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Encyclopedia > Edith Bolling Wilson
White House portrait
White House portrait

Edith Bolling Galt Wilson (October 15, 1872December 28, 1961), second wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921. She has been labeled "the Secret President" and "the first woman to run the government" for the role she played when her husband suffered prolonged and disabling illness. public domain image from whitehouse. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ... 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). ... Martha Washington, 1st First Lady of the United States Laura Bush, current First Lady of the United States (2001-present) First Lady of the United States is the unofficial title of the hostess of the White House. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


A direct descendant of Virginia aristocracy and as well as the American Indian princess, Pocahontas, through her granddaughter Jane Rolfe Bolling, she was born in Wytheville in 1872, seventh among eleven children of Sallie White and Judge William Holcombe Bolling. At 15 she went to Martha Washington College to study music, with a second year at a smaller school in Richmond, Virginia. Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Native Americans in the United States (also known as Indians, American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Peoples, Aboriginal Peoples, Aboriginal Americans, Amerindians, Amerinds, or Original Americans) are the indigenous peoples within the territory that is now encompassed by the continental United States and their descendants in... A 1616 engraving of Pocahontas by Simon van de Passe, the only portrait of Pocahontas made within her lifetime. ... Wytheville is a town located in Wythe County, Virginia. ... Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ...


While visiting a married sister in Washington, DC, Edith met Norman Galt, a prosperous jeweler; in 1896 they were married. For 12 years she lived as a contented (though childless) young matron in the capital, with vacations abroad. In 1908 her husband died unexpectedly. Edith Galt then chose a manager who operated the family's jewelry firm with financial success. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


By a quirk of fate and a chain of friendships, Edith Galt met the President in 1915, when he was still mourning his first wife, Ellen Wilson. A man who depended on female companionship -- he maintained at least one mistress during his first marriage -- Wilson took an instant liking to the widow Galt, who was charming and intelligent and plumply pretty. Admiration changed swiftly to love. In proposing to her, he made the poignant statement that "in this place time is not measured by weeks, or months, or years, but by deep human experiences..." They were married on December 18, 1915, at her home. They had been a romantic item for such a long period of time, however, that Washington wags were quick to poke fun at the marriage. As one joke went, when Edith Galt heard the President propose marriage, she nearly fell out of bed. Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 - August 6, 1914), first wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1913 until her death. ... December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


Though the new First Lady had sound qualifications for the role of hostess, the social aspect of the administration was overshadowed by the war in Europe and abandoned after the United States entered the conflict in 1917. Edith Wilson submerged her own life in her husband's, trying to keep him fit under tremendous strain. She accompanied him to Europe when the Allies conferred on terms of peace. Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 8 million Full list Military dead: 3 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 6 million Full...


Wilson returned to campaign for Senate approval of the peace treaty and the League of Nations Covenant. His health failed in September 1919; a stroke left him partly paralyzed. His constant attendant, Edith Wilson took over many routine duties and details of government. But she did not initiate programs or make major decisions, and she did not try to control the executive branch. She selected matters for her husband's attention and let everything else go to the heads of departments or remain in abeyance. In My Memoir, published in 1939, she called her role a "stewardship" and stated emphatically that her husband's doctors had urged that course upon her. Others, however, disagreed with her version of events and called it revisionism. As one historian, Phyllis Levin, a former reporter for the New York Times, wrote, Edith Wilson was "a woman of narrow views and formidable determination" and blamed her for numerous diplomatic failures that occurred during her husband's incapacitation. The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ...


In 1921, the Wilsons retired to a comfortable home in Washington, where he died three years later. A highly respected figure in the society of the capital, though rumored to be quite open in her admiration for younger men, Edith Wilson lived on to ride in John F. Kennedy's inaugural parade. She died on December 28, 1961, the 105th anniversary of her second husband's birth. She was 89 years old at her death, making her the third longest lived first lady after Bess Wallace Truman and Lady Bird Johnson, respectively. John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ... December 28 is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 3 days remaining. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... White House portrait Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982), often known as Bess Truman, was the wife of Harry S. Truman and First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953. ... White House portrait Claudia Alta Taylor Johnson, known commonly as Lady Bird Johnson, (born December 22, 1912), is the widow of Lyndon B. Johnson and was First Lady of the United States from 1963-1969. ...

