FACTOID # 14: North Carolina has a larger Native American population than North Dakota, South Dakota and Montana combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Ehud Barak
Ehud Barak
אֵהוּד בָּרָק
Ehud Barak

In office
6 July 1999 – 7 March 2001
Preceded by Benjamin Netanyahu
Succeeded by Ariel Sharon

Born February 12, 1942 (1942-02-12) (age 65)
Kibbutz Mishmar HaSharon,
British Mandate of Palestine
Political party Labor

Ehud Barak (Hebrew: אֵהוּד בָּרָק) (born Ehud Brog on February 12, 1942) is an Israeli politician, former Prime Minster, and current Minister of Defense and leader of Israel's Labor Party. Image File history File links Ehud_Barak. ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Hebrew: בִּנְיָמִין נְתַנְיָהוּ (without niqqud: בנימין נתניהו), Hebrew transliteration written in English: Binyamin Netanyahu, nicknamed Bibi) (born October 21, 1949, Tel Aviv) was the 9th Prime Minister of Israel and is a leading figure in the Likud party. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Image File history File links Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948. ... Flag Britain unilaterally closed the territory east of the Jordan River (Transjordan) to Jewish settlement and organized Transjordan as an autonomous state in 1923. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Labour (העבודה HaAvoda) is an Israeli political party. ...


Barak served as the 10th Prime Minister of Israel from 1999 to 2001. After losing the 2001 election, Barak embarked on a business career. On June 12, 2007, he completed a political comeback by winning election to the Labor Party leadership. He was appointed as Israeli Minister of Defence, replacing outgoing party leader Amir Peretz, and will be a candidate for prime minister at the next general election. The Prime Minister of Israel (Hebrew: ראש הממשלה, Rosh HaMemshala, lit. ... Amir Peretz (Hebrew: עמיר פרץ; born March 9, 1952) is an Israeli politician and Defense Minister of Israel. ...

Contents

Biography

Ehud Barak was born on February 12, 1942 in Kibbutz Mishmar HaSharon,[1] then British Mandate of Palestine. He is the eldest of four sons of Ester (née Godin) and Israel Brog. Ehud hebraized his family name from "Brog" to "Barak" in 1959, as he began his military service. [1] February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Flag Britain unilaterally closed the territory east of the Jordan River (Transjordan) to Jewish settlement and organized Transjordan as an autonomous state in 1923. ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


It was during his military service that he met his future wife, Naava. They had three daughters together. Ehud and Naava divorced on August 2003. [2] 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Education

Barak earned his bachelor's degree in physics and mathematics from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem in 1976, and his master's degree in engineering-economic systems in 1978 from Stanford University in Stanford, California. A bachelors degree (Artium Baccalaureus, A.B. or B.A.) is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... The Hebrew University of Jerusalem (האוניברסיטה העברית בירושלים) is one of Israels biggest and most important institutes of higher learning and research. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... “M.S.” redirects here. ... Leland Stanford Junior University, commonly known as Stanford University (or simply Stanford), is a private university located approximately 37 miles (60 kilometers) southeast of San Francisco and approximately 20 miles northwest of San José in Stanford, California. ... Stanford is a census-designated place (CDP) located in Santa Clara County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Military service

