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Encyclopedia > Edith Abbott

Edith Abbott (September 26, 1876July 28, 1957) was a social worker, educator, and author. Abbott was born in Grand Island, Nebraska. Her younger sister was Grace Abbott. September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1957 was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A social worker is a person employed in the administration of charity, social service, welfare, and poverty agencies, advocacy, or religious outreach programs. ... The word author has several meanings: The author of a book, story, article or the like, is the person who has written it (or is writing it). ... Grain elevator along the Union Pacific Railroad in downtown Grand Island Grand Island is a city located in Hall County, Nebraska. ... Grace Abbott (November 17, 1878 - June 19, 1939) was an American social worker who specifically worked in advancing child welfare. ...


In 1893, Abbott graduated from Brownell Hall, a girls' boarding school in Omaha. However, her family could not afford to send her to college, so she began teaching high school in Grand Island. She took correspondence courses and attended summer sessions until she earned a degree from the University of Nebraska in 1901. After two more years as a teacher, Abbott attended the University of Chicago and received a Ph.D. in economics in 1905. Omaha is the name of some places in the United States: *Omaha, Nebraska (the most familiar one) Omaha, Georgia Omaha, Illinois Omaha, Texas It is also the name of a Native American tribe, after which the city in Nebraska is named; see Omaha (tribe). ... University of Nebraska seal The University of Nebraska is the main public higher education outlet of the State of Nebraska in the United States. ... The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ...


In 1906, Abbott received a Carnegie fellowship and continued her studies at University College in London, and the London School of Economics and Political Science. She learned from social reformers Sidney Webb and Beatrice Webb, who championed new approaches to dealing with poverty. The next year, Abbott returned to the United States and taught economics for a year at Wellesley College. The term university college is used in a number of countries to denote institutions that provide tertiary education but do not have full or independent university status. ... The Clock Tower of the Palace of Westminster which contains Big Ben Tower Bridge at night A red double-decker bus crosses Piccadilly Circus. ... The London School of Economics and Political Science, often called the London School of Economics or the LSE, is one of the worlds major specialist universities in economics and social sciences. ... Categories: UK Labour Party politicians | British MPs | Peers | Secretaries of State for the Colonies (UK) | 1859 births | 1947 deaths | People stubs ... Categories: Stub | 1858 births | 1943 deaths ... Wellesley College is a womens liberal arts college chartered in 1870 by Henry Fowle Durant and his wife Pauline Fowle Durant. ...


However, Abbott wanted to work more directly on the issue of poverty, so she soon moved to Chicago to join her sister at Jane Addams' Hull House. At Hull House, the sisters promoted women's suffrage, the improvement of housing for the poor, and legislation to protect immigrants, working women, and children. Jane Addams Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) was an American social worker, sociologist and reformer. ... Hull House community workshop poster, 1938 Hull House, co-founded in Chicago, Illinois, in 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr who were soon joined by other volunteers called residents, was one of the first settlement houses in the U.S. and eventually grew into one of the largest... The international movement for womens suffrage, led by suffragists (commonly called suffragettes), was a social, economic and political reform movement aimed at extending the suffrage (that is, the right to vote) to women, advocating equal suffrage (abolition of graded votes) rather than universal suffrage (abolition of discrimination due to...


Abbott also worked as an assistant to Sophonisba Breckinridge, then director of social research at the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy. In that position, Abbott contributed to studies of juvenile delinquents and truants. She also created studies on women in industry and problems in the penal system.


In 1920, Abbott and Breckinridge helped arrange the transfer of the School of Civics and Philanthropy to the University of Chicago, where it was renamed to the School of Social Service Administration. The school was the first university-based graduate school of social work. In 1924, Abbott became the school's dean, the first US woman to become the dean of an American graduate school. She served in that position until 1942, and she emphasized the importance of formal education in social work and the need to include field experience as part of that training. In 1926, Abbott helped establish the Cook County Bureau of Public Welfare, and in 1935, she helped draft the Social Security Act. The University of Chicago is a private co-educational university located in Chicago, Illinois. ... United States Social Security Card Social Security is a social insurance program administered by the Social Security Administration under the authority of the United States federal government. ...


From 1942 to 1953, Abbott taught and edited the Social Service Review, which she had co-founded with Breckinridge in 1927.


Abbott was known to be a confidant and special consultant to Harry Hopkins, adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Harry Lloyd Hopkins Harry Lloyd Hopkins (August 17, 1890 – January 29, 1946) was one of Franklin Roosevelts closest advisors and one of the key architects of the New Deal. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ...


During her career, Abbott wrote over 100 books and articles on a variety of topics. For this reason, she was known as the "passionate statistician." In her writing, Abbott stressed the importance and the essential need of a public welfare administration, the need for a more humane social welfare system, the responsibility of the state in relation to social problems, and the social aspects of legislation.


Abbott spent her last years with her brother Arthur in the family home in Grand Island, where she died of pneumonia in 1957. She left the bulk of her estate to the Grand Island Public Library. She also left a trust for a collection of non-fiction books in memory of her mother, Elizabeth Abbott. Pneumonia (the ancient Greek word for lungs) is defined as an inflamation, usually caused by infection, involving the alveoli of the lungs. ...


Publications

All available through the Harvard University Library Open Collections Program, a fully searchable online database.

  • Women in industry; a study in American economic history. New York; London: D. Appleton and Co., 1910.

External Links

  • Harvard University Library Open Collections Program. Women Working, 1870-1930, Edith Abbott (1876-1957). A full-text searchable online database with complete access to publications written by Edith Abbott.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edith Abbott (488 words)
Although Abbott was committed to rigorous professional training, she retained strong sympathies for the dedicated efforts of settlement house workers.
Abbott insisted on the juxtaposition because she believed the education of social workers too important to be left to amateurs, however well intentioned.
This conviction was the centerpiece of Edith Abbott's philosophy.
paf2-2006 - shjg16 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (540 words)
Edith ABBOTT was christened on 11 Oct 1778 in Barton-le-Clay, Beds.
Edith INSKIP was christened on 17 Jul 1715.
Joan Eileen ABBOTT was born in 1918 in Diss, Norfolk.
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