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Encyclopedia > Edwards Air Force Base
Edwards Air Force Base
IATA: EDW - ICAO: KEDW
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator United States Air Force
Elevation AMSL 2,302 ft (702 m)
Coordinates 34°54′20″N, 117°53′01″W
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
04/22 15,013 4,576 Concrete
06/24 8,000 2,438 Concrete

Edwards Air Force Base (IATA: EDWICAO: KEDW) is a United States Air Force airbase located on the border of Kern County and Los Angeles County, California in the Antelope Valley, 7 miles (11 km) due east of Rosamond. An airbase since 1933, Edwards has long been a home for flight research and testing and has subsequently been home to many of aviation's most important and daring research flights. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 390 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (806 × 1237 pixel, file size: 31 KB, MIME type: image/gif) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Edwards Air Force... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre, or meter (U.S.), is a measure of length. ... Concrete being poured, raked and vibrated into place in residential construction in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... An Airbase, sometimes referred to as a military airport or airfield, provides basing and support of military aircraft. ... Kern County is a county located in the southern Central Valley of the U.S. state of California. ... Los Angeles County is a county in California and is the most populous county in the United States. ... A truck passes eastbound along the busy Highway 58 through the Antelope Valley. ... Rosamond is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kern County, California, USA, 20 miles North of Palmdale, in the Antelope Valley, the westernmost desert valley of the Mojave Desert. ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ...


Originally known as the Muroc Army Air Field, the base was renamed on December 8, 1949 in memory of test pilot Glen Edwards, who died while testing the Northrop YB-49. The base is strategically situated next to Rogers Lake, an endorheic desert salt pan; its hard playa surface provides a natural extension to Edwards' runways. This large landing area, combined with excellent year-round weather, make the base an excellent site for flight testing. December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1949: Events Aerolíneas Argentinas established. ... Test pilots are aviators who fly new and modified aircraft in specific maneuvers, allowing the results to be measured and the design to be evaluated. ... Captain Glen Edwards Glen Edwards (March 5, 1918–June 5, 1948) was a test pilot for the U.S. Air Force, and is the namesake of Edwards Air Force Base. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The shores of Lake Hart, an endorheic desert lake in South Australia In geography, an endorheic basin—also called a terminal or closed basin—is a watershed from which there is no outflow of water, either on the surface as rivers, or underground by flow or diffusion through rock or... A salt pan is a geological formation found in deserts. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with salt pan (geology). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Designated as the Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC), Edwards is home to the United States Air Force Test Pilot School and NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center. Almost every United States military aircraft since the 1950s has been at least partially tested at Edwards and Edwards has been the site of many aviation breakthroughs as a result. The U.S. Air Force Flight Test School is located on Edwards Air Force Base in California. ... The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an agency of the United States Government, responsible for the nations public space program. ... Dryden Flight Research Centers fleet of aircraft in 1993. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... // Recovering from World War II and its aftermath, the economic miracle emerged in West Germany and Italy. ...


Notable occurrences at Edwards include Chuck Yeager's famous flight where he broke the sound barrier in the Bell X-1, test flights of the North American X-15, the first landings of the Space Shuttle, the 1986 around-the-world flight of the Rutan Voyager, and origination of Murphy's law. The base is also one of the largest purchasers of renewable energy in the nation, deriving 60 percent of its electricity from renewable sources, and is a lead partner in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Green Power Partnership. Charles Yeager Charles Elwood Chuck Yeager (born on February 13, 1923, in Lincoln County, West Virginia) is an American former general officer in the United States Air Force and a noted test pilot. ... The Bell X-1, originally XS-1 was the first aircraft to exceed the speed of sound in controlled, level flight. ... The X-15 in flight, early 1960s The North American X-15 rocket plane was perhaps the most important of the USAF/USN X-series of experimental aircraft, after only possibly the Bell X-1. ... NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... Voyager returning from its flight The Scaled Composites Model 76 Voyager aircraft was the first to fly around the world without stopping or refueling. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Murphys law It has been suggested that Murphys laws of combat be merged into this article or section. ...

Contents

History

Early history

The P-59 Airacomet ushered in America's jet age at Edwards
The P-59 Airacomet ushered in America's jet age at Edwards

A water stop on the Southern Pacific Railroad since 1876, the site was largely unsettled until the early 20th Century. In 1910, Ralph, Clifford, and Effie Corum built a homestead on the edge of Rogers lake. The Corums would prove instrumental in attracting other settlers and building infrastructure in the area, and when a post office was commissioned for the area, they named it Muroc, a reversal of the Corum name. XP-59 Airacomet File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... XP-59 Airacomet File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark SP) was an American railroad. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ...


