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Encyclopedia > Edward Morley
Edward Morley (1887).
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Edward Morley (1887).

Edward Williams Morley (January 29, 1838 - February 24, 1923) was an American scientist. Image File history File links Source: Public domain image. ... Image File history File links Source: Public domain image. ... January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The physicist Albert Einstein is probably historys most widely recognized scientist. ...


MORLEY, Edward Williams, chemist, born in Newark, New Jersey, 29 January, 1838. He was graduated at Williams College in 1860, and subsequently taught chemistry. In 1869 he was appointed professor of chemistry and geology in Western Reserve College (now Case Western Reserve University, and in 1873 was called to fill a similar chair in Cleveland medical college, both of which places he now (1888) fills. His original work includes a series of measurements of the fineness of striation of all the diatoms on ten of Moller's diatomacean test-plates (1876), followed by a series of measurements prepared for the purpose of showing precision in the micrometric readings of graduations. In 1877-'8 he began the study of the cause of the variation of the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere, designing an apparatus for this, with which he made frequent analyses of air. The publication of similar results by foreign scientists' led to his devising improved apparatus for gas analysis. His results showed that Jolly's theory of the causes of variation of the amount of oxygen in the air was untenable, and indicated that air at an elevation above the earth's surface is poor in oxygen, and that when such air is brought down by currents, deficiency of oxygen is noted. During 1884 he was engaged with Albert A. Michelson (q. v.) in repeating the experiment of Fizeau on the effect of the motion of a transparent medium on the velocity of light, and more recently they have experimented with a view of testing Fresnel's explanation of astronomical aberration. Their most recent work in this direction has been the determining of a practical method of comparing the wave-lengths of sodium light with the meter more accurately than has hitherto been done; also a method of laying down on a bar of metal a desired number of such wave-lengths with an accuracy greater than that of a micrometric comparison of standards of lengths, so that the sodium wavelength may be made a natural standard of length. At present he is engaged in redetermining the atomic weight of oxygen. In 1877 he received the degree of M.D. from the Cleveland medical college, and in 1878 Ph.D. from the University of Wooster. Professor Morley has collected a unique chemical library, and has the most complete files of chemical journals in the United States. He was a member of scientific societies, and in 1883 was vice-president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, for the chemical section, and president of that organization in 1895. Chemist Julie Perkins of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory pours from a Florence flask. ... Skyline of downtown Newark as seen from the Newark Bay Bridge. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Williams College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. ... Chemistry (derived from alchemy) is the science of matter at or near the atomic scale. ... Case Western Reserve University is a private research university located in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. It was formed in 1967 by the federation of Case Institute of Technology (founded in 1880 by philanthropist Leonard Case Jr. ... Bodybuilding In bodybuilding, striations are the tiny grooves of muscle across major muscle groups characteristic of a well-developed body. ... Diatoms are the most common of the eukaryotic algae. ... Albert Abraham Michelson. ... Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau Physicist Armand Hippolyte Louis Fizeau (September 23, 1819-1896), French physicist, was born in Paris. ... ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series Nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless Atomic mass 15. ... The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an organization that promotes cooperation between scientists, defends scientific freedom, encourages scientific responsibility and supports scientific education for the betterment of all humanity. ... The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) is an organization that supports scientific progress for the betterment of all mankind. ...


It is anticipated that his studies in collaboration with Albert A. Michelson (completed in 1887) will lead to important conclusions regarding the luminiferous aether and its effects upon the velocity of light. Albert Abraham Michelson. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... The luminiferous aether: it was hypothesised that the Earth moves through a medium of aether that carries light In the late 19th century luminiferous aether (light-bearing aether) was the term used to describe a medium for the propagation of light. ...


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Edward Morley Summary (0 words)
Morley was the eldest of four children born to a Congregationalist minister in Newark, New Jersey in 1838.
Morley was born in Newark, New Jersey, on January 29, 1838.
Morley was nominated for the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1902, and received a number of other honors including the Davy Medal of the Royal Society in 1907, the Elliot Cresson Medal of the Franklin Institute in 1912, and the Willard Gibbs Medal of the Chicago section of the American Chemical Society in 1917.
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