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Encyclopedia > Edward Elgar
Sir Edward Elgar
Sir Edward Elgar

Sir Edward William Elgar, 1st Baronet, OM, GCVO (2 June 185723 February 1934) was an English Romantic composer. Several of his first major orchestral works, including the Enigma Variations and the Pomp and Circumstance Marches, were greeted with acclaim. He also composed oratorios, chamber music, symphonies and instrumental concertos. He was appointed Master of the King's Musick in 1924. Elgar pictured two years after the successful premiere of the Enigma variations The Enigma variations premiered in 1899, dating this picture to 1901; thus public domain. ... Elgar pictured two years after the successful premiere of the Enigma variations The Enigma variations premiered in 1899, dating this picture to 1901; thus public domain. ... The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The era of Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... For the song titled Orchestra, see The Servant (band). ... Variations on an Original Theme for orchestra, Op. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, vocal soloists and chorus. ... Chamber music is a form of classical music, written for a small group of instruments which traditionally could be accommodated in a palace chamber. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... [[Media:Example. ... Master of the Queens Music (or Master of the Kings Music) is a prestigious post in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. ...

Contents

Biography

Early years

Edward Elgar was born in the small village of Lower Broadheath outside Worcester to William Elgar, a piano tuner and music dealer, and his wife Anne (née Greening). The fourth of seven children, Elgar's siblings were Henry John (Harry) (15 October 1848–5 May 1864), Lucy Ann (born 29 May 1852), Susannah Mary (Pollie) (born 28 December 1854), Frederick Joseph (Jo) (born 28 August 1859), Francis Thomas (Frank) (born 1 October 1861), and Helen Agnes (Dott or Dot) (born 1 January 1864).[1] His mother, Anne, had converted to Catholicism shortly before Edward's birth, so Edward was baptised and brought up as a Roman Catholic. Broadheath is a civil parish in the Malvern Hills district of Worcestershire, England. ... This article is about the city of Worcester in England. ... A short grand piano, with the lid up. ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ...


Elgar was an early riser, and would often turn to reading Voltaire, Drayton, historical classics, Longfellow and other works encouraged by his mother. By the age of eight, he was taking piano and violin lessons, and would often listen to his father playing organ at St. George's church, and soon took it up also. His prime interest, however, was the violin, and his first written music was for that instrument. For the singer of the same name, see Voltaire (musician). ... Baron Longfellow , also named Andy Kim was an artist from the 60s. ...


Surrounded by sheet music, instruments, and music textbooks in his father's shop in Worcester's High Street, the young Elgar became self-taught in music theory. On warm summer days, he would take manuscripts into the countryside to study them (he was a passionate and adventurous early cyclist from the age of 5). Thus there began for him a strong association between music and nature. As he was later to say, "There is music in the air, music all around us, the world is full of it and you simply take as much as you require." The city of Worcester (pronounced Wuh-ster) is the county town of Worcestershire in England; the river Severn runs through the middle, with the citys large Worcester Cathedral overlooking the river. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ...


At the age of 15, Elgar had hoped to go to Leipzig, Germany to study music, but lacking the funds, he instead left school and began working for a local solicitor. Around this time he made his first public appearances as a violinist and organist. After a few months, he left the solicitor and embarked on a musical career, giving piano and violin lessons, and working occasionally in his father's shop. Elgar was an active member of the Worcester Glee Club, along with his father, and he accompanied singers, played violin, composed and arranged works, and even conducted for the first time. At 22 he took up the post of bandmaster at the Worcester and County Lunatic Asylum in Powick, three miles south-west of Worcester., a progressive institution which believed in the recuperative powers of music. He composed here too; some of the pieces for the asylum orchestra (music in dance forms) were rediscovered and performed locally in 1996. A solicitor is a type of lawyer in many common law jurisdictions, such as the United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Republic of Ireland, Australia, New Zealand and Canada, and in a few regions of the United States. ... Formerly the Worcester County Pauper and Lunatic Asylum, Powick Hospital was founded in 1847 under the supervision of architects John R. Hamilton & James Medland of Gloucester and opened in the August of 1852. ... Powick is a village in Worcestershire, England close to the River Teme. ...


In many ways, his years as a young Worcestershire violinist were his happiest. He played in the first violins at the Worcester and Birmingham Festivals, and one great experience was to play Antonín Dvořák's Symphony No. 6 and Stabat Mater under the composer's baton. As part of a wind quintet and for his musical friends, he arranged dozens of pieces by Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn, and other masters, honing his arranging and compositional skills, and applying them to his earliest pieces. Although somewhat solitary and introspective by nature, Elgar thrived in Worcester's musical circles. Antonín Leopold Dvořák ( ; September 8, 1841 – May 1, 1904) was a Czech composer of Romantic music, who employed the idioms and melodies of the folk music of his native Bohemiaand Moravia in symphonic, oratorial, chamber and operatic works. ... The Symphony No. ... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756 – December 5, 1791) was one of the most significant and influential of all composers of Western classical music. ... Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig van Beethoven (baptized December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827) was a German composer of Classical music, the predominant musical figure in the transitional period between the Classical and Romantic eras. ... (Franz) Joseph Haydn (in German, Josef; he never used the Franz) (March 31, 1732 – May 31, 1809) was a leading composer of the classical period. ...


