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Encyclopedia > Eden Project
The Eden Project
The Eden Project
Inside the tropical Biome
Inside the tropical Biome

The Eden Project is a large-scale environmental complex in Cornwall, UK. The project is located in a reclaimed china clay pit, located 1.25 miles (2 km) from the town of St Blazey and 3 miles (5 km) from the larger town of St Austell.[1] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 834 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Eden Project ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (3456x2304, 834 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Eden Project ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x603, 496 KB)Inside the Humid Tropics Biome at the Eden Project, Cornwall. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (900x603, 496 KB)Inside the Humid Tropics Biome at the Eden Project, Cornwall. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Kaolin redirects here. ... A clay pit is an open mine for the extraction of clay, which is generally used for manufacturing bricks. ... St. ... , St Austell (Cornish: ) is a town in Cornwall, England, UK. St Austell has a population of 22,658 (according to the 2001 census), larger than any other town in Cornwall (including the city of Truro, the countys capital, which has population of 20,920). ...


The complex comprises a number of domes that house plant species from around the world, with each emulating a natural biome. The domes are made out of hundreds of hexagons plus a few pentagons that interconnect the whole construction together; each of these is a transparent cushion made of tough plastic. The first dome emulates a tropical environment, the second a warm temperate, Mediterranean environment. For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... A biome is a climate and geographical area of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms, often referred to as ecosystems. ... A noontime scene from the Philippines on a day when the Sun is almost directly overhead. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ...


The project was conceived by Tim Smit and designed by the architect Nicholas Grimshaw and engineering firm Anthony Hunt and Associates, with Davis Langdon carrying out the project management, Sir Robert McAlpine and Alfred McAlpine undertaking the construction and MERO to design and build the biomes. The project took 2½ years to construct and opened to the public on 17 March 2001. Tim Smit (born 1954) is a Netherlands-born British business man, famous for his work on the Lost Gardens of Heligan and the Eden Project, both in Cornwall, England. ... Sir Nicholas Grimshaw (born 1939) is a prominent English architect, particularly noted for several modernist buildings, including the international railway terminal at Londons Waterloo Station and the Eden Project in Cornwall. ... Davis Langdon & Seah International is a global construction and property firm offering management and consulting services. ... Sir Robert McAlpine Ltd. ... Alfred McAlpine plc is a British construction firm headquartered in London. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Site

Layout

The project is constructed in a disused china clay pit. Once into the attraction, there is a meandering path with views of the two biomes, planted landscapes, including vegetable gardens, and sculptures that include a giant bee and towering robot-themed creature created from old electrical appliances. Kaolin Kaolinite (Aluminium Silicate Hydroxide) Kaolinite is a mineral with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4. ... A clay pit is an open mine for the extraction of clay, which is generally used for manufacturing bricks. ... Sculptor redirects here. ... For other uses, see Western honey bee and Bee (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ...


Biomes

Panoramic view of the geodesic biome domes at the Eden Project
Panoramic view of the geodesic biome domes at the Eden Project

At the bottom of the pit are two covered biomes: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3700x1155, 3857 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eden Project Blobitecture Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3700x1155, 3857 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Eden Project Blobitecture Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used...

  • The Humid Tropics Biome, which is the largest greenhouse in the world, covers 1.559 hectares (3.9 acres) and measures 180 feet (55 m) high, 328 feet (100 m) wide and 656 feet (200 m) long. It is used for tropical plants, such as fruiting banana trees, coffee, rubber and giant bamboo, and is kept at a tropical temperature.
  • The Warm Temperate Biome covers 0.654 hectares (1.6 acres) and measures 115 feet (35 m) high, 213 feet (65 m) wide and 443 feet (135 m) long. It houses familiar warm temperate and arid plants such as olives and grape vines and various pieces of sculpture. The Outdoor Biome represents the temperate regions of the world with plants such as tea, lavender, hops and hemp.
  • A planned third biome called "the Edge" may be built in the last remaining space in the disused china clay pit. The project however is dependent on funding from a £50M televised competition run by the Big Lottery Fund which will take place in December 2007. The Edge will primarily explore the challenges that mankind will face due to climate change[2] . The structure will be similar to the two existing biomes in addition to this chambers, meeting places and performance areas have all been planned.

