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Encyclopedia > Egon Schiele
Photograph by Anton Josef Trčka
Photograph by Anton Josef Trčka

Egon Schiele (June 12, 1890October 31, 1918) (pronounced /ʃiːlə/ approximately SHEE-luh) was an Austrian painter, a protege of Gustav Klimt, and a major figurative painter of the early 20th century. Due to the highly-charged nature of his drawings and paintings and his premature death, Schiele has come to epitomise the popular image of the tortured artist. Image File history File linksMetadata Egon-Schiele-Anton-Josef-Trcka-1914. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Egon-Schiele-Anton-Josef-Trcka-1914. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The following list is a partial list of painters. ... Gustav Klimt, 1902 Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouveau (Vienna Secession) movement. ... The Tortured artist is a stock character and stereotype, who is in constant ferment due to frustrations with art and other people. ...

Contents

Biography

Education

Egon Schiele was born in Tulln on the Danube. His father, Adolf, worked for the Austrian State Railways as a station master; his mother, Marie, was from Krumau, in Bohemia. As a child, he attended the school run by the Stift Klosterneuburg, where his arts teacher K.L. Strauch recognized and supported Schiele's artistic talent. Tulln (full name: Tulln an der Donau, Tulln on the Danube) is a town in the Austrian state of Lower Austria, and the seat of the Tulln district. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ... Český Krumlov ( ) (-Czech, German: Krumau) is a small city in the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic, best known for the fine architecture and art of the historic old town and Krumlov Castle. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Klosterneuburg Monastery is a Roman Catholic Augustinian monastery in Austria. ...

Egon Schiele, Self-portrait, 1912
Egon Schiele, Self-portrait, 1912

When Schiele was 15 years old, his father died of syphilis, and he became a ward of his uncle (his mother's brother), who became distressed by Schiele's lack of interest in academic studies, yet recognized his passion and talent for art. In 1906 Schiele applied at Kunstgewerbeschule (the School of Arts and Crafts) in Vienna, where Gustav Klimt had once studied. Within his first year there, Schiele was sent, at the insistence of several faculty members, to the more traditional Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna in 1906. There, he studied painting and drawing, but was frustrated by the school’s conservatism. Records show that Adolf Hitler was rejected by the Akademie in 1907; this has led to a misconception that Schiele and Hitler knew each other in Vienna. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 745 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2024 × 1629 pixel, file size: 302 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Egon Schiele ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 745 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2024 × 1629 pixel, file size: 302 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Egon Schiele ... Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by a spirochaete bacterium, Treponema pallidum. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... Gustav Klimt, 1902 Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouveau (Vienna Secession) movement. ... The Academy of Fine Arts Vienna (German Akademie der bildenden Künste Wien) is an institution of higher education in Vienna, the capital of Austria. ... Hitler redirects here. ...


Klimt and first exhibitions

In 1907, Schiele sought out Gustav Klimt. Klimt generously mentored younger artists, and he took a particular interest in the gifted young Schiele, buying his drawings, offering to exchange them for some of his own, arranging models for him and introducing him to potential patrons. He also introduced Schiele to the Wiener Werkstätte, the arts and crafts workshop connected with the Secession. In 1908 Schiele had his first exhibition, in Klosterneuburg. Schiele left the Academy in 1909, after completing his third year, and founded the Neukunstgruppe ("New Art Group") with other dissatisfied students. Wiener Werkstätte (en: Vienna Workshops), was founded on May 19, 1903. ... The secession building at Vienna, built in 1897 by Joseph Maria Olbrich for exhibitions of the secession group another view The Vienna Secession or (also known as Secessionsstil, or Sezessionsstil in Austria) was part of that highly varied movement that is now covered by the general term Art Nouveau. ... Klosterneuburg is a city in Lower Austria with a population of 24,442. ...

Sitzender weiblicher Akt, 1914
Sitzender weiblicher Akt, 1914

Klimt invited Schiele to exhibit some of his work at the 1909 Vienna Kunstschau, where he encountered the work of Edvard Munch, Jan Toorop, and Vincent van Gogh among others. Once free of the constraints of the Academy's conventions, Schiele began to explore, not only the human form, but also human sexuality. At the time, many found the explicitness of his works disturbing. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 325 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1576 × 2904 pixel, file size: 275 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Egon Schiele ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 325 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1576 × 2904 pixel, file size: 275 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Egon Schiele ... Edvard Munchs Tomb, Oslo, Norway Edvard Munch (IPA: , December 12, 1863 – January 23, 1944) was a Norwegian Symbolist painter, printmaker, and an important forerunner of Expressionistic art. ... O Grave, Where Is Thy Victory? (1892) Jan Toorop (1858-1928) was a Dutch painter whose works straddle the space between the Symbolist painters and Art Nouveau. ... Vincent Willem van Gogh (Dutch pronunciation: ) (March 30, 1853 in Zundert – July 29, 1890 in Auvers-sur-Oise) was a Dutch draughtsman and painter, classified as a Post-Impressionist. ...


