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Encyclopedia > Edvard Benes
Edvard Beneš
Edvard Beneš

Edvard Beneš Sound listen? (May 28 1884 - September 3 1948) was a leader of the Czechoslovak independence movement and the second President of Czechoslovakia. He was born on May 28, 1884, in Kožlany, Bohemia (province of Austria-Hungary). Edward Benes, prezident of Czechoslovakia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Edward Benes, prezident of Czechoslovakia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... Czechoslovakia (Czech: Československo, Slovak: Česko-Slovensko/before 1990 Československo) was a country in Central Europe that existed from 1918 until 1992 (except for the World War II period). ... This is a list of presidents of Czechoslovakia. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1884 is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar). ... . Kožlany is a small town in west Bohemia, Czech Republic. ... Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: Čechy; German: Böhmen) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


In 1912 he taught at the Charles University of Prague, from 1916-1918 Benes was a Secretary of the Czechoslovak National Council in Paris and Minister of the Interior and of Foreign Affaires within the Provisional Czechoslovak government. From 1918-1935 Benes was Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia, and from 1920-1925 and 1929-1935 a member of the parliament. In 1921 he was a professor and also from 1921-1922 Premier Minister. From 1923-1927 he became a member of the League of Nations Council (1927-1928 president of its committee), de jure 1935-1948 President of Czechoslovakia (1938 - 1945 president-in-exile), de facto 1935-1938 and 1940-1948 President of Czechoslovakia (1940-1945 president-in-exile). The Charles University of Prague (also simply University of Prague; Czech: Univerzita Karlova; Latin: Universitas Carolina) is the oldest and most prestigious Czech university and among the oldest universities in Europe, being founded in 1340s (for the exact year, see below). ... Prague (Praha in Czech) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the First World War at the Congress of Vienna in 1919. ...


During World War I he was one of the leading organizers of an independent Czechoslovakia abroad. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ...


He was a member of the Czechoslovak National Socialist Party (till 1925 called Czechoslovak Socialist Party) and a strong Czechoslovakist - he did not consider Slovaks and Czechs to be separate ethnicities . The Czech National Social Party (Czech: Česká strana národně sociální, 1897 - 1918), Czech Socialist Party (Česká strana socialistická, 1918 - 1919), Czechoslovak Socialist Party (Československá strana socialistická, 1919 - 1926), Czechoslovak National Socialist Party (1926 - 1948), Czechoslavak Socialist Party (Československá strana socialistická, 1948 - 1993), Liberal National Social Party (Liberální strana národně sociální...


Beneš became first Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia and in 1935 succeeded Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk to become President. In October 1938, after the Munich Agreement ceded the Sudetenland to Germany, but before the German occupation of the Czech speaking Bohemia and Moravia, he resigned from office and went into exile in Putney, London. Then in 1940 organized the Provisional Government-in-Exile in London led by Jan Šrámek, and Beneš himself became the President of Czechoslovakia in exile. In November 1940 he moved to Aston Abbotts near Aylesbury in Buckinghamshire. 1935 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (sometimes called Thomas Masaryk in English) (March 7, 1850 - September 14, 1937) advocated Czechoslovak independence and became the first President of Czechoslovakia. ... The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster which contains Big Ben Tower Bridge at night A red double-decker bus crosses Piccadilly Circus. ... The Munich Agreement and the first Vienna Award After the Austrian Anschluss, Czechoslovakia was to become Hitlers next target. ... Aston Abbotts (or Aston Abbots) is a village in Buckinghamshire, England. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is a county in south central England. ...


Although oriented to the West, in 1943 he signed the entente between Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union in order to secure Czechoslovakia's political position, as well as his own.