Preceded by:
Ellen Louise Wilson
First Lady of the United States
1915–1921
Succeeded by:
Florence Harding
First Ladies of the United States U.S. presidential seal
Martha Washington | Abigail Adams | Martha Jefferson Randolph | Dolley Madison | Elizabeth Monroe | Louisa Adams | Emily Jackson | Sarah Jackson | Angelica Van Buren | Anna Harrison | Jane Harrison | Letitia Tyler | Priscilla Tyler | Julia Tyler | Sarah Polk | Margaret Taylor | Abigail Fillmore | Jane Pierce | Harriet Lane | Mary Lincoln | Eliza Johnson | Julia Grant | Lucy Hayes | Lucretia Garfield | Mary McElroy | Rose Cleveland | Frances Cleveland | Caroline Harrison | Frances Cleveland | Ida McKinley | Edith Roosevelt | Helen Taft | Ellen Wilson | Edith Wilson | Florence Harding | Grace Coolidge | Lou Hoover | Eleanor Roosevelt | Bess Truman | Mamie Eisenhower | Jacqueline Kennedy | Lady Bird Johnson | Pat Nixon | Betty Ford | Rosalynn Carter | Nancy Reagan | Barbara Bush | Hillary Rodham Clinton | Laura Bush

Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 - August 6, 1914), first wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1913 until her death. ... Laura Bush Current First Lady (2001- ) First Lady of the United States is the unofficial title of the hostess of the White House. ... White House portrait Florence Kling Harding (August 15, 1860–November 21, 1924), wife of Warren G. Harding, was First Lady of the United States from 1921 to 1923. ... Martha Washington, 1st First Lady of the United States Laura Bush, current First Lady of the United States (2001-present) First Lady of the United States is the unofficial title of the hostess of the White House. ... Image File history File links USPresidentialSeal. ... Martha Washington Martha Dandridge Custis Washington (June 2, 1731 – May 22, 1802) was the wife of George Washington, the first president of the United States, and therefore is seen as the first First Lady of the United States (although that title was not coined until after her death; she was... Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States, and is seen as the second First Lady of the United States, though that term was not coined until after her death. ... Martha Washington Jefferson Randolph (September 27, 1772 - October 10, 1836) , was the daughter of Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, and his wife Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson. ... Madison in 1818 Dolley Payne Todd Madison (May 20, 1768 – July 12, 1849), wife of President James Madison, who served from 1809 until 1817. ... Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (1768 - September 23, 1830) was the wife of US President James Monroe. ... Louisa Catherine Johnson Adams (February 12, 1775 – May 15, 1852), wife of John Quincy Adams, was First Lady of the United States from 1825 to 1829. ... Andrew Jackson (March 15, 1767 – June 8, 1845), one of the founders of the Democratic Party, was the seventh President of the United States, serving from 1829 to 1837. ... Sarah Yorke Jackson (July 1805? - August 23, 1887) was the daughter-in-law of US President Andrew Jackson. ... Angelica Singleton Van Buren (February 13, 1818-December 29, United States President Martin Van Buren. ... Anna Tuthill Symmes Harrison (1775 - 1864), wife of President William Henry Harrison and the grandmother of President Benjamin Harrison, was nominally First Lady of the United States during her husbands one-month term in 1841, but she never entered the White House. ... Jane Irwin Harrison, who married William Henry Harrison Jr, was the daughter-in-law of William Henry Harrison, ninth President of the United States; she acted as his official hostess during his brief tenure in office, a month in 1841. ... Letitia Christian Tyler (November 12, 1790 - September 10, 1842), first wife of John Tyler, was First Lady of the United States from 1841 until her death. ... Elizabeth Priscilla Cooper Tyler (June 14, 1816 - December 29, 1889) was the daughter in law of John Tyler, the tenth President of the United States. ... White House portrait Julia Gardiner Tyler (July 23, 1820 – July 10, 1889), second wife of John Tyler, was First Lady of the United States from June 26, 1844 to March 4, 1845. ... Sarah Childress Polk (September 4, 1803 – August 14, 1891), wife of James K. Polk, was First Lady of the United States from March 4, 1845 to March 3, 1849. ... Margaret Mackall Smith Taylor (September 21, 1788 - August 14, 1852), wife of Zachary Taylor, was First Lady of the United States from 1849 to 1850. ... Abigail Powers Fillmore (March 13, 1798 - March 30, 1853), wife of Millard Fillmore, was First Lady of the United States from 1850 to 1853. ... Jane Means Appleton Pierce Jane Means Appleton Pierce (March 12, 1806 – December 2, 1863), wife of Franklin Pierce, was First Lady of the United States from 1853 to 1857. ... Harriet Rebecca Lane (May 9, 1830 - July 3, 1903), niece of perpetual bachelor James Buchanan, acted as First Lady of the United States from 1857 to 1861. ... Mary Todd Lincoln Mary Todd Lincoln Mary Ann Todd Lincoln (December 13, 1818 – July 16, 1882) was the sixteenth First Lady of the United States when her husband, Abraham Lincoln, served as the sixteenth President, from 1861 until 