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Encyclopedia > Edith Sampson
Edith S. Sampson
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Edith S. Sampson

Edith Spurlock Sampson (13 October 1901?-8 October 1979) was a lawyer and judge, and the first Black U.S. delegate to the United Nations. October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (282nd in leap years). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... English barrister 16th century painting of a civil law notary, by Flemish painter Quentin Massys. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... United States is the current Good Article Collaboration of the week! Please help to improve this article to the highest of standards. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ...

Contents

Youth and Education

Sampson was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania to Louis Spurlock and Elizabeth A. McGruder. Despite family financial difficulties, she graduated from Peabody High School in Pittsburgh. She then went to work for Associated Charities, and studied at the New York School of Social Work. One of her instructors, George Kirchwey of Columbia, encouraged her to become an attorney. She studied law while working as a social worker in Chicago, taking night courses at John Marshall Law School, from 1922 to 1925. Nickname: Steel City, Iron City, City of Champions, City of Bridges, City of Colleges Location in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Allegheny County Founded 1758 Mayor Luke Ravenstahl (D) Area    - City 151. ... // Peabody High School is a High School in Pittsburgh, PA is located on 515 North Highland Avenue Pittsburgh, PA 15206 its principal is Sophia Facaros Special Programs/Services for Students and Community Center for Advanced Studies (CAS); Pittsburgh Scholars Program (PSP); Advanced Placement courses; Public Safety Academy-magnet (training and... George Kirchwey (1855-1942) was dean of Columbia Law School from 1901 to 1910 and was later warden of Sing Sing Correctional Facility. ... A social worker is a person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... The John Marshall Law School is a law school in Chicago, Illinois, that was founded in 1899 and accredited by the American Bar Association in 1951. ...


Legal work

In 1924, Sampson opened a law office on the South Side of Chicago, serving the local black community. From 1925 through 1942, she was associated with the Juvenile Court of Cook County, serving as a probation officer. In 1927, Sampson became the first woman to earn a Master of Laws from Loyola University's Graduate Law School. She also passed the Illinois State Bar exam that year. In 1934, she was admitted to practice before the Supreme Court. In 1947, she was appointed as an Assistant State's Attorney in Cook County. The neighborhoods of Chicago lay within Chicagos seventy-seven community areas. ... Juvenile courts are courts, which are specifically created and given authority to try and pass judgments for crimes committed by persons who have not attained the age of majority. ... Cook County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. ... Probation officers function as agents or officers of the courts in the United States especially, but also in other countries. ... The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... Loyola University Chicago is a private co-educational religious-affiliated university established in Chicago, Illinois in 1870 as Saint Ignatius College. ... The Loyola University Chicago School of Law is the only law school on the Magnificent Mile of Chicagos North Michigan Avenue. ... A bar examination is an series of tests conducted at regular intervals to determine whether a candidate is qualified to practice law in a given American examination usually consists of the following: complicated essay questions concerning that jurisdictions law; the Multistate Bar Examination, a standardized, nationwide examination containing generalized... The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the judicial branch of the United States federal government. ... The State Attorney (also called States Attorney or District Attorney or D.A.) is an appointed or elected official who is often the chief law enforcement officer of his or her respective county circuit or district. ...


International politics

In 1949, Sampson was part of the Round-the-World Town Meeting, a program that sent twenty-six prominent Americans on a world tour, meeting leaders of foreign countries and participating in public political debates and radio broadcasts. In these meetings, Sampson sought to counter Soviet propaganda regarding civil rights struggles in the U.S. During one meeting in India, she said: Soviet redirects here. ... An Australian anti-conscription propaganda poster from World War One Propaganda is a specific type of message presentation directly aimed at influencing the opinions or behaviour of people, rather than impartially providing information. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ...

