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Encyclopedia > Eero Saarinen
Saarinen's Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the river's edge. (Courtesy NPS)
Saarinen's Gateway Arch frames The Old Courthouse, which sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, near the river's edge. (Courtesy NPS)

Eero Saarinen (IPA: eːro saːrinen) (August 20, 1910, in Kirkkonummi, FinlandSeptember 1, 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish-American architect and product designer of the 20th century famous for varying his style according to the demands of the project: simple, sweeping, arching structural curves or machine-like rationalism. from www. ... IPA may refer to: The International Phonetic Alphabet or India Pale Ale ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Coat of Arms of Kirkkonummi Kirkkonummi (IPA: /ˈkirkːoËŒnumːi/), or Kyrkslätt in Swedish, is a municipality of 32,772 inhabitants (2004-12-31) in Southern Finland. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... For the railroad company, see Ann Arbor Railroad. ... A memorial statue in Hanko, Finland, commemorating the thousands of emigrants who left the country to start a new life in the United States, mainly in Upper Michigan and Minnesota. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...

Contents

Biography

Eero Saarinen with Florence Knoll inspecting prototype of the Tulip chair
Eero Saarinen with Florence Knoll inspecting prototype of the Tulip chair

He was the son of Eliel Saarinen, with whose family he emigrated to the United States of America when he was thirteen years old, in 1923. He grew up within the community of the Cranbrook Academy of Art in Michigan, the buildings for which his father had designed and where his father also taught. Eero studied under his father as well as on courses in sculpture and furniture design. Eero had a close relationship with fellow students Charles and Ray Eames, and became good friends with Florence (Schust) Knoll. He then went on to study architecture at Yale University, completing his studies in 1934. After that he toured Europe and north Africa for a year and spent another year back in Finland, after which he returned to Cranbrook to work for his father as well as teach at Cranbrook. He became a naturalized citizen of the USA in 1940. On his father's death in 1950 Saarinen founded his own architect's office Eero Saarinen and Associates. He had two children from his first marriage to sculptres Lillian Swann; Eric Saarinen and Susan Saarinen. Eric Saarinen is now a commercial/movie director and co-founder of a production company in Santa Monica, California. Susan Saarinen is the founder and lead architect for a landscape design firm in Golden, Colorado. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 757 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 792 pixel, file size: 477 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Architect Eero Saarinen with Florence Knoll inspecting prototype of the Tulip chair. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 757 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 792 pixel, file size: 477 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Architect Eero Saarinen with Florence Knoll inspecting prototype of the Tulip chair. ... Florence Knoll was a designer. ... The Tulip chair is designed by Eero Saarinen in 1956. ... Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (August 20, 1873, Rantasalmi, Finland – July 1, 1950, Cranbrook, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish architect who became famous for his art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century. ... The art museum and library of the Cranbrook Academy of Art, designed by world-renowned architect Eliel Saarinen. ... Charles Eames (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) (pronounced ) was an American designer, architect and filmmaker who, together with his wife Ray, is responsible for many classic, iconic designs of the 20th century. ... Ray-Bernice Alexandra Kaiser Eames (December 15, 1912 - August 21, 1988) was an American artist, designer, architect and filmmaker who, together with her husband Charles, is responsible for many classic, iconic designs of the 20th century. ... Florence Knoll was a designer. ... The Yale School of Architecture is one of the constituent schools of Yale University. ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ...



In 1954, after having divorced his first wife, Saarinen married Aline Bernstein, an art critic at The New York Times, who then worked vociferously on her husband's public relations. They had a son, Eames, named after his collaborator Charles Eames. (Aline Saarinen was later head of the Paris news bureau of NBC-TV.) The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ... Charles Eames (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) (pronounced ) was an American designer, architect and filmmaker who, together with his wife Ray, is responsible for many classic, iconic designs of the 20th century. ...