In his first trips abroad in 1880-2, Elgar visited Paris and Leipzig, attended concerts by first rate orchestras, and was exposed to Wagnerism, then the rage. Returning to his more provincial milieu increased his desire for a wider fame. He often went to London in an attempt to get his works published, but this period in his life found him frequently despondent and low on money. He wrote to a friend in April 1884, "My prospects are about as hopeless as ever...I am not wanting in energy I think, so sometimes I conclude that 'tis want of ability...I have no money--not a cent." [2]


At 29, through his teaching, he met (Caroline) Alice Roberts, daughter of the late Major-General Sir Henry Roberts and a published author of verse and prose fiction. Eight years older than Elgar, she became his wife three years later against the wishes of her family. Her faith in him and her courage in marrying 'beneath her class' were strongly supportive to his career. She dealt with his mood swings and was a generous musical critic. Alice was also his business manager and social secretary. She did her best to gain him the attention of influential society, though with limited success. In time he would learn to accept the honours given him, realizing that they mattered more to her and her social class. She also gave up some of her personal aspirations to further his career. In her diary she later admitted, "The care of a genius is enough of a life work for any woman." [3] As an engagement present, Elgar presented her with the short violin and piano piece Salut d'amour. With Alice's encouragement, the Elgars moved to London to be closer to the center of British musical life, and Edward started composing in earnest. The stay was unsuccessful, however, and they were obliged to return to Great Malvern, where Edward could earn a living teaching and conducting local musical ensembles. Though disappointed at the London episode, the return to the country proved better for Elgar's health and as a base of musical inspiration, bringing him closer to nature and to his friends. For the Anne Rice novel, see Violin (novel). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Great Malvern is a town in Worcestershire, England positioned at the foot of, and partly on the sides of, the Malvern Hills. ...


Growing reputation

During the 1890s Elgar gradually built up a reputation as a composer, chiefly of works for the great choral festivals of the Midlands. The Black Knight and King Olaf (1896), both inspired by Longfellow, The Light of Life and Caractacus were all modestly successful and he obtained a long-standing publisher in Novello and Company. He also generously recommended the young composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor to the Three Choirs Festival for a concert piece, which helped establish the younger man's career. Elgar was catching the eyes of the prominent critics, although their reviews were still lukewarm, and he was in demand as a festival composer, but he was just getting by financially and not feeling appreciated the way he wanted to be. In 1898, he continued to be "very sick at heart over music" and hoped to find a way to succeed with a larger work. His friend Jaeger tried to lift his spirits, "A day's attack of the blues...will not drive away your desire, your necessity, which is to exercise those creative faculties which a kind providence has given you. Your time of universal recognition will come."[4] This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Caratacus (also spelled Caractacus) was a historical British chieftain of the Catuvellauni tribe, who led the British resistance to the Roman conquest. ... A 1912 obituary in the African Methodist Episcopal Church Review Samuel Coleridge-Taylor (August 15, 1875–September 1, 1912) was a black, English composer who achieved such success he was called The Black Mahler. ... The Three Choirs Festival is a British music festival, held each August alternately at the cathedrals of Hereford, Gloucester and Worcester and originally featuring their three choirs, which remain central to the week-long programme. ...


In 1899, that prediction suddenly came true. At the age of 42, Elgar's produced his first major orchestral work, the Enigma Variations, which was premiered in London under the baton of the eminent German conductor Hans Richter. In Elgar's own words, "I have sketched a set of Variations on an original theme. The Variations have amused me because I've labeled them with the nicknames of my particular friends...that is to say I've written the variations each one to represent the mood of the 'party' (the person)... and have written what I think they would have written--if they were asses enough to compose". [5] Elgar dedicated the work "To my friends pictured within". Variations on an Original Theme for orchestra, Op. ... Hans Richter (1843–1916), Austrian conductor (born in what is now Hungary), studied at the Vienna Conservatory (showing a special interest in the horn) and developed his conducting career at several opera-houses in the Austro-Hungarian empire. ...


The large-scale work was received with general acclaim, heralded for its originality, charm, and fine craftsmanship, and it established Elgar as the pre-eminent British composer of his generation. It is formally titled Variations on an Original Theme; the word "Enigma" appears over the first six measures of music, which led to the familiar version of the title. The enigma is that, although there are fourteen variations on the "original theme", the 'enigma' theme, which Elgar said 'runs through and over the whole set' is never heard. Many later commentators have observed that although Elgar is today regarded as a characteristically English composer, his orchestral music and this work in particular share much with the Central European tradition typified at the time by the work of Richard Strauss. Indeed, the Enigma Variations were well-received in Germany, and persist to this day as a world-wide concert favorite. This article is about the German composer of tone-poems and operas. ...


