FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Education in Iran
A classroom in Sharif University
A classroom in Sharif University

Iran's educational system comprises many schools and universities scattered throughout the country. Tehrans Sharif University of Technology ranks among the best technical schools in the world. ...


Kindergarten in Iran, also mandatory, begins at the age of 5 for 1-year duration. Primary school (dabestan) starts at the age of 6 for a duration of 5 years. Middle school, also known as orientation cycle (dowre’ye-rahnama’ii tahsili), goes from the sixth to the eighth grade. High school (dabirestan), which last 3 years is not mandatory. High school is divided between theoretical, vocational/technical and manual, each program with its own specialties. Universities, institutes of technology, medical schools and community colleges, provide the higher education. The requirement to enter into higher education is to have a High school diploma, followed by a one-year preparation class, and finally pass the national University entrance's exam. Higher education is sanctioned by different levels of diplomas: Fogh-Diplom or Kardani (equivalent to a Baccalaureate in technical engineering) after 2 years of higher education, Karshenasi (also known under the name “licence”) is delivered after 4 years of higher education (Bachelor's degree). Fogh Licence is delivered after 2 more years of study (Master's degree). After which, another exam allows the candidate to pursue a doctoral program (PhD). For other uses, see Kindergarten (disambiguation). ... A primary school in ÄŒeský Těšín, Czech Republic. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... Institute of technology, and polytechnic, are designations employed in a wide range of learning institutions awarding different types of degrees and operating often at variable levels of the educational system. ... Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center in Lubbock, Texas, USA. A medical school or faculty of medicine is a tertiary educational institution — or part of such an institution — that teaches medicine. ... A high school diploma is a diploma awarded for the completion of high school. ... A baccalaureate is an educational qualification. ... A bachelors degree is usually an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or major that generally lasts for three, four, or in some cases and countries, five or six years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ...

Contents

History of Education in Iran

See also: Madrasah

Ulugh Beg Madrasa, Samarkand, ca. ...

Modern education

The first Western-style public schools were established by Haj-Mirza Hassan Roshdieh. Roshdieh schools building in Tabriz, Artesh Ave. ...


There are both free public schools and private schools in Iran at all levels, from elementary school through university. At the university level, however, every student attending public schools is required to commit to serve the government for a number of years typically equivalent to those spent at the university, or pay it off for a very low price (typically a few hundred dollars). During the early 1970s, efforts were made to improve the educational system by updating school curricula, introducing modern textbooks, and training more efficient teachers.


The 1979 revolution continued the country's emphasis on education, but Khomeini's regime put its own stamp on the process. The most important change was the Islamization of the education system. All students were segregated by sex. In 1980, the Cultural Revolution Committee was formed to oversee the institution of Islamic values in education. An arm of the committee, the Center for Textbooks (composed mainly of clerics), produced 3,000 new college-level textbooks reflecting Islamic views by 1983. Teaching materials based on Islam were introduced into the primary grades within six months of the revolution. This article is about the 1979 revolution in Iran. ... Ayatollah Khomeini founded the first modern Islamic republic Ayatollah Seyyed Ruhollah Khomeini (آیت‌الله روح‌الله خمینی in Persian) (May 17, 1900 – June 3, 1989) was an Iranian Shia cleric and the political and spiritual leader of the 1979 revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the then Shah of Iran. ... Islamization (also spelt Islamisation, see spelling differences) or Islamification means the process of a societys conversion to the religion of Islam, or a neologism meaning an increase in observance by an already Muslim society. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ...


Higher education

See main articles:

Iranian universities churn out almost 750,000 skilled graduates annually. This is a list of universities in Iran: See Higher education in Iran, for more information. ... University of Tehran College of Humanities Iran has a large network of private, public, and state affiliated universities offering degrees in higher education. ...


The tradition of university education in Iran goes back to the early centuries of Islam. By the 20th century, however, the system had become antiquated and was remodeled along French lines. The country's 16 universities were closed after the 1979 revolution and were then reopened gradually between 1982 and 1983 under Islamic supervision. Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ...


While the universities were closed, the Cultural Revolution Committee investigated professors and teachers and dismissed those who were believers in Marxism, liberalism, and other "imperialistic" ideologies. The universities reopened with Islamic curricula. In 1997, all higher-level institutions had 40,477 teachers and enrolled 579,070 students. The University of Tehran (founded in 1934) has 10 faculties, including a department of Islamic theology. Other major universities are at Tabriz, Mashhad, Ahvaz, Shiraz, Esfahan, Kerman, Babol Sar, Rasht, and Orumiyeh. There are about 50 colleges and 40 technological institutes. Marxism is both the theory and the political practice (that is, the praxis) derived from the work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... A cartoon portraying the British Empire as an octopus, reaching into foreign lands Imperialism is a policy of extending the control or authority over foreign entities as a means of acquisition and/or maintenance of empires, either through direct territorial or through indirect methods of exerting control on the politics... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Tehran University is the largest university in Iran, with 32,000 students. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tabriz (Azeri and Persian: تبریز; is the largest city in north-western Iran with an estimated population of 1,597,319 (2007 est. ... Mashhad (Persian: , literally the place of martyrdom) is the second largest city in Iran and one of the holiest cities in the Shiah world. ... The city of Ahvaz or Ahwaz[1] (Persian: ahvāz or Arabic: ‎), is the capital of the Iranian province of Khūzestān. ... For other uses, see Shiraz (disambiguation). ... Naghsh-i Jahan Square, Esfahan. ... For the U.S. city, see Kerman, California. ... Map of Iran and surrounding countries, showing location of Rasht Rasht ( رشت in Persian, also transcribed as Resht) is the capital of Gilan province in northwestern Iran. ... Map of Iran showing location of Urmia Urmia (Persian: ارومیه, Turkish: Urumiah, Kurdish: Wurmê, Syriac: ܘܪܡܝܐ), previously called Rezaiyeh (رضائیه), is a city in northwestern Iran, and the capital of the West Azarbaijan province, situated on the western side of Lake Urmia near the Turkish border. ... A college (Latin collegium) can be the name of any group of colleagues; originally it meant a group of people living together under a common set of rules (con-, together + leg-, law). As a consequence members of colleges were originally styled fellow and still are in some places. ... Institute of Technology is also the name of a vocational school in California. ...