Works

Saarinen first received critical recognition while still working for his father, for a chair designed together with Charles Eames for the "Organic Design in Home Furnishings" competition in 1940, for which they received first prize. This chair, like all other Saarinen chairs was taken into production by the Knoll furniture company, founded by the Saarinen family friend Florence (Schust) Knoll together with her husband Hans Knoll. Further attention came while Saarinen was still working for his father, when he took first prize in the 1948 competition for the design of the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, St. Louis, not completed until the 1960s. The competition award was mistakenly sent to his - at that time more renowned - father. The Barcelona Chair by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe The Wassily Chair by Marcel Breuer The Tulip chair, designed for Knoll by Eero Saarinen in 1956 A Knoll print ad from 1969 promoting Eero Saarinens Pedestal chair Many of the companys products are on permanent display at MOMA... Florence Knoll was a designer. ... Florence Shu Knoll Bassett followed her husband as head of the company The Barcelona Chair by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe The Wassily Chair by Marcel Breuer The Tulip chair, designed for Knoll by Eero Saarinen in 1956 A Knoll print ad from 1969 promoting Eero Saarinens Pedestal chair... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, featuring The Gateway Arch or Archway, is located in St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The first major work by Saarinen, started together with his father, was the General Motors Technical Center in Warren, Michigan, designed very much in the rationalist Miesian style, in steel and glass, but with the added accent of panels in two shades of blue. With the success of the scheme, Saarinen was then invited by other major American corporations to design their new headquarters: these included John Deere, IBM and CBS. Despite their rationality, however, the interiors usually contained more dramatic sweeping staircases, as well as furniture designed by Saarinen, such as the Pedestal Series. In the 1950s he began to receive more commissions from American universities for campus designs and individual buildings; these include the Noyes dormitory at Vassar, and dormitories, an ice rink and an auditorium at Yale University. Undoubtedly his most famous work, however, is the 'expressionist' concrete shell of the TWA Flight Center, New York. The GM Technical Center is a General Motors facility in Warren, Michigan. ... // Look up warren in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... The reconstructed German Pavilion in Barcelona Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (born Maria Ludwig Michael Mies) (March 27, 1886 – August 17, 1969) was a German- American architect. ... John Deere For information on the John Deere manufacturing company, please see the Deere & Company article. ... International Business Machines Corporation (known as IBM or Big Blue; NYSE: IBM) is a multinational computer technology corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, highly selective liberal arts college situated in Poughkeepsie, New York. ... The TWA Flight Center Building - thin-shell structure by Eero Saarinen TWA Flight Center was the original name for the Eero Saarinen designed terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport for Trans World Airlines. ...


He served on the jury for the Sydney Opera House commission and was crucial in the selection of the internationally-known design by Jørn Utzon. The Sydney Opera House is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... Jørn Utzon (April 9, 1918-) is a Danish architect best known for his groundbreaking design for the Sydney Opera House. ...


Eero Saarinen and Associates was the architectural firm of Eero Saarinen, who was the principal partner from 1950 until his death in 1961. The firm was initially Saarinen, Swansen and Associates which was headed by Eliel Saarinen and Robert Swansen from the late 1930's until Eliel's death in 1950, when the name was changed to Eero Saarinen and Associates. The firm was located in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan until 1961 when the practice was moved to Hamden, Connecticut. Under Eero Saarinen, the firm carried out many of his most important works, including the Jefferson National Expansion Memorial in St. Louis, Missouri, the TWA Terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport, and the Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C.. Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (August 20, 1873, Rantasalmi, Finland – July 1, 1950, Cranbrook, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish architect who became famous for his art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century. ... Bloomfield Hills is a city in Oakland County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Hamden is a town located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, featuring The Gateway Arch or Archway, is located in St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The TWA Flight Center Building - thin-shell structure by Eero Saarinen The Union News restaurants coffee shop, TWA Flight Center, Idlewild, by Raymond Loewy. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ... Aerial photo Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA airport code IAD, ICAO airport code KIAD) serves the greater Washington, DC metropolitan area. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D...


Saarinen died while undergoing an operation for a brain tumor, at the age of 51. His partners Kevin Roche and John Dinkeloo completed his ten remaining projects including the St. Louis arch. Afterwards, the name of the firm was changed to Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates, or Roche-Dinkeloo. Kevin Roche (b. ... Roche-Dinkeloo, otherwise known as Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates LLC, were an architectural partnership based in Hamden, Connecticut that operated from 1966 to 1981. ...


Reputation

Neglected and sometimes mocked during his lifetime by the architectural establishment, Saarinen is now considered one of the masters of American 20th Century architecture.[1] There has been a veritable surge of interest in Saarinen's work in recent years, including a major exhibition and several books. This is partly due to the Roche and Dinkeloo office having donated their Saarinen archives to Yale University, but also because Saarinen's ouvre can be said to fit in with present-day concerns about pluralism of styles. He was criticised in his own time - most vociferously by critic Vincent Scully - for having no identifiable style (Miesian rationalism for the several company headquarters; organic or abstract expressionism for several individual structures such as the TWA Flight Center, as well as his furniture designs; but also classicising eclecticism, for instance in the USA embassy in London): one explanation for this is that Saarinen adapted his modernist vision to each individual client and project, which were never exactly the same. Vincent Joseph Scully, Jr. ...