The biomes are constructed from a tubular steel space-frame (hex-tri-hex) with mostly hexagonal external cladding panels made from the thermoplastic ETFE. At the outset, glass was proscribed due to its weight and potential dangers. The cladding panels themselves are created from several layers of thin UV-transparent ETFE film, which are sealed around their perimeter and inflated to create a large cushion. The resulting cushion acts like a thermal blanket to the structure. The ETFE material is resistant to most stains, which simply wash off in the rain. If required, cleaning can be performed by abseilers. Although the ETFE is susceptible to punctures, these can be easily fixed with ETFE tape. The structure is completely self-supporting, with no internal supports, and takes the form of a geodesic structure. The panels vary in size up to 9 metres (29.5 ft) across, with the largest at the top of the structure. A noontime scene from the Philippines on a day when the Sun is almost directly overhead. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Bamboo (disambiguation). ... For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... The Big Lottery Fund is a grant-making organisation in the UK. It is one of a range of distributors of money raised by the National Lottery. ... ETFE (Ethylene TetrafluoroEthylene) - a fluorocarbon-based polymer (a fluoropolymer), a kind of plastic. ... Note: Ultraviolet is also the name of a 1998 UK television miniseries about vampires. ... An artificial membrane, also called a synthetic membrane, is a membrane prepared for separation tasks in laboratory and industry. ... In British English, abseiling (from the German abseilen, to rope down) is the process of descending on a fixed rope. ... Spaceship Earth in Epcot Center at Walt Disney World is perhaps one of the most famous examples of a large scale geodesic sphere. ...


The ETFE technology was supplied and installed by Vector Foiltec who are also responsible for ongoing maintenance of the cladding. The steel spaceframe and cladding package (with Vector Foiltec as ETFE subcontractor) was designed, supplied and installed by MERO (UK) PLC, who also jointly developed the overall scheme geometry with the architect, Nicholas Grimshaw & Partners. Vector Foiltec specialize in using ETFE as an architectural cladding technology. ... Vector Foiltec specialize in using ETFE as an architectural cladding technology. ... An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... Sir Nicholas Grimshaw (born 1939) is a prominent English architect, particularly noted for several modernist buildings, including the international railway terminal at Londons Waterloo Station and the Eden Project in Cornwall. ...


The computer controlled environmental control system that regulates the heat and humidity within each biome is designed and installed by HortiMaX Ltd. who are also responsible for ongoing maintenance of the environmental control and monitoring systems.


The entire build project was managed by McAlpine Joint Venture.


The Core

The Core is the latest addition to the site and opened in September 2005. It provides the Eden Project with an education facility, incorporating classrooms and exhibition spaces designed to help communicate Eden's central message about the relationship between people and plants. Accordingly the building has taken its inspiration from plants, most noticeably in the form of the soaring timber roof, which gives the building its distinctive shape.


Grimshaw developed the geometry of the copper-clad roof in collaboration with a sculptor, Peter Randall-Page, and Mike Purvis of structural engineers SKM Anthony Hunts. It is derived from phyllotaxis, which is the mathematical basis for nearly all plant growth; the "opposing spirals" found in many plants such as the seeds in a sunflower's head, pine cones and pineapples. The copper was obtained from traceable sources, and the Eden Project is working with Rio Tinto to explore the possibility of encouraging further traceable supply routes for metals, which would enable users to avoid metals mined unethically. The services and acoustic design was carried out by Buro Happold. In botany, phyllotaxis is the arrangement of the leaves on the shoot of a plant. ... Rio Tinto is a multinational mining and resources group founded originally in 1873. ... // View of the Great Court Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing engineering consultancy, design, planning, project management and consulting services for all aspects of buildings, infrastructure and the environment. ...


The Edge

The Edge will be a landmark new building at the Eden Project.


