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Encyclopedia > Egica

King Egica (c. 610701) was a Visigothic king of Hispania who ruled from 687 until his death. He was married to Cixillo, the daughter of King Erwig, who preceded him on the throne. Events October 4 - Heraclius arrives by ship from Africa at Constantinople, overthrows Byzantine Emperor Phocas and becomes Emperor. ... Events September 30 - John VI succeeds Sergius I as Pope. ... The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, the Ostrogoths being the other. ... Hispania was the name given by the Romans to the whole of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Portugal, Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar) and to two provinces created there in the period of the Roman Republic: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. ... Events: December 15 - Sergius succeeds Conon as Pope King Theuderic III of Neustria is defeated by Pepin of Herstal, Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia. ... Erwig was a king of the Visigoths in Hispania (680–687). ...


Upon Egica's marriage to Cixillo, Erwig made him swear an oath to protect Erwig's children. Before his death Erwig required a second oath to not deny justice to the people. Shortly after taking the throne, Egica called the Fifteenth Council of Toledo at which he claimed the two oaths were contradictory and asked the council of bishops to release him from one or the other oath. When the council only partially rescinded the oath to protect the Erwig's children, Egica called a second council of provincial bishops which resulted in Erwig's widow, Liuvigoto, being sent to a convent. The façade of Toledo cathedral Toledo is a city located in central Spain, the capital of the province of Toledo and of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ...


In 691 Egica oversaw the beginning of the building of the Church of San Pedro de la Nave in Zamara. Events The building of the Dome of the Rock is completed People Theuderic III succeeded by Clovis III Wilfrid, Bishop of Northumbria, expelled to Mercia See also Unterseeboot 691 Categories: 691 ...


In 693 the Metropolitan of Toledo, Sisebert, led a rebellion against Egica in favor of a man named Suniefred and coins were minted in the potential usurper's name. The rebellion failed and Sisebert was defrocked and excommunicated. Any of his descendants were barred from holding any offices. Any other rebel or descendant of a rebel who rose up against Egica was to be sold into slavery. Events Births Deaths Categories: 693 ...


In 694 informers betrayed an attempted revolt by the Jewish population in Hispania that was conspiring with Jews in North Africa. The Jews were also allying themselves with the Muslim of North Africa. Learning of this, Egica declared all Jewish-held land forfeit, all Jews to be slaves, and all Jewish children over the age of seven to be taken from their homes and raised as Christians. In towns where Jews were deemed indispensable to the economy, however, this law wasn't applied. Indeed, it was hardly enforced beyond the capital city of Toledo. Events Ine of Wessex makes peace with Kent Births Deaths Categories: 694 ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... North Africa is a region generally considered to include: Algeria Egypt Libya Mauritania Morocco Sudan Tunisia Western Sahara The Canary Islands, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Azores and Madeira are sometimes considered to be a part of North Africa, though they do not share a common culture with North Africa. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... The façade of Toledo cathedral Toledo is a city located in central Spain, the capital of the province of Toledo and of the autonomous community of Castile-La Mancha. ...


In 698 Musa bin Nusair, a Yemeni general, was made the viceroy of North Africa and given the responsibility for putting down a large Berber rebellion. He also had to deal with constant harassment from the Byzantine navy and later built a navy of his own that went on to conquer the islands of Ibiza, Majorca, and Minorca. Events Tiberius III deposes Leontius II and becomes Byzantine Emperor. ... Musa bin Nusair (640—716) was a Yemeni Muslim governor and general under the Umayyads. ... The Berbers (also called Imazighen, free men, singular Amazigh) are an ethnic group indigenous to Northwest Africa, speaking the Berber languages of the Afroasiatic family. ... The Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered at its capital in Constantinople. ... Flag of Eivissa Eivissa or Ibiza is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain. ... Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan and Spanish (sometimes also encountered in English), from Latin insula maior, later Maiorica major island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Catalan: Illes Balears, Spanish: Islas Baleares), which are located in the Mediterranean Sea and are a part of Spain. ... Flag of Minorca Minorca (Menorca both in Catalan and Spanish and increasingly in English usage; from Latin insula minor, later Minorica minor island) is one of the Balearic Islands (Illes Balears Catalan official name, Islas Baleares in Spanish), located in the Mediterranean Sea, and belonging to Spain. ...


A third-generation Arian Christian, Egica wasn't tolerant of those who differed with him. He persecuted homosexuals, punishing them with castration, and Jews, decreeing that they couldn't conduct business with Christians. It is therefore no surprise that later, when Tariq ibn-Ziyad successfully invaded Iberia in 711, thus launching the Muslim conquest, there were numerous Jews in his armies. Arianism was a Christological view held by followers of Arius in the early Christian Church, claiming that Jesus Christ and God the Father were not always contemporary, seeing the Son as a divine being, created by the Father (and consequently inferior to Him) at some point in time, before which... Homosexuality is a sexual orientation characterized by esthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire exclusively for another of the same sex. ... Testes A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth. ... Tariq ibn Ziyad or Taric ben Zeyad (d. ... Iberia can mean: The Iberian peninsula of southwest Europe; That part of it once inhabited by the Iberians, who spoke the Iberian language. ... See also: phone number 711. ... The Muslim Conquest of Iberia (711—718) commenced when the Moors (mostly Berbers with some Yemenis) invaded Visigothic Christian Iberia in the year 711 CE. Under their Berber leader, Tariq ibn-Ziyad, they landed at Gibraltar on April 30 and proceeded to bring most of the Iberian Peninsula under Islamic...


Shortly before he died, Egica amended a law which stated that anyone accused of theft of goods worth 300 solidi was to undergo a trial by boiling water. Under Egica's changes, anyone accused of theft for whatever amount would have to undergo this ordeal. At the same time, Egica published several laws which dealt harshly with the issue of fugitive slaves.


Egica was the father of King Witiza, with whom he shared his rule from 693–701. Witiza was son of Egica, king of the Visigoths in Hispania, and ruled jointly with him from 693 to 701. ... Events Births Deaths Categories: 693 ...



Preceded by:
Erwig
King of the Visigoths
687–693 (ruled alone),

693–701 (jointly with Witiza) Erwig was a king of the Visigoths in Hispania (680–687). ... The Visigoths, originally Tervingi, or Vesi (the noble ones), one of the two main branches of the Goths (of which the Ostrogothi were the other), were one of the loosely-termed Germanic peoples that disturbed the late Roman Empire. ...

Succeeded by:
Witiza


Witiza was son of Egica, king of the Visigoths in Hispania, and ruled jointly with him from 693 to 701. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Fifteenth Council of Toledo at AllExperts (402 words)
It has been theorised by some that a schism with the church of Rome was imminent, but diverted by political events in both Spain and Italy, such as the Moorish invasion of 711.
Egica, besides the affirmation of Julian's theology, had but one reason to call the council.
Egica claimed that, on account of Erwig's injustices, he could not protect his children if he wanted to do justice to the people.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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