Schools for Gifted Children

The National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents (NODET), also known as SAMPAD (سمپاد), maintains Middle and High Schools in Iran. These schools were shut down for a few years after the revolution, but later re-opened. Admittance is based on an entrance examination, and is very competitive, especially in Tehran.Their tuition is similar to private schools, but may be partially or fully waived off depending on the students financial condition. Some nodet alumni are world leading scientists. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Sampad National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents (NODET) (also known as SAMPAD (سمپاد)) are national Middle and High Schools in Iran developed specifically for the development of exceptionally talented students in Iran. ...


Organization for Educational Research and Planning (OERP)

OERP is a government affiliated, scientific, learning organization. It has qualitative and knowledge-based curricula consistent with the scientific and research findings, technological, national identity, Islamic and cultural values.


OERP's Responsibilities:


1. To research on the content of the educational,
2. To study and develop simple methods for examinations and educational assessments,
3. To write, edit and print text-books,
4. To identify and provide educational tools and the list of standards for educational tools and equipments,
5. To run pure research on improving the quality and quantity of education,
6. To perform other responsibilities issued by the OERP Council.


Prominent high schools in Iran: historical and current

Tabriz Memorial High School Diploma. Dated: June 1, 1923
Tabriz Memorial High School Diploma. Dated: June 1, 1923

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 544 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 881 pixel, file size: 126 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) HighSchool Diploma, Valigholi Dilfanian, Tabriz-Iran, Memorial HighSchool. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 544 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 881 pixel, file size: 126 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) HighSchool Diploma, Valigholi Dilfanian, Tabriz-Iran, Memorial HighSchool. ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alborz High School (in Persian:دبیرستان البرز), is a high school located in the heart of Tehran, Iran. ... Sampad National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents (NODET) (also known as SAMPAD (سمپاد)) are national Middle and High Schools in Iran developed specifically for the development of exceptionally talented students in Iran. ... Farzanegan Schools are located in Tehran,Iran. ... Sampad National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents (NODET) (also known as SAMPAD (سمپاد)) are national Middle and High Schools in Iran developed specifically for the development of exceptionally talented students in Iran. ... The building is not far from another prestigious old school of Tehran, Alborz High School. ... HADAF EDUCATIONAL GROUP (Goruh-e Farhangi-e Hadaf). ... Nikan is the name of a boys-only school located in the north of Tehran, Iran. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Statistics

According to the CIA World Factbook, from information collected in 2003, 85.6% of males and 73% of females over the age of 15 are literate, thus 79.4% of the population is literate.


Literacy training has been a prime concern in Iran. For the year 2000, adult illiteracy rates were estimated at 23.1% (males, 16.3%; females, 30.0%). A literacy corps was established in 1963 to send educated conscripts to villages. During its first 10 years, the corps helped 2.2 million urban children and 600,000 adults become literate. In 1997, there were 9,238,393 pupils enrolled in 63,101 primary schools, with 298,755 teachers. The student-to-teacher ratio stood at 31 to 1. In that same year, secondary schools had 8,776,792 students and 280,309 teachers. The pupil-teacher ratio at the primary level was 26 to 1 in 1999. In the same year, 83% of primary-school-age children were enrolled in school. As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 4.6% of GDP (not budget). In 2007, a majority of students enrolled in Iranian universities were women. Children reading. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... This is a list of universities in Iran: See Higher education in Iran, for more information. ...


See also

Science continues to be produced in modern Iran despite many limitations. ... This is a list of Iranian Research Centers: Iran Astronomy Sciences Academy (IASA) ,Tehran The Academy of Arts of Iran, Tehran The Academy of Medical Sciences of Iran, Tehran The Academy of Sciences of Iran, Tehran Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran, Karaj Biotechnology Study Center, Tehran Chemistry & Chemical Engineering... Daralfonoon (Persian دار الفنون), established 1851 was the first modern institution of higher learning in Iran. ... Medieval manuscript by Qotbeddin Shirazi. ... The economy of Iran is a transition economy where a continuing strong labour force growth unmatched by commensurate real economic growth is driving up unemployment to a level considerably higher than the official estimate of 11%.[8] According to experts, annual economic growth above five per cent would be needed... Roshdieh schools building in Tabriz, Artesh Ave. ... Iranian peoples are peoples who speak an Iranian language and/or belong to the Iranian stock. ... Sampad National Organization for Development of Exceptional Talents (NODET) (also known as SAMPAD (سمپاد)) are national Middle and High Schools in Iran developed specifically for the development of exceptionally talented students in Iran. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Education in Iran
  • Ministry of Education website
  • Ministry of Health and Medical Education - Iran
  • Education & Training in Iran - Australian Trade
  • Statistical center of Iran
  • OERP's official website
This is a list of countries spanning more than one continent. ...

 
 

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