Ehud Brog joined the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) in 1959. It was then that he decided to change his name to "Barak", which means "lightning" in Hebrew.[1] He served in the IDF for 35 years, rising to the position of Chief of the General Staff and the rank of Rav Aluf, the highest in the Israeli military. As a Lt. Colonel [Sgan Aluf, abrv.Sa'al, see Israeli Defence Force Ranks], he commanded seven tanks during the attempted crossing of the Suez Canal Yom Kippur War. This brave action was to relieve pressure on beseiged paratroopers, but 5 tanks were knocked out by Sagger missiles, and the remaining 2 retreated. During his service as a commando in the elite Sayeret Matkal, Barak took part in the 1973 covert mission Operation Spring of Youth in Beirut, in which he was disguised as a woman in order to assassinate members of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Barak was awarded the Medal of Distinguished Service and four other citations for courage and operational excellence; these five decorations make him, with Major Nechemya Cohen, the most decorated soldier in Israeli history. The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... Insignia of the Rav Aluf The Ramatkal (Hebrew: רמטכל, abbr. ... Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq Aided By Saudi Arabia Pakistan Cuba Uganda Libya, Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled, Israel Tal, Rehavam Zeevi, Aharon Yariv, Yitzhak Hofi, Rafael Eitan, Abraham Adan, Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Mohammed Aly... Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל, translation: General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF). ... Operation Spring of Youth took place on the night of April 9 and early morning of April 10, 1973. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... The Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) (Arabic: ;   or Munazzamat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniyyah) is a political and paramilitary organization regarded by the Arab League since October 1974 as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. ... The Medal of Distinguished Service (Hebrew: עיטור המופת) is an Israeli military decoration. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Barak is also an expert in krav maga, the official martial art of the Israeli Defense Forces. Krav Maga (Hebrew קרב מגע: contact combat) is a martial art, at first developed in Czechoslovakia in the 1930s. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces...

Barak at the Pentagon in 1999
Barak at the Pentagon in 1999

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1075, 397 KB) Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak (right) is escorted by Commander of Troops Col. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1075, 397 KB) Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak (right) is escorted by Commander of Troops Col. ...

Political career

As a politician, Barak served as Minister of the Interior (1995) and then as Minister of Foreign Affairs (1995-1996). He was elected to the Knesset in 1996, where he served as a member of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee. In 1996 Barak became the leader of the Labor Party. The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ...


Ehud Barak was elected Prime Minister of Israel on May 17, 1999 and completed what is nominally a 6 year term on March 7, 2001 after his loss to Ariel Sharon in a special prime ministerial election in February of that year. is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year (67th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ...


On the 12th of June, 2007, Barak won back the leadership of the Labor Party.


Term as Prime Minister

Despite having a short term of less than 2 years as Prime Minister, this time included many notable events, many of which proved to be controversial.


Coalition

When forming his coalition, Barak sparked controversy by deciding to form a coalition with the haredi party Shas after which he promised an end to "corruption" sponsored by religious parties. Consequentially, the left wing Meretz party quit the coalition after they failed to agree on the powers to be given to a Shas deputy-minister in the Ministry of Education. Haredi or chareidi Judaism is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ... Shas (Hebrew: ) is an political party in Israel, primarily representing Ultra-orthodox Sephardi and Mizrahi Judaism. ... Meretz (מרצ, Hebrew: vitality, energy) was an Israeli leftist secular political party. ...


Arab-Israeli Conflict

It was during his tenure as Prime Minister that Israel withdrew from Southern Lebanon and the bodies of three dead Israeli soldiers were stolen by Hezbollah. He inaugurated peace negotiations with Syria and took part in the Camp David 2000 Summit which meant to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict but failed. Barak, Prince Bandar of Saudi Arabia, and US president Bill Clinton put the blame on Yasser Arafat. Barak claimed he exposed "Arafat's true intentions". Following this came the eruption of the al-Aqsa Intifada. He also took part in the Taba Summit with the leadership of the Palestinian Authority, after his government had fallen. The Blue Line is a border demarcation between Lebanon and Israel, drawn by the United Nations for the purposes of determining whether Israel had withdrawn from Lebanon. ... Southern Lebanon is the geographical area of Lebanon composed of two Governates: the South Lebanon Governate and the Nabatiyeh Governate. ... For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ... The Middle East Peace Summit at Camp David of July 2000 took place between United States President Bill Clinton, Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, and Palestinian Authority Chairman Yasser Arafat. ... Israel, with the West Bank, Gaza Strip and Golan Heights The Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is often claimed to be at the heart of the Arab-Israeli conflict, is an ongoing dispute between two peoples, Jewish Israelis and Arab Palestinians, who both claim the right to sovereignty over the Land... Prince Bandar bin Sultan is a member of the Saudi royal family and a personal friend to several US Presidents. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ... Not to be confused with Yasir Arafat (cricketer). ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... The Taba summit (or: Taba Summit; Taba Talks; Taba Conference; Taba), also known as the permanent status talks at Taba between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, held from January 21 to January 27, 2001 at Taba in the Sinai peninsula, were peace talks aimed at reaching the final status negotiations... The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ...


