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Encyclopedia > Edmund II of England
Edmund II "Ironside"
King of England
Reign April 23, 1016 - November 30, 1016
Born 989
Wessex, England
Died November 30, 1016
Glastonbury
Buried Glastonbury Abbey
Married Edith
Parents Ethelred II
Ælgifu

Edmund II or Eadmund II (c. 988/993November 30, 1016), King of England from April 23 to November 30, 1016, was surnamed "Ironside" for his efforts to fend off the Danish invasion led by King Canute. Image File history File links Edmond_II_d'Angleterre. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... For the video game developers, see 989 Studios. ... Wessex was one of the seven major Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) that preceded the kingdom of England. ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Map sources for Glastonbury at grid reference ST5039 Glastonbury is a small town in Somerset, England, situated at a dry spot on the Somerset Levels, 30 miles south of Bristol. ... Glastonbury Abbey in Glastonbury, Somerset, England, now presents itself as traditionally the oldest above-ground Christian church in the world situated in the mystical land of Avalon by dating the founding of the community of monks at 63 A.D., the legendary visit of Joseph of Arimathea, who was supposed... Ethelred II or Æþelræd Unræd (c. ... Aelgifu (also called Aelfgifu or Elgifu or Aelfgitha) was the wife of Canute the Great in the11th century. ... Events Vladimir I, Prince of Kiev marries Anna, sister of Byzantine emperor Basil II and converts to Christianity. ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... November 30 is the 334th day (335th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 31 days remaining. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... The Flag of England The Kingdom of England was a kingdom located in Western Europe, in the southern part of the island of Great Britain. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Danish: Knud II den Store, Norwegian: Knut den mektige) (994/995 – November 12, 1035) was king of England, Denmark and Norway and governor or overlord of Schleswig and Pomerania. ...

Contents


Family

Edmund was the second son of King Æthelred II and his first wife, Ælflaed of Northumbria. He had three brothers, the elder being Æthelstan, and the younger two being Ædred and Ecgbert. His mother was dead by 996, and his father remarried twice more. Ethelred II (Old English: Æþelred) (c. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ...


Æthelstan died in 1014, leaving Edmund as heir. A power-struggle began between Edmund and his father, and in 1015 King Æthelred had two of Edmund's allies, Sigeferth and Morcar, executed. Edmund then took Sigeferth's widow, Ældgyth, from the nunnery where she had been imprisoned and married her in defiance of his father. During this time, Canute the Great attacked England with his forces. Events February 14 - Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany July 29 - Battle of Kleidion: Basil II inflicts not only a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, but his subsequent savage treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of shock... Events August: Canute the Great invades England. ... Canute (or Cnut) I, or Canute the Great (Old Norse: Knútr inn ríki, Danish: Knud II den Store, Norwegian: Knut den mektige) (994/995 – November 12, 1035) was king of England, Denmark and Norway and governor or overlord of Schleswig and Pomerania. ...


Royal and military history

Upon the death of Æthelred II, who had earlier been stricken ill, on April 23, 1016, with little support from the London nobility, Edmund succeeded to the throne. Canute, however, enjoyed greater support throughout England, especially from the Southampton nobility. Southampton is a city and major port situated on the south coast of England. ...


When Edmund forcefully recovered Wessex from Canute’s previous invasion in 1015, Canute responded by laying siege to London; however, Edmund’s defence was successful. Despite the victory, conflict continued until Edmund was defeated, but not killed, on October 18 by Canute at Ashingdon in Essex. The site of the battle is given as Assandun in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and recent research suggests that this in fact refers to Ashdon, in north Essex, some two miles to the east of Saffron Walden. After the battle the two kings negotiated a peace in which Edmund kept Wessex while Canute held the lands north of the River Thames. In addition, they agreed that if one of them should perish, territories belonging to the deceased would be ceded to the living. A siege is a prolonged military blockade and assault of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition. ... } London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England and is the most populous city in the European Union. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in leap years). ... Ashington is a village and civil parish in the Rochford district of Essex, England. ... Essex is a county in the East of England. ... Ashdon is a village and civil parish in the Uttlesford district of Essex, England, about four miles north-east of Saffron Walden. ... The Thames (pronounced //) is a river flowing through southern England and connecting London with the sea. ...


