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Encyclopedia > Education (Additional Support for Learning ) (Scotland) Act 2004

The Additional Support for Learning Act is a Scottish law enacted in 2004. It seeks to redefine the area of providing special education to children with additional needs by establishing a framework for the policies of inclusion and generally practicing the "presumption of mainstreaming" in Scottish education. The act is an attempt to broaden the narrow definition of Special Educational Needs (SEN) which has typically been used to define children with special needs. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Special education is instruction that is modified or particularized for those students with singular needs or disabilities, such as learning differences, mental health problems, or specific disabilities (physical or developmental). ... A male Caucasian toddler child A child (plural: children) is a young human. ... In mathematics, inclusion is a partial order on sets. ... Mainstream is, generally, the common current of thought of the majority. ...

Contents

Special Educational Needs (SEN)

Under the SEN model, certain children were classified as having special needs, and a formal "Record of Needs" (RoN) was opened and maintained. The opening of an RoN placed a legal obligation on the local authority to meet the needs of the child or young person as defined in the record. Additional support, staffing, resources and places at special schools were largely dependent on the needs and targets set out in the student's RoN.[1] Staffing is the practice of finding, evaluating, and establishing a working relationship with future colleagues on a project and firing them when they are no longer needed. ... Factors of production are resources used in the production of goods and services in economics. ... A special school is a school catering to students who have special educational needs (SEN), for example, because of learning difficulties or physical disabilities. ...


Principles

The new act defines a system of Additional Support Needs (ASN). The act states that, at some point in their education, all children may require some form of additional support. The act says: "A child may require additional support for a variety of reasons. These may include those who are being bullied, are particularly gifted, have experienced a bereavement, or are not attending school regularly, as well as those who have behavioural or learning difficulties, mental health problems, or specific disabilities such as deafness or blindness." A bully is an individual who tends to torment others, either through verbal harassment and/or physical assaults, or through more subtle methods of coercion. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gifted education. ... Sad redirects here; for the three letter acronym, see SAD. Suffering is any unwanted condition and the corresponding negative emotion. ... truANT is the second CD Alien Ant Farm released on August 8, 2003. ... The term learning disability is used to refer to socio-biological conditions that affect a persons communicative capacities and potential to learn. ... Mental states redirects here. ... Disabilities are limitations in activity and/or functioning that are attributable to permanent medical conditions in physical, mental, emotional, and/or sensory domains and, significantly, are also due to societal responses to those limitations. ... This article discusses the way the word deaf is used and how deafness is perceived by hearing and Deaf communities. ... Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. ...


Implementation

The act places a duty on education authorities to establish procedures for identifying and meeting the additional support needs of children and young people. The identified needs must be kept under review and it will be the responsibility of all agencies to help education authorities meet their duties. The act defines such agencies as "including the local authority’s social work services, any health board, any other local authority or other agency specified by Scottish Ministers, such as Careers Scotland or further education colleges." Duty is a term loosely appliedDuty to any action (or course of action) whichDutyDuty is regarded as morally incumbent, apart from personal likes and dislikes or any external compulsion. ... Social workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. ... The Health Board system of the Republic of Ireland was created by the Health Act, 1970. ... MSP can refer to: Microsoft Project, project management software program developed and sold by Microsoft Microsoft Windows Installer Patch, Application patching framework by Microsoft Member of the Scottish Parliament, title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament Minneapolis-St. ... Further education (often abbreviated FE) is post-secondary, post-compulsory education (in addition to that received at secondary school). ...


The new structure is intended to make accessing support easier for parents and carers. Where parents believe that their child has additional support needs they are able to request assessments which they believe are necessary; education authorities also have this ability. In situations where there is disagreement, education authorities will be under a duty to provide mediation services and they will be required to have arrangements in place for resolving disputes. Parenting comprises all the tasks involved in raising a child to an independent adult. ... Mediation, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), aims to assist two (or more) disputants in reaching an agreement. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The act is intended to provide support for children with long or short term barriers to learning, including children with severe and complex needs. Where more than one support service is involved in the provision of support for a child, a Co-ordinated Support Plan (CSP) will be drawn up by the relevant agencies, (e.g. school and grief counsellor).[2]


Sources

[1] Text of the Act


References

  1. ^ Acheivement of Deaf Pupils on Scotland: Record of Needs
  2. ^ Text of the Act

External links

  • Scottish Executive: Transitional arrangements consultation paper on the Act
  • Contact a Family Factsheet: Additional Support for Learning Act

 
 

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