Domestic Issues

Barak was in power during the passing of the controversial Tal Law which gave a legal statute for haredi Jews' exemption from military service. Riots in October 2000 lead to the killing of 12 Israeli-Arabs and 1 Palestinian by Israel Police and one Israeli-Jewish civilian by Israeli Arabs. In Israel, Tal Law, a temporary law set to expire in 2007, is a special exemption to the required military service in the Israel Defense Forces. ... Haredi or chareidi Judaism is the most theologically conservative form of Orthodox Judaism. ... The October 2000 events is a term used to describe several days of protests in northern Israel that soon escalated into clashes between Arab citizens of Israel and Israel Police. ... Israeli Police logo The Israel Police (משטרת ישראל Mishteret Yisrael) is a civilian force in the State of Israel. ...


Post-Prime ministerial career

Business career

After losing the 2001 elections to Ariel Sharon's Likud party by a landslide, Barak left Israel to work as a senior advisor with U.S.-based Electronic Data Systems. He also partnered with a private equity company focused on "security-related" work.   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... Likud (Hebrew: ליכוד, literally means consolidation) is a centre-right political party in Israel. ... Electronic Data Systems (EDS) (NYSE: EDS, LSE: EDC) is a global business and technology services company that defined the outsourcing business when it was established in 1962 by Ross Perot. ...


In 2005, following his failed attempt to maintain leadership of the Labor party, Barak became a partner of the investment company SCP Private Equity Partners, Pennsylvania. He established a company "Ehud Barak Limited" which is thought to have made over NIS30 million. [2] Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...


Public speaking

Barak went on a public speaking tour of American colleges, expressing his view on the Middle East. During this tour in 2006, he said that “[Iraq] gradually deteriorates to civil war [and] the US presence is more and more a part of the problem and not the solution."[3]


Return to politics

The following section documents a current event.
Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.

In 2005, Barak announced his return to Israeli politics, and ran for leadership of the Labor party in November. However, in light of his weak poll showings, Barak dropped out of the race early and declared his support for veteran statesman Shimon Peres. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... The Israeli Labor Party (Hebrew: , Mifleget HaAvoda HaYisraelit), generally known in Israel as Avoda (Hebrew: ) is a center-left political party in Israel. ... Ongoing events • Abramoff-Reed gambling scandal • Al Jazeera bombing memo • Avian influenza (H5N1) outbreak • Black sites scandal • Conservative leadership race (UK) • Fuel prices • Irans nuclear program • Jilin chemical plant explosions • Kashmir earthquake • Malawi food crisis • Malaysian prisoner abuse scandal • New Delhi bombings investigation • Niger food crisis • North Indian cyclone...   (Hebrew: , born Szymon Perski on August 2, 1923 in eastern Poland) is a senior Israeli statesman with a political career spanning more than 65 years. ...


After Peres lost the race to Amir Peretz and left the Labor party, Barak announced he would stay at the party, despite his shaky relationship with its newly elected leader. He declared, however, that he would not run for a spot on the Labor party's Knesset list for the March 2006 elections. Amir Peretz (Hebrew: עמיר פרץ; born March 9, 1952) is an Israeli politician and Defense Minister of Israel. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ... The Elections for the 17th Knesset were held in Israel on 28 March 2006, following an agreement between the Prime Minister, Ariel Sharon, and the new Leader of the Israel Labour Party, Amir Peretz. ...


