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Encyclopedia > Edward Holyoke

Edward Holyoke (June 26, 1689June 1, 1769) was an early American clergyman and educator. He was educated at North Grammar School, Boston, went directly from there to Harvard College. He graduated in 1705 at age 16, and gave the class Bachelor's Oration. In 1708 he received his M.A from Harvard College. From 1709 - 1712 he was the librarian at Harvard. During 1712, he was a tutor (instructor), and the following 3 years (1713 - 1716) he was a Fellow of the Corporation. Also, in 1714 he became a candidate for colleague pastor with Rev. Samuel Cheever of Marblehead, but the majority of the church favored another candidate. The minority withdrew and formed a second church which Edward was ordained as pastor for this Second Church of Marblehead on April 25, 1716 and served the church for 21 years. June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... Events Louis XIV of France passed the Code Noir, allowing the full use of slaves in the French colonies. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1769 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

When Mr. Holyoke was approved by Governor Belcher as the choice as President of Harvard College, the General Court agreed to pay Marblehead Society 140 pounds "to encourage and facilitate the settlement of a minister there ..." Mr. Holyoke became the 9th President of Harvard College (1737 - 1769), succeeding after Benjamin Wadsworth death. At the time there were about 100 students, taught by the president and four tutors. As the president, he is essentially the chairman of the Harvard Corporation, and he is responsible to the the day-to-day running of the university and teach.

His election-day sermon delivered in 1736 before the Governor and General Court in which he boldly declared: “All forms of government originate from the people . . . As these forms have originated from the people, doubtless they may be changed whensoever the body of them choose, to make such and alteration.” “A liberal in politics, Holyoke was also an eloquent spokesman of new spirit of toleration that was softening the strict tenets of New England Calvinism. To minister or pastors, he had insisted on occasions, that governments “should have no hand in making any laws with regard to the spiritual affairs of their people . . . [and] have no right to impose their interpretations of the laws of Christ upon their flocks . . . Every Man therefore is to judge for himself in these things.” <<John Adams, 1735 to 1784, Page Smith; Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, NY 1962>>

All but one Massachusetts Revolutionary leaders were students of Edward HOLYOKE; Samual Adams (grad. 1740), James Otis (grad. 1743), Jonathan Mayhew & Thomas Cushing (grad. 1744), John Hancock (grad. 1754), John Adams (grad. 1755), Joseph Warren (grad. 1759), and Josiah Quincy, Jr. (grad. 1763). Other notable New England names were John Wentworth, Samuel Quincy, Moses Hemmenway, Charles Cushing, Nathan Webb, William Browne, Philip Livingston, David Sewall, Daniel Treadwell, Tristam Dalton. <<Holyoke, A North American Family 1637 - 1992, John Gibbs Holyoke; Gateway Press, Inc. (Baltimore, 1993)>>

“Much was said, both in approval and censure of the President’s “catholic temper,” which soon affected the intellectual climate of the college. He had, moreover, “a good spirit of government.” Kindly, he was at the same time a firm disciplinarian, a man “of a noble commanding presence.” In his company students must stand or uncover. His girth won him the irreverent student nickname of “guts.” <<John Adams, 1735 to 1784, Page Smith; Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, NY 1962>> <<Biographical Sketches of Graduates of Harvard University ..., John Langdon Sibley and Clifford K Shipton; Cambridge & Boston, 1873>>

“The fact that Harvard had moved a long way from the strict faith of the fathers, under Holyoke’s “catholic temper” all manner of heresies flourished, or if they were not encouraged, were not firmly suppressed. Yale was the only stronghold of orthodoxy.” “The President (Holyoke) had had the distinction, as an undergraduate, of having more fines and black marks recorded against his name for breaches of discipline than any student of his day. But he had grown in time to be a good and wise man, pastor of the Marblehead congregation." <<John Adams, 1735 to 1784, Page Smith; Doubleday & Company, Inc., Garden City, NY 1962>>

Edward died (1769) while still the President of Harvard College, the oldest person (age 80) to occupy the presidency of Harvard.

Preceded by:
Benjamin Wadsworth
President of Harvard University
Succeeded by:
Samuel Locke

Benjamin Wadsworth (1670 - 1737) was an early American clergyman and educator. ... The President is the chief administrator of Harvard University. ... Samuel Locke (1732 - 1778) was a U.S. Congregational clergyman and educator. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Salem Massachusetts - Salem Tales (703 words)
Holyoke was born in Marblehead, the son of the Rev. Edward Holyoke and Margaret Appleton of Ipswich.
The younger Edward entered the college at the age of 14 and graduated in the class of 1746.
Holyoke, for example, was one of the first to make the connection between the use of pewter dishes and lead poisoning.
  More results at FactBites »



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