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Encyclopedia > Edgar Lee Masters
Edgar Lee Masters

Born 23 August 1868(1868-08-23)
Garnett, Kansas, United States1
Died 5 March 1950 (aged 81)
Elkins Park, PA,United States1
Occupation Poet, Biographer

Edgar Lee Masters (August 23, 1868 - March 5, 1950) was an American poet, biographer and dramatist. He is the author of Spoon River Anthology, The New Star Chamber and Other Essays, Songs and Satires, The Great Valley, The Serpent in the Wilderness An Obscure Tale, The Spleen, Mark Twain: A Portrait, Lincoln: The Man, and Illinois Poems. In all, Masters published twelve plays, twenty-one books of poetry, six novels and six biographies, including those of . Download high resolution version (604x952, 171 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Garnett is a city located in Anderson County, Kansas. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about work. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... Nicholas Vachel Lindsay (November 10, 1879 – December 5, 1931) was an American poet. ... Walter Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, journalist, and humanist. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sappho and Alcaeus of Mytilene, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema (1881). ... This article needs cleanup. ... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... Spoon River Anthology (1915), by Edgar Lee Masters, is a collection of unusual, short, free-form poems that collectively describe the life of the fictional small town of Spoon River, named after the real Spoon River that ran near Masters hometown. ...

Contents

Biography

Born on August 23, 1868 to Emma J. Dexter and Hardin Wallace Masters in Garnett, Kansas, his father had briefly moved to set up a law practice. The family soon moved back to his paternal grandparents' farm near Petersburg in Menard County, Illinois. In 1880 they moved to Lewistown, Illinois, where he attended high school and had his first publication in the Chicago Daily News. The culture around Lewistown, in addition to the town's cemetery at Oak Hill, and the nearby Spoon River were the inspirations for many of his works, most notably Spoon River Anthology, his most famous and acclaimed work. Spoon River was Masters's revenge on small-town hypocrisy and narrow-mindedness. It gained a huge popularity, but shattered his position as a respectable member of establishment. Garnett is a city located in Anderson County, Kansas. ... Petersburg is a city located in Menard County, Illinois. ... Menard County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Lewistown is a city located in Fulton County, Illinois. ... The Chicago Daily News was an afternoon daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, and published between 1876 and 1978. ... The Spoon River is a tributary of the Illinois River, approximately 160 miles (257 km) long in northwestern Illinois in the United States. ... Spoon River Anthology (1915), by Edgar Lee Masters, is a collection of unusual, short, free-form poems that collectively describe the life of the fictional small town of Spoon River, named after the real Spoon River that ran near Masters hometown. ...


Masters attended The Knox Academy from 1889-1890, a defunct preparatory program run by Knox College, but was forced to leave due to his family's inability to finance his education. [1] Knox College is a four-year coeducational private liberal arts college located in Galesburg, Illinois. ...


After working in his father's law office, he was admitted to the Illinois bar and moved to Chicago, where he established a law partnership with Kickham Scanlan in 1893. He married twice. In 1898, he married Helen M. Jenkins, the daughter of a lawyer in Chicago, and had three children. During his law partnership with Clarence Darrow, from 1903 to 1908, Masters defended the poor. In 1911, he started his own law firm, despite the three years of unrest (1908-1911) due to extramarital affairs and an argument with Darrow. In the United States, admission to the bar is permission granted to a lawyer to practice law. ... Clarence Seward Darrow (April 18, 1857 Kinsman Township, Trumbull County, Ohio - March 13, 1938 Chicago) was an American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, best known for defending teenage thrill killers Leopold and Loeb in their trial for murdering 14-year-old Bobby Franks (1924) and... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Two of his children followed him with literary careers. His daughter Marcia pursued poetry, while his son, Hilary Masters became a novelist. Hilary and his half-brother Hardin wrote a memoir of their father. [2]


Masters died March 5, 1950 and is buried in Oakland cemetery in Petersburg, Illinois. His epitaph includes his poem, "To-morrow is My Birthday" from Toward the Gulf (1918):


Good friends, let’s to the fields…
After a little walk and by your pardon,
I think I’ll sleep, there is no sweeter thing.
Nor fate more blessed than to sleep.


I am a dream out of a blessed sleep-
Let’s walk, and hear the lark.


Family history

Edgar's father was Hardin Wallace Masters, whose father was Squire Davis Masters, whose father was Thomas Masters, whose father was Hillery Masters, and his father was Robert Masters who was born c.1715 in Prince Georges County, Maryland. Prince Georges County is located in the U.S. state of Maryland immediately north, east, and south of Washington, D.C. It is the wealthiest majority African-American county in the nation. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N...


Poetry

Masters first declared his love for jade, early poems and essays under the pseudonym Dexter Wallace (after his mother's maiden name and his father's middle name) until the year 1903, when he joined the lawfirm of Clarence Darrow. Clarence Seward Darrow (April 18, 1857 Kinsman Township, Trumbull County, Ohio - March 13, 1938 Chicago) was an American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, best known for defending teenage thrill killers Leopold and Loeb in their trial for murdering 14-year-old Bobby Franks (1924) and...