Under the leadership of Lt. Col. Henry H. Arnold, the Army Air Corps selected a site next to the Rogers playa for a new bombing range in 1933. The airbase established to service the range was called Muroc Field. At this time, another colorful character in Edwards' history, Pancho Barnes, built her infamous Rancho Oro Verde Fly-Inn Dude Ranch that would be the scene of many parties and celebrations to come. In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Henry Hap Arnold Henry Harley Hap Arnold was an aviation pioneer and commander of the United States Army Air Corps (from 1938), commander of the U.S. Army Air Forces (from 1941 until 1945) and the first General of the Air Force (in 1949. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Florence Lowe Pancho Barnes (born Florence Leontine Lowe on July 14, 1901, died March 30, 1975), was a pioneer of womens aviation and the owner of the celebrated Happy Bottom Riding Club located on land annexed into Edwards Air Force Base in southern Californias Antelope Valley in the... The gate to Rancho Oro Verde. ...


When Arnold became Chief of the Air Corps in 1938, the service was given a renewed focus on Research and Development. Muroc Field drew attention because the nearby playa was so flat that it could even serve as a giant runway ideal for flight testing. Accordingly, the base debuted its first major test aircraft when the P-59 Airacomet, America's first jet aircraft, lifted off on October 1, 1942. Over $120 million was spent developing the base in the 1940s, and it was expanded to 301,000 acres (1,218 km²). Included in this development was the base's main 15,000 ft (4,600 m) runway which was completed in a single pour of concrete. The phrase research and development (also R and D or R&D) has a special commercial significance apart from its conventional coupling of scientific research and technological development. ... The Bell P-59A was a fighter aircraft built in the United States during World War II. Its prototype, the XP-59A became the first jet-powered aircraft to fly in the US on October 1, 1942. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ...


The glory years of flight testing

After World War II, America found itself in an accelerating race for aerospace technology. Accordingly, the Air Force began the X-plane program in 1946, and development was largely centered at Muroc. The program grew to achieve stunning successes as the Bell X-1 became the first aircraft to break the sound barrier on October 14, 1947. Public attention was now firmly centered on Muroc Field, and test activity surged enormously. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Bell X-1; for more photographs of X-planes see the image gallery. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...

The flat lakebeds provided excellent emergency landing sites, as evidenced by this Bell X-2 crash site.
The flat lakebeds provided excellent emergency landing sites, as evidenced by this Bell X-2 crash site.

So many aircraft were tested in the years after WWII that test pilots logged hundreds of hours each month, often in many different prototype planes. This inevitably led to accidents, and the death rate at Edward's surged. On January 27, 1950, the base was renamed after Glen Edwards, who died while testing a prototype Northrop YB-49. Test pilots were undeterred however, and Edwards AFB was designated the U.S. Air Force Flight Test Center on June 25, 1951. The X-plane program achieved further successes as the Bell X-2 achieved over 100,000 ft (61 km) of altitude and speeds greater than Mach 3 in 1956. Download high resolution version (1800x1397, 1454 KB) NASA photo ID: E-749 This 1952 photograph shows the Bell X-2 #2 (46-675) with a collapsed nose landing gear, after landing on the first glide flight at Edwards Air Force Base. ... Download high resolution version (1800x1397, 1454 KB) NASA photo ID: E-749 This 1952 photograph shows the Bell X-2 #2 (46-675) with a collapsed nose landing gear, after landing on the first glide flight at Edwards Air Force Base. ... The Bell X-2 was an American research aircraft built to investigate flight characteristics in the Mach 2_3 range. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Mach number (Ma) is defined as a ratio of speed to the speed of sound in the medium in case. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Throughout the 1950s, American airplanes broke absolute speed and altitude records on a regular basis at Edwards, but nothing compared with the arrival of the North American X-15 in 1961. Within a few short years, the X-15 topped Mach 4, 5, and 6, setting a speed record for piloted atmospheric flight of Mach 6.7 on October 3, 1967 that stands today. Furthermore, the X-15 became the first airplane to fly into space on July 19, 1963, when it achieved an altitude of 347,800 ft (106,010 m). Another aircraft gained world fame in the late 1960s at Edwards: The Lockheed YF-12A, a precursor to the SR-71 Blackbird, shattered nine records in one day of testing at Edwards. The SR-71's full capabilities are classified to this day, but the records set on May 1, 1965, included a sustained speed of 2,070 mph (3,331 km/h) and an altitude of 80,257 ft (24,462 m). October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... The Lockheed SR-71, unofficially known as the Blackbird, is a long-range, advanced, strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Lockheed YF-12A and A-12 aircraft by Lockheeds Skunk works, which was also responsible for the U-2 and many other advanced aircraft. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was an advanced, long-range, Mach 3 strategic reconnaissance aircraft developed from the Lockheed YF-12A and A-12 aircraft by the Lockheed Skunk Works. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


