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Encyclopedia > Edzell Castle
Edzell Castle.
Edzell Castle.

Edzell Castle is a ruined castle and walled garden just north of Brechin in Angus, Scotland. Image File history File links Edzell_Castle. ... Image File history File links Edzell_Castle. ... Rocky landscape with ruins, by Nicolaes Berchem, ca. ... The main gatehouse of Harlech Castle, Wales. ... This article is about the walled garden in its original horticultural sense. ... The Royal Burgh of Brechin is a burgh in Angus, Scotland. ... Angus (Aonghas in Gaelic) is one of the traditional counties and also one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland and a Lieutenancy area. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ...

Contents


History

The original castle was a timber motte and bailey structure, a short distance south west of the present castle, and dates from around 1100. The castle was the seat of the Lindsay family, Lord’s of Edzell, who acquired it in 1358 through marriage, and retained ownership until 1715. In the 15th century the Lindsays abandoned the original castle and built a tower house with courtyard in a more sheltered location, where it stands today. The simple tower house was extended in 1553 by the addition of a large west range, housing what became the main entrance to the castle. It was further extended by Sir David Lindsay in the late 16th century with the addition of a large north range, complete with round towers. Model of a motte-and-bailey A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle. ... Events William II of England dies in a hunting accident - Henry I becomes King of England King Henry I proclaims the Charter of Liberties, one of the first examples of a constitution. ... Events Jacquerie. ... // Events July 24 - Spanish treasure fleet of ten ships under admiral Ubilla leave Havana, Cuba for Spain. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... A tower house stands on a hillock near Quin along the back road from Limerick to Ennis. ... A court or courtyard is an enclosed area, often a space enclosed by a building that is open to the sky. ... // Events June 26 - Christs Hospital in London gets a Royal Charter July 6 - Edward VI of England dies July 10 - Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed Queen of England - for the next nine days July 18 - Lord Mayor of London proclaims Queen Mary as the rightful Queen - Lady Jane Grey... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...


The castle received many distinguished visitors over the years. Mary Queen of Scots visited in 1562 during her efforts to suppress the Huntly Rebellion. She spent two nights at the castle and convened a Privy Council meeting during her stay, attended by the nobility of Scotland. The castle was also host to Mary's son, James VI, who visited twice, in 1580 and 1589. Mary I of Scotland (Mary Stuart, better known as Mary, Queen of Scots; December 8, 1542 – February 8, 1587) was the Queen of Scots (the monarch of the Kingdom of Scotland) from December 14, 1542 to July 24, 1567 and Queen Consort of France from July 10, 1559 to December... Events Earliest English slave-trading expedition under John Hawkins. ... A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, especially in a monarchy. ... James VI of Scotland/James I of England and Ireland (Charles James Stuart) (June 19, 1566 – March 27, 1625) was King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland and was the first to style himself King of Great Britain. ... Events March 1 - Michel de Montaigne signs the preface to his most significant work, Essays. ... Events Rebellion of the Catholic League against King Henry III of France, in revenge for his murder of Duke Henry of Guise. ...


The castle began to decline around the time of the 1715 Jacobite Rising. The Lindsays were Jacobites and, in an attempt to raise money for a regiment and counter mounting debts, they sold the castle to the Earl of Panmure, a fellow Jacobite. After the failure of the rebellion, the lands and property were seized by the Crown and sold on to the York Buildings Company, who proceeded to "asset strip" the property, finally gutting the building in 1764. After bankruptcy of the company, the lands were leased for a time before being sold in 1766 to pay the debts of the Trustees, and the ownership of the castle passed to the 8th Earl of Dalhousie, an ancestor of the present owner. Each Jacobite Rising formed part of a series of military campaigns by Jacobites attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland (and after 1707, Great Britain) after James VII of Scotland and II of England was deposed in 1688 and the thrones claimed by his... Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, wearing the Jacobite blue bonnet Jacobitism was (and, to a very limited extent, is) the political movement dedicated to the restoration of the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland. ... A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a group of battalions, usually four and commanded by a colonel. ... The title of Earl of Panmure was created once in the Peerage of Scotland in 1646 (becoming forfeit due to the attainder of the fourth earl in 1716), and once in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1743 (becoming extinct with the death of the first earl in 1782). ... The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A lease or tenancy is an interest in personal property or real property given by a lessor to another person (usually called the lessee or tenant) for a fixed period of time, and the lessee obtains exclusive possession of the property in return for paying the lessor a fixed or... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The word trustee is a legal term that refers to a holder of property on behalf of some other beneficiary. ... The title Earl of Dalhousie was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1633. ...


