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Encyclopedia > Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford
Admiral Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, 1653–1727 by Thomas Gibson, painted c. 1715.
Admiral Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, 16531727 by Thomas Gibson, painted c. 1715.

Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford PC (16531727) was the First Lord of the Admiralty under King William III. He was the son of Edward Russell, a younger brother of William Russell, the 1st Duke of Bedford. He married his cousin, Mary Russell, but they had no children. Download high resolution version (700x884, 93 KB)Admiral Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, 1653–1727 by Thomas Gibson, painted c. ... Download high resolution version (700x884, 93 KB)Admiral Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford, 1653–1727 by Thomas Gibson, painted c. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... For other persons named Thomas Gibson, see Thomas Gibson (disambiguation). ... Year 1715 (MDCCXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Her Majestys Most Honourable Privy Council is a body of advisors to the British Sovereign. ... Events February 2 - New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City) is incorporated. ... Events 1727 to 1800 - Lt. ... The First Lord of the Admiralty was a British government position in charge of the Admiralty. ... William III of England, II of Scotland and III of Orange (The Hague, 14 November 1650 – Kensington Palace, 8 March 1702) was a Dutch aristocrat, the Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28 June 1672, King of England and King... The Most Noble Sir William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford KG PC (August 1616–September 7, 1700) was a British peer and soldier, the son of Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford. ...


He was one of the first gentleman officers of the Royal Navy regularly bred to the sea. In 1671, he was named lieutenant at the age of eighteen and was promoted to captain in the following year. In the Third Anglo-Dutch War he saw active service in the North Sea in 1672 and 1673. Russell later served in the Mediterranean in the operations against the Barbary Pirates with Sir John Narborough and Arthur Herbert from 1676 to 1682. In 1683 he ceased to be employed, as all of the members of the Russell family had fallen into disfavour with the King after the discovery of Lord Russell's connection with the Rye House Plot. This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Events May 9 - Thomas Blood, disguised as a clergyman, attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... 1673 (MDCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sir John Narborough (d. ... Arthur Herbert, 1st Earl of Torrington (c. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Year 1682 (MDCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events June 6 - The Ashmolean Museum opens as the worlds first university museum. ... William Russell, Lord Russell (29 September 1639–21 July 1683), was an English politician. ... Rye House 1823 The Rye House Plot of 1683 was a plan to assassinate King Charles II of England and his brother (and heir to the throne) James, Duke of York. ...


In 1688, Russell was one of the Immortal Seven, a group of English nobleman who issued the Invitation to William, a document asking William of Orange to depose James II. In the subsequent War of the Grand Alliance, Russell served at sea, commanding a fleet after 1690. In 1692, Russell was Commander-in-Chief of the Anglo-Dutch force that fought the French fleet at Barfleur, and destroyed much of it at La Hougue, his victory there being the decisive naval battle of the war. // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ... The Immortal Seven were seven notable English citizens who issued the Invitation to William, a document asking William of Orange to depose James II in favour of Williams wife Mary, culminating in the Glorious Revolution. ... The Invitation to William was a coded letter sent by the Immortal Seven to William, Prince of Orange at the start of the Revolution of 1688. ... William III of England, II of Scotland and III of Orange (The Hague, 14 November 1650 – Kensington Palace, 8 March 1702) was a Dutch aristocrat, the Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28 June 1672, King of England and King... James II (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701)[1] became King of England, King of Scots,[2] and King of Ireland on 6 February 1685. ... Combatants  Denmark Dutch Republic, England,[3]  Holy Roman Empire,  Portugal Duchy of Savoy, Spain,  Sweden France, Jacobites Commanders William III, Prince Waldeck, Duke of Savoy, Duke of Lorraine , Elector of Bavaria, Prince of Baden Louis XIV, Duc de Luxembourg â€ , Duc de Villeroi, Duc de Lorge, Duc de Boufflers, Nicolas Catinat... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Events February 13 - Massacre of Glencoe March 1 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony with the charging of three women with witchcraft. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... Combatants France England United Provinces Commanders Anne Hilarion de Tourville Edward Russell Strength 44 ships (3,142 guns) 98 ships (8,980 guns) Casualties 15 ships burnt 2 ships sunk The related naval battles of Barfleur and La Hougue took place between 27 May and 3 June 1692 (17-23... Combatants France England United Provinces Commanders Anne Hilarion de Tourville Edward Russell Strength 44 ships (3,142 guns) 98 ships (8,980 guns) Casualties 15 ships burnt 2 ships sunk The related naval battles of Barfleur and La Hougue took place between 27 May and 3 June 1692 (17-23... The French battleship Orient burns, 1 August 1798, during the Battle of the Nile A naval battle is a battle fought using ships or other waterborne vessels. ...