On the ground

Lt. Col. John Stapp rides the rocket sled "Gee Whiz".
Lt. Col. John Stapp rides the rocket sled "Gee Whiz".

During this exciting time, extensive aviation research was also conducted on the ground at Edwards. Though they no longer exist, Edwards once hosted two rocket sled tracks that pioneered important developments and research for the Air Force. The first 2,000 ft-long track was constructed by Northrop in 1944 near what is currently the North Base. Originally intended for use as a development platform of a V-1 flying-bomb-style weapon, this project never left the drawing board. The track found use after the war as a test area for V-2 rockets captured from Germany in Operation Paperclip. Later, Dr. John Stapp appropriated the track and installed what was believed to be one of the most powerful mechanical braking systems ever constructed for use in his famous deceleration tests whereafter the press termed him "fastest man on earth" and the "Bravest man in the Air Force" for his world-changing MX981 project. Download high resolution version (2968x2376, 221 KB) Lt. ... Download high resolution version (2968x2376, 221 KB) Lt. ... John Stapp rides the rocket sled at Edwards Air Force Base. ... A rocket sled is essentially a small railroad car with rockets attached. ... The Vergeltungswaffe 1 Fi 103 / FZG-76 (V-1), known as the Flying bomb, Buzz bomb or Doodlebug, was the first modern guided missile used in wartime and the first cruise missile. ... German test launch. ... Operation Paperclip scientists pose together. ...


The incredible results from the first track prompted the Air Force to investigate building a second, and in 1948 a new 10,000 ft (3,048 m) track was completed just south of Rogers Lake. This track was capable of supersonic speeds, and its first project was the development of the SM-62 Snark cruise missile. This track was so successful that an extension was constructed, and on May 13, 1959, the full 20,000 ft (6,096 m) track was opened. After the Navy had conducted research on the UGM-27 Polaris ballistic missile, the track was used for the development of ejection seats that could be used at supersonic speeds. Though this program was enormously successful, a budgetary review concluded that the track was too expensive to maintain and the track was decommissioned on May 24, 1963. Before it was closed, a trial run set a world speed record of Mach 3.3 before the test car broke up. After its closure, the rails were pulled up to facilitate the straightening of Lancaster Boulevard. 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1948 calendar). ... Snark missile launch The Northrop SM-62 Snark was a specialised intercontinental missile with a nuclear warhead briefly operated by the US Strategic Air Command from 1958 until 1961. ... A Tomahawk cruise missile Taurus KEPD 350 A cruise missile is a guided missile which uses a lifting wing and most often a jet propulsion system to allow sustained flight. ... May 13 is the 133rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (134th in leap years). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Polaris A-3 on launch pad in Cape Canaveral The Polaris missile was a submarine-launched, two-stage solid-fuel nuclear-armed ballistic missile (SLBM) built during the Cold War by Lockheed for the United States Navy. ... Diagram of V-2, the first ballistic missile. ... US Air Force F/A-22 Raptor ejection seat test using a mannequin. ... May 24 is the 144th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (145th in leap years). ...

Stapp hits the brakes, hard in "Gee Whiz".

