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Encyclopedia > Edvard Grieg
Edvard Grieg

Edvard Hagerup Grieg (15 June 18434 September 1907) was a Norwegian composer and pianist who composed in the romantic period. He is best known for his Piano Concerto in A minor, for his incidental music to Henrik Ibsen's play Peer Gynt (which includes Morning Mood and In the Hall of the Mountain King), and for his collection of piano miniatures Lyric Pieces. Image File history File links Edvard_Grieg. ... Image File history File links Edvard_Grieg. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Pianist Claudio Arrau, Carnegie Hall, 1954. ... Romantic music is defined as the period of European classical music that runs roughly from the early 1800s to the first decade of the 20th century, as well as music written according to the norms and styles of that period. ... The Piano Concerto in A minor by Edvard Grieg was the only concerto Grieg completed. ... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... Ibsen redirects here. ... Romeo and Juliet by Ford Madox Brown A play, written by a playwright, or dramatist, is a form of literature, almost always consisting of dialog between characters, and intended for performance rather than reading. ... Peer Gynt is a play by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ... Morning Mood (Norwegian: Morgenstemning) is a composition belonging to Edvard Griegs Peer Gynt suite. ... In the Hall of the Mountain King (Norwegian: I Dovregubbens hall) is a piece of orchestral music, Opus 23, composed by Edvard Grieg for Henrik Ibsens play Peer Gynt, which premiered in Oslo on February 24, 1876. ... Title page of the fourth volume of Lyric Pieces Lyric Pieces (Norwegian: Lyriske stykker) is a collection of 66 small to medium sized pieces for solo piano written by Edvard Grieg. ...

Contents

Biography

Grieg was born in Bergen on 15 June 1843. His ancestors were Scottish; the original family name was spelt "Greig". After the Battle of Culloden in 1746, his great-grandfather travelled widely, settling in Norway around 1770, and establishing business interests in Bergen. Grieg was raised in a musical home. His mother, Gesine, became his first piano teacher. He studied in several schools including Tank's School, and often brought in examples of his music to his class. The children were fascinated by it, but the teachers regarded it as inferior. He was known as a lazy pupil. County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... “Scot” redirects here. ... Combatants British Army Jacobites Commanders William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender Strength 8,000 ca. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... County Hordaland District Midhordland Municipality NO-1201 Administrative centre Bergen Mayor (2004) Herman Friele (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 215 465 km² 445 km² 0. ... A short grand piano, with the top up. ...


In the summer of 1858, Grieg met the eminent Norwegian violinist Ole Bull, who was a friend of the family, and whose brother was married to Grieg's aunt. Bull noticed the 15-year-old boy's talent and persuaded his parents to send him to further develop his talents at the Leipzig Conservatory, then directed by Ignaz Moscheles. // January 25 - The Wedding March by Felix Mendelssohn is played at the marriage of Queen Victorias daughter Vicky, the Princess Royal, to Prince Friedrich of Prussia, leading to its becoming popular wedding music. ... A violinist is an instrumentalist who plays the violin. ... Ole Bull Ole Bull Ole Borneman Bull (February 5, 1810 – August 17, 1880) was a Norwegian violinist. ... The Felix Mendelssohn College of Music and Theatre, located in Leipzig, Germany was founded by Felix Mendelssohn in 1843 as the Leipzig Conservatory (he acted as its first director); it was the first German Conservatory. ... Ignaz Moscheles, from a portrait by his son Felix. ...


Grieg enrolled in the conservatory, concentrating on the piano, and enjoyed the numerous concerts and recitals given in Leipzig. He disliked the discipline of the conservatory course of study, yet he still achieved very good grades in most areas, the exception being the organ, which was mandatory for piano students at the time. In the spring of 1860, he survived a life-threatening lung disease. The following year he made his debut as a concert pianist, in Karlshamn, Sweden. In 1862, he finished his studies in Leipzig, and held his first concert in his home town of Bergen, where his programme included Beethoven's Pathétique sonata. (Grieg's own recording of his Piano Sonata, made late in his life, shows he was an excellent pianist). A music school or conservatoire (British English) — also known as a conservatory (American English) or a conservatorium (Australian English) — is an institution dedicated to teaching the art of music, including the playing of musical instruments, musical composition, musicianship, music history, and music theory. ... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedalboard. ... See also: 1859 in music, other events of 1860, 1861 in music and the list of years in music. // Events The first Viennese operetta, Das Pensionat by Franz von Suppé, debuts at the Theater an der Wien First official modern Welsh Eisteddfod is held at Denbigh Published popular music Down... Human respiratory system Image:Heart-and-hullumgitwalitshnit shmulkelungs. ... Karlshamn is a Swedish city in Blekinge in southern Sweden. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A portrait by Joseph Karl Stieler, 1820 Ludwig van Beethoven (IPA: ), (baptized December 17, 1770[1] – March 26, 1827) was a German composer. ... Ludwig van Beethovens Piano Sonata No. ...