   
Edith S. Sampson
The question is, quite bluntly, 'Do Negroes have equal rights in America?' My answer is no, we do not have equal rights in all parts of the United States. But let's remember that 85 years ago Negroes in America were slaves and were 100 per cent illiterate. And the record shows that the Negro has advanced further in this period than any similar group in the entire world. You here get considerable misinformation about American Negroes and hear little or nothing that is constructive.[1]
   
Edith S. Sampson

She also stated that "I would rather be a Negro in America than a citizen in any other land." Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas said that her actions "created more good will and understanding in India than any other single act by any American".[2] Image File history File links Cquote1. ... Image File history File links Cquote2. ... William Orville Douglas (October 16, 1898 – January 19, 1980) was a United States Supreme Court Associate Justice. ...


United Nations

As a result of the Town Meeting tour and her other public speaking, President Truman appointed Sampson as an alternate U.S. delegate to the United Nations in August 1950, making her the first African-American to officially represent the United States at the UN. She was a member of the UN's Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee, where she lobbied for continued support of work in social welfare. She also presented a resolution pressuring the Soviet Union to repatriate the remainder of its Prisoners of War from World War II. She was reappointed to the UN in 1952, and served until 1953. During the Eisenhower Administration, she was a member of the U.S. Commission for UNESCO. In 1961 and 1962, she became the first black U.S. representative to NATO. Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890 – March 28, 1969) was an American soldier and politician. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[1] (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ...


Judgeship

In 1962, Sampson ran for associate judge of the Municipal Court of Chicago, and easily won the election; she was the first black woman to be elected as a judge in the United States. In 1966, she became an associate judge for the Circuit Court of Cook County. Most of the cases that she heard were housing disputes involving poor tenants, in which she was perceived as "an understanding but tough grandmother".[3] She continued as a Circuit Court judge until she retired in 1978. Circuit courts previously were United States federal courts established in each federal judicial district. ...


Family

Sampson first married Rufus Sampson, a field agent for the Tuskegee Institute. They divorced, but she retained the name Edith Sampson as she was already professionally known by it. In 1935, she married lawyer Joseph E. Clayton, with whom she shared her legal practice until his death in 1957. Two of her nephews, Charles T. Spurlock and Oliver Spurlock, were also judges. Her niece, Jean Spurlock, became the first African American woman to be dean of an American medical school (Meharry Medical College). Sampson's great-niece, Lynne Moody, is an actress who appeared in the television miniseries, Roots. There is also the Tuskegee Airmen, a corps of African-American military pilots trained there during World War II Tuskegee University is an American institution of higher learning located in Tuskegee, Alabama. ... Meharry Medical College was founded in 1876 in Nashville, Tennessee to provide health sciences education. ... Lynne Moody is an American actress who has made many appearances in television. ... Roots is: The plural of Root Roots (album) Roots (TV miniseries), a mini-series based on a novel by Alex Haley Roots: The Saga of an American Family, a novel by Alex Haley Roots Canada Ltd. ...


References

  • "This Week In Black History", Jet, 2003-08-25, p. 20.
  • Rebecca S. Shoemaker (2000). “Sampson, Edith Spurlock”, American National Biography Online.
  1. ^ Oliver C. Cox (Summer, 1951). "The Programs of Negro Civil Rights Organizations". The Journal of Negro Education 20 (3): 354-366.
  2. ^ Mary L. Dudziak (Sep. 1994). "Josephine Baker, Racial Protest, and the Cold War". The Journal of American History 81 (2): 543-570.
  3. ^ Kathleen E. Gordon. Edith S. Sampson. Retrieved on 2006-07-05.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Descendants - pafg76.htm - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (1267 words)
Stephen SAMPSON was born on 2 Jul 1751 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, United States.
Abigail SAMPSON was born on 7 Dec 1754 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, United States.
Enoch SAMPSON was born on 18 Mar 1759 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, United States.
Descendants - pafg75.htm - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (1707 words)
Fear SAMPSON (Nathaniel SAMPSON, Lorah STANDISH, Sarah ALDEN, John) was born on 16 Nov 1708 in Duxbury, MA.
Molly Mary SAMPSON was born on 22 Mar 1750 in Duxbury, MA.
Hannah SAMPSON (Abraham SAMPSON, Lorah STANDISH, Sarah ALDEN, John) was born on 4 Nov 1715 in Duxbury, Plymouth, MA, United States.
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