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Edwards AFB in the space age

The Space Shuttle Enterprise being tested in the skies above Edwards Air Force Base. For a complete list of Space Shuttle landing locations, see: List of space shuttle missions.
The Space Shuttle Enterprise being tested in the skies above Edwards Air Force Base. For a complete list of Space Shuttle landing locations, see: List of space shuttle missions.
Discovery (STS-114) touches down in Edwards Air Force Base (August 9, 2005 PST)
Discovery (STS-114) touches down in Edwards Air Force Base (August 9, 2005 PST)

After President Richard M. Nixon announced the Space Shuttle program on January 5, 1972, Edwards was chosen for testing. The prototype Space Shuttle Enterprise was carried to altitude by the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (a modified Boeing 747) and dropped. In all, 13 test flights were conducted with the Enterprise and the SCA to determine their flight characteristics and handling. After the Space Shuttle Columbia became the first Shuttle launched into orbit on April 12, 1981, it returned to Edwards for landing. The airbase's immense lakebeds and its proximity to Plant 42, where the Shuttle was serviced before relaunch, were important factors in its selection and it continued to serve as the primary landing area for the space shuttle until 1991. Since then, Florida's Kennedy Space Center has been favoured, but Edwards AFB and the White Sands Missile Range continue to serve as backups; Shuttles have landed at Edwards as recently as August 9, 2005 (STS-114). Cropped and color balanced from NASA Photo ID S77-28141. ... Cropped and color balanced from NASA Photo ID S77-28141. ... The Space Shuttle Enterprise (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-101) was the first Space Shuttle built for NASA. It was constructed without engines or a functional heat shield, and was therefore not capable of space operations; its purpose was to perform test flights in the atmosphere. ... This is a list of missions flown by space shuttles. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: STS-114 ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: STS-114 ... Space Shuttle Discovery (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-103) is one of three remaining spacecraft in the Space Shuttle fleet belonging to the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), along with Atlantis and Endeavour. ... STS-114 was the first return to flight Space Shuttle mission following the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States, serving from 1969 to 1974. ... NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... January 5 is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Atlantis transported by a Boeing 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft Schematic 3-view The Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) are two extensively modified Boeing 747 jetliners that NASA uses to transport a space shuttle orbiter. ... The Boeing 747, commonly nicknamed the Jumbo Jet, is among the most recognizable jet airliners, and is among the largest passenger airliners. ... Space Shuttle Columbia (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first spaceworthy space shuttle in NASAs orbital fleet. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sign by one of the gates into Plant 42. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Merritt Island and Kennedy Space Center The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is the NASA space vehicle launch facility (spaceport) at Cape Canaveral on Merritt Island in Florida, United States. ... White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), formerly known as the White Sands Proving Grounds, is located in Otero County, New Mexico, mostly in the Tularosa Basin, a valley between the Organ Mountains, San Andres Mountains and the Sacramento Mountains of the U.S. state of New Mexico, it includes the northern... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The 1980s also saw Edwards host a demonstration of America's space warfare capabilities as a highly modified F-15 Eagle launched an anti-satellite missile at the dead P78 SolWind satellite and destroyed it. In 1986, Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager launched from Edwards to set a new aviation record by piloting the first non-stop, around-the-world flight on a single tank of fuel in the Rutan Voyager. The Boeing (formerly McDonnell Douglas) F-15 Eagle is an all-weather tactical fighter designed to gain and maintain air superiority in aerial combat. ... Anti-satellite weapons (ASATs) are weapons designed to be used against artificial satellites. ... Richard “Dick” Rutan (born July 1, 1938) is an aviator who is most famous for flying the Voyager aircraft around the world non-stop with the assistance of Jeana Yeager. ... Jeana Yeager (born May 18, 1952 in Fort Worth, Texas) is an aviator, most famous for flying with Dick Rutan on a non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world in the Voyager aircraft in 1986 from December 14 to December 23. ... Voyager returning from its flight The Scaled Composites Model 76 Voyager aircraft was the first to fly around the world without stopping or refueling. ...


Current projects at Edwards

The most recent projects at Edwards are the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, F-22 Raptor, RQ-4 Global Hawk and B-52 synthetic fuel program. In addition, the C-17 Globemaster III flight test program is another major project at Edwards AFB. As well, the Department of Defense's massive development on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has seen significant testing of prototypes at Edwards. Unusually, Edwards has actually gained a few jobs in recent years under the DoD's Base Realignment and Closure process. As smaller bases have been decommissioned, their facilities and responsibilities have been consolidated at large bases like Edwards and China Lake. The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) is a military fighter aircraft designed by the United States and the United Kingdom. ... The F-22 Raptor is a fifth generation stealth fighter aircraft. ... The Northrop Grumman (formerly Ryan Aeronautical) RQ-4 Global Hawk (known as Tier II+ during development) is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used by the US Air Force as a surveillance aircraft. ... The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress is a long-range, jet strategic bomber flown by the United States Air Force (USAF) since 1954. ... The Boeing (formerly McDonnell Douglas) C-17 Globemaster III is a strategic airlifter manufactured by Boeing Integrated Defense Systems, and operated by the United States Air Force, the Royal Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... UAVs in a hangar An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is a pilotless aircraft, controlled either remotely or flown autonomously, used for a number of missions, including reconnaissance and attack roles. ... Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) is a process of the United States federal government directed at the administration and operation of the US Armed Forces, used by the United States Department of Defense and Congress to close excess military installations and realign the total asset inventory in order to save...


