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Encyclopedia > Eifel
The Laacher See, one of the lakes in the Vulkaneifel
The Laacher See, one of the lakes in the Vulkaneifel
Eifel scenery
Eifel scenery
In winter the Eifel is often covered with snow
In winter the Eifel is often covered with snow

The Eifel is a low volcanic mountain range in western Germany. It occupies parts of southwestern North Rhine-Westphalia and northwestern Rhineland-Palatinate. The Eiffel Tower (French: , ) is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside the River Seine in Paris. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 494 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Maria Laach Lake Picture taken by user:donarreiskoffer, december 2004 File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 494 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Maria Laach Lake Picture taken by user:donarreiskoffer, december 2004 File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that... The Laacher See is a lake in the Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 256 pixelsFull resolution (2500 × 800 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 256 pixelsFull resolution (2500 × 800 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 396 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1184 × 1792 pixel, file size: 501 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Snow in the Eifel File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 396 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1184 × 1792 pixel, file size: 501 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Snow in the Eifel File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DEA Capital Düsseldorf Prime Minister Jürgen Rüttgers (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  34,084 km² (13,160 sq mi) Population 18,033,000... The Rhenish Palatinate (Rheinpfalz, sometimes Lower Palatinate or Niederpfalz) occupies rather more than a quarter of the German Bundesland (federal state) of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz) and contains the towns of Ludwigshafen, Kaiserslautern, Neustadt an der Weinstrasse, Pirmasens, Landau and Speyer. ...


The Eifel is bordered by the Mosel River in the south and the Rhine in the east. In the north it is continued by the hills of the High Venn (Hohes Venn), in the west by the Ardennes. (Ardennes and Eifel are actually the same geological region. They are a single volcanic field.) The Eifel is a part of the Rheinisches Schiefergebirge. The Moselle (French Moselle, German Mosel) is a river flowing through France, Luxembourg and Germany, joining the Rhine river at Koblenz. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... Landscape in the Hautes-Fagnes The Hautes Fagnes (from the French; German: Hohes Venn; Dutch: Hoge Venen, English translation: high fens) are an upland area in the province of Liège (Belgium) and nearby parts of Germany, between the Ardennes and the Eifel highlands. ... The Ardennes (IPA pronunciation: ) (Dutch: Ardennen) is a volcanic region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ... A volcanic field is a spot of the earths crust that is prone to localized volcanic activity. ...


In the Tertiary geological era, the Eifel was a site of extensive volcanic activity. Some of the hills are volcanic vents. The lakes of the regions are former volcanic craters (maars). The last eruptions took place around 10 000 years ago. The volcanism of the Eifel is caused by a hotspot, a place where hot material from deep in the mantle rises to the surface. Research has shown that the mantle plume is still active; the Eifel region is rising by 1-2 mm per year. Historically, the Eifel volcanoes had inactive phases of 10 000 to 20 000 years between active phases, suggesting there is a possibility of future eruptions. Tertiary geological time interval covers roughly the time span between the demise of the non-avian dinosaurs and beginning of the most recent Ice Age, approximately 65 million to 1. ... Ukinrek Maars, Alaska; the result of a 10-day eruption in 1977. ... In geology, a hotspot is a location on the Earths surface that has experienced active volcanism for a long period of time. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require restructuring. ... A lava lamp illustrates the basic concept of a mantle plume. ...


There are several distinct chains within the Eifel.

  • The northernmost parts are called Ahrgebirge and rise north of the Ahr River in the district of Ahrweiler.
  • South of that river there is the Hohe Eifel ("High Eifel"), with the Hohe Acht (747 m) being the highest mountain of the Eifel.
  • In the west, on the Belgian border, the hills are known as Schneifel (originally Schnee-Eifel, = "Snowy Eifel"), rising up to 698 m. Also in the west, by the Belgian and Luxembourg border, the region is known as Islek(Aquilania).
  • The southern half of the Eifel is less high. It is cut by several rivers running north-south towards the Mosel. The largest of these rivers is the Kyll, and the hills on either side of this river are called the Kyllwald.
  • In the south the Eifel is concluded by the Voreifel above the Mosel.
  • The Nürburg Ring, one of the world's most famous motor racing courses, is located in the Eifel. The northern loop (Nordschleife) of the course is also known as the green hell (Grüne Hölle), because of its long, difficult and dangerous path through the local forest.

Since 2004 about 110 km² of the Eifel have been protected as the Eifel National Park. The Ahr is a river in Germany, a left tributary of the Rhine. ... Ahrweiler is a district in the north of Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ... Schneifel is a name of a part of the Eifel in Germany. ... The Islek (Aquilania) is a part of the German Eifel region (Rheinland-Pfalz), in the Bitburg-Prüm county next to the Luxembourg and Belgian border. ... The Kyll is a 142 km long river in western Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia andRhineland-Palatinate). ... Detailed Nürburgring map showing both the Nordschleife and the new GP section. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


An interesting archeological feature of the region is the Eifel Aqueduct, one of the longest aqueducts of the Roman empire, providing the city of Cologne with water. The route of the Eifel aqueduct, with its average slope. ... Pont du Gard, France, a Roman era aqueduct circa 19 BC. It is one of Frances top tourist attractions at over 1. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ...


See also

  • The Eifeler Regel in Luxembourgish orthography

Luxembourgish (Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuergesch, French: , German: , Walloon: ), also spelled Luxemburgish, is a West Germanic language spoken in Luxembourg. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Eifel Aqueduct - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2825 words)
The Eifel Aqueduct was one of the longest aqueducts of the Roman Empire.
Before the building of the Eifel Aqueduct, Cologne got its water from the Vorgebirge aqueduct, which had its source in the springs and streams from the Ville region to the west of the city.
The concrete used for the Eifel aqueduct was a combination of lime, sand, stones, and water.
Eifel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (401 words)
The Eifel is a hilly region in Germany.
The Eifel is bordered by the Moselle River in the south and the Rhine in the east.
An interesting archeological feature of the region is the Eifel aqueduct, one of the longest aqueducts of the Roman empire, providing the city of Cologne with water.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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