The following year saw the production at the Birmingham Triennial Music Festival of his choral setting of Cardinal Newman's poem The Dream of Gerontius. Despite a disastrous first performance due to poorly-prepared performers, the German premiere was much better received and the work was established within a few years as one of Elgar's greatest. It is now regarded as one of the finest examples of English choral music from any era. The Birmingham Triennial Musical Festival is the longest-running classical music festival of its kind. ... J H Newman age 23 when he preached his first sermon. ... The Dream of Gerontius, popularly called just Gerontius, is an oratorio (Opus 38) in two parts composed by Edward Elgar in 1900, to text from the poem by Cardinal Newman. ...


Elgar is probably best known for the five Pomp and Circumstance Marches, composed between 1901 and 1930. Shortly after he composed the first march, Elgar set the trio melody to words by A. C. Benson as a Coronation Ode to mark the coronation of King Edward VII. The suggestion had already been made (allegedly by the future King himself) that words should be fitted to the broad tune which formed the trio section of this march. Against the advice of his friends, Elgar suggested that Benson furnish further words to allow him to include it in the new work. The result was Land of Hope and Glory, which formed the finale of the ode and was also issued (with slightly different words) as a separate song. The work was immensely popular and became a second national anthem. At last, he had made the leap from accomplished back-country musician to England's foremost composer. It also gained Elgar the highest recognition he could have dreamed of--honorary degrees, a knighthood, special royal audiences, and a triumphal three-day festival of his music at Covent Garden attended by the King and Queen. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Arthur Christopher Benson (24 April 1862 – 17 June 1925) was one of six children of Edward White Benson, a late nineteenth-century Archbishop of Canterbury. ... For other uses, see Ode (disambiguation). ... Edward VII (Albert Edward; 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910) was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, and Emperor of India from 22 January 1901 until his death on 6 May 1910. ... Land of Hope and Glory is an English patriotic song. ...


Between 1902 and 1914 Elgar enjoyed phenomenal success, made four visits to the USA including one conducting tour, and earned considerable fees from the performance of his music. Between 1905 and 1908 Elgar held the post of Professor of Music at the University of Birmingham. His lectures there caused controversy owing to remarks he made about other English composers and English music in general; he was quoted as saying "English music is white - it evades everything". The University of Birmingham's Special Collections contain an archive of letters written by Elgar. His new life as a celebrity was a mixed blessing as it often provoked ill-health from his high-strung nature and interrupted his privacy. He complained to Jaeger in 1903, "My life is one continual giving up of little things which I love."[6] A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Website http://www. ...


Elgar's Symphony No. 1 (1908) was given one hundred performances in its first year, the violin concerto (1910) was commissioned by the world-renowned violinist Fritz Kreisler, and in 1911, the year of the completion of his Symphony No. 2, he had the Order of Merit bestowed upon him. In 1912, he moved back to London, again to be closer to musical society but to the detriment of his love of the countryside and to his general mood. The Symphony No. ... The Violin Concerto in B Minor, opus 61, is one of Sir Edward Elgars longest works, yet it is somewhat uncommon in recording and in performance. ... Fritz Kreisler (February 2, 1875 – January 29, 1962) was an Austria-born American violinist and composer; one of the most famous violinists of his day. ... The Symphony No. ... The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ...


Elgar's musical legacy is primarily orchestral and choral, but he did write for soloists and smaller instrumental groups. His one work for brass band, The Severn Suite (later arranged by the composer for orchestra), remains an important part of the brass band repertoire. This work was dedicated to his friend George Bernard Shaw. It is occasionally performed in its arrangement by Sir Ivor Atkins for organ as the composer's second Organ Sonata; Elgar's first, much earlier (1895) Organ Sonata was written specifically for the instrument in a highly orchestral style, and remains a frequently-performed part of the English Romantic organ repertoire. A brass band a musical group consisting mostly or entirely of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ... The Severn is the name of a river in the United Kingdom. ... George Bernard Shaw (26 July 1856–2 November 1950) was an Irish dramatist, literary critic, and socialist. ... Sir Ivor Atkins (born Llandaff 29 November 1869, died Worcester 26 November 1953) was the choirmaster and organist at Worcester Cathedral for over 50 years. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ...


Later years

Elgar and the young Yehudi Menuhin discuss the violin concerto, recorded in 1932 (HMV)

During World War I his music began to fall out of fashion. The war was overturning his world and his time. He himself grew to hate his 'Pomp and Circumstance' March No.1 with its popular 'Land of Hope and Glory' tune, which he felt had been made into a jingoistic song, not in keeping with the tragic loss of life in the war. This was captured in the film Elgar by Ken Russell. After the death of his wife in 1920, loneliness and declining interest in his art fostered little in the way of new works of importance. Shortly before her death he composed the elegiac Cello Concerto, often described as his last masterpiece. Image File history File links Elgarmenuhin. ... Image File history File links Elgarmenuhin. ... Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, OM, KBE (April 22, 1916 – March 12, 1999) was an American violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in the United Kingdom. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Elgar is a 1962 drama documentary by the British film director Ken Russell. ... Henry Kenneth Alfred Russell, known as Ken Russell (born July 3, 1927), is an iconoclastic English film director, particularly well-known for his films about famous composers and his controversial, often outrageous pioneering work in film. ... Elegiac refers either to those compositions that are like elegies or to a specific poetic meter used in Classical elegies. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Elgar lived in the village of Kempsey from 1923 to 1927, during which time he was made Master of the King's Musick. Kempsey is a village just south of Worcester, in Worcestershire, England. ... Master of the Queens Music (or Master of the Kings Music) is a prestigious post in the British royal court. ...


