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Encyclopedia > Edward Fowler

Edward Fowler (1632 - August 26, 1714) was an English churchman, Bishop of Gloucester from 1691 until his death.


He was born at Westerleigh, Gloucestershire, and was educated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, later moving to Trinity College, Cambridge. He was successively rector of Norhill, Bedfordshire (1656) and of All Hallows, Bread Street, London (1673), and in 1676 was elected a canon of Gloucester; his friend, Henry More, one of the Cambridge Platonists, resigned in his favour. In 1681 he became vicar of St Giles, Cripplegate, but after four years was suspended for being a Whig. When the Declaration of Indulgence was published in 1687 he successfully influenced the London clergy against reading it.


In 1691 he was consecrated Bishop of Gloucester and held the see until his death. Fowler was suspected of Pelagian tendencies, and his earliest book was a Free Discourse in defence of The Practices of Certain Moderate Divines called Latitudinarians (1670). The Design of Christianity, published in the following year, in which he laid stress on the moral design of revelation, was criticized by Richard Baxter in his How far Holiness is the Design of Christianity (1671) and by John Bunyan in his Defence of the Doctrine of Justification by Faith (1672). Bunyan described the Design as "a mixture of Popery, Socinianism and Quakerism," an accusation to which Fowler replied in a scurrilous pamphlet entitled Dirt Wip'd Off. He also published, in 1693, Twenty-Eight Propositions, by which the Doctrine of the Trinity is endeavoured to be explained, challenging with some success the Socinian position.


Reference


  Results from FactBites:
 
Edward Fowler - LoveToKnow 1911 (179 words)
EDWARD FOWLER (1632-1714), English divine, was born in 1632 at Westerleigh, Gloucestershire, and was educated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, afterwards migrating to Trinity College, Cambridge.
In 1691 he was consecrated bishop of Gloucester and held the see until his death on the 26th of August 1714.
Fowler was suspected of Pelagian tendencies, and his earliest book was a Free Discourse in defence of The Practices of Certain Moderate Divines called Latitudinarians (1670).
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Edward Fowler (331 words)
Edward Fowler (1632 - August 26, 1714) was an English churchman, Bishop of Gloucester from 1691 until his death.
He was born at Westerleigh, Gloucestershire, and was educated at Corpus Christi College, Oxford, later moving to Trinity College, Cambridge.
The Design of Christianity, published in the following year, in which he laid stress on the moral design of revelation, was criticized by Richard Baxter in his How far Holiness is the Design of Christianity (1671) and by John Bunyan in his Defence of the Doctrine of Justification by Faith (1672).
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