A list of works

1953 Kresge Auditorium, MIT campus, Cambridge, Massachusetts
North Christian Church, Columbus, Indiana
North Christian Church, Columbus, Indiana
1953 Emma Hartman Noyes house, Vassar College campus, Poughkeepsie, New York
1953 Emma Hartman Noyes house, Vassar College campus, Poughkeepsie, New York

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 839 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Port Authority of New York and New Jersey John F. Kennedy International Airport Metadata This file contains additional... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 839 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Port Authority of New York and New Jersey John F. Kennedy International Airport Metadata This file contains additional... The TWA Flight Center Building - thin-shell structure by Eero Saarinen TWA Flight Center was the original name for the Eero Saarinen designed terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport for Trans World Airlines. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA: JFK, ICAO: KJFK), originally known as Idlewild Airport, is an international airport located in Jamaica, Queens, in southeastern New York City about 12 miles (19 km) from Lower Manhattan. ... Image File history File links Kresge_audi,_mit. ... Image File history File links Kresge_audi,_mit. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2304 × 3072 pixel, file size: 2. ... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, highly selective liberal arts college situated in Poughkeepsie, New York. ... Founded 1550 Country Finland Province Southern Finland Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Area[1] - Of which land - Rank 185. ... Concordia Senior College was a liberal arts college of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod in Fort Wayne, Indiana. ... The Concordia Theological Seminary is an institution of theological higher education of The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod, located in Fort Wayne, Indiana, dedicated primarily to the preparation of pastors for the congregations and missions of the LCMS (and, when appropriate, of its partner churches). ... Nickname: The Summit City Location in the state of Indiana, USA Coordinates: Country United States State Indiana County Allen Founded October 22, 1794 Incorporated February 22, 1840  - Mayor Graham Richard (D)  - City Clerk Sandra Kennedy (D)  - City Council John N. Crawford (R) Samuel J. Talarico, Jr (R) John Shoaff (D... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial, featuring The Gateway Arch or Archway, is located in St. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The TWA Flight Center Building - thin-shell structure by Eero Saarinen TWA Flight Center was the original name for the Eero Saarinen designed terminal at John F. Kennedy International Airport for Trans World Airlines. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA Airport Code: JFK, ICAO Airport Code: KJFK) is the main international airport in New York City, and is one of the largest airports in the world. ... Washington Dulles International Airport (IATA: IAD, ICAO: KIAD) serves the greater Washington, D.C./metropolitan area. ... Kresge Auditorium from rear, looking toward I. M. Peis Green Building. ... Exterior. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private, coeducational research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Bell Laboratories (also known as Bell Labs and formerly known as AT&T Bell Laboratories and Bell Telephone Laboratories) was the main research and development arm of the United States Bell System. ... The Horn Antenna in Holmdel Holmdel Township is a township located in Monmouth County, New Jersey. ... The Case Study Houses were experiments in residental architecture sponsored by Arts & Architecture magazine, which commissioned major architects of the day, including Richard Neutra, Charles and Ray Eames and Eero Saarinen, to design and build inexpensive and efficient model homes for the residential housing boom caused by the end of... Charles Eames (June 17, 1907 – August 21, 1978) (pronounced ) was an American designer, architect and filmmaker who, together with his wife Ray, is responsible for many classic, iconic designs of the 20th century. ... CBS is one of the largest radio and television networks in the United States. ... NY redirects here. ... The Vivian Beaumont Theater is a Broadway theatre at the Lincoln Center. ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center. ... NY redirects here. ... The GM Technical Center is a General Motors facility in Warren, Michigan. ... Warren is a city in Macomb County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Columbus is the county seat of Bartholomew County, Indiana. ... The University of Chicago Law School is a part of the University of Chicago. ... The University of Chicago is a private university located principally in the Hyde Park neighborhood of Chicago. ... Kleinhans Music Hall, home of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, was founded by Edward Kleinhans and endowed in the name of his wife, Mary Seaton Kleinhans, and his mother, Mary Livingston Kleinhans. ... Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen (August 20, 1873, Rantasalmi, Finland – July 1, 1950, Cranbrook, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish architect who became famous for his art nouveau buildings in the early years of the 20th century. ... Ezra Stiles College is a residential college at Yale University, built in 1961 by Eero Saarinen. ... Morse College is a residential college at Yale University, built in 1961 by Eero Saarinen. ... Ingalls Rink, or in full, David S. Ingalls Rink, is a hockey rink designed by architect Eero Saarinen and built between 1953 and 1959 for Yale University. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, highly selective liberal arts college situated in Poughkeepsie, New York. ... The Jetsons was a prime-time American animated television series produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions, and aired on Sunday nights on ABC from September 23, 1962 to March 3, 1963. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... International Business Machines Corporation (known as IBM or Big Blue; NYSE: IBM) is a multinational computer technology corporation headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company is one of the few information technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century. ... The Thomas J. Watson Research Center is the headquarters for the IBM Research Division. ... Yorktown Heights is an unincorporated hamlet and census-designated place (CDP) located in the town of Yorktown in Westchester County, New York. ... NY redirects here. ... IBM Rochester is the facility of International Business Machines in Rochester, Minnesota. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Olmsted Founded 1854 Mayor Ardell Brede Area    - City 103. ... The John Deere World Headquarters is a complex of three buildings located on 1,400 acres (5. ... Moline is a city in Rock Island County, Illinois, United States. ... The Tulip chair is designed by Eero Saarinen in 1956. ... Typical Western wooden chair A chair is a piece of furniture for sitting, consisting of a seat, a back, and sometimes arm rests, commonly for use by one person. ... The University of Michigan School of Music is an undergraduate and graduate institution for the performing arts. ... Ellinikon International Airport (IATA: ATH, ICAO: LGAT), sometimes spelled Hellinikon (in Greek Ελληνικόν) was the international airport of Athens for sixty years up until 2001 when it was replaced by Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ...