He was the first composer to make extensive recordings of his own compositions. HMV (His Master's Voice) recorded much of his music acoustically from 1914 onwards and then began a series of electrical recordings in 1926 that continued until 1933, including his "Enigma Variations," "Falstaff," the first and second symphonies, his cello and violin concertos, all of the "Pomp and Circumstance" marches, and other orchestral works. Part of a 1927 rehearsal of the second symphony with the London Symphony Orchestra was also recorded and later issued. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ...

Elgar's recordings of his violin concerto and the Enigma Variations have been reissued on CD by EMI

In November 1931, Elgar was filmed by Pathe for a newsreel depicting a recording session of Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1 at the opening of the famous Abbey Road Studios in London. It is believed to be the only surviving sound film of Elgar, who makes a brief remark before conducting the London Symphony Orchestra, asking the musicians to "play this like you've never played it before." [7] Silent films of the composer have also survived.[citation needed] Image File history File links ElgarCD.jpg‎ Author:EMI Source:www. ... Image File history File links ElgarCD.jpg‎ Author:EMI Source:www. ... Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The London Symphony Orchestra (LSO) is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ...


In the 1932 recording of the violin concerto, the aging composer worked with the American violinist Yehudi Menuhin, who was then only 16 years old; they worked well together and Menuhin warmly recalled his association with the composer years later, when he performed the concerto with the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra. Menuhin later conducted an award-winning recording of Elgar's Cello Concerto with the cellist Julian Lloyd Webber and much of the major orchestral music. Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, OM, KBE (April 22, 1916 – March 12, 1999) was an American violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in the United Kingdom. ... The San Francisco Symphony is a major orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... Julian Lloyd Webber (born April 14, 1951) is a British cellist. ...


Elgar's recordings usually featured such orchestras as the London Symphony Orchestra, the Royal Albert Hall Orchestra (which reverted in 1928 to its earlier name, New Symphony Orchestra) and, in 1933, the newly-founded London Philharmonic Orchestra. Elgar's recordings were released on 78-rpm discs by both HMV and RCA Victor. In later years, EMI reissued the recordings on LP and CD. The London Philharmonic Orchestra (LPO), based in London, is one of the major orchestras of the United Kingdom. ... Sony BMG Music Entertainment is the result of a 50/50 joint venture between Sony Music Entertainment (part of Sony) and BMG Entertainment (part of Bertelsmann AG) completed in August 2004. ...


In his later years, Elgar befriended young conductors such as Adrian Boult and Malcolm Sargent who championed his music when it was out of fashion.[8][9] Sir Adrian Cedric Boult CH (April 8, 1889 – February 22, 1983) was an English conductor. ... Sir (Harold) Malcolm (Watts) Sargent (April 29, 1895 – October 3, 1967) was a British conductor, organist and composer. ...


At the end of his life Elgar began work on an opera, The Spanish Lady, and accepted a commission from the BBC to compose a Third Symphony. His final illness prevented their completion. For other uses, see Opera (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...


He died on 23 February 1934 and is buried at St. Wulstan's Church in Little Malvern. Within four months, two more great English composers - Gustav Holst and Frederick Delius - were also dead. is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... St. ... Little Malvern is a small village south of Malvern Wells in Worcestershire, England. ... Gustav Holst Gustav Holst (September 21, 1874, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire - May 25, 1934, London) [1] [2] was an English composer and was a music teacher for over 20 years. ... Frederick Albert Theodore Delius CH (January 29, 1862, – June 10, 1934) was an English composer born in Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire in the north of England. ...


Legacy

The statue of Edward Elgar at the end of Worcester High Street
The statue of Edward Elgar at the end of Worcester High Street
Bank of England GB£20 note (1999–2007)

The house in Lower Broadheath where Elgar was born is now a museum devoted to his life and work. Download high resolution version (509x1354, 1563 KB)Statue of Edward Elgar in Worcester File links The following pages link to this file: Edward Elgar Categories: Images with unknown source ... Download high resolution version (509x1354, 1563 KB)Statue of Edward Elgar in Worcester File links The following pages link to this file: Edward Elgar Categories: Images with unknown source ... Image File history File links Permission granted by Bank of England for display on Wikipedia for a period of 12 months, ending 29 July 2006. ... Image File history File links Permission granted by Bank of England for display on Wikipedia for a period of 12 months, ending 29 July 2006. ... “GBP” redirects here. ... Broadheath is a civil parish in the Malvern Hills district of Worcestershire, England. ...