Facilities

Main Base

This aerial photo of the main base shows its runways extending out over the hard playa of Rogers Lake.
This aerial photo of the main base shows its runways extending out over the hard playa of Rogers Lake.

Edwards Main Base includes the Dryden Flight Research Center at its north end and is directly connected to the South Base. The Main Base airfield has a control tower, a TRACON (callsign Joshua), and a Radar Control Facility (callsign Sport). Its ICAO airport code is KEDW (IATA: EDW). As a military airbase, civilian access is severely restricted, but is possible with prior coordination and good reason. There are two lighted, paved runways: Download high resolution version (1280x948, 1007 KB) Edwards Air Force Base File links The following pages link to this file: Edwards Air Force Base User:John Fader Edwards Air Force Base/gallery ... Download high resolution version (1280x948, 1007 KB) Edwards Air Force Base File links The following pages link to this file: Edwards Air Force Base User:John Fader Edwards Air Force Base/gallery ... The control tower at Schiphol airport. ... The inside of the Potomac TRACON. TRACON is an acronym for Terminal Radar Approach CONtrol. ... The ICAO (IPA pronunciation: ) airport code or location indicator is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ...

  • 04/22 is 15,013 x 300 ft (4,576 x 91 m), an extra 9,000 ft (2700 m) of lakebed runway is available.
  • 06/24 is 8,000 x 50 ft (2,438 x 15 m); 5,000 x 50 ft (1,524 x 15 m) usable — (this runway is technically part of the South Base)

There are seven other official runways on the Rogers lakebed:

  • 17/35 is 7.5 mi (12.1 km) long (primary runway)
  • 05/23 is 5.2 mi (8.4 km) long
  • 06/24 is 1.4 mi (2.3 km) long
  • 07/25 is 4.0 mi (6.4 km) long
  • 09/27 is 2.0 mi (3.2 km) long
  • 30 is 2.0 mi (3.2 km) long (runway 30 rolls out onto the compass rose, so its corresponding, unmarked, runway 12 is never used)
  • 15/33 is 6.2 mi (10.0 km) long
  • 18/36 is 4.5 mi (7.2 km) long

The Rosamond lakebed has two runways painted on it:

  • 02/20 is 4.0 mi (6.4 km) long
  • 11/29 is 4.0 mi (6.4 km) long

The Main base is home of the Benefield Anechoic Facility (BAF), an Electromagnetic and Radio frequency testing building. It is also home to the Air Force Flight Test Center Museum, which has over 15 aircraft on display.[1] Benefield Anechoic Facility (BAF) supports installed systems testing for avionics test programs requiring a large, shielded chamber with radio frequency (RF) absorption capability that simulates free space. ... Electromagnetism is the physics of the electromagnetic field: a field, encompassing all of space, composed of the electric field and the magnetic field. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Radio waves. ...


Dryden Flight Research Center

Dryden Flight Research Center fleet
Dryden Flight Research Center fleet

Contained inside Edwards Air Force Base is NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center (DFRC) where modern aircraft research is still active (e.g. the Boeing X-45). The DFRC is home to many of the worlds most advanced aircraft. Notable recent research projects include the Controlled Impact Demonstration and the Linear Aerospike SR-71 Experiment. It is also the home of the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA), a modified Boeing 747 designed to carry the Space Shuttle back to Kennedy Space Center in the case the Orbiter lands at Edwards. Download high resolution version (1800x915, 534 KB) From http://www1. ... Download high resolution version (1800x915, 534 KB) From http://www1. ... Dryden Flight Research Centers fleet of aircraft in 1993. ... The Boeing X-45 UCAV (Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle) is a concept demonstrator for a next generation of completely autonomous fighter aircraft, developed by Boeings Phantom Works (a Skunk Works-like division acquired through McDonnell Douglas). ... Practice approach Pre-impact Post-impact 1 Post-impact 2 The Controlled Impact Demonstration (or jokingly Crash In the Desert) was a joint project between NASAs Dryden Flight Research Center and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to test the impact of a Boeing 720 aircraft using standard fuel with... LASRE is NASAs Linear Aerospike SR-71 Experiment which took place at the Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California and concluded November 1998. ...


