle of El Alamein (July 1 – July 27, 1942) the advance of Axis troops on Alexandria was blunted by the Allies.
At the Second Battle of El Alamein (October 23 – November 4, 1942) Allied forces broke the Axis line and forced them in a retreat that pushed them all the way back to Tunisia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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