The statue of him at the end of Worcester High Street stands facing the cathedral, only yards from where his father's shop once stood.


Another statue of the composer is at the top of Church Street in Malvern, overlooking the town and giving visitors an opportunity to stand next to the composer in the shadow of the Hills which he so often regarded. Malvern is a town and civil parish in Worcestershire, England . ...


In September 2005, a statue sculpted by Jemma Pearson was unveiled near Hereford Cathedral in honour of the few years Elgar lived in the city. For other uses, see Hereford (disambiguation). ...


From 1999 until early 2007, new Bank of England twenty pound notes featured a portrait of Elgar: from then, a new series of notes featured a portrait of Adam Smith.[10] The change generated controversy, particularly because 2007 was the 150th anniversary of Elgar's birth.[11] British banknotes are the banknotes of the United Kingdom and British Islands, denominated in pounds sterling (GBP). ... For other persons named Adam Smith, see Adam Smith (disambiguation). ...


Elgar's sketches for his third symphony were "elaborated" in the 1990s by the composer Anthony Payne, who also subsequently produced a performing version of the sketches for a sixth Pomp and Circumstance march, premiered at the Proms in August 2006.[12] In 2007, the Elgar Society commissioned Payne to complete the orchestration of the music for Elgar’s Crown of India Suite, Op. 66.[13] Anthony Payne (born 1936) is an English composer, most famous for composing a symphony published as . ... A Promenade concert in the Royal Albert Hall, 2004. ...


Elgar's sketches for a piano concerto dating from 1913 were elaborated by the composer Robert Walker and first performed in August 1997 by the pianist David Owen Norris. The realisation has since been extensively revised.


Elgar's music is associated with two well-known occasions in Britain's annual calendar: the Pomp and Circumstance March No 1 is played at the Last Night of the Proms, while at the Remembrance Day ceremony at the Cenotaph in London, 'Nimrod' from his 'Enigma Variations' is performed by massed bands. A Promenade concert in the Royal Albert Hall, 2004. ... Wreaths of artificial poppies used as a symbol of remembrance Remembrance Day (Australia, Canada, United Kingdom), also known as Poppy Day (Malta and South Africa), Veterans Day (United States), and Armistice Day (France, New Zealand, and many other Commonwealth countries; and the original name of the day internationally) is a... The Cenotaph, London A ceremony at the Cenotaph, London, on Sunday 12th June 2005, remembering Irish war dead Memorial Cenotaph, Hiroshima, Japan A cenotaph is a tomb or a monument erected in honor of a person or group of persons whose remains are elsewhere. ...


The hit track Clubbed To Death by Rob Dougan, featured on the soundtrack to the 1999 movie The Matrix, is partially based on the Enigma Variations. Furious Angels is the first album by Rob Dougan, released in mid-2002 in the UK and in mid-2003 in the US and Europe. ... Rob Dougan in 2003 for the promotion of his debut album Furious Angels Rob Dougan, who started as Rob D, is a genre-blending music composer. ... This article is about the 1999 film. ... Variations on an Original Theme for orchestra, Op. ...


Venetian Snares used samples from Elgar's Cello Concerto In E Minor, Op. 85 on the track Szamár Madár on his album Rossz Csillag Alatt Született. Venetian Snares is the primary performing alias of Canadian electronic musician Aaron Funk (born January 11, 1975). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Rossz csillag alatt született (IPA: ) (often referred to as The Hungarian Album) is a 2005 album by IDM artist Venetian Snares on the Planet Mu label. ...


Extra-musical interests

Despite living in Worcester, Elgar was an ardent Wolverhampton Wanderers fan and may have travelled to home games on his bicycle. Elgar bought two Wolverhampton-produced Royal Sunbeam bicycles in 1903, which he named Mr Phoebus, and visited the Sunbeam Works in Upper Villiers Street for 'tuning'. This article is about the city of Worcester in England. ... Wolverhampton Wanderers F.C. is a Wolverhampton-based football club playing at Molineux. ... Older Sunbeam badge Another Sunbeam badge BSA Sunbeam Scooter badge Sunbeam was a British motorcycle marque generally known for high quality. ...


During the first rehearsal for the young Yehudi Menuhin's forthcoming recording of the Violin Concerto, the violinist had played Elgar only the first page when the composer announced that all was going to be well, and that he was going to leave Menuhin and go "off to the races" at Pitchcroft, Worcester's racecourse. Lord Menuhin would often tell press interviewers this story; he would describe it as one of his favourite memories of Elgar. Yehudi Menuhin, Baron Menuhin, OM, KBE (April 22, 1916 – March 12, 1999) was an American violinist and conductor who spent most of his performing career in the United Kingdom. ... The Violin Concerto in B Minor, opus 61, is one of Sir Edward Elgars longest works, yet it is somewhat uncommon in recording and in performance. ...