AFRL test area

Test area 1-120 at Edwards AFRL site
Test area 1-120 at Edwards AFRL site

The Air Force Research Laboratory maintains a rocket engine testing site on and around Leuhman Ridge, just east of Roger's Lake. Initially constructed for use in the Apollo Program, the test site now has 12 facilities for testing full-size rocket engines, engine components, and liquid and solid propellants. The Edwards Research Site has tested booster rockets for ICBMs and the Space Shuttle. The site has recently benefited from an $18.5 million upgrade completed in 2003. The facility now boasts multiple test stands, and the only U.S. Government test stand capable of holding 1 million pounds-force (4.5 MN) of static thrust. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United States Air Force Research Laboratory with headquarters at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, was created in October 1997. ... Project Apollo was a series of human spaceflight missions undertaken by the United States of America (NASA) using the Apollo spacecraft and Saturn launch vehicle, conducted during the years 1961–1974. ... A Minuteman III missile soars after a test launch. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The pound-force is a non-SI unit of force or weight (properly abbreviated lbf or lbf). The pound-force is equal to a mass of one pound multiplied by the standard acceleration due to gravity on Earth (which is defined as exactly 9. ... The newton (symbol: N) is the SI unit of force. ...


The Edwards Research Site, sometimes called 'The Rock', or simply 'The Lab' by those who work there, is part of the AFRL Propulsion Directorate, which is headquartered at the Wright Research Site, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is a U.S. Air Force base in Greene and Montgomery counties, adjacent to Riverside, Fairborn, Beavercreek, and Dayton, Ohio. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...


North Base

Satellite photo of the base.
Satellite photo of the base.

North Base is located at the north-west corner of Rogers lake and is the site of the Air Force's most secret test programs at Edwards. The site has one 6,000 x 150 ft (1830 x 45 m) paved runway, 06/24, and is accessed from the lakebed or via a single controlled road. Despite its apparent proximity on a map, the North Base can hardly be seen from the Main Base because of haze. Even on exceptionally clear days, no detail is visible, making the base ideal for secret development. Also, some speculate the very close proximity the Edwards's Security Forces Squadron Headquarters being for any responses or disturbances, since many of the Base's squadron buildings are almost four miles from the North Base and the Security Forces Headquarters. NASA satellite photo of Edwards Air Force Base, taken from [1], cropped, and uploaded for use in the Edwards article by me. ... NASA satellite photo of Edwards Air Force Base, taken from [1], cropped, and uploaded for use in the Edwards article by me. ... Severe haze affecting Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 2005 Moon over red and blue haze For other uses, see Haze (disambiguation). ...


Geography

Rogers Dry Lake isn't always dry. During the brief rainy season in the Mojave Desert, water still fills the lake bed. The compass rose can be seen on the left in this image.
Rogers Dry Lake isn't always dry. During the brief rainy season in the Mojave Desert, water still fills the lake bed. The compass rose can be seen on the left in this image.

The largest feature of the 44.5 km² (17.2 mi²) that make up Edwards AFB is the Rogers and Rosamond dry lake beds. These lake beds have served as emergency and scheduled landing sites for many aerospace projects including the Bell X-1, Lockheed U-2, SR-71 Blackbird, and the Space Shuttle. Even today, the lakebeds have black lines painted on it to mark seven official "runways" which are available for pilots operating in the area. Also painted on the playa near Dryden is the world's largest compass rose; inclined to magnetic north (around 13 degrees east of true north) it is used by pilots for calibrating heading indicators. The largest lake bed, Rogers, encompasses 44 square miles (114 km²) of desert. Because of Roger's history in the space program it was declared a National Historic Landmark. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 962 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Edwards Air Force... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 962 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Edwards Air Force... Looking across from Emigrant Pass towards the Kingston Range in the eastern Mojave. ... A compass rose or wind rose, is a figure displaying the orientation of the cardinal directions, north, south, east and west on a map or nautical chart. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed Dragon Lady, is a single-seat, single-engine, high-altitude aircraft flown by the United States Air Force. ... NASAs Space Shuttle, officially called Space Transportation System (STS), is the United States governments current manned launch vehicle. ... A compass rose or wind rose, is a figure displaying the orientation of the cardinal directions, north, south, east and west on a map or nautical chart. ... This is about the geographic meaning of North Pole. ... True Pizza is a navigational term referring to the direction of the North Pole relative to the navigators position. ... The heading indicator (or HI) is an instrument used in an aircraft to inform the pilot of his heading. ... USS Constitution A National Historic Landmark (NHL) is a building, district, site, structure, or object, almost always within the United States, officially recognized for its historical significance. ...

