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Encyclopedia > Eddy Merckx
Eddy Merckx

L to R: Jean-Marie Leblanc, Anne-Marie Lizin, Eddy Merckx
Personal information
Full name Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx
Nickname The Cannibal
Date of birth June 17, 1945 (1945-06-17) (age 62)
Country Flag of Belgium Belgium
Team information
Current team Retired
Discipline Road and track
Role Rider
Rider type All-rounder
Professional team(s)
1966–1967
1968–1970
1971–1976
1977
1978
Peugeot-BP
Faema
Molteni
Fiat
C&A
Major wins
Tour de France, 5 overall, 34 stage wins
Giro d'Italia, 5 overall, 24 stage wins
Vuelta a España, 1 overall, 6 stage wins
World Cycling Champion, 3 times
Super Prestige Pernod International, 7 wins
Giro di Lombardia, 2 wins
Liège-Bastogne-Liège, 5 wins
Milan-Sanremo, 7 wins
Paris-Roubaix, 3 wins
Ronde van Vlaanderen, 2 wins
Infobox last updated on:
July 30, 2007
Medal record
Competitor for Flag of Belgium Belgium
Road bicycle racing
World Championships
Gold 1967 Heerlen Professional Men's Road Race
Gold 1971 Mendrisio Professional Men's Road Race
Gold 1974 Montréal Professional Men's Road Race

Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ['merks]) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. Merckx, regarded as the greatest and most successful cyclist of all time, established several world cycling records, some of which remain unbroken to this day. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 750 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2180 × 1744 pixel, file size: 467 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Copyright : Guy Goossens - Sénat de Belgique (http://www. ... Jean-Marie Leblanc (born July 27, 1944, Nueil-sur-Argent, France) is a retired professional road bicycle racer and general director of the Tour de France since 1989. ... Anne-Marie Lizin (born January 5, 1949 in Huy) is a Belgian politician from the Socialist Party. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Bicycle racers at the 2005 Rund um den Henninger-Turm in Germany Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on roads (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... For the womens event, see UCI Road World Championships, Women. ... For the womens event, see UCI Road World Championships, Women. ... For the womens event, see UCI Road World Championships, Women. ... For other uses, see Baron (disambiguation). ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Flemish Brabant is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ... A cyclist is a person who engages in cycling whether as a sport or rides a bicycle for recreation or transportation. ...

Contents

Racing career

Early successes in stage racing and single day races

Merckx started competing in 1961. Three years later he became world champion in the amateur category, before turning professional in 1965 with the Peugeot cycling team. In 1966 he won the first of seven editions of Milan-Sanremo. He started his first grand tour at the 1967 Giro d'Italia. He won his first stage here and finished seventh overall. Later that year he outsprinted Jan Janssen to become world champion in the professional category in Heerlen, The Netherlands. He won this title twice more. The UCI Road World Championships, often referred to as the World Cycling Championships, is the annual world championship for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). ... Peugeot team was a French professional cycling team. ... Milan - San Remo, nicknamed la primavera, is an annual cycling race between Milan and San Remo. ... Johannes Adrianus Janssen, popularly known as Jan Janssen (born May 19, 1940) is a Dutch former professional cyclist (1962 - 1973). ... Heerlen ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the southeastern Netherlands and the fourth largest municipality in the province of Limburg. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain...


In 1968 with the rainbow jersey on his back and a change to the Italian Faema team, Merckx went on to win Paris-Roubaix for the first time and started his domination of the Grand Tours by becoming the first Belgian to win the Giro d'Italia in 1968.[1] He would repeat this four times. Begun in 1896, Paris-Roubaix, third of the ten UCI World Cup races, has become the most famous single-day bicycle road race. ...