Quotations

  • "[Elgar's music is] wonderful in its heroic melancholy" - William Butler Yeats, on the incidental music for "Grania and Diarmid".
  • "The trees are singing my music", Elgar wrote. "Or have I sung theirs?"
  • "This is the best of me; for the rest, I ate, and drank, and slept, loved and hated, like another. My life was as the vapour, and is not; but this I saw, and knew; this, if anything of mine, is worth your memory". - John Ruskin, quoted by Elgar on the manuscript score of 'Dream of Gerontius'.

William Butler Yeats, 1933. ... Upper: Steel-plate engraving of Ruskin as a young man, made circa 1845, scanned from print made circa 1895. ...

Honours and awards

  • 1904 - Elgar was made a knight bachelor. This entitled him to the title 'Sir Edward Elgar', but no post-nominal letters.
  • 1911 - He was admitted to the Order of Merit. He was now 'Sir Edward Elgar OM'.
  • 1924 - He was made Master of the King's Musick
  • 1925 - He received the Gold Medal of the Royal Philharmonic Society
  • 1928 - Elgar was created a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order, becoming 'Sir Edward Elgar OM KCVO'.
  • 1931 - He was made a baronet, becoming 'Sir Edward Elgar Bt OM KCVO'. A baronetcy is an hereditary honour, but is passed on only through the male line. As Elgar had only a daughter, the baronetcy became extinct on his death.
  • 1933 - Elgar was promoted within the Royal Victorian Order to Knight Grand Cross. He was now 'Sir Edward Elgar Bt OM GCVO'.
  • Between 1900 and 1931 Elgar received honorary degrees from the Universities of Cambridge, Durham, Leeds, Oxford, Yale (USA), Aberdeen, Western Pennsylvania (USA), Birmingham and London.
  • Foreign academies of which he was made a member were Regia Accademia di Santa Cecilia, Rome; Accademia del Reale Istituto Musicale, Florence; Académie des Beaux Arts, Paris; Institut de France; American Academy of Arts.

The dignity of Knight Bachelor is a part of the British honours system. ... The Order of Merit is a British and Commonwealth Order bestowed by the Monarch. ... Master of the Queens Music (or Master of the Kings Music) is a prestigious post in the Royal Household of the Sovereign of the United Kingdom. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... For the brush-footed butterfly species, see Euthalia nais. ... Queen Victoria founded the Royal Victorian Order. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... Durham University is a university in England. ... The University of Leeds is a major teaching and research university, one of the largest in the United Kingdom with over 32,000 full-time students. ... The University of Oxford (usually abbreviated as Oxon. ... Yale redirects here. ... The University of Aberdeen was founded in 1495, in Aberdeen, Scotland. ... This article is about the private Ivy League university in Philadelphia. ... Website http://www. ... The University of London is a university based primarily in London. ...

Works

See also: :Category:Compositions by Edward Elgar

Orchestral

  • Froissart, Overture for orchestra, Op.19 (1890)
  • Serenade for string orchestra, Op.20 (revised version of Three Pieces for string orchestra, 1888-92)
  • Sursum corda for brass, organ and strings, Op.11 (1894)
  • Three Bavarian Dances for orchestra, Op.27 (1897)
  • Variations on an Original Theme (Enigma) for orchestra, Op.36 (1899)
  • Sea Pictures, Song cycle for contralto and orchestra, Op.37 (1897-99)
  • Chanson de Matin and Chanson de Nuit, for small orchestra (arrangement of the salon pieces for violin and piano), Op.15 (1899)
  • Cockaigne (In London Town), Overture for orchestra, Op.40 (1900-01)
  • Pomp and Circumstance, Marches No.1 and 2 for orchestra, Op.39 (1901)
  • Funeral March from Grania and Diarmid for orchestra, Op.42 (1902, from the incidental music to the play by W.B. Yeats)
  • Dream Children, Two pieces for chamber orchestra, Op.43 (1902)
  • In the South (Alassio), Concert Overture for orchestra, Op.50 (1903-04)
  • Pomp and Circumstance, March No.3 for orchestra (1904)
  • Introduction and Allegro for string quartet and string orchestra, Op.47 (1904-05)
  • Pomp and Circumstance, March No.4 for orchestra (1907)
  • The Wand of Youth, Suite No. 1 for orchestra, Op.1a (1867-71, rev. 1907)
  • The Wand of Youth, Suite No. 2 for orchestra, Op.1b (1867-71, rev. 1908)
  • Symphony No.1 in A flat for orchestra, Op.55 (1907-08)
  • Elegy for string orchestra, Op.58 (1909)
  • Romance for bassoon and orchestra, Op.62 (1909)
  • Concerto for violin and orchestra in B minor, Op.61 (1909-10)
  • Symphony No.2 in E flat for orchestra, Op.63 (1909-11)
  • Coronation March for orchestra, Op.65 (1911)
  • The Crown of India, Suite for orchestra, Op.66 (1911-12)
  • Falstaff, Symphonic Study for orchestra, Op.68 (1913)
  • Sospiri for string orchestra and harp, Op.70 (1914)
  • Polonia, Symphonic Prelude for orchestra, Op.76 (1915)
  • The Starlight Express, Suite for vocal soloists and orchestra, Op.78 (from the incidental music to the play by Algernon Blackwood, 1915-16)
  • The Sanguine Fan for orchestra, Op.81 (1917)
  • Concerto for cello and orchestra in E minor, Op.85 (1918-19)
  • Empire March for orchestra (1924)
  • Suite from Arthur for chamber orchestra (from the incidental music to Laurence Binyon's Arthur, 1924)
  • Minuet from Beau Brummel for orchestra (1928-29)
  • Pomp and Circumstance, March No.5 for orchestra (1930)
  • Nursery Suite for orchestra (1931)
  • Severn Suite, Op. 87, for brass band (1930) or orchestra (1932)
  • Mina for chamber orchestra (1933)
  • Symphony No 3 for orchestra, Op.88 (sketches, 1932-34, elaborated by Anthony Payne 1972-97)
  • Piano Concerto, Op.90 (sketches, 1909-25, elaborated by Robert Walker)
  • Pomp and Circumstance, March No.6 for orchestra (sketches, elaborated by Anthony Payne 2005-06)