Eden says it will be an international icon of sustainability and regeneration showing that mankind is capable of amazing things. The building will be a model of cutting edge architecture and technology, harvesting water and energy from the sun, wind, and rain to show how we all might live in the future.


Inside the Edge there will be desert, oasis and water gardens on a scale never attempted indoors. Underneath the building will be a series of interlocking chambers that will provide spaces for some of the great voices of the age – artists, writers, scientist and musicians - to work with communities and families to share the best ideas they have for improving their lives and environments, now and in the future.


To build the Edge the Eden Project will need to win a lottery funding bid. The Big Lottery Fund has put up a prize of £50 million to be granted to a single inspirational project as part of the Big Lottery Fund’s: The People’s £50 Million Contest. Four projects have been shortlisted with the Edge as one of them. The winning project will be decided by public vote in December 2007.


Environmental aspects

Inside the tropical Biome

The domes provide diverse growing conditions with many plants on display. Tropical Biome, Eden Project, Cornwall Taken by me. ... Tropical Biome, Eden Project, Cornwall Taken by me. ...


The Eden Project includes environmental education focusing on the interdependence of plants and people; plants are labelled with their medicinal uses. The massive amounts of water required to create the humid conditions of the Tropical Biome, as well as to serve the toilet facilities, are all sanitized rain water that would otherwise collect at the bottom of the quarry. In fact the only mains water used is for hand washing and for cooking. The complex also uses Green Tariff Electricity — the energy comes from one of the many wind turbines in Cornwall, which were amongst the first in Europe. Somewhat controversially one of the companies the Eden Project currently has a partnership with is the British mining company Rio Tinto Group. Rio Tinto is set to commence mining in Madagascar for titanium dioxide. This will involve the removal of a large section of coastal forest, with the possibility of extensive damage to the unique biodiversity of the Madagascan flora and fauna. [citation needed] This article is about the natural environment. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ... A tall tower holds a wind turbine aloft where winds are consistently stronger. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Rio Tinto is a multinational mining and resources group founded originally in 1873. ... Flash point non-flammable Related Compounds Other cations Titanium(II) oxide Titanium(III) oxide Titanium(III,IV) oxide Zirconium dioxide Hafnium dioxide Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 Â°C, 100 kPa) Infobox disclaimer and references Titanium dioxide, also known as titanium...


Events

The Eden Project hosted the "Africa Calling" concert of the Live 8 concert series on 2 July 2005. It was also used as a filming location for the 2002 James Bond film, Die Another Day. It also provided some plants for the British Museum's Africa garden. On July 2, 2005, a Live 8 concert was held at the Eden Project, Cornwall, England. ... Official Live8 DVD, released in November 2005 Live 8 was a series of concurrent benefit concerts that took place on 2 July 2005, in the G8 states and in South Africa. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 007 redirects here. ... For the theme song of the same movie, performed by Madonna, see Die Another Day (song). ... The British Museum in London, England is a museum of human history and culture. ...


In 2005 the Eden Project launched "A Time Of Gifts" for during the winter months, November to February. This features an ice rink covering the lake, with a small café/bar attached, as well as a Christmas market. Adding to atmosphere Cornish choirs regularly perform in the biomes.


In 2006 and 2007, the Eden Project hosted a series of musical performances, called the 'Eden Sessions'. Artists have included Amy Winehouse, James Morrison, Muse, Lily Allen, Snow Patrol and The Magic Numbers. Amy Jade Winehouse (born 14 September 1983) is an English soul and jazz singer songwriter. ... James Morrison (born James Morrison Catchpole on 13 August 1984) is an English singer, songwriter, and guitarist born in Rugby, Warwickshire. ... For other uses, see Muse (disambiguation). ... Lily Rose Beatrice Allen (born May 2, 1985) is a British singer-songwriter best known for songs such as Smile and LDN. She is the daughter of actor/musician Keith Allen and film producer Alison Owen. ... Snow Patrol are a Grammy Award-nominated alternative rock band which formed in Scotland, with the majority of their members being from Bangor and Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... The Magic Numbers are a four-piece band from England comprising two pairs of brother and sister who previously went to The Cardinal Wiseman Roman Catholic High School in Greenford. ...