In January 2007, Barak launched a bid to recaputure the leadership of the Labor party in a letter acknowledging "mistakes" and "inexperience" during his tenure as Prime Minister.[4] In early March of 2007, a poll of Labor Party primary voters put Barak ahead of all other opponents, including current leader Amir Peretz. [5] In the first round of voting, on 28 May, 2007, he gained 39% of the votes, which is more than his two closest rivals, although failed to gain the 40% needed to win the election.[6] Amir Peretz (Hebrew: עמיר פרץ; born March 9, 1952) is an Israeli politician and Defense Minister of Israel. ...


As a result, Barak faced a runoff against the second-place finisher, Ami Ayalon, on June 12, 2007, which he won by a narrow margin.[7] Ami Ayalon (Hebrew: , born 27 June 1945) is an Israeli politician and member of the Knesset for the Labor Party. ...


Back in Government

After winning back the leadership of the Labor party, Barak was sworn in as Minister of Defense on June 18, 2007, as part of Prime Minister Olmert's cabinet reshuffle. However on July 1, 2007, Barak lead a successful effort in the Labor central committee to stipulate that Labor will leave the government coalition if Olmert does not resign by September or October 2007. At that time the Winograd Committee will publish its final report on the performance of the Israeli Defense Forces and its civilian leadership. The preliminary Winograd report released earlier this year laid most of the blame on Olmert for poorly planning, executing, & reviewing war strategies in the 2006 conflict against Hezbollah. If Olmert does not resign, and new elections are held, Barak will be a front-runner to become Israel's next prime minister.[8]


References in popular culture

The film Munich includes a scene where Ehud Barak is a commando dressed as a woman, about to covertly attack a Palestinian armed cell in Beirut. This scene is actually derived from a real life experience he had when he served as a member of Sayeret Matkal in the Israeli defence forces.[9] Barak also appears as a military advisor to a fictitious Israeli Prime Minister in the Frederick Forsyth novel The Devil's Alternative. Munich is a 2005 drama film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Tony Kushner and Eric Roth which depicts the 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli Olympic athletes by Black September gunmen, and the Israeli governments secret retaliation assassinations. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... For other uses, see Beirut (disambiguation). ... Sayeret Matkal (Hebrew: סיירת מטכל, translation: General Staff Reconnaissance unit) is the elite special forces unit of the Israeli Defence Force (IDF). ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces... The Prime Minister of Israel is the elected head of the Israeli government. ... Frederick Forsyth. ... The Devils Alternative is a novel by Frederick Forsyth first published in 1979. ...


Quotations

  • "Two Egyptian divisions were already deployed deep into the Sinai desert very close to the Israeli border. Israel had a very small regular standing army, and it had to deploy immediately along the border to avoid a surprise attack."
  • "On the battlefield itself, no one will move if you are not moving. It's a swift decision."
  • "I imagine that if I were a Palestinian of the right age, I would, at some stage, have joined one of the resistance organizations."

http://mba.mbapaper.com/html/Finance/20070622/2942.html


See also

  • List of Israel's Chiefs of the General Staff

The history of the Israel Defense Forces is intertwined with history of the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948. ...

References

  • Ehud Barak - official site
  • Bregman, Ahron Elusive Peace: How the Holy Land Defeated America.
  • Clinton, Bill (2005). My Life. Vintage. ISBN 1-4000-3003-X.
  • Dromi, Uri (Nov. 5, 2005). "Still craving peace 10 years after Rabin". New Straits Times, p. 20.
  • http://www.nybooks.com/articles/15501 Volume 49, Number 10 · June 13, 2002 Email to a friend Exchange Camp David and After: An Exchange (1. An Interview with Ehud Barak)
  • Ehud Barak profile, Israel lexicon, Ynet News
  • Lying is cultural trait of Arabs, says Barak
  • "Building a Wall Against Terror", by Ehud Barak, The New York Times May 24, 2001