The world's largest compass rose is painted on the playa beside NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center.
The world's largest compass rose is painted on the playa beside NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center.

The Rosamond dry lake bed encompasses 21 square miles (54 km²) and is also used for emergency landings and other flight research roles. Both lake beds are some of the lowest points in the Antelope Valley and they can collect large amounts of precipitation. Desert winds whip this seasonal water around on the lakebeds and the process polishes the lakebeds with a new, extremely flat surface; the Rosamond lake bed was measured to have an altitude deviation of 18 inches over a 30,000 ft (50 cm over 9,000 m) length. Download high resolution version (1280x948, 1068 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1280x948, 1068 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A truck passes eastbound along the busy Highway 58 through the Antelope Valley. ...


Environmental concerns

There are several protected and threatened species living in Edwards, the most notable being the desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii). It is unlawful to touch, harass or otherwise harm a desert tortoise. Edwards is careful not to interfere with this "gem in the desert". Another common species is the Joshua Tree. Binomial name Gopherus agassizii Cooper, 1863 The desert tortoise (Gopherus agassizii) is a species of tortoise native to the Mojave desert and Sonoran desert of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. ... Binomial name Yucca brevifolia Schott ex Torr. ...


Nearby bases

Another element of Edwards' success has been its proximity to other U.S. military bases. Edwards is close to the major city of Los Angeles, but it is also only a short flight south from Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake or Nellis Air Force Base that houses Area 51. Very secret aircraft developed at Edwards or other bases can easily and secretly be flown to a nearby base on a moonless night for maintenance or testing. Air Force Plant 42 and other defense research facilities in Palmdale are located only a few miles south of Edwards. The site of Lockheed Martin's famous Skunk Works, Plant 42 contains Boeing and Northrop Grumman aircraft manufacturing facilities as well. New, top-secret planes are often built at Plant 42 and then flown to the Main Base for night-time testing to maintain secrecy. Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... NASA satellite photo showing the main runways at NAWS China Lake The Naval Air Weapons Station China Lake (NAWS China Lake) is an airborne weapons testing and training range operated by the United States Navy and its contractors. ... Map showing the locations of Nellis AFB and the NAFR Nellis Air Force Base (IATA: LSV, ICAO: KLSV) is a United States Air Force base, located in Clark County, Nevada, on the northeast side of Las Vegas. ... This article is about the U.S. Air Force installation in Nevada. ... Motto: Aerospace Capital of America Location of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles  - Mayor James C. Ledford Jr. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... A modern Skunk works project leverages an older: LASRE and SR-71 Blackbird. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is an aerospace and defense corporation headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ...


Edwards' proximity to other bases has led to the establishment of the jointly-administered R-2508 Special Use Airspace Complex. Containing Edwards, the Navy's China Lake and the Army's Fort Irwin bases, and a significant amount of land in between, R-2508 is completely restricted above FL200 for military use, and in some areas is restricted to the ground. The Department of Defense and its branches use this airspace to train pilots, and to test aircraft and weapons. Joint exercises are often conducted here, and sonic booms can be heard on a regular basis. The R-2508 Complex includes all the airspace and associated land presently used and managed by the three principal military activities in the Upper Mojave Desert region: Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC), Edwards Air Force Base (AFB) National Training Center, Fort Irwin Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division (NAWCWPNS... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The entrance to the NTC. Fort Irwin Military Reservation, located in Fort Irwin, California, U.S., this military facility is used for live-fire training of brigade-sized forces. ... In aviation, a flight level is the nominal altitude of an aircraft referenced to a standard pressure datum, as opposed to the real altitude above mean sea level. ...