References

The Tulip chair produced by the Knoll company
The Tulip chair produced by the Knoll company
  • Antonio Román, Eero Saarinen: An Architecture of Multiplicity (2006).
  • Pierluigi Serraino, Eero Saarinen,: A Structural Expressionist (2005).
  • Jayne Merkel, Eero Saarinen (2006).
  • Eeva-Liisa Pelkonen and Donald Albrecht (eds), Eero Saarinen. Shaping the Future (2006)

An exhibition of Saarinen's work, Eero Saarinen: Realizing American Utopia, has been organized by the Finnish Cultural Institute in New York in collaboration with Yale School of Architecture and the Museum of Finnish Architecture. The exhibition will tour in Europe and the USA from 2006 to 2010. The exhibiton is accompanied by the book Eero Saarinen. Shaping the Future. Image File history File links Tulip_chair. ... Image File history File links Tulip_chair. ... The Tulip chair is designed by Eero Saarinen in 1956. ... The Barcelona Chair by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe The Wassily Chair by Marcel Breuer The Tulip chair, designed for Knoll by Eero Saarinen in 1956 A Knoll print ad from 1969 promoting Eero Saarinens Pedestal chair Many of the companys products are on permanent display at MOMA... The Yale School of Architecture is one of the constituent schools of Yale University. ...


See also

The worlds first double curvature lattice steel Shell by V.G.Shukhov (during construction), Vyksa near Nizhny Novgorod, 1897 Thin-shell structures can be defined as curved structures capable of transmitting loads in more than two directions to supports. ... Tensile architecture is a relatively new field of architecture devoted to lightweight membrane structures. ... United States Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania (right) is a long-term brain tumor survivor who continues to serve in public office . ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Eero Saarinen (3901 words)
Eero Saarinen (IPA: eːro saːrinen) (August 20, 1910, in Kirkkonummi, Finland – September 1, 1961, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States) was a Finnish-American architect and product designer of the 20th century famous for varying his style according to the demands of the project: simple, sweeping, arching structural curves or machine-like rationalism.
The firm was initially Saarinen, Swansen and Associates which was headed by Eliel Saarinen and Robert Swansen from the late 1930's until Eliel's death in 1950, when the name was changed to Eero Saarinen and Associates.
Eero Saarinen was a Finnish-American architect and designer, son of Eliel Saarinen and one of the leading architects of the mid-20th century.
Design Within Reach - Designers- Bio of Eero Saarinen (364 words)
Saarinen began his career as a student at Yale University and after travels and studies in Europe returned to the U.S. and taught for a brief period at Cranbrook Academy.
Saarinen and Eames collaborated on various projects, culminating in a range of furniture that won first prize at an exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 1940 entitled, "Organic Design in Home Furnishings." After 1946, Eames went to work for Herman Miller, and Saarinen became associated with Knoll® Associates.
Saarinen’s stated objective with the Pedestal Collection was to clear up the "slum of legs" in domestic interiors.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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