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Encyclopedia > Effects pedal

An effects pedal (or a "stomp box") is an electronic effects unit housed in a small metal or plastic chassis used by musicians, usually electric guitar players to modify their guitar sound. Musicians playing electronic keyboards, electromechanical organs, the electric bass, or electric violin also use effects pedals. These devices alter the sound quality or timbre of the input signal, adding effects such as distortion, fuzz, overdrive, chorus, reverberation, wah-wah, flanging, phaser or pitch shifting. The sound of a guitar or other instrument that is played without an effects pedal is described as "clean", "straight" or "dry." Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that Effects pedal be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Effects pedal be merged into this article or section. ... Left: Rosa Hurricane, a heavy metal-style solid body guitar. ... Fender Precision Bass Bass Guitar is a commonly spoken phrase used to refer to the electric bass and horizontal acoustic basses, a stringed instrument similar in design to the electric guitar, but larger in size, commonly fretted and sometimes fretless and with a lower range. ... In music, timbre, or sometimes timber, (from Fr. ... A distortion is the alteration of the original shape (or other characteristic) of an object, image, sound, waveform or other form of information or representation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Overdrive in the field of rock music, is a term used for an electric guitar amplifier when turned up, usually deliberately, to the point where distortion (clipping) is clearly audible in the output signal. ... The chorus effect is a condition in the way people perceive nearly the same sound coming from more than one source. ... This article is about audio effect. ... Seventh release by Manchester indie rock group, James. ... Flanging is a time-based audio effect that occurs when two identical signals are mixed together, but with one signal time-delayed by a small and gradually changing amount, usually smaller than 20 ms (milliseconds). ... A phaser is an electronic audio signal processor used to distort a signal by mixing a dry, or unprocessed, signal with a copy of itself that has been filtered through an all-pass phase-shift network. ...

The TS9 Tubescreamer from Ibanez, a widely-imitated pedal adding a vacuum tube-like distortion sound using transistors.

They are called pedals because they sit on the floor and have large on/off switches on top that are activated using the foot. Some pedals, such as wah-wah or volume pedals, employ what is known as an expression pedal, which is manipulated while in operation by rocking a large foot-activated (treadle) potentiometer back and forth. The relative position of the expression pedal thus dermines the extent to which the sound is altered. Ibanez Tubescreamer, a popular stompbox adding tubelike distortion on electric instruments. ... This article is about the guitar manufacturer. ... Structure of a vacuum tube diode Structure of a vacuum tube triode In electronics, a vacuum tube, electron tube, or (outside North America) thermionic valve or just valve, is a device used to amplify, switch or modify a signal by controlling the movement of electrons in an evacuated space. ... The present popular usage of the term potentiometer (or pot for short) describes an electrical device which has a user-adjustable resistance. ...


Effects pedals permit the guitarist/bassist to activate and deactivate effects while playing an instrument. Larger rack-mounted effect units are generally more expensive and delicate, but they have superior sound quality, and are used in studio applications for recording. Pedals are intended mainly for use in live performances.

Contents

Guitar

A guitar effects pedal is connected into a signal chain using two 2-conductor (conductor and shield) instrument cables with 1/4" jack plugs (or "phone plugs"). The input jack is usually on the right side, and output on the left; thus the signal path for a chain of pedals is usually right-to-left. Some effects pedals have stereo out via two mono out signals, and a few have stereo input jacks as well as stereo output jacks. Several pedals can be linked together in a chain. An effects chain can be placed between the guitar and the guitar amplifier's preamp section, within the guitar amplifier's effects loop, after a guitar amplifier's Direct Inject (D.I.) line-level tap jack, after a "dummy load" attached to the guitar amplifier's output jack, or at the mixing board to process the miked guitar-speaker signal. Guitar effects are electronic devices that modify the tone, pitch, or sound of an electric guitar. ... 2. ... Label for 2. ... Label for 1. ... When chain refers to a sequence, it can refer to: A chain of islands such as in an archipelago A chain of molecules such as in Nylon A chain of hills or mountains such as would form a mountain range Terms which use the term chain to refer to a... An instrument amplifier is an electronic amplifier designed for use with an electric or electronic musical instrument, such as an electric guitar. ... BBC Local Radio Mark III radio mixing desk In professional audio, a mixing console, mixing desk (Brit. ...


When a pedal is off or inactive, the signal coming in to the pedal is shunted onto a bypass, so that the "dry" or unaffected signal can go on to other effects down the chain, and thus any combination of effects on a chain can be created without having to reconnect boxes during a performance. "True Bypass" means the presence of an isolated wire passing straight through the effects pedal, as opposed to "buffered bypass," which uses active circuit elements to connect the input to the output [Note :while these are 2 popular configurations, there are other bypass methods, such as input-only bypass which is semi-passive]


The instrument signal can be routed through the stomp boxes in any combination, but to shape and preserve the clarity of the basic distortion tone, it is most common to put wah and overdrive pedals at the start of the chain; pedals which alter the pitch or color of the tone in the middle; and boxes which modify the resonance, such as flanging, delay (echo) and reverb units at the end.


