FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon

Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon (28 November 166131 March 1723), styled Viscount Cornbury between 1674 and 1709, was Governor of New York and New Jersey between 1701 and 1708, and is perhaps best known for the claims of him cross-dressing while in office. is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1661 (MDCLXI) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... This is a list of the Governors of New York. ... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... This articles is about cross-dressing in general, that is the act of wearing the clothing of another gender for any reason. ...


Born The Hon. Edward Hyde, the only child of Henry, Viscount Cornbury (1638-1709), eldest son of the 1st Earl of Clarendon, and the former Theodosia Capell (1640-1662), daughter of the 1st Baron Capell and sister of the 1st Earl of Essex, he was the nephew of Lady Anne Hyde, first wife of the future King James II. His childhood was spent at Swallowfield in Berkshire and he matriculated at Oxford on 23 January 1675, a month after his father had succeeded as 2nd Earl of Clarendon, making him Viscount Cornbury. He entered the Royal Regiment of Dragoons (The Blues and Royals or Royal Horse Guards/1st Dragoons), and became a Tory Member of Parliament for Wiltshire from 1685-1687 and 1689-1696 and for Christchurch 1695-1701. He was Master of the Horse to Prince George of Denmark, and a Page of Honour to King James II at his Coronation. He was one of the first commanders to desert the King in 1688, taking with him as many troops as he could. Henry Hyde, (1638-1709), was the son of Edward Hyde, the 1st Earl of Clarendon, and his wife Frances Aylesbury. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (18 February 1609–9 December 1674) was an English historian, statesman and grandfather of two queens regnant, Mary II and Anne. ... Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... Arthur Capel, 1st Baron Capel (c. ... Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex (1631 – July 13, 1683), whose surname is often spelled Capel, was an English statesman. ... Lady Anne Hyde (1637 - March 31, 1671), daughter of Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon, became the first wife of James, Duke of York (the future King James II of England), and the mother of two British queens, Mary II and Anne. ... James II and VII (14 October 1633 – 16 September 1701)[2] was King of England, King of Scots,[1] and King of Ireland from 6 February 1685 to 11 December 1688. ... Swallowfield is a village and civil parish in the English county of Berkshire, close to Reading. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up matriculation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Blues and Royals are a British Army armoured regiment and are part of the Household Cavalry. ... The Royal Horse Guards (RHG) was a Household Cavalry regiment of the British Army. ... For other uses, see Tory (disambiguation). ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Not to be confused with Wilshire. ... Events February 6 - James Stuart, Duke of York becomes King James II of England and Ireland and King James VII of Scotland. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... Year 1689 (MDCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... The year 1696 had the earliest equinoxes and solstices for 400 years in the Gregorian calendar, because this year is a leap year and the Gregorian calendar would have behaved like the Julian calendar since March 1500 had it have been in use that long. ... Jan. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... The Master of the Horse was (and in some cases, is) a historical position of varying importance in several European nations. ... Prince George of Denmark Prince George of Denmark (April 2, 1653 - October 28, 1708) was the Prince consort of Queen Anne of Great Britain. ... While a page is a comparatively low-ranking servant, a Page of Honour is a chilvalric and ceremonial position in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. ... // Events A high-powered conspiracy of notables, the Immortal Seven, invite William and Mary to depose James II of England. ...


Also in 1688, Lord Cornbury married, in a clandestine ceremony, Katherine O'Brien, daughter of Henry, Lord Ilbracken, eldest son of the 7th Earl of Thomond, who succeeded her mother in 1702 as 8th Baroness Clifton. Lady Cornbury died in New York on 11 August 1706 and is buried at Trinity Church, New York. is the 223rd day of the year (224th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Trinity Church Close-up of Trinity Church Trinity Church, at the corner of Broadway and Wall Street in New York City, viewed from the World Trade Center A glimpse of New York from Trinity Church steeple. ...


He became Governor of New York and New Jersey from 1701 to 1708, in which position he earned a very foul repute. It is said that his character and conduct were equally abhorred in both hemispheres. He was imprisoned for debt at the time of his father's death, when he succeeded as 3rd Earl of Clarendon. He was Envoy Extraordinary to Hanover in 1714. This is a list of colonial governors during British rule: See also a list of governors since 1777: List of Governors of New York Category: ... Jon Corzine 54th Governor of New Jersey; Incumbent Christine Christie Todd Whitman, the first female governor of New Jersey The Governor of New Jersey is the chief executive of the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ...


Lord Clarendon died at Chelsea, in obscurity and debt, and was buried on 5 April 1723 in Westminster Abbey. Although his eldest son, Edward, Viscount Cornbury, predeceased him without children (the Earldom passing on his death to his cousin, the 2nd Earl of Rochester), by his daughter Theodosia, who married John Bligh (later the 1st Earl of Darnley), he is ancestor of many alive today, including actor Cary Elwes. Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... is the 95th day of the year (96th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events February 16 - Louis XV of France attains his majority Births February 24 - John Burgoyne, British general (d. ... The Collegiate Church of St Peter, Westminster, which is almost always referred to by its original name of Westminster Abbey, is a mainly Gothic church, on the scale of a cathedral (and indeed often mistaken for one), in Westminster, London, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. ... Henry Hyde (1672-10 December 1753) was the 2nd Earl of Rochester and the 4th Earl of Clarendon of the 1661 creation. ... The Earldom of Darnley has been created in both the Peerage of Scotland and the Peerage of Ireland. ... Ivan Simon Cary Elwes (born October 26, 1962) is an English actor credited as Cary Elwes, best known for his performances in The Princess Bride, Robin Hood: Men in Tights and Saw. ...