Death

On November 30, 1016, King Edmund II died of natural causes in Oxford or London, and his territories were ceded to Canute who then became king of England. Edmund was buried at Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset. Dope Hiphop crew out of Sydney Australia. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Glastonbury Abbey in Glastonbury, Somerset, England, now presents itself as traditionally the oldest above-ground Christian church in the world situated in the mystical land of Avalon by dating the founding of the community of monks at 63 A.D., the legendary visit of Joseph of Arimathea, who was supposed... Somerset is a county in the south-west of England. ...


Heirs

Edmund had two children by Ældgyth: Edward the Exile and Edmund, who both escaped to Hungary. Edward the Exile (1016- February 1057), son of King Edmund Ironside and of Ealdgyth, gained the name of Exile from his life spent mostly far from the England of his forefathers. ...


Shakespearean play?

Edmund Ironside is also the name of an anonymous play in the Shakespeare Apocrypha, which has been attributed William Shakespeare on stylistic grounds.[1] Plays in the Shakespeare Apocrypha are not generally accepted as Shakespearean.[2] Edmund Ironside is an anonymous Elizabethan play that depicts the life of Edmund II of England; however, at least two critics have suggested it is an early work by Shakespeare. ... The Shakespeare Apocrypha is the name given to a group of plays that have sometimes been attributed to Shakespeare, but whose attribution is questionable for various reasons. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Sources

  • Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
  • Clemoes, Peter. The Anglo-Saxons: Studies Presented to Bruce Dickins, 1959

References

  1. ^ Sams, Eric. (1986). Shakespeare's "Edmund Ironside": The Lost Play. Wildwood Ho. ISBN 0704505479
  2. ^ Two Tough Nuts to Crack: Did Shakespeare Write the Shakespeare Portions of Sir Thomas More and Edward III? By Ward E. Y. Elliott and Robert J. Valenza, Claremont McKenna College.
Preceded by:
Ethelred II
King of England
1016
Succeeded by:
Canute
Monarchs of England - edit
Alfred | Edward the Elder | Ethelweard | Athelstan | Edmund I | Edred | Edwy | Edgar I | Edward the Martyr | Ethelred | Sweyn I*† | Edmund II | Canute*† | Harthacanute* | Harold I | Edward the Confessor | Harold II | Edgar II | William I | William II | Henry I | Stephen | Matilda | Henry II | Richard I | John | Henry III | Edward I | Edward II | Edward III | Richard II | Henry IV | Henry V | Henry VI | Edward IV | Edward V | Richard III | Henry VII | Henry VIII‡ | Edward VI‡ | Jane‡ | Mary I‡ | Elizabeth I‡ | James I‡§ | Charles I‡§ | Interregnum | Charles II‡§ | James II‡§ | William III‡§¶ and Mary II‡§ | Anne‡§
* Also Monarch of Denmark | † Also Monarch of Norway | ‡Also Monarch of Ireland | § Also Monarch of Scotland | ¶ Also Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland, Overijssel and Drenthe

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edmund II of England - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (442 words)
Edmund was the second son of King Æthelred II and his first wife, Ælflaed of Northumbria.
On November 30, 1016, King Edmund II died of natural causes in Oxford or London, and his territories were ceded to Canute who then became king of England.
Edmund was buried at Glastonbury Abbey in Somerset.
Ethelred the Unready - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (602 words)
Ethelred married firstly to Ælflaed, daughter of Thored, the ealdorman of Northumbria; she was the mother of four sons, including Edmund Ironside.
His third and final marriage, in 1002, was to Emma of Normandy, whose grandnephew, William I of England, would later use this relationship as the basis of his claim on the throne.
England had experienced a long period of peace after the reconquest of the Danelaw in the first half of the 10th Century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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