At the end of World War II, he returned home as the President of Czechoslovakia. He resented the Communist takeover of Czechoslovakia on 25 February 1948 led by Prime Minister Klement Gottwald, and resigned as President on 7 June 1948. Gottwald succeeded him as President. He died at his villa in Sezimovo Ústí, Czechoslovakia on September 3, 1948. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... Communism - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... (Redirected from 25 February) February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... A prime minister may be either: the chief or leading member of the cabinet of the top-level government in a country having a parliamentary system of government; or the official, in countries with a semi-presidential system of government, appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives... A 1950s Czechoslovak propaganda poster depicting Gottwald and Stalin Klement Gottwald (November 23, 1896 - March 14, 1953) was a Czechoslovakian Communist politician, longtime leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC or CPCz or CPC). ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The so-called Beneš decrees, which, among other things, expropriated the property of ethnic German and Hungarian Czechoslovakians, paved the way for the eventual expulsion of ethnic Germans to Germany and Austria. The Beneš decrees were a series of laws enacted by the Czechoslovak government of exile during World War II in absence of Czechoslovak parliament (see details in Czechoslovakia: World War II (1939 - 1945)). Today, the term is most frequently used for the part of them dealing with status of Germans... Ethnic Germans (usually simply called Germans, in German Volksdeutsche) are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be ethnically German rather than anything else but who do not live within the Federal Republic of Germany nor hold its citizenship. ...


Reference

  • Paul E. Zinner "Czechoslovakia: The Diplomacy of Eduard Benes" pages 100-122 from The Diplomats 1919-1939 edited by Gordon A. Craig & Felix Gilbert, Princeton University Press: Princeton, New Jersey, United States of America, 1953

Edvard Benes did not die in his villa. That is not true. He fell out of the 8th window of the house of parliament in Prague under suspicious circumstances. (Probably murdered)! Gordon Alexander Craig (November 13, 1913-) is a Scottish-born U.S historian of German, Swiss and of diplomatic history. ...


See also


Historical settings to 1918 Main Article: Origins of Czechoslovakia The creation of Czechoslovakia in 1918 was the culmination of the long struggle of the Czechs against their Austrian rulers and of the Slovaks against Hungarisation and their Hungarian rulers. ... List of Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia: Karel Kramář: 14 November 1918 - 8 July 1919 Vlastimil Tusar: 8 July 1919 - 15 September 1920 Jan Černý: 15 September 1920 - 26 September 1921 Edvard Beneš: 26 September 1921 - 7 October 1922 Antonín Švehla: 7 October 1922 - 18 March 1926 Jan Černý: 18 March...

Preceded by:
Jan Černý
Prime Minister of Czechoslovakia
1921–1922
Succeeded by:
Antonín Švehla
Preceded by:
Milan Hodža (acting)
President of Czechoslovakia
1935–1938
Succeeded by:
Jan Syrový (acting)
Preceded by:
Emil Hácha
President of Czechoslovakia
1945–1948
Succeeded by:
Klement Gottwald


List of Prime Ministers of Czechoslovakia: Karel Kramář: 14 November 1918 - 8 July 1919 Vlastimil Tusar: 8 July 1919 - 15 September 1920 Jan Černý: 15 September 1920 - 26 September 1921 Edvard Beneš: 26 September 1921 - 7 October 1922 Antonín Švehla: 7 October 1922 - 18 March 1926 Jan Černý: 18 March... Antonín Švehla. ... Milan Hodža. ... This is a list of presidents of Czechoslovakia. ... Jan Syrovy Jan Syrový (January 24, 1888 - October 10, 1970) was a Czechoslovak general and prime minister during the Munich Crisis. ... Emil Hácha (July 12, 1872-June 26, 1945) was a Czech lawyer, the third Czechoslovakian President, taking office in 1938, and the first and only State President of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. ... This is a list of presidents of Czechoslovakia. ... A 1950s Czechoslovak propaganda poster depicting Gottwald and Stalin Klement Gottwald (November 23, 1896 - March 14, 1953) was a Czechoslovakian Communist politician, longtime leader of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSC or CPCz or CPC). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Edvard Beneš - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (475 words)
Edvard Beneš listen [▶] (May 28, 1884 - September 3, 1948) was a leader of the Czechoslovak independence movement and the second President of Czechoslovakia.
In 1912 he taught at the Charles University of Prague, from 1916-1918 Beneš was a Secretary of the Czechoslovak National Council in Paris and Minister of the Interior and of Foreign Affaires within the Provisional Czechoslovak government.
From 1918-1935 Beneš was Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia, and from 1920-1925 and 1929-1935 a member of the parliament.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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