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Encyclopedia > Education in Ukraine

This article is about education in Ukraine.


General information

Ukraine's educational system has produced nearly 100% literacy.

Major universities

The National Technical University Kiev Polytechnic Institute (KPI) (Ukrainian: ) is a major university in Kiev, Ukraine. ... National Taras Shevchenko University The Kiev University or National Taras Shevchenko University of Kiev (Kyiv) (Ukrainian Київський національний університет імені Тараса Шевченка) is a university located in Kiev, Ukraine. ... National Technical University Kharkiv Polytechnical Institute is the first technical university in Ukraine. ... The building of the University. ... Lviv Polytechnic (full name Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukrainian Національний університет Львівська політехн&#1110... Kharkiv National University (also known as Kharkov State University or Karazin Kharkiv National University), in the city of Kharkiv, is one of the major universities in Ukraine, in the former Soviet Union, and the Russian Empire. ... Donetsk National University shield Donetsk National University (DonNU) (Ukrainian: , Donets’kyi Natsional’nyi Universytet) is the leading higher educational institution in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. ... National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, NaUKMA (Ukrainian: Національний університет «Києво-Могилянська академія», Natsionalnyi universytet Kyyevo-Mohylianska akademiya, НаУКМА), located in Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine is one of the countrys leading national schools of higher education. ...

Ukrainian educational system

Simiralry to Russian educational system, Ukraine's one may be arranged into three major groups: secondary education, higher education, and postgraduate education. This article is about education in Russia. ...

School level

Since 2005, a 12-year school system was introduced in Ukraine: primary education takes 4 years to complete (starting at age six), middle education takes 5 years to complete, depending on the school. There are then 3 profile years. Full secondary education is compulsory for all Ukrainian citizens.

University level

The higher education can be obtained at the expense of either state budget or own. It is common practice that an university entrant doesn't need to pass entrance examination to enter university if he/she will study at the his/her own expense (actually there are some examsbut they are formal only).

Students that study at the expense of state receive scholarship of 136 hryvnias if their average mark of end-of-term exams ("sessiya" - "сессия") and differentiated test ("diferentsiyovanyi zalik" – "диференційований залік") is 4 to 4.99. In case of 5 average the scholarship is increased to 170 hryvnias. The hryvnia (Ukrainian гривня) has been the national currency of Ukraine since 1996 when it replaced the coupon (or karbovanets), the temporary currency used after Ukraine left the Soviet Union and the ruble zone. ... The hryvnia (Ukrainian гривня) has been the national currency of Ukraine since 1996 when it replaced the coupon (or karbovanets), the temporary currency used after Ukraine left the Soviet Union and the ruble zone. ...

There are three different degrees that are conferred by Ukrainian universities: Bachelor's Degree (4 years), Specialist's Degree (usually 5 years), and Master's Degree (5-6 years). Bachelor's and Master's degrees were introduced relatively recently; they did not exist in the Soviet Union. As Ukraine is taking part in Bologna process they will eventually replace Specialist's Degree. The purpose of the Bologna process is to create the European higher education area by making academic degree standards and quality assurance standards more comparable and compatible throughout Europe. ...

Postgraduate level

After obtaining a Specialist's or Master's Degree, a student may enter a university or a scientific institute to pursue postgraduate education. The first level of postgraduate education is aspirantura (аспирантура) that usually results in the Kandidat Nauk degree (кандидат наук, Candidate of Sciences). The seeker should pass three exams (in his/her special field, in a foreign language of his/her choice and in philosophy), publish at least three scientific articles, write a dissertation and defend it. This degree is roughly equivalent to the Ph.D. in the United States. Kandidat (Russian: ) or Candidate of Science (Russian: ) is a holder of a first post-graduate scientific degree in the former USSR and in some Post-Soviet states, awarded for a dissertation (the Doctor of Science is one level higher than the Kandidat). ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ...

After graduation a student may continue postgraduate education. Few (2 to 4) years of study in doctorantura (докторантура) with obtaining important scientific results, publishing them and writing new thesis would result in the Doctor Nauk degree (доктор наук, Doctor of Sciences), but the typical way is working in a university or scientific institute with parallel preparation of a thesis. The average time between obtaining Kandidat and Doctor degrees is roughly 10 years, and most of new Doctors are 40 and more years old. Only 1 of 4 Kandidats reaches this grade.

Kandidat Nauk may keep position of Assistant Professor (Docent) in universities and of Researcher or Senior Researcher in a scientific institutes. Doctor Nauk can hold position of full Professor, Head of Laboratory or equal and higher ones.

Now the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine proposes to change the Soviet-like Kandidat Nauk and Doctor Nauk degrees by Doctor of Philosophy and Doctor Habilitation, as it was made by several post-Soviet countries.


Ukrainian universities use traditional 5-grade scale: "5" = excellent, "4" = good, "3" = acceptable, "2" = "unacceptable" (Fail).

If student gets "2" he/she has 3 chances to resit an examination.

Since 2001 secondary schools use 12-grade scale:

  • "12" = "5+"
  • "11" = "5"
  • "10" = "5-"
  • "9" = "4+"
  • "8" = "4"
  • "7" = "4-"
  • "6" = "3+"
  • "5" = "3"
  • "4" = "3-"
  • "3" = "2+"
  • "2" = "2"
  • "1" = "2-"

See also

This is a partial list of universities in Ukraine. ...

External links

  • (Ukrainian) Official website of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Ukraine

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