The Eden Project was also featured in the TV show Cybernet in 2002. Cybernet is a weekly voice-over only video gaming, and related subject matter, television show which was originally commissioned by Yorkshire Television and is produced by Capricorn Programmes[1]. The show was voiced by Lucy Longhurst, in its early years, and later by Steve Truitt. ...


References

  1. ^ Ordnance Survey (2005). OS Explorer Map 107 - Fowey, Looe & Lostwithiel. ISBN 0-319-23708-3.
  2. ^ http://www.theedge.org/index.htm

In literature

  • Richard Mabey: Fencing Paradise: Exploring the Gardens of Eden London 2005: Eden Project. ISBN 1-903919-31-2
  • Hugh Pearman, Andrew Whalley: The Architecture of Eden. With a foreword by Sir Nicholas Grimshaw. London 2003: Eden Project Books. ISBN 1-903919-15-0
  • Tim Smit: Eden. London 2001: Bantam Press.
  • Eden Team (Ed.): Eden Project: The Guide 2005/6. St Austell 2005: Eden Books.
  • Paul Spooner: The Revenge of the Green Planet: The Eden Project Book of Amazing Facts About Plants. St Austell 2003: Eden Books.
  • Philip McMillan Browse, Louise Frost, Alistair Griffiths: Plants of Eden (Eden Project). London 2001: Alison Hodge.

Richard Mabey (born 20 February 1941) is a naturalist and author. ...

In the media

  • Robin Kewell (Ed.): Eden. The inside story. St Austell n.d.: The Eden Project. (DVD)
  • Alan Titchmarsh: The Eden Project. w/o location 2006. (DVD) ASIN B000E1P2WQ

The Amazon Standard Identification Number (ASIN) is a product identification number used by Amazon. ...

See also

BIOS-3 was a closed ecosystem at the Institute of Biophysics in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, in what was then the Soviet Union. ... Biosphere 2 Biosphere 2 is a 3. ... An ecosphere Closed Ecological Systems (CES) are ecosystems that do not exchange matter with any part outside the system. ... The Biodome, in front of the Olympic Stadium View from the tower of the Olympic Stadium The Montreal Biodome is a facility located in Montreal that allows visitors to walk through replicas of four ecosystems found in the Americas: a tropical forest, a Laurentian forest, an estuary habitat modeled on... The Biosphère is a geodesic dome on Ile Sainte-Hélène in Montréal, Canada. ... A coral reef near the Hawaiian islands is an example of a complex marine ecosystem. ... Two glass terrariums with plants. ... Photo by Melanie Nakisa The Lost Gardens of Heligan, near Mevagissey in Cornwall, are one of the most popular botanical gardens in England. ... This is a list of topics related to Cornwall, UK. The Cornwall category contains a more comprehensive selection of Cornish articles. ... Bio-Dome is a 1996 movie starring Pauly Shore and Stephen Baldwin and directed by Jason Bloom. ... Sir Richard Carew Pole, Baronet, OBE, DL, is the present holder of the baronetcy granted to his ancestor by King Charles I in 1628. ...

Gallery

External links

Coordinates: 50°21′43″N 4°44′41″W / 50.36194, -4.74472 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Eden Project (1008 words)
Project lands are in the vicinity of the towns of Farson and Eden in southwestern Wyoming about 40 miles north of Rock Springs.
The Bureau of Reclamation operated and maintained the project during construction under contract with the Eden Valley Irrigation and Drainage District.
Crops are alfalfa and grass hay, wheat, barley, oats, and pasture.
Eden Project: Information from Answers.com (1274 words)
The Eden Project is a large-scale environmental complex near St Austell, Cornwall, England.
The copper was obtained from traceable sources, and the Eden Project is working with Rio Tinto to explore the possibility of encouraging further traceable supply routes for metals, which would enable users to avoid metals mined unethically.
Part of the Eden Project is serious environmental and educational study, aiming to safeguard our planet and prevent mankind destroying benefits provided by nature by showcasing the interdependence of plants and people.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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