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Encyclopedia > Edward Gierek
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Edward Gierek
Edward Gierek

Edward Gierek (January 6, 1913 - July 29, 2001) was a Polish Communist leader. Edward Gierek (from pl. ... Edward Gierek (from pl. ... Jump to: navigation, search January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1913 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Jump to: navigation, search this is disney internet group Communism refers to a theoretical system of social organization and a political movement based on common ownership of the means of production. ...


Born in Zagorze, a suburb of Sosnowiec. When he was 4, his father died in a mining accident. His mother married again and emigrated to France, where he was raised. He joined the French Communist party in 1931 and was later deported to Poland for organizing a strike. After his military service in Stryj, Galicia, G. went to Belgium, joining the Communist party, and worked in the coal mines of Waterschei. He returned to Poland in 1948 and rose through the party ranks to become by 1957 a member of the Polish parliament. As first secretary of the Katowice voivodship party organization (1957-70), Gierek created a personal power base and became the recognized leader of the young technocrat faction of the party. When rioting over economic conditions broke out in late 1970, Gierek replaced Władysław Gomułka as party first secretary. Gierek promised economic reform and instituted a program to modernize industry and increase the availability of consumer goods. This process was helped by foreign loans. His easiness to deal with Western leaders, especially of France (Giscard) and Germany (Schmidt) was also a catalysator of foreign assistance. The standard of living increased markedly and for a time he was hailed a miracle-worker. The economy, however, began to falter during the 1973 oil crisis, and by 1976 price increases became necessary. New riots broke out (especially Radom, 1976), and although they were forcibly suppressed, the increases were cancelled. High foreign debts, food shortages, and an outmoded industrial base compelled a new round of economic reforms in 1980. Once again, price increases set off protests across the country, especially in the Gdansk (Danzig) and Szczecin (Stettin) shipyards. Gierek was forced to grant legal status to Solidarity and to concede the right to strike. Shortly thereafter, he was replaced as party leader by Stanisław Kania. The next strongman to rule Poland was General Wojciech Jaruzelski who subsequently introduced martial law on December 13, 1981. The books of Rolicki, one with conversations and another one being a biography, give strong impressions of a tragic figure of Polish history, whose character was rather different from other communist leaders. Motto: none Voivodship Silesian Municipal government Rada Miejska Sosnowiec Mayor Kazimierz Górski Area 91,2 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 231 540 2. ... 1931 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Katowice (pronounce: [katÉ”vʲitsÉ›], original former Polish name KÄ…towicze, Czech Katovice, German Kattowitz) is an important city of the historical region of Upper Silesia in southern Poland on the Klodnica and Rawa rivers. ... A Voivodship (also voivodeship, Romanian: voievodat, Polish: województwo, Serbian: vojvodstvo or vojvodina) was a feudal state in medieval Romania, Hungary, Poland, Russia and Serbia (see Vojvodina), ruled by a Voivod (voivode). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1973 was a common year starting on Monday. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Solidarity (Polish Solidarność) is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the GdaÅ„sk Shipyards, originally led by Lech WaÅ‚Ä™sa. ... Categories: Stub | 1927 births | Polish politicians ... Office {{{office}}} Term of office from July 19, 1989 until December 22, 1990 Profession Officer Political party PZPR Spouse Barbara Jaruzelska Date of birth July 6, 1923 Place of birth Kurów near PuÅ‚awy, Poland Date of death Place of death Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (pronounce: [vÉ”jtɕεx jaru... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


See also

  • History of Poland (1945-1989)


Jump to: navigation, search The history of Poland from 1945 to 1989 spans the period of Soviet Communist dominance over the Peoples Republic of Poland in the decades following World War II. These years, while featuring many improvements in the standards of living in Poland, were marred by political...

edit First Secretary of the Central Committee Logo of the Polish United Workers' Party
People's Republic of Poland (1948 - 1989) Bolesław Bierut | Edward Ochab | Władysław Gomułka | Edward Gierek | Stanisław Kania | Wojciech Jaruzelski | Mieczysław Rakowski


The Polish United Workers Party (PUWP; in Polish, Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, PZPR), was the governing political party in communist_ruled Poland from its creation (through a fusion of the communist Polish Workers Party and the left wing of the Polish Socialist Party) in December 1948 until the regimes electoral... Logo of the Polish United Workers Party, fair use This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The Peoples Republic of Poland or Polish Peoples Republic (Polish: Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa, PRL) was the official name of Poland from 1952 to 1989, during its period of rule by the Communist party, officially called the Polish United Workers Party (Polska Zjednoczona Partia Robotnicza, or PZPR). ... Term of office from February 5, 1947 until November 21, 1952 Profession typesetter Political party communist Spouse Wanda Górska Date of birth April 18, 1892 Place of birth Rury Jezuickie near Lublin Date of death March 12, 1956 Place of death Moscow, Soviet Union Bolesław Bierut (real name... Edward Ochab (1906-1989) was a Polish Communist politician who was First Secretary of the Communist party between March and October 1956 and served as head of state in the years 1964-1968. ... Władysław Gomułka on the cover of Time Magazine Władysław Gomułka (February 6, 1905, Krosno – September 1, 1982) was a Polish Communist leader. ... Stanisław Kania Stanisław Kania (born March 8, 1927) was a Polish communist political leader. ... Office {{{office}}} Term of office from July 19, 1989 until December 22, 1990 Profession Officer Political party PZPR Spouse Barbara Jaruzelska Date of birth July 6, 1923 Place of birth Kurów near Puławy, Poland Date of death Place of death Wojciech Witold Jaruzelski (pronounce: [vɔjtɕεx jaru... Mieczysław Rakowski (b. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
NodeWorks - Encyclopedia: Edward Gierek (318 words)
Edward Gierek (January 6 1913 - July 29 2001) was a Polish Communist leader.
Born in Zagorze, a suburb of Sosnowiec, his family emigrated to France, where he was raised.
He returned to Poland in 1948 and rose through the party ranks to become by 1957 a member of the Polish parliament.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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