Controversy

In 1911, Schiele met the seventeen-year-old Valerie (Wally) Neuzil, who lived with him in Vienna and served as model for some of his most striking paintings. Very little is known of her, except that she had previously modelled for Gustav Klimt and might have been one of his mistresses. Schiele and Wally wanted to escape what they perceived as the claustrophobic Viennese milieu, and went to the small town of Český Krumlov (Krumau) in southern Bohemia (the place where Schiele's mother was born, and nowadays the site of a museum dedicated to Schiele). Despite Schiele's family connections in Krumau, he and his lover were driven out of the town by the residents, who strongly disapproved of their lifestyle, including his alleged employment of the town's teenage girls as models. ÄŒeský Krumlov ( ) (-Czech, German: Krumau) is a small city in the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic, best known for the fine architecture and art of the historic old town and Krumlov Castle. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ...


Together they moved to Neulengbach, 35 km west of Vienna, seeking inspirational surroundings and an inexpensive studio in which to work. As it was in the capital, Schiele's studio became a gathering place for Neulengbach's delinquent children. Schiele's way of life aroused much animosity among the town's inhabitants, and in April 1912 he was arrested for seducing a young girl below the age of consent.

Die kleine Stadt II. View of Krumau an der Moldau, 1912-1913
Die kleine Stadt II. View of Krumau an der Moldau, 1912-1913

When they came to his studio to place him under arrest, the police seized more than a hundred drawings which they considered pornographic. Schiele was imprisoned while awaiting his trial. When his case was brought before a judge, the charges of seduction and abduction were dropped, but the artist was found guilty of exhibiting erotic drawings in a place accessible to children. In court, the judge burned one of the offending drawings over a candle flame. The twenty-one days he had already spent in custody were taken into account, and he was sentenced to only three days' imprisonment. While in prison, Schiele created a series of 12 paintings depicting the difficulties & discomfort of being locked in a jail-cell. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2036, 354 KB) Description: Title: de: Die kleine Stadt II (Ansicht von Krumau an der Moldau) Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 89,5 × 90,5 cm Country of origin: de: Österreich Current location (city): de: Graz Current location (gallery... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2036, 354 KB) Description: Title: de: Die kleine Stadt II (Ansicht von Krumau an der Moldau) Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 89,5 × 90,5 cm Country of origin: de: Österreich Current location (city): de: Graz Current location (gallery... Český Krumlov ( ) (-Czech, German: Krumau) is a small city in the South Bohemia region of the Czech Republic, best known for the fine architecture and art of the historic old town and Krumlov Castle. ... Pornographic movies Pornography (Porn) (from Greek πόρνη (porne) prostitute and γραφή (grafe) writing), more informally referred to as porn or porno, is the explicit representation of the human body or sexual activity with the goal of sexual arousal. ...

Porträt des Albert Paris von Gütersloh, 1918
Porträt des Albert Paris von Gütersloh, 1918

In 1915, Schiele met sisters Edith and Adéle Harms, who lived with their parents across the street from his studio. They were a middle-class family; their father was a master locksmith. By April, Schiele and the more socially acceptable Edith, were engaged, and the faithful Wallie was coldly dismissed by Schiele. Against her family's wishes, Schiele and Edith were married in June 1915. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2618, 568 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt des Albert Paris von Gütersloh Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 140,5 × 110 cm Country of origin: de: Österreich Current location (city): de: Minneapolis (Minnesota) Current location (gallery): de: Minneapolis... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2618, 568 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträt des Albert Paris von Gütersloh Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 140,5 × 110 cm Country of origin: de: Österreich Current location (city): de: Minneapolis (Minnesota) Current location (gallery): de: Minneapolis...

War

In spite of World War I, Schiele was able to pursue his artistic endeavors. His output was prolific, and his work reflected the maturity of an artist in full command of his talents. He was invited to participate in the Secessionist's 49th exhibition, held in Vienna in 1918. Schiele had fifty works accepted for the exhibition, and they were displayed in the main hall. He also designed a poster for the exhibition, which was reminiscent of the Last Supper, with a portrait of himself in the place of Christ. The show was a triumphant success, and as a result, prices for Schiele's drawings increased and he received many portrait commissions. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert Henry Asquith Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Woodrow... The Last Supper fresco in Milan (1498), by Leonardo da Vinci According to the Gospels, the Last Supper was the last meal Jesus shared with his apostles before his death. ...

Mädchen, 1911
Mädchen, 1911

During the same year, he also had successful shows in Zürich, Prague, and Dresden. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2728, 395 KB) Description: Title: de: Mädchen Technique: de: Bleistift und Aquarell auf Papier Dimensions: de: 41 × 32 cm Country of origin: de: Österreich Current location (city): de: Wien Current location (gallery): de: Graphische Sammlung der Albertina Other notes: Source... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2728, 395 KB) Description: Title: de: Mädchen Technique: de: Bleistift und Aquarell auf Papier Dimensions: de: 41 × 32 cm Country of origin: de: Österreich Current location (city): de: Wien Current location (gallery): de: Graphische Sammlung der Albertina Other notes: Source... View of the inner city with the four main churches visible, and the Albis in the backdrop Zürich (German: , Zürich German: Züri , French: , in English generally Zurich, Italian: ) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and... Nickname: City of a Hundred Spires Motto: Praga Caput Rei publicae Location within the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region Capital City of Prague Founded 9th century  - Mayor Pavel Bém Area    - City 496 km²  (191. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ...