Russell became First Lord of the Admiralty in 1694, remaining in that post until 1699. He served in the Mediterranean from 1694 to 1695 and was created Baron Shingay, Viscount Barfleur, and Earl of Orford in 1697. These titles all became extinct on the childless Orford's death. The First Lord of the Admiralty was a British government position in charge of the Admiralty. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Jan. ... Events September 11 - Battle of Zenta, Prince Eugene of Savoy crushed Ottoman army of Mustafa II September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher...


On the orders of King William III, he was the first British commander to over-winter at Cadiz (rather than sailing his squadron home in the autumn) and so inaugurated a policy that led to the acquisition of a British Mediterranean base at Gibraltar in 1704. William III of England, II of Scotland and III of Orange (The Hague, 14 November 1650 – Kensington Palace, 8 March 1702) was a Dutch aristocrat, the Prince of Orange from his birth, Stadtholder of the main provinces of the Dutch Republic from 28 June 1672, King of England and King... This article is about the Spanish city. ...


Interesting Fact: Admiral Edward Russell commissioned the "largest cocktail in history" at an officer's party in 1694. It consisted of a rum and wine mixture which filled an entire fountain. A series of bartenders in small wooden canoes paddled around filling cups, and working in 15 minute shifts to avoid being overcome by the alcohol fumes. The festivities lasted for nearly a week, pausing briefly for the erection of a rain fly, and did not end until the fountain was dry.


See also

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Hugh Piper
John Granville
Member for Launceston
with William Harbord

1689–1690
Succeeded by
William Harbord
Bernard Granville
Preceded by
Henry Slingsby
Richard Norton
Member for Portsmouth
with Nicholas Hedger

1690–1695
Succeeded by
Nicholas Hedger
Matthew Aylmer
Preceded by
Sir Robert Cotton
The Lord Cutts
Member for Cambridgeshire
with The Lord Cutts

1695–1697
Succeeded by
The Lord Cutts
Sir Rushout Cullen, Bt
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Richard Bulkeley
Custos Rotulorum of Caernarvonshire
1689–1700
Succeeded by
Lord Edward Russell
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Chicheley
Custos Rotulorum of Cambridgeshire
1689–1727
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lincoln
Preceded by
The Lord North
Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
1715–1727
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Falkland
Treasurer of the Navy
1689–1699
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Littleton
First Lord of the Admiralty
1694–1699
Succeeded by
The Earl of Bridgewater
Preceded by
The Earl of Pembroke and Montgomery
(Lord High Admiral)
First Lord of the Admiralty
1709–1710
Succeeded by
Sir John Leake
Preceded by
The Earl of Strafford
First Lord of the Admiralty
1714–1717
Succeeded by
The Earl of Berkeley
Peerage of England
New title Earl of Orford
1697–1727
Extinct

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edward Russell, earl of Orford - LoveToKnow 1911 (525 words)
EDWARD RUSSELL ORFORD, EARL OF (1653-1727), British admiral, was born in 1653, the son of Edward Russell, a younger brother of the 1st duke of Bedford.
Edward Russell's prominence at this crisis was of itself enough to account for his importance after the Revolution.
Russell had Dutch allies with him, and they were greatly superior in number, but the chief difficulty encountered was in the pursuit, which Russell conducted with great resolution.
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford (390 words)
Edward Russell, 1st Earl of Orford PC (1653–1727) was the First Lord of the Admiralty under King William III.
Russell later served in the Mediterranean in the operations against the Barbary Pirates with Sir John Narborough and Arthur Herbert from 1676 to 1682.
In 1692, Russell was Commander-in-Chief of the Anglo-Dutch force that fought the French fleet at Barfleur, and destroyed much of it at La Hougue, his victory there being the decisive naval battle of the war.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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