Masters began developing as a notable American poet in 1914 , when he began a series of poems (this time under the pseudonym Webster Ford) about his childhood experiences in Western Illinois, which appeared in Reedy's Mirror, a St. Louis publication. In 1915 the series was bound into a volume and re-titled Spoon River Anthology. Spoon River Anthology (1915), by Edgar Lee Masters, is a collection of unusual, short, free-form poems that collectively describe the life of the fictional small town of Spoon River, named after the real Spoon River that ran near Masters hometown. ...


Though he never matched the success of his Spoon River Anthology, Masters was a prolific writer of diverse works. He published several other volumes of poems including Book of Verses in 1898, Songs and Sonnets in 1910, The Great Valley in 1916, Song and Satires in 1916, The Open Sea in 1921, The New Spoon River in 1924, Lee in 1926, Jack Kelso in 1928, Lichee Nuts in 1930, Gettysburg, Manila, Acoma in 1930, Godbey, sequel to Jack Kelso in 1931, The Serpent in the Wilderness in 1933, Richmond in 1934, Invisible Landscapes in 1935, The Golden Fleece of California in 1936, Poems of People in 1936, The New World in 1937, More People in 1939, Illinois Poems in 1941, and Along the Illinois in 1942. Spoon River Anthology (1915), by Edgar Lee Masters, is a collection of unusual, short, free-form poems that collectively describe the life of the fictional small town of Spoon River, named after the real Spoon River that ran near Masters hometown. ...


Masters was awarded the Mark Twain Silver Medal in 1936, the Poetry Society of America medal in 1941, the Academy of American Poets Fellowship in 1942, and the Shelly Memorial Award in 1944.


Notable works

Poetry

  • A Book of Verses (1898)
  • Songs and Sonnets (1910)
  • Spoon River Anthology (1915)
  • Songs and Satires (1916)
  • Fiddler Jones (1916)
  • The Great Valley (1916)
  • The Open Sea (1921)
  • The New Spoon River (1924)
  • Selected Poems (1925)
  • Lee: A Dramatic Poem (1926)
  • Jack Kelso: A Dramatic Poem (1928)
  • Lichee Nuts (1930)
  • Gettysburg, Manila, Acoma: A Dramatic Poem (1930)
  • Godbey: A Dramatic Poem, sequel to Jack Kelso (1931)
  • The Serpent in the Wilderness (1933)
  • Richmond: A Dramatic Poem (1934)
  • Invisible Landscapes (1935)
  • Poems of People (1936)
  • The Golden Fleece of California (1936)
  • The New World (1937)
  • More People (1939)
  • Illinois Poems (1941)
  • Along the Illinois (1942)
  • Silence
  • George Gray

Spoon River Anthology (1915), by Edgar Lee Masters, is a collection of unusual, short, free-form poems that collectively describe the life of the fictional small town of Spoon River, named after the real Spoon River that ran near Masters hometown. ...

=

Biographies

  • Lincoln: The Man (1931)
  • Vachel Lindsay: A Poet in America (1935)
  • Across Spoon River: An Autobiography (1936, memoir)
  • Whitman (1937)
  • Mark Twain: A Portrait (1938)

Books

  • The New Star Chamber and Other Essays (1904, essays)
  • The Blood of the Prophets (1905)
  • The Great Valley (1916)
  • Toward the Gulf (1918)
  • Starved Rock (1919)
  • Mitch Miller (1920, novel)
  • Domesday Book (1920)
  • The Open Sea (1921)
  • Children of the Market Place (1922)
  • Skeeters Kirby (1923, novel)
  • The Nuptial Flight (1923, novel)
  • Kit O'Brien (1927, novel)
  • Levy Mayer and the New Industrial Era (1927)
  • The Fate of the Jury: An Epilogue to Domesday Book (1929)
  • Gettysburg, Manila, Acoma (1930)
  • Godbey: A Dramatic Poem (1931)
  • The Tale of Chicago (1933, history)
  • The Golden Fleece of California (1936)
  • The Tide of Time (1937, novel)
  • The Sangamon (1942, nonfiction)
  • Lucinda Matlock

Quotes

  • "To put meaning in one's life may end in madness,
    But life without meaning is the torture
    Of restlessness and vague desire--
    It is a boat longing for the sea and yet afraid."

Citations

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... A Corner of Main Quad The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, U of I, or simply Illinois), is the oldest, largest, and most prestigious campus in the University of Illinois system. ... Project Gutenberg, abbreviated as PG, is a volunteer effort to digitize, archive and distribute cultural works. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Edgar Lee Masters - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (659 words)
Edgar Lee Masters was born on August 23, 1868 to Emma J. Dexter and Hardin Wallace Masters in Garnett, Kansas, where his father had briefly moved to set up a law practice.
Masters died March 5, 1950 and is buried in Oakland cemetery in Petersburg, Illinois.
Masters was awarded the Mark twain Silver Medal in 1936, the Poetry Society of America medal in 1941, the Academy of American Poets Fellowship in 1942, and the Shelly Memorial Award in 1944.
Edgar Lee Masters (489 words)
This compilation of generations of Masters families is an appropriate setting for acknowledging the career of one controversial member who made the name internationally famous in literature.
Edgar Lee Masters (1868-1950) was strongly influenced by ancestral lore in his epic Spoon River Anthology (1915) and in many other writings -- more than 50 books, in all.
Masters' early adult career was as a Chicago attorney and proponent of progressive causes.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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