Starting the 1969 season, he won Paris-Nice stage race. In the time trial, he overtook the five-time Tour de France winner Jacques Anquetil who over the previous 15 years had been the master of that discipline. Merckx went on to win Milan-Sanremo and Ronde van Vlaanderen several weeks later. In his Tour de France debut in 1969, Merckx immediately won the yellow jersey (overall leader), the green jersey (best sprinter) and the red polka-dotted jersey ("King of the Mountains" - best climber in the mountain stages). No other cyclist has achieved this triple in the Tour de France, and only Tony Rominger and Laurent Jalabert have been able to match this feat at the Grand Tour level, in the 1993 and 1995 Vueltas, respectively. If the young riders' white jersey (for best rider in the Tour under 25 years of age) had existed at that time, Merckx would have won that as well, as he had only just turned 24. It was the first time a Belgian had won the Tour de France since Sylvère Maes 30 years earlier, and Merckx became a national hero. He won the Tour four more times: in 1970, 1971, 1972 and 1974, equalling Jacques Anquetil. Over the next 25 years, only Bernard Hinault and Miguel Indurain were able to equal the five victories. Then Lance Armstrong won the Tour a sixth (2004) and a seventh (2005) time. Merckx still holds the records for stage wins (34) and number of days in the Yellow Jersey (96). Paris-Nice, nicknamed the race to the sun, is an annual professional cycling stage race held annually each March. ... For other uses, see Tour de France (disambiguation). ... Jacques Anquetil (January 8, 1934 - November 18, 1987), was a French cyclist and the first cyclist to win the Tour de France five times, in 1957 and from 1961 to 1964. ... Milan - San Remo, nicknamed la primavera, is an annual cycling race between Milan and San Remo. ... The Tour of Flanders (Dutch: Ronde van Vlaanderen) is a road cycling race held in Flanders, Belgium. ... Commercial version of maillot jaune, 2004 Maillot jaune (French for yellow jersey, pronounced my-oh zhohn) is the jersey worn by the current overall leader of many bicycle races, originally and most notably the Tour de France. ... The maillot vert (French for green jersey) is the jersey or t-shirt worn by the leader of the Tour de Frances points classification. ... The polka dot jersey (French: maillot à pois rouge) is awarded for the best climber during the mountain stages of the Tour de France cycle race. ... Tony Rominger (born 27 March 1961 in Velje, Denmark) is a Swiss cyclist who won major tours four times in his career—the Vuelta a España three consecutive years (1992, 1993, 1994) and Giro dItalia once (1995). ... Laurent Jalabert (born November 30, 1968) is a French former professional cyclist, from 1989 to 2002. ... Sylvère Maes (born August 27, 1909 in Zevekote – died December 5, 1966 in Ostend) was a Belgian cyclist, who is most famous for winning the Tour de France in 1936 and 1939. ... Sir Galahad, a hero of Arthurian legend In many myths and folk tales, a hero is a man or woman (the latter often called a heroine), traditionally the protagonist of a story, legend or saga, commonly possessed of abilities or character far greater than that of a typical person, which... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Jacques Anquetil (January 8, 1934 - November 18, 1987), was a French cyclist and the first cyclist to win the Tour de France five times, in 1957 and from 1961 to 1964. ... Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French cyclist best known for his five victories in the Tour de France. ... Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. ... Lance Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971) is a retired American professional road racing cyclist. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Since the first Tour de France in 1903, there have been exactly 1907 stages, some of which were divided into two or three substages, up to and including the 18th stage of the 2007 Tour de France. ...


Challenges to Merckx's domination in the Grand Tours

The greatest challenge to Merckx was in the 1971 Tour de France. Luis Ocaña attacked and won the maillot jaune by several minutes. Ocaña held his lead until a crash forced him to withdraw. There was much anticipation of a rematch between the two. Before that could happen, Merckx had a battle with Jose Manuel Fuente at the 1972 edition of the Giro d'Italia in which Merckx beat the climber in the mountain stages. In the 1972 edition of the tour Ocaña became sick and withdrew and the anticipated duel did not materialise.[2] The following year Merckx choose to ride the Vuelta a España where he beat Luis Ocaña and Bernard Thévenet and then went on to win the Giro d'Italia. Merckx's final victory in the Giro d'Italia in the 1974 edition was a tight battle between Merckx and two Italians. In the end, Merckx won by the very narrow margin of twelve seconds over Gianbattista Baronchelli and 33 seconds over Felice Gimondi.[3] For other uses, see Tour de France (disambiguation). ... Luis Ocaña (June 9, 1945 – May 19, 1994) was a Spanish cyclist who won the Tour de France in 1973. ... Commercial version of maillot jaune, 2004 Maillot jaune (French for yellow jersey, pronounced my-oh zhohn) is the jersey worn by the current overall leader of many bicycle races, originally and most notably the Tour de France. ... José Manuel Fuente (b. ... The Giro dItalia, also simply known as the Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May or early June in and around Italy. ... A climbing specialist is a road bicycle racer who can ride especially well on highly inclined roads, such as those found among hills or mountains. ... For other uses, see Tour de France (disambiguation). ... The Vuelta a España bicycle race is one of the three Grand Tours of Europe. ... Luis Ocaña (June 9, 1945 – May 19, 1994) was a Spanish cyclist who won the Tour de France in 1973. ... Bernard Thévenet, born January 10, 1948, in Saint-Julien-de-Civry, France, is a retired bicycle racer. ... The Giro dItalia, also simply known as the Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May or early June in and around Italy. ... The Giro dItalia, also simply known as the Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May or early June in and around Italy. ... The 1974 Giro dItalia was held from 16 May to June 8, 1974, starting from Rome. ... Gianbattista Baronchelli (born September 6, 1953) is an Italian retired professional road cyclist (1974-1989). ... Felice Gimondi (born September 29, 1942) is an Italian former professional cyclist. ...