Ahron Bregman is a writer and journalist, specialising on the Arab-Israeli conflict. ... The New Straits Times is a Malaysian English-language newspaper. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b BARAK, Ehoud, European Institute for Research on Mediterranean and Euro-Arab Cooperation. Retrieved January 7, 2006.
  2. ^ Ehud Barak Ltd Haaretz
  3. ^ Ehud Barak’s Speech at IU from CampusJ
  4. ^ New York Times. Former Israeli PM Barak in New Leadership Bid (January 7, 2007). nytimes.com.
  5. ^ Ha'aretz. "Poll: Barak, Ayalon lead Peretz in the Labor leadership primaries" (March 3, 2007) >.
  6. ^ Peretz loses Israeli party vote. BBC News. Retrieved on 2007-05-30.
  7. ^ "Barak wins Labor Party primary election: party officials", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), June 12, 2007.
  8. ^ "Cafe Cordover"
  9. ^ Dargis, Manohla. "An Action Film About the Need to Talk", The New York Times, 2005-12-23. Retrieved on 2007-04-30. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Shimon Peres
Foreign Minister of Israel
1996
Succeeded by
David Levy
Preceded by
Shimon Peres
Leader of the Labor Party
1999–2001
Succeeded by
Benjamin Ben-Eliezer
Preceded by
Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
1999-2001
Succeeded by
Ariel Sharon
Preceded by
Moshe Arens
Defense Minister of Israel
1999-2001
Succeeded by
Binyamin Ben-Eliezer
Preceded by
Yossi Sarid
Education Minister of Israel
2000–2001
Succeeded by
Limor Livnat
Preceded by
Amir Peretz
Leader of the Labor Party
2007–
Succeeded by
incumbent
Preceded by
Amir Peretz
Defense Minister of Israel
2007–
Succeeded by
incumbent
Military offices
Preceded by
Dan Shomron
Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces
1991-1995
Succeeded by
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
Preceded by
Yehoshua Saguy
Director of Aman
1983–1985
Succeeded by
Amnon Lipkin-Shahak
Prime Ministers of Israel Flag of Israel
v  d  e
Ben-GurionSharettBen-GurionEshkolAllon (Acting) • Meir RabinPeres (unofficial) • Begin ShamirPeres ShamirRabinPeresNetanyahu BarakSharonOlmert
SharettMeirEbanAllonDayanBegin (interim)ShamirPeresArensLevyPeresBeilin (interim)BarakLevyNetanyahu (interim)SharonLevyBarak • Ben-Ami • PeresSharon (interim)NetanyahuShalomLivni (interim, then official)
Ben-GurionLavonBen-GurionEshkolDayanPeresWeizmanBeginSharonArensRabinShamirArensRabinPeresMordechaiArensBarak • Ben-Eliezer • MofazPeretzBarak
ShazarRemezBen-Gurion • Dinor • Aran • Eban • Aran • Allon • Yadlin • HammerNavonHammerAloniRabinRubinsteinHammer • Levy • SaridBarakLivnat • Sheetrit • Tamir
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Ehud Barak
Persondata
NAME Barak, Ehud
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Brog, Ehud
SHORT DESCRIPTION Prime Minister of Israel
DATE OF BIRTH February 12, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH Mishmar HaSharon, British Mandate of Palestine
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ehud Barak (154 words)
Ehud Barak (born February 12, 1942) was the Prime Minister of Israel from 1999 to 2001.
Barak joined the Israel Defense Forces in 1959 and served for 35 years, rising to the rank of Lt. General, the highest in the Israeli military.
Ehud Barak was elected Prime Minister of Israel on May 17, 1999 and completed his term on March 7, 2001, after his loss to Ariel Sharon in a February special election for prime minister.
Ehud Barak (754 words)
Ehud Barak formed in 1999 a government consisting of 7 parties, which together possessed 75 out of 120 seats of the Knesset.
Barak is considered as both a forceful military, being the country's most decorated soldier, as well as a talented negotiator between different groups and interests.
1982: Barak is central in the Israeli invasion of Lebanon, as commander of the Lebanon Valley force.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m