Demographics

A 1987 aerial view of the control tower with an older tower in the background.
A 1987 aerial view of the control tower with an older tower in the background.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 5,909 people, 1,678 households, and 1,515 families residing in the base. The population density was 132.9/km² (344.1/mi²). There were 1,783 housing units at an average density of 40.1/km² (103.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the base was 72.70% White, 10.42% Black or African American, 0.83% Native American, 4.35% Asian, 0.52% Pacific Islander, 5.43% from other races, and 5.74% from two or more races. 11.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3000 × 2400 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (3000 × 2400 pixel, file size: 2. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... Race, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ...


There were 1,678 households out of which 67.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 84.9% were married couples living together, 3.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.7% were non-families. 9.1% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.38. “Matrimony” redirects here. ...


In the base the population was spread out with 36.1% under the age of 18, 19.9% from 18 to 24, 42.1% from 25 to 44, 1.8% from 45 to 64, and 0.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 121.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.4 males.


The median income for a household in the base was $36,915, and the median income for a family was $36,767. Males had a median income of $27,118 versus $23,536 for females. The per capita income for the base was $13,190. About 1.0% of families and 1.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.3% of those under age 18 and none of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Edwards Air Force Base
  • John Stapp — Medical Doctor and research physicist; Contemporary and friend to Yeager and Murphy, known variously as Fastest human on earth, The bravest man in the Air Force, and The careful Daredevil, headed the historic MX981 rocket-sled research project.
  • Chuck Yeager — Broke the sound barrier in level flight.
  • Aerospace Walk of Honor, in nearby Lancaster, California, honors notable Edwards test pilots.
  • Murphy's Law — point of origination sometime in 1949. Popularized by John Stapp, one time neighbor of engineer Edward A. Murphy, his team coined the term which came out a few months afterwards in the first of Stapp's many press conferences over several decades. Murphy contributed measurement instruments that went awry to Doctor Stapp's MX981 project which sparked the laws naming to Murphy by Stapp's staff on his single visit to the program.
  • Pancho Barnes — pioneer of women's aviation and the owner of the celebrated Happy Bottom Riding Club located on land annexed into Edwards

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... John Stapp rides the rocket sled at Edwards Air Force Base. ... Charles Yeager Charles Elwood Chuck Yeager (born on February 13, 1923, in Lincoln County, West Virginia) is an American former general officer in the United States Air Force and a noted test pilot. ... The Aerospace Walk of Honor in Lancaster, California is a continually-growing venue for honoring test pilots who have significantly contributed to aviation and space research and development. ... Location of Lancaster in California and Los Angeles County Coordinates: Country United States State California County Los Angeles Incorporated November 22, 1977 Mayor Henry W. Hearns Area    - City 243. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Murphys law It has been suggested that Murphys laws of combat be merged into this article or section. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... Major Edward A. Murphy, Jr. ... Florence Lowe Pancho Barnes (born Florence Leontine Lowe on July 14, 1901, died March 30, 1975), was a pioneer of womens aviation and the owner of the celebrated Happy Bottom Riding Club located on land annexed into Edwards Air Force Base in southern Californias Antelope Valley in the...

References

  1. ^ Air Force Flight Test Center Museum
  • Edwards AFB page on the dry lake beds
  • Edwards AFB page on the history of the base
  • Air-Attack.com page on the AFFTC

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Edwards Air Force Base - Home (623 words)
Edwards' focus today, and in the future, is summed up in the Air Force Flight Test Center's motto: "Ad Inexplorata...
EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- The Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center Detachment 5 and the 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron recently tested the MQ-9 Reaper Unmanned Aerial Vehicle system's ability to deploy to a forward operating location in support of mission tasking.
EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. -- The 95th Security Forces Squadron is becoming more actively involved in enforcing the cellular hands-free policy on base by increasing vigilance and writing more citations.
35:1311(154)RO - - Air Force, Edwards AFB, CA and Sport Air Traffic Controllers Organization - - 1990 FLRAdec RP - - ... (1541 words)
The interaction between the ATCSs and other employees at Edwards Air Force Base is very limited and primarily is confined to three Electronics Technicians who are responsible for maintaining the equipment used by the ATCSs and who are in the same organizational subdivision as the ATCSs.
While covered by the same Air Force personnel regulations as all other Air Force employees at Edwards, the ATCSs are subject to different retirement provisions and physical examination requirements than most of those employees.
Based on the foregoing, we reject the Activity's contention that the RD's decision constitutes a departure from Authority precedent.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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