Reputation

The purported portrait of Lord Cornbury from the New York Historical Society

Cornbury came to be regarded in the historical literature as a moral profligate, sunk in corruption: possibly the worst governor Britain ever imposed on an American colony. The early accounts claim he took bribes and plundered the public treasury. Nineteenth century historian George Bancroft said that Cornbury illustrated the worst form of the English aristocracy's "arrogance, joined to intellectual imbecility". Later historians characterize him as a "degenerate and pervert who is said to have spent half of his time dressed in women's clothes", a "fop and a wastrel". He is said to have delivered a "flowery panegyric on his wife's ears" after which he invited every gentleman present to feel precisely how shell-like they were; to have misappropriated £1500 meant for the defense of New York Harbor, and, scandalously, to have dressed in women's clothing and lurked "behind trees to pounce, shrieking with laughter, on his victims".[citation needed] Putative Oil Portrait of Edward Hyde, Viscount Cornbury, in Womens Clothes. ... George Bancroft (October 3, 1800 – January 17, 1891) was an American historian and statesman. ...


Patricia U. Bonomi, in her book The Lord Cornbury Scandal: The Politics of Reputation in British America re-examined these assertions, and states them to be questionable and based on very little evidence. Three colonials, all members of a faction opposed to Cornbury, wrote four letters between 1707 and 1709 discussing a rumor that Lord Cornbury wore women's clothes. There are also some early documents that might be cited to support charges of having taken bribes or misappropriated government funds, but there the contemporary evidence ends.


Some of the other tales (The ears business, and that Cornbury had vowed to wear women's clothes one month a year), were written fifty years after the supposed events had occurred, and some of the suppositions that were made to justify them (e.g. that he dressed as a woman because he was the Queen's representative) were likely wholly untrue.


Another frequently cited piece of evidence is that portrait claimed to be of Lord Cornbury dressed in women's clothes hangs today in the New York Historical Society. Almost nothing is known about the origins or subject of the picture. The New-York Historical Society is an American organization located in New York City and dedicated to the preservation of the citys history. ...


New York Governor

In the interim after Cornbury's time as Governor of New York, there were several acting governors:

  • Lord Lovelace (1708-1709 as Governor)
  • Peter Schuyler (1709 as Acting Governor) (also 1719-1720}
  • Richard Ingoldsby (1709-1710 as Acting Governor)
  • Gerardus Beekman (1710 as Acting Governor)

In 1710, General Robert Hunter arrived to fill the post. Pieter Schuyler ( September 17, 1657 – February 19, 1724 ) was the mayor of Albany, New York and the head the Albany Commissioners for Indian Affairs. ... Colonel Sir Richard Ingoldsby (1617–1685) was an officer in the New Model Army and a Regicide who as a Commisoner (Judge) at the trial of King Charles I signed his death warrant. ... General Robert Hunter (1664-1734) was colonial governor of New York from 1710 to 1719. ...

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Henry Hyde
Earl of Clarendon
1709–1723
Succeeded by
Henry Hyde
Government offices
Preceded by
Earl of Bellomont
Colonial Governor of New York
1702 — 1708
Succeeded by
General Robert Hunter

The Peerage of England comprises all peerages created in the Kingdom of England before the Act of Union in 1707. ... Henry Hyde, (1638-1709), was the son of Edward Hyde, the 1st Earl of Clarendon, and his wife Frances Aylesbury. ... The title Earl of Clarendon was created in 1776 for the politician and diplomat Thomas Villiers, second son of William Villiers, 2nd Earl of Jersey. ... Henry Hyde (1672-10 December 1753) was the 2nd Earl of Rochester and the 4th Earl of Clarendon of the 1661 creation. ... Earl of Bellomont, Richard Coote (1636-1701) was colonial governor of New York from 1698 to 1701. ... This is a list of colonial governors during British rule: See also a list of governors since 1777: List of Governors of New York Category: ... General Robert Hunter (1664-1734) was colonial governor of New York from 1710 to 1719. ...

External links

  • Did New York once have a transvestite governor?
  • Royal Berkshire History: Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon - definition of Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon in Encyclopedia (652 words)
Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, also known by the courtesy title of Lord Cornbury (November 28, 1661 - March 31, 1723) was Governor of New York and New Jersey and perhaps best known for being that which he never was: America's first transvestite governor.
Lord Cornbury died at Chelsea, in obscurity and debt, and was buried April 5, 1723 in Westminster Abbey.
By his daughter Theodosia, who married John Bligh, 1st Earl of Darnley, he is ancestor of many alive today, including actor Cary Elwes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m