Froissart, Op 19, is a concert overture by Edward Elgar, inspired by the 14th century chronicals of Jean Froissart. ... Edward Elgars Serenade for Strings in E minor was written in March 1892 and first performed in private in that year, by the Worcester Ladies Orchestral Class, with the composer conducting. ... Three Bavarian Dances, Op 27 are an orchestral work by Edward Elgar. ... Variations on an Original Theme for orchestra, Op. ... Sea Pictures. ... Cockaigne (In London Town), Op. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... William Butler Yeats, 1933. ... Dream Children, Op 43 consists of two pieces for small orchestra by Sir Edward Elgar. ... In the South (Alassio), Op. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sir Edward Elgars Introduction and Allegro for Strings, opus 47, was composed in 1905 for performance in an all-Elgar performance by the newly formed London Symphony Orchestra. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Wand of Youth Suites 1 & 2 are suites for full orchestra by the English composer Edward Elgar. ... The Wand of Youth Suites 1 & 2 are suites for full orchestra by the English composer Edward Elgar. ... The Symphony No. ... The Romance, in D minor, Op 62, is a short work for bassoon and orchestra by Edward Elgar. ... The Violin Concerto in B Minor, opus 61, is one of Sir Edward Elgars longest works, yet it is somewhat uncommon in recording and in performance. ... The Symphony No. ... The Crown of India, Suite for Orchestra, Op. ... Falstaff – Symphonic Study in C minor Op. ... Sospiri, Op. ... Algernon Henry Blackwood (March 14, 1869 – December 10, 1951) was an English writer of tales of the supernatural. ... The Sanguine Fan is a single-act ballet written by Sir Edward Elgar in 1917. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Robert Laurence Binyon (August 10, 1869 at Lancaster – March 10, 1943 at Reading, Berkshire) was an English poet, dramatist and art scholar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Nursery Suite is one of the last compositions by Sir Edward Elgar (1857-1934). ... Edward Elgars Third Symphony was incomplete at the time of his death in 1934. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Cantatas and oratorios

  • The Black Knight, Symphony/Cantata for chorus and orchestra, Op.25 (1889-92)
  • From the Bavarian Highlands for chorus and orchestra, Op.27 (1895-96)
  • The Light of Life (Lux Christi), Oratorio for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.29 (1896)
  • Scenes From The Saga Of King Olaf, Cantata for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op. 30 (1896)
  • The Banner of St George, Ballad for chorus and orchestra, Op.33 (1897)
  • Te Deum & Benedictus for chorus and orchestra, Op.34 (1897)
  • Caractacus, Cantata for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.35 (1897-98)
  • The Dream of Gerontius, Oratorio for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.38 (1899-1900)
  • Coronation Ode for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.44 (1901-02, rev. 1911)
  • The Apostles, Oratorio for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.49 (1902-03)
  • The Kingdom, Oratorio for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.51 (1901-06)
  • The Crown of India, Imperial Masque for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.66 (1911-12)
  • The Music Makers, Ode for soloists, chorus and orchestra, Op.69 (1912)
  • The Spirit of England for soprano/tenor, chorus and orchestra, Op.80 (1915-17)
  • The Smoking Cantata for baritone soloist and orchestra. Written in 1919, this piece was probably never intended to be performed and was given the absurd opus number of 1001. Its duration is less than a minute.[14]

The Dream of Gerontius, popularly called just Gerontius, is an oratorio (Opus 38) in two parts composed by Edward Elgar in 1900, to text from the poem by Cardinal Newman. ... The Apostles, op. ... The Kingdom, op. ... The Music Makers, op. ...

Chamber music

  • Salut d'Amour (Liebesgruss) for violin and piano, Op.12 (1888)
  • Sonata for violin and piano, Op.82 (1918)
  • String Quartet in E minor, Op.83 (1918)
  • Piano Quintet in A minor, Op.84 (1918-19)
  • Soliloquy for solo oboe (1930)

The Quintet in A minor for Piano and String Quartet, Op 84 is a chamber work by Edward Elgar. ...