EQ, auto-wah, phaser, and vibe effects fit naturally at any position without introducing intermodulation distortion, while the emphatically time-based effects can sound unnatural and chaotic if placed early in the chain. Effects pedals can be used together with other effects units and a guitar amplifier's built-in effects. However, when too many effect pedals are used, unwanted noise and hum can be introduced into the sound. Some performers use a noise gate pedal to reduce the unwanted noise and hum. It has been suggested that Effects pedal be merged into this article or section. ...


Pedalboards

A guitar pedalboard is a flat board or panel which serves as a container, patch bay and power supply for effects pedals. Some pedalboards contain their own transformer and power cables, in order to power up to 12 (or more) different pedals. Pedalboards assist the player in managing multiple pedals. The entire pedalboard can be packed up and transported to the next location without the need for disassembly. A guitar pedalboard is a container for electric guitar effects pedals and their power supplies. ... Connections on a Patch Bay A patch bay is an assembly of hardware so arranged that a number of circuits, usually of the same or similar type, appear on jacks for monitoring, interconnecting, and testing circuits in a convenient, flexible manner. ...


Pedalboards often have a cover which protects the effects pedals during transportation. There are many varieties of pedalboards, including homemade DIY pedalboards, store-bought pedalboard cases, and, for professional musicians, custom-made pedalboard cases. Hard shell pedalboard-cases have foam padding, reinforced corners, and locking latches which protect the pedals during transport; during onstage performance, with the lid removed, the bottom of the case is a pedalboard.


Switching pedals

Many traditional guitar amplifiers have built-in effects such as reverb and tremolo or vibrato, and a switching pedal, wired to the back of the amp, which turns the effects on or off. Many post-1980s amplifiers also have a distortion channel, which adds tube or transistor overdrive. Players switch between clean and distorted channels of an amplifier with a switching pedal. These pedals do not contain any effects circuitry themselves, and are also called foot switches or stomp switches.


Some 2000s-era bass amplifiers also have onboard effects, such as a suboctave generator and overdrive/distortion. On some bass amplifiers, there is an equalizer which can be switched on and off with the switching pedal. As with electric guitar amplifiers, these bass amplifiers often come switching pedals to allow the player to turn the effects on and off.


Related pedals

The right pedal on this Yamaha Electone is the volume pedal, which incorporates toe switches that allow the performer to achieve various effects; the left pedal is purely an effects pedal that may be programed to achieve many different effects.
A rhythmic stomp box
A rhythmic stomp box

Many other musical instruments, among them the piano, pipe organ, drums, and harp, also make use of pedals to achieve tonal, dynamic, or other effects. The piano's mechanical sustain pedal is one well-known example. Pipe organs and electromechanical Hammond organs have one or more expression pedals and sometimes a crescendo pedal, which the organist can use to achieve dynamic (or "expressive") changes. Some large church and theater organs also have push-buttons for the feet, so that the player can activate different stops. These are neither considered nor called effects pedals. Pipe organs and Hammond organs also use another type of pedals on their bass pedal keyboard, which is a 20- to 32-note keyboard operated with the feet. Image File history File links Stagea_detail. ... Image File history File links Stagea_detail. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ... The baroque organ in Roskilde Cathedral, Copenhagen The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by admitting pressurized air (referred to as wind) through a series of pipes. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... The harp is a stringed instrument which has the plane of its strings positioned perpendicular to the soundboard. ... The baroque organ in Roskilde Cathedral, Copenhagen The pipe organ is a musical instrument that produces sound by admitting pressurized air (referred to as wind) through a series of pipes. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The console of the Salemer Münster organ in Salem, Germany, built from 1900 to 1901. ... A crescendo pedal is a large pedal commonly found on medium-sized and larger pipe organs (as well as digital organs), either partially or fully recessed within the organ console. ... The 30-note pedalboard of a Rieger organ with expression pedal and coupler switches. ...


One major exception appears on modern electronic organs and synthesizers, which usually include a volume pedal similar to that of a guitar. The electronic organ pioneered this kind of pedal, not the guitar. Some advanced models also include an additional effects pedal that may be programmed to serve several of the functions described in the preceding section. The operation of each is similar to those on guitars; the organist places an entire foot on the pedal and, while playing, gently pumps up and down with heel and toe pressure to achieve the desired effects. Because the organist is usually seated and thus has better balance than the guitarist, the pedals are designed to have a wider range of motion. The organist can thus bring about more pronounced changes than the guitarist with only slight changes in foot pressure. Classic Hammond B-3 organ. ... Synthesizer as used in music, is a term derived from a Greek word syntithetai < synthesis (συντίθεται < σύνθεσις) and is used to describe a device capable of generating and/or manipulating electronic signals for use in music creation, recording and performance. ...