The walled garden

In addition to extending the castle, Sir David Lindsay also created Edzell's most unique feature, its walled garden. This was intended to provide a retreat from the castle and to delight and entertain his distinguished guests. It was started around 1604, but remained incomplete at his death in 1610. Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ...


The garden was recreated in the 1930s and most of the garden walls remain today. They are highly decorated with carvings depicting the Planetary Deities, Liberal Arts and Cardinal Virtues, complete with inset flower boxes, nesting holes for birds, and niches for busts. The carvings are based on German engravings of the early 16th century by Georg Pencz, a pupil of Albrecht Dürer. The garden has decorative hedges, shaped and trimmed into the Fleur de Lys, Scottish thistle and English rose. It is an Italian Renaissance garden in rural Scotland, and Sir David Lindsay is regarded as a true Renaissance man. This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... In the Christian church, there are four cardinal virtues. ... Bust of Richard Bently by Roubiliac A bust is a sculpture depicting a persons chest, shoulders, and head, usually supported by a stand. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... Portrait of a Seated Youth, 1544, Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence. ... Self-Portrait, 1493, Oil on Canvas Albrecht Dürer (May 21, 1471–April 6, 1528) was a German painter, wood carver, engraver, and mathematician of Hungarian ancestry. ... In gardening a hedge is a row of woody plants, generally of one species, used to demarcate spaces. ... Fleurs-de-lys on the flag of Quebec The fleur-de-lis (also spelled fleur-de-lys; plural fleurs-de-lis or -lys) is used in heraldry, where it is particularly associated with the France monarchy (see King of France). ... Species See text Thistles are perennial flowering plants of the genus Cirsium. ... Species Between 100 and 150, see list A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa, and the flower of this shrub. ... Raphael was famous for depicting illustrious figures of the Classical past with the features of his Renaissance contemporaries. ... Leonardo da Vinci is seen as an epitome of the Renaissance man. ...


To complement the garden, a bath house and summer house were constructed at the corners of the garden furthest from the castle. The two storey summer house survives today and is largely intact, containing a panelled room with the only surviving example of the castle’s carved oak panelling. A bath house is a place where people bathe. ... 19th century Cottages in the small hamlet of Crafton, Buckinghamshire A cottage is a small house of any period. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Panelling is a wallcovering constructed from interlocking wooden components. ...


The castle today

In 1932 the walled garden passed into state care, and in 1935 the rest of the castle followed. The castle and garden are maintained by Historic Scotland and are open to the public year round. 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Historic Scotland is the Scottish agency looking after historic monuments. ...


External links

  • Edzell Castle on RampantScotland
  • Angus Council castle information
  • Historic Scotland castle information

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edzell Castle Feature Page on Undiscovered Scotland (897 words)
Edzell Castle lies a short distance north west of the village of Edzell.
There's been a castle at Edzell since about 1100, when a wooden structure was erected on top of a motte by the Abbott family.
The castle was badly damaged by occupying government troops during the 1745 Rising.
Edzell Castle (1520 words)
Location: Edzell Castle is located in the southeastern Highlands of Scotland, in the foothills of the Grampian Mountains, and the district of Angus.
Mary actually visited Edzell Castle several times that year, and apparently was greatly influenced by Lord Lindsay, not only during the Gordon rebellion, but later as well, when she was coerced to abdicate.
Today, Edzell Castle is under the guardianship of the Scottish Development Department and cared for by Historic Scotland (non-profit foundation), which maintains the property and allows visitors to view the castle and its grounds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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