Schiele participated in numerous group exhibitions, including those of the Neukunstgruppe in Prague in 1910 and Budapest in 1912; the Sonderbund, Cologne, in 1912; and several Secessionist shows in Munich, beginning in 1911. In 1913, the Galerie Hans Goltz, Munich, mounted Schiele's first solo show. A solo exhibition of his work took place in Paris in 1914. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Sonderbund (meaning separate alliance, in German), was a league created in 1845 in Switzerland between seven Catholic and Conservative cantons in order to protect their interests against a centralization of power. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... Munich (German: , pronounced  ) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: ). Munich is Germanys third largest city and one of Europes most prosperous and expensive. ... Hans Goltz (August 11, 1873 in Elbing—October 21, 1927 in Baden-Baden) was a German art dealler, known as a pioneer of modernism in art. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ...


In the autumn of 1918, the Spanish flu epidemic that claimed more than 20,000,000 lives in Europe reached Vienna. Edith, who was six months pregnant, succumbed to the disease on 28 October. Schiele died only three days after his wife. He was 28 years old. During the three days between their deaths, Schiele drew a few sketches of Edith; these were his last works. Public Notice The 1918 flu pandemic was a category 5 influenza pandemic between 1918 and 1920 caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. ... October 28 is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 64 days remaining. ...


Tributes

  • The Frames, an Irish Alternative Rock group, composed the song Santa Maria (released in 2001 on the album For the Birds). The lyrics were inspired by Rachel's album and reference the life of Egon Schiele, particularly the last days before he and his wife succumbed to the Spanish flu.
  • French recording artist, Mylène Farmer, referenced Egon Schiele by name in her 1999 song "Je te rends ton amour," on her Innamoramento album.

Rachels is an experimental indie rock group with three members, Jason Noble, Christian Frederickson, and Rachel Grimes. ... The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... Music for Egon Schiele is the second LP from the instrumental group Rachels. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Frames is an Irish band based mainly in Dublin. ... Alternative rock (also called alternative music[1] or simply alternative) is a genre of rock music that emerged in the 1980s and became widely popular in the 1990s. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Public Notice The 1918 flu pandemic was a category 5 influenza pandemic between 1918 and 1920 caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. ... The Verlaines was a band from Dunedin, New Zealand, signed to Flying Nun Records. ... Dunedin is a southern New Zealand University Town that spawned The Dunedin Sound. Similar in many ways to the traditional indie pop sound, the Dunedin Sound uses jingly jangly guitaring, minimal bass lines and loose drumming. ... Death and the Maiden is a song by New Zealand rock band The Verlaines. ... Juvenilia is an album by New Zealand group, The Verlaines. ... Mylène Farmer (September 12, 1961), born Mylène Jeanne Gautier [1], is a Canadian-born French singer and songwriter. ... Innamoramento is the fifth studio album by Mylène Farmer, released on 7 April 1999. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Painting The Century 101 Portrait Masterpieces 1900-2000 was a major international exhibition held at the National Portrait Gallery in London in 2000-2001 that exhibited a work for each year of the Twentieth Century. ... This is a list of Austrian artists and architects. ... The following list is an election of famous Austrians. ...

References

  • The Pornographer of Vienna. Biographical novel about Egon Schiele by Lewis Crofts (ISBN 1-905-84712-2)
  • Arrogance. Novel about Egon Schiele by Joanna Scott (ISBN 0-312-42388-8)

Joanna Scott (born 1960) is an award-winning author and professor of English at the University of Rochester. ...

External Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Egon Schiele - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1011 words)
Egon Schiele was born in Tulln on the Danube.
When Schiele was 15 years old, his father died of syphilis, and he became a ward of his uncle (his mother's brother), who became distressed by Schiele's lack of interest in academic studies, yet recognised his passion and talent for art.
Schiele and Wally wanted to escape what they perceived as the claustrophobic Viennese milieu, and went to the small town of Krumau in southern Bohemia (the place where Schiele's mother was born, and nowadays the site of a museum dedicated to Schiele).
MyStudios- Egon Schiele (557 words)
Schiele's most powerful work is in his male and female nudes in pencil, gouache, and watercolour, the figures express in their postures emotions from despair to passion - and the female nudes are often unashamedly erotic.
Schiele was primarily a draughtsman, and the angularities of his line and its nervous precision pervade all his work.
Arthur Roessler, in his memoir of Schiele, conveys the impression that the artist's mother was capable of scarcely credible mental cruelty, and pushed her son to the brink of a deep abyss of desperation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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