In 1863, Grieg went to Copenhagen, Denmark, and stayed there for three years. He met the Danish composers J. P. E. Hartman, and Niels Gade. He also met his fellow Norwegian composer Rikard Nordraak (composer of the Norwegian national anthem), who became a good friend and source of great inspiration. Nordraak died shortly after, and Grieg composed a funeral march in his honor. Grieg had close ties with the Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra (Harmonien) and was Music Director of the orchestra from 1880-1882. See also: 1862 in music, other events of 1863, 1864 in music and the list of years in music. Events Georges Bizets opera, Les Pêcheurs de perles debuts at the Théâtre-Lyrique in Paris (September 30) Les Troyens, opera by Hector Berlioz, debuts, also at the Th... Copenhagen (IPA: or ; Danish: IPA: ) is the capital of Denmark and the countrys largest city. ... Niels Wilhelm Gade (February 22, 1817 - December 21, 1890) was a Danish composer, conductor, violinist, organist and teacher. ... Rikard Nordraak (June 12, 1842–March 20, 1866) was a Norwegian composer, born in Christiania (Oslo). ... Listen to anthem (MIDI) (audio help) // Ja, vi elsker dette landet (or: Ja, vi elsker) (In eng: Yes, we love this land) is the national anthem of Norway. ... Edvard Grieg composed a Funeral March, or Sørgemarsj, in memory of Rikard Nordraak, a fellow Norwegian composer who died at the age of 23. ... // History Norways Bergen Philharmonic Orchestra was established in 1765 under the name Det Musicalske Selskab (The Musical Society), and is one of the worlds oldest orchestral institutions. ... See also: 1879 in music, other events of 1880, 1881 in music and the list of years in music. Events Published popular music Away, Away! My Hearts On Fire     w. ... See also: 1881 in music, other events of 1882, 1883 in music and the list of years in music. // Events January - Richard Wagner completes Parsifal Helsinki University Chorus (Ylioppilaskunnan Laulajat) is founded Gustav Mahler is employed at Olomouc Richard Strauss enters Munich University Published popular music Baa! Baa! Baa!     w. ...


On 11 June 1867, Grieg married his first cousin, Nina Hagerup. The next year their only child, Alexandra, was born. The following summer, Grieg wrote his Piano Concerto in A minor while on holiday in Denmark. Edmund Neupert gave the concerto its premiere performance on 3 April 1869 in the Casino Theater in Copenhagen. Grieg himself was unable to be there due to commitments conducting in Christiania (as Oslo was then named). June 11 is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cunt BAg Twat Fuk suck my penis ring 0778851865!!!!!!Year 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nina Grieg is the wife and first cousin of Edvard Grieg. ... (Carl Fredrik) Edmund Neupert (b. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... County District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ...


In 1868, Franz Liszt, who up to that time had not met Grieg, wrote a testimonial for him to the Norwegian Ministry of Education, which led to Grieg obtaining a travel grant. The two finally met in Rome in 1870. On Grieg's first visit, the two went over Grieg's Violin Sonata No. 1, which pleased Liszt greatly. On the second visit, in April, Grieg brought with him the manuscript of his Piano Concerto, which Liszt proceeded to play by sight (including the orchestral arrangement). Liszt's rendition greatly impressed his audience, although Grieg gently pointed out to him that he played the first movement too quickly. Liszt also gave Grieg some advice on orchestration, (e.g. to give the melody of the second theme in the first movement to a solo trumpet). Media:Example. ... Portrait by Henri Lehmann, 1839 Franz Liszt (Hungarian: Liszt Ferenc; pronounced , in English: list) (October 22, 1811 – July 31, 1886) was a Hungarian [1] virtuoso pianist and composer of the Romantic period. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Orchestration is the study or practice of writing music for orchestra (or, more loosely, for any musical ensemble) or of adapting for orchestra music composed for another medium. ...

Grieg's tomb
Grieg's tomb

In the summer of 1869, Grieg's daughter Alexandra became ill and died, at the age of 13 months. Image File history File linksMetadata Edvard_Grieg_Tomb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Edvard_Grieg_Tomb. ... 1869 (MDCCCLXIX) is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


In 1876, Grieg created incidental music for the premiere of Ibsen's play Peer Gynt, at the request of the author. Many of the pieces from this work became very popular in the form of orchestral suites or piano and piano-duet arrangements. Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... Henrik Johan Ibsen (March 20, 1828–May 23, 1906) was an extremely influential Norwegian playwright who was largely responsible for the rise of the modern realistic drama. ... Peer Gynt is a play by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ...