1865. ... Elizabeth McCardle Johnson, wife of President Andrew Johnson. ... Julia Grant, photo taken in 1876, when she was mistress of the White House Julia Dent Grant (January 26, 1826 – December 14, 1902), wife of Ulysses S. Grant, was First Lady of the United States from 1869 to 1877. ... Lucy Ware Webb Hayes (August 28, 1831 - June 25, 1889) was the First Lady of the United States during the presidency of her husband Rutherford B. Hayes and one of the most popular First Ladies of the nineteenth century. ... White House portrait Lucretia Rudolph Garfield (1832 - 1918), wife of James A. Garfield, was First Lady of the United States in 1881. ... Mary Arthur McElroy (July 5, 1841 - January 8, 1917) was the sister of 21st President of the United States, Chester A. Arthur, and served as a hostess for his administration (1881-1885). ... Rose Cleveland was the First Lady during the first of U.S. President Grover Clevelands two administrations. ... Frances Folsom Cleveland (July 21, 1864 – October 29, 1947), wife of Grover Cleveland, was First Lady of the United States from 1886 to 1889 and 1893 to 1897. ... White House portrait Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison (October 1, 1832 _ October 25, 1892), wife of Benjamin Harrison, was First Lady of the United States from 1889 until her death. ... Frances Folsom Cleveland (July 21, 1864 – October 29, 1947), wife of Grover Cleveland, was First Lady of the United States from 1886 to 1889 and 1893 to 1897. ... Ida Saxton McKinley (June 8, 1847 – May 26, 1907), wife of William McKinley, was First Lady of the United States from 1897 to 1901. ... White House portrait Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt (August 6, 1861 – September 30, 1948), second wife of Theodore Roosevelt, was First Lady of the United States from 1901 to 1909. ... White House portrait Helen Herron Nellie Taft (June 2, 1861 - May 22, 1943), wife of William Howard Taft, was First Lady of the United States from 1909 to 1913. ... Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (May 15, 1860 - August 6, 1914), first wife of Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1913 until her death. ... White House portrait Florence Kling Harding (August 15, 1860–November 21, 1924), wife of Warren G. Harding, was First Lady of the United States from 1921 to 1923. ... White House portrait Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge (January 3, 1879 – July 8, 1957) was wife of Calvin Coolidge and First Lady of the United States from 1923 to 1929. ... Lou Henry Hoover (1874-1944) Lou Henry Hoover (March 29, 1874 - January 7, 1944) was the wife of President Herbert Hoover and First Lady of the United States. ... Eleanor Roosevelt. ... White House portrait Elizabeth Virginia Wallace Truman (February 13, 1885 – October 18, 1982), often known as Bess Truman, was the wife of Harry S. Truman and First Lady of the United States from 1945 to 1953. ... White House portrait Mary Geneva Doud Eisenhower (November 14, 1896 – November 1, 1979), known as Mamie, was the wife of General and President Dwight D. Eisenhower and First Lady of the United States from 1953 to 1961. ... First official White House portrait. ... White House portrait Claudia Alta Taylor Johnson, known commonly as Lady Bird Johnson, (born December 22, 1912), is the widow of Lyndon B. Johnson and was First Lady of the United States from 1963-1969. ... Pat Nixon Thelma Catherine Patricia Ryan Nixon (March 16, 1912 – June 22, 1993) was the wife of Richard Nixon and First Lady of the United States from 1969-1974. ... White House portrait Elizabeth Ann Bloomer Warren Ford (born April 8, 1918) is the wife of President Gerald R. Ford and was First Lady of the United States from 1974 to 1977. ... White House portrait Eleanor Rosalynn Smith Carter (born August 18, 1927) is the wife of President Jimmy Carter and was First Lady of the United States from 1977 to 1981. ... White House portrait Nancy Davis Reagan (born July 6, 1921) is the widow of President Ronald Reagan and was First Lady of the United States from 1981 to 1989. ... White House Portrait Barbara Pierce Bush (born June 8, 1925) is the wife of the 41st President of the United States, George H. W. Bush, and was First Lady of the United States from 1989 to 1993. ... Hillary Rodham Clinton (born Hillary Diane Rodham on October 26, 1947) is the junior United States Senator from New York, serving her freshman term since January 3, 2001. ... First Lady Laura Bush Laura Lane Welch Bush (born November 4, 1946) is the wife of U.S. President George W. Bush and is the First Lady of the United States. ...

Reference

  • Original text based on White House biography

  Results from FactBites:
 
Woodrow Wilson (933 words)
Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia, with ancestry in Strabane, Northern Ireland.
Wilson served on the faculties of Bryn Mawr College and Wesleyan University before joining the Princeton faculty as professor of jurisprudence and political economy in 1890.
On October 2, 1919 Wilson suffered a stroke and was seriously incapacitated his final year in office, although the extent of his disabilities was kept from the public until after his death.
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