Solo piano

  • Concert Allegro (1901)
  • Skizze (1903)
  • In Smyrna (1905)
  • Adieu (pub. 1932)

Organ

The Sonata in G major, Op 28 is Sir Edward Elgars only sonata composed for the organ. ... Sir Ivor Atkins (born Llandaff 29 November 1869, died Worcester 26 November 1953) was the choirmaster and organist at Worcester Cathedral for over 50 years. ...

See also

The Dorabella Cipher is an enciphered letter written and enciphered by Edward Elgar to Miss Dora Penny (the letter was accompanied by another dated July 14, 1897). ...

Bibliography

  • Harper-Scott, J. P. E. (2006). Edward Elgar, Modernist. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521862000. 
  • Harper-Scott, J. P. E. (2007). Elgar: an Extraordinary Life. London: Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music. ISBN 1860967701. 
  • Kennedy, Michael (1987). Portrait of Elgar, Third edition, Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0192840177. 
  • McVeagh, Diana (2007). Elgar the Music Maker. Boydell Press. ISBN 9781843832959. 
  • Moore, Jerrold N. (1972). Elgar: A Life in Photographs. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0193154250. 
  • Moore, Jerrold N. (1984). Edward Elgar: a creative life. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0193154471. 
  • Moore, Jerrold N. (2004). Elgar: Child of Dreams. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0571223370. 
  • Reed, William H (1989). Elgar as I knew him. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0192822578. 
  • Ward, Yvonne M (2002). "Edward Elgar, A.C. Benson and the creation of Land of Hope and Glory". The Court Historian 7 (1). OCLC 43272438. 
  • Young, Percy (1978). Alice Elgar: enigma of a Victorian lady. London: Dobson. ISBN 0234774827. 
  • Young, Percy (1973). Elgar O.M.: a study of a musician. London: Collins. OCLC 869820. 
Fiction
  • Hamilton-Patterson, James (1989). Gerontius. New York: Soho Press. ISBN 0939149486. 

The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ... The Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) was founded in 1967 and originally named the Ohio College Library Center. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Michael Kennedy The Life of Elgar Hardback ISBN-13: 9780521810760, ISBN-10: 0521810760 Paperback ISBN-13: 9780521009072, ISBN-10: 0521009073
  2. ^ Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar, Oxford University Press, 1968, p.15.
  3. ^ Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar, Oxford University Press, 1968, p.115.
  4. ^ Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar, Oxford University Press, 1968, p.50.
  5. ^ Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar, Oxford University Press, 1968, p.55.
  6. ^ Michael Kennedy, Portrait of Elgar, Oxford University Press, 1968, p.144.
  7. ^ Sir Edward Elgar, 1931 "Land of hope & glory" THE MASTER OF THE KING'S MUSICK
  8. ^ Music and Friends, pp. 42-7, 56-9, 96-8
  9. ^ Aldous, p. 124
  10. ^ Adam Smith to Feature on New-Series £20 Banknote. Bank of England (30 October 2006). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  11. ^ "Keep Elgar on £20 notes campaign", BBC News, 2 November 2006. Retrieved on 2007-09-06. 
  12. ^ "Elgar's piece premiered at Proms", BBC News, 2 August 2006. Retrieved on 2007-09-06. 
  13. ^ "The Elgar Society's 2007 Commission", The Apostle, Elgar Society, 18 August 2007. Retrieved on 2007-09-06. 
  14. ^ Unknown Elgar is just a puff of smoke. The Guardian. Retrieved on 2006-09-15.
  • Aldous, Richard (2001). Tunes of glory: the life of Malcolm Sargent. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 0091801311. 
  • Moore, Jerrold N. (1979). Music and Friends: Letters to Adrian Boult. Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0214101786. 

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Guardian. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Edward Elgar
Preceded by
Walter Parratt
Master of the King's Musick
1924–1934
Succeeded by
Henry Walford Davies
Preceded by
New Creation
Baronet
(of Broadheath)
1931–1934
Succeeded by
Extinct

  Results from FactBites:
 
Composer Page - Sir Edward Elgar (0 words)
Elgar: Organ Sonata in G major Op 28 - Presto (comodo) [7'13]
Elgar: Violin Sonata in E minor Op 82 - Allegro [8'06]
Their texts allow Elgar to explore a wide range of choral and organ effects in the service of some vividly graphic word-painting, which Westminster Abbey Choir bring to life with obvious relish' (The Daily Telegraph)
The Symphony - Edward Elgar (1029 words)
Edward Elgar was born in Broadheath, Worcester, on 2nd June 1857.
Elgar's Cockaigne (In London Town) Overture was successfully premiered in 1901, and in that year, his status as the quintessential English composer was cemented with the composition of two Pomp and Circumstance Marches.
Elgar's style is a synthesis of European influences, particularly Brahmsian structure and counterpoint, and Wagnerian harmony, with a uniquely English nobility and grace.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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