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Encyclopedia > Edward Harris (archaeologist)

Dr. Edward C. Harris, MBE, JP, FSA is a prominent Bermudian archaeologist.

Dr Edward Cecil Harris
Dr Edward Cecil Harris

Harris is most famous for his Harris matrix, developed in February 1973 and considered by some to be the "industry standard" for stratigraphic archaeology. This was followed by a five-year investigation into archaeological practices. He determined that the methods did not properly account for stratigraphy, and published his findings in 1979 as the Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy. The Harris Matrix or Harris-Winchester Matrix is a method of recording and interpreting archaeological sites. ...

While attending university in the United States, Harris spent the summers assisting on archaeological digs in Winchester, England. After graduating, he continued his archaeological work, including in Bergen, Norway and along the Persian Gulf. In 1997 he worked towards a Ph.D. through London University, while working on excavations in New Guinea. Columbia University is a private university whose main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood of the Borough of Manhattan in New York City. ... Winchester is a historic city in southern England, with a population of around 40,000 within a 3 mile radius of its centre. ... // Bergen may refer to: Places There are several places named Bergen: Bergen, Norway, the second largest city in Norway Bergen, Belgium, better known by its French name of Mons Germany Bergen, Hesse Bergen, Lower Saxony, in the district of Celle. ... It has been suggested that Persian Gulf States be merged into this article or section. ... Senate House, designed by Charles Holden home to the universitys central administration offices and its library The University of London, founded in 1836, is a federation of colleges which together constitute one of the worlds largest universities. ...

In 1982 Harris became a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London, and in 1991 he became a Fellow at the John Carter Brown Library at Brown University. The Society of Antiquaries of London is a learned society, based in the United Kingdom, concerned with the encouragement, advancement and furtherance of the study and knowledge of the antiquities and history of this and other countries. This includes archaeology, architectural history, art history, conservation, heraldry, anthropology, and ecclesiastical studies. ... Brown University is a private university located in Providence, Rhode Island. ...

Outside of academia, Harris has been awarded the Palmetto Award by the Bermuda National Trust, for his efforts in the historical preservation of several buildings in 1994. The Bermuda National Trust is an organisation which works to preserve and protect the heritage of Bermuda. ...

In Bermuda, Harris serves as the executive director of the Bermuda Maritime Museum, and writes a history column, entitled "Heritage Matters", for the local newspaper. He is a frequent contributor to the annual Bermuda Journal of Archaeology and Maritime History, and has served as its editor.


  • Principles of Archaeological Stratigraphy (1979)
  • Pillars of the Bridge (1991)
  • Bermuda Forts 1612-1957 (1997)

Articles in BJAMH

Articles in the Bermuda Journal of Archaeology and Maritime History. In 2001 he held the position of editor.

  • "Bermuda Defences at the End of the American Revolutionary War" (1989)
  • "A History of Some of the Islands in St. George's Harbour" (1991) with J. C. Arnell
  • "The 1991 Archaeological Field Season at Fort Cunningham, Bermuda" (1991) with Richard A. Gould and John R. Triggs
  • "Review of The Geological Map of Bermuda" (1991)
  • "The 1992 Archaeological Field Season at Fort Cunningham, Bermuda" (1992) with Richard A. Gould and John R. Triggs
  • "The 1993 Archaeological Investigations at Castle Island, Bermuda" (1994)
  • "Archaeology of the King's Castle Island, Bermuda: The 1994 and 1995 Seasons" (1996) with Norman F. Barka and Heather M. Harvey
  • "The Archaeology of Daniel's Island Fort, Bermuda" (1996) with Norman F. Barka
  • "War and Peace: Historic Fortifications and Heritage Education in the Age of Cultural Tourism" (1998)
  • "The Archaeology of Paget Fort—Bermuda's First Fort" (1999)

External links

  • [1] HarrisMatrix.com
  • [2] Biography on HarrisMatrix.com
  • [3] Bermuda Maritime Museum



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