Some pedals, in fact also have switches on the end that enable still other effects by "scrunching" the toes to the left or right on the pedal, either in isolation or while pumping the pedal up and down, leading to far more flexibility than most guitar pedals.


Another stompbox found in solo music is the foot drum-style stompbox. The unit will commonly connect to a PA via an XLR or guitar jack and provide the Front of House speakers with a kick drum sound which can add rhythm to solo acoustic music. Some musicians use homemade stomp boxes which consist of a wooden box and a microphone.


Tributes by musicians

Many pop and rock musicians have referred to their favorite effects pedals in their songs:

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
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Catherine Wheel is an alternative rock band from Great Yarmouth, England. ... Chrome is the second full-length album by the U.K. band Catherine Wheel, released in 1993 (see 1993 in music). ... Adam and Eve is the fourth full-length album by the U.K. band Catherine Wheel. ... Mudhoney is a grunge band, formed in Seattle in 1988. ... Superfuzz Bigmuff was a 1988 EP by Mudhoney. ... Weve Got a Fuzzbox and Were Gonna Use It (shortened to Fuzzbox for the U.S. release of their first album) were an all-girl Birmingham, England based, pop punk quartet that was loud, gaudy, and mildly controversial. ... Pete Wylie (born on 22 March 1958) is a Liverpool-based singer/songwriter, best known as the leader of a group that was variously known as Wah!, Wah! Heat, The 5,000 Names of Wah! or even The Mighty Wah!. Active from 1979, they garnered critical acclaim for the single... Kitchens of Distinction were a band from South London, UK. History The band Formed in 1986, their name pulled from an advert on the side of a lorry spotted by guitarist Julian Swales while on his bike. ... Seventh release by Manchester indie rock group, James. ... For other persons named George Harrison, see George Harrison (disambiguation). ... Super Furry Animals (also known as SFA, the Furries and the Super Furries) are a Welsh rock band, with leanings towards psychedelic rock and electronic experimentation. ... Depeche Mode are a band formed in 1980 in Basildon, Essex, England. ... Speak and Spell is Depeche Modes debut studio album. ... NYC re-issue & a Russian Sovtek version The Big Muff is a famous distortion box produced in New York City by the Electro-Harmonix company, along with their Russian sister company Sovtek, primarily for use with the electric guitar. ... The Electro-Harmonix logo Electro-Harmonix is a company that makes electronic sound processors based in New York. ... Screaming Trees was a musical group considered part of the grunge music movement of the early 1990s. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links E-Guitare-horiz. ...

See also

It has been suggested that Effects pedal be merged into this article or section. ... Guitar effects are electronic devices that modify the tone, pitch, or sound of an electric guitar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In the world of guitar music and guitar amplification, distortion is actively sought, evaluated, and appreciatively discussed in its endless flavors. ... Overdrive in the field of rock music, is a term used for an electric guitar amplifier when turned up, usually deliberately, to the point where distortion (clipping) is clearly audible in the output signal. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A flanger could be: Railroad maintenance of way equipment designed to clear snow from the flangeways of railroad tracks &#8211; see Flanger (railroad) Audio processing equipment that combines two audio streams of opposite phase &#8211; see Flanging This is a disambiguation page &#8212; a navigational aid which lists other pages... This article is about the audio effect. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with pitch shift. ... When sound is produced in an enclosed space multiple reflections build up and blend together creating reverberation or reverb. ... A Wah-wah pedal (or just wah pedal) is a type of guitar effects pedal that alters the tone of the signal to create a distinctive effect, intended to mimic the human voice. ... The TS9 Tubescreamer from Ibanez, a popular stomp box adding vacuum tube-like distortion to the output signal from electric instruments. ...

External links

  • Putting Your Effects In Order - Tutorial

  Results from FactBites:
 
Guitar Hero Effects Pedal confirmed in 360 instructions - Joystiq (1973 words)
Opposite the page is an explanation of all the buttons and gadgets found on the guitar, including an explanation of the Effects Pedal port.
The instruction booklet with the pedal blurb is actually an insert that comes with a sticker pack for your gee-tar.
If you have the 360 racing wheel then you have the effects pedals, I've been saying this very thing for months on the IGN forums.
Pete's Equipment | Pete Cornish Custom Effects Pedal | Whotabs | Pete Townshend Guitar Amp (264 words)
This pedal was built by renowned custom builder Pete Cornish in August 2006 (Pete Townshend s/n 0601, built August 2006).
Pete places the custom effects pedal to the right of his microphone stand and uses the pedal along with Fender Vibro-King amplifiers, paired with his Fender Eric Clapton model Stratocasters.
Fender Vibro-King two-button control pedal visible in shadow under large wedge monitor at left.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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