In 1888, Grieg met Tchaikovsky in Leipzig. Grieg was later struck by the sadness in Tchaikovsky.[1] Tchaikovsky thought very highly of Grieg's music, praising its beauty, originality and warmth.[2] Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky (Russian Пётр Ильи́ч Чайко́вский, sometimes transliterated as Piotr, Anglicised as Peter Ilich), (May 7, 1840 – November 6, 1893 (N.S.); April 25, 1840 – October... Leipzig ( ; Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk from the Sorbian word for Tilia) is, with a population of over 506,000, the largest city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. ...


Grieg's later life brought him fame but not wealth.[citation needed] The Norwegian government awarded him a pension.


In the spring 1903, Grieg made nine early one-sided 78-rpm recordings of his piano music in Paris; all of these historic discs have been reissued on both LPs and CDs and, despite limited fidelity, show his great virtuosity as a pianist. Grieg also made live-recording player piano music rolls for the Welte "Mignon" system all of which survive today and can be heard. The player piano is a type of piano that plays music without the need for a human pianist to depress the normal keys or pedals. ...


Edvard Grieg died in the autumn of 1907, aged 64, after a long period of illness. The funeral drew between 30,000 and 40,000 people out on the streets of his home town to honour him. Following his wish, his own funeral march for Rikard Nordraak was played in an orchestration by his friend Johan Halvorsen. In addition, the funeral march by Frederic Chopin was played. His and his wife's ashes are entombed in a mountain crypt near his house, Troldhaugen. Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Johan Halvorsen (March 15, 1864–December 4, 1935) was a Norwegian composer, conductor and musician. ... Frédéric-François Chopin as portrayed by Eugène Delacroix in 1838. ... Home of the legendary composer Edvard Grieg. ...


Music

Grieg is renowned as a nationalist composer, drawing inspiration from Norwegian folk music. Early works include a symphony and a piano sonata. He also wrote three sonatas for violin and piano and a cello sonata. His many short pieces for piano — often built on Norwegian folk tunes and dances — led some to call him the Chopin of the north. Folk music from Norway is usually in minor or modal, making a sober and haunting sound, though major key dance music forms also exist. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A piano sonata is a sonata written for unaccompanied piano. ... Sonatas for violin and piano written by Edvard Grieg, a Norwegian composer (1843–1907). ... A cello sonata usually denotes a sonata written for cello and piano, though other instrumentations are used, such as solo cello. ... The only known photograph of Frédéric Chopin, believed to have been taken by Louis-Auguste Bisson in 1849. ...


Although Grieg's smaller scale pieces are the most successful musically, the Piano Concerto is his most popular and still frequently performed. The slow movement, with its folk-like melodies, is perhaps its most successful feature. It was championed by pianist/composer Percy Grainger, who befriended Grieg and played the concerto frequently during his long career. Percy Aldridge Grainger (8 July 1882 – 20 February 1961) was an Australian-born pianist, composer, and champion of the saxophone and the Concert band. ...


Other well-known works are the Lyric Pieces (for piano), and the incidental music to Henrik Ibsen's play Peer Gynt. Despite In the Hall of the Mountain King being one of Grieg's most popular and enduring compositions, he himself did not care much for it. In a letter to a friend he wrote about the "infernal thing reek[ing] of cow-pies and provincialism." Grieg's popular Holberg Suite was originally written for the piano but later arranged for string orchestra. Title page of the fourth volume of Lyric Pieces Lyric Pieces (Norwegian: Lyriske stykker) is a collection of 66 small to medium sized pieces for solo piano written by Edvard Grieg. ... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... Ibsen redirects here. ... Romeo and Juliet by Ford Madox Brown A play, written by a playwright, or dramatist, is a form of literature, almost always consisting of dialog between characters, and intended for performance rather than reading. ... Peer Gynt is a play by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ... In the Hall of the Mountain King (Norwegian: I Dovregubbens hall) is a piece of orchestral music, Opus 23, composed by Edvard Grieg for Henrik Ibsens play Peer Gynt, which premiered in Oslo on February 24, 1876. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... A string instrument (or stringed instrument) is a musical instrument that produces sound by means of vibrating strings. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Grieg wrote songs with lyrics from Heinrich Heine, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and others (op. 4, op. 48, etc.). Grieg's songs now feature frequently in recitals and it is perhaps in these and the Lyric Pieces that his originality shows itself most convincingly. Christian Johann Heinrich Heine (born Chaim Harry Heine, December 13, 1797 – February 17, 1856) was a journalist, an essayist, and one of the most significant German romantic poets. ...  , IPA: , (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German polymath. ...


Nikolai Myaskovsky paid a tribute to Grieg by choosing a theme by Grieg for the variations with which he closed his Third String Quartet. Nikolai Myaskovsky (ru: Николай Мясковский) (April 20, 1881 – August 8, 1950) was a Russian composer. ...


Works

For the complete list see List of compositions by Edvard Grieg op. ...

Sonatas for violin and piano written by Edvard Grieg, a Norwegian composer (1843–1907). ... Overture (French ouverture, meaning opening) in music is the instrumental introduction to a dramatic, choral or, occasionally, instrumental composition. ... In Autumn, Op. ... Sonatas for violin and piano written by Edvard Grieg, a Norwegian composer (1843–1907). ... The Piano Concerto in A minor by Edvard Grieg was the only concerto Grieg completed. ... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... Incidental music is music in a play, television program, radio program or some other form not primarily musical. ... Henrik Johan Ibsen (March 20, 1828–May 23, 1906) was an extremely influential Norwegian playwright who was largely responsible for the rise of the modern realistic drama. ... Peer Gynt is a play by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Sonatas for violin and piano written by Edvard Grieg, a Norwegian composer (1843–1907). ... ... Title page of the fourth volume of Lyric Pieces Lyric Pieces (Norwegian: Lyriske stykker) is a collection of 66 small to medium sized pieces for solo piano written by Edvard Grieg. ... ... The four Symphonic Dances of the Norwegian composer Edvard Grieg, are grouped together as Opus 64. ... Title page of the fourth volume of Lyric Pieces Lyric Pieces (Norwegian: Lyriske stykker) is a collection of 66 small to medium sized pieces for solo piano written by Edvard Grieg. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Title page of the fourth volume of Lyric Pieces Lyric Pieces (Norwegian: Lyriske stykker) is a collection of 66 small to medium sized pieces for solo piano written by Edvard Grieg. ...

Also see

op. ... Morning Mood was a favorite of Carl Stalling who often used it for morning establishing shots in Warner Bros. ... Morecambe and Wise Morecambe and Wise were a famous British comic double act comprising Eric Morecambe OBE and Ernie Wise OBE. The act lasted four decades until Morecambes retirement, shortly before his death in 1984. ...

Literature

English

Norwegian

  • Benestad, Finn/Schjelderup-Ebbe, Dag (1980): Edvard Grieg – mennesket og kunstneren. H. Aschehoug & Co. (W. Nygaard), Oslo. ISBN 82-03-10239-5
  • Bredal, Dag/Strøm-Olsen, Terje (1992): Edvard Grieg – Musikken er en kampplass. Aventura Forlag A/S, Oslo. ISBN 82-588-0890-7
  • Johansen, David Monrad (1943): Edvard Grieg. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, Oslo.
  • Purdy, Claire Lee (1968): Historien om Edvard Grieg (originaltittel: The Story of Edvard Grieg). A/S Forlagshuset, Oslo. ISBN 82-511-0152-2

Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... David Monrad Johansen (1888-1970) was born in Vefsn, Nordland, but grew up by Mosjøen, where he received his first piano lessons. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ...

Media

Image File history File links Edvard_Grieg_-_Concerto_in_A_minor,_1st_movement. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Image File history File links Edvard_Grieg_-_Concerto_in_A_minor,_2nd_movement. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ... Image File history File links Edvard_Grieg_-_Concerto_in_A_minor,_3rd_movement. ... Software development stages In computer programming, development stage terminology expresses how the development of a piece of software has progressed and how much further development it may require. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Gretchen Lamb. First Impressions, Edvard Grieg. Retrieved on 2006-10-11. Lamb cites David Brown's Tchaikovsky Remembered
  2. ^ Richard Freed. Piano Concerto in A minor, Op. 16. Retrieved on 2006-10-11.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Recordings and sheet music

The International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP) is a project for the creation of a virtual library of public domain music scores, based on the wiki principle. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Podcasts

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Grieg07 - English - Home (321 words)
1907 is the day when Edvard Grieg died, and in September the occation is marked by a two week long festival in Bergen, the hometown of the well-known composer.
This will be the highlight of the official Edvard Grieg commemorational events in Norway, including the opening of the exhibition The Sound of Norwegian Spring, The Symposium Music and Identity, and ceveral concerts celebrating the composer.
In connection with the celebration of Grieg's 164th birthday, MIC Norway and Grieg 07 arranged the seminar "Culture, humanism and politics".
Grieg - MSN Encarta (282 words)
Born in Bergen on June 15, 1843, Edvard Hagerup Grieg was taught the piano by his mother, a professional pianist, and studied at the Leipzig Conservatory.
Grieg was encouraged to write music by the Danish composer Niels Gade; his interest in Norwegian folk music was awakened by the Norwegian composer Rikard Nordraak.
Grieg's advocacy of a school of music based on Norwegian folk music met with opposition from conservative musicians and critics, and his own works were at first slow in gaining recognition.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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