Classics Victories

In addition to Grand Tour successes, Merckx has an impressive list of victories in one-day races (for a comprehensive list, see lower down). Among the highlights are a record of seven victories in Milan-Sanremo, two victories in the Ronde van Vlaanderen, three wins in Paris-Roubaix, five in Liège-Bastogne-Liège (record), and two in the Giro di Lombardia, a total of 19 victories in the "Monument" Classics. He also won the World Road Racing Championship a record three times in 1967, 1971 and 1974, and every Classic except Paris-Tours. Finally, he won 17 six-day track races, often with Patrick Sercu. Milan - San Remo, nicknamed la primavera, is an annual cycling race between Milan and San Remo. ... The Tour of Flanders (Dutch: Ronde van Vlaanderen) is a road cycling race held in Flanders, Belgium. ... Begun in 1896, Paris-Roubaix, third of the ten UCI World Cup races, has become the most famous single-day bicycle road race. ... Liège-Bastogne-Liège, often called La Doyenne (the oldest woman), is one of the five Monuments of the European professional road cycling calendar, and the oldest. ... The Giro di Lombardia (English: Tour of Lombardy) is an Italian cycle race, based in the Lombardy region. ... The Classic cycle races are the most prestigious one-day professional cycling road races in the international calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Paris-Tours is a French single day classic cycling race which takes place in October towards the end of the European season. ... Six-day racing is a track cycling specialism, which - as the name suggests - involves racing over six days. ... Patrick Sercu was a Belgian cyclist. ...


Merckx retired from racing in 1978, at the age of 33. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Setbacks and lesser days

The blackest day in Merckx's career was in 1969, when he crashed in a derny race towards the end of the season. A pacer and a cyclist fell in front of Merckx's pacer, Fernand Wambst, causing Wambst and Merckx to crash. His pacer was killed instantly, and Merckx suffered concussion and fell unconscious. This accident cracked a vertebra and twisted his pelvis. He admitted in interviews that, because of his injuries, his riding was never the same. He would frequently adjust his saddle while riding and would always be in pain, especially while climbing. A Derny is a type of motorcycle designed and built specifically for motor-paced track cycling events (motor-paced road, 6-Day and Keirin racing). ... “Cerebral Concussion” redirects here. ... A diagram of a thoracic vertebra. ... The pelvis (pl. ... interview An interview is a conversation between two or more people where questions are asked to obtain information about the interviewee. ... A saddle is a seat for a rider fastened to an animals back. ...


That same year, during the Giro d'Italia, he was found to have used drugs and was subsequently disqualified. He cried in front of the reporters, and to this day, protests his innocence. He argued that there were no counter-experts nor counter-analysis and that foreign supporters hated him. Further, he stated that the stage during which he was allegedly using drugs was an easy one, so there was no need to use drugs. The Belgian prince sent a plane to bring him to Belgium. This incident was one of the reasons why Merckx would consider his first Tour de France victory, later that year, his best ever. The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ...


The end of his Tour-career came in 1975 (although he did compete in 1977 he finished 6th that year). That year, he attempted to win his sixth but became a victim of violence. Many Frenchmen were upset that a Belgian might beat the record five wins set by Jacques Anquetil. Merckx held the yellow jersey for eight days, which raised his record to 96 days, but during stage 14 a French spectator punched him in the liver. A later collision with the Danish rider Ole Ritter broke his jaw. Although he could not eat solid food and was barely able to talk, Merckx did not retire. During the last stage, he attacked leader Bernard Thevenet (but was caught by the peloton). In sports which are inherently violent, violence which goes beyond what is permitted by the rules sometimes occurs. ... Ole Ritter born in Slagelse, August 29, 1941 is a former Danish cyclist. ... Bernard Thevenet (born January 10, 1948, Saint_Julien_de_Civry) is best known as the cyclist who finally toppled the reign of Eddy Merckx in the Tour de France, winning the 1975 race with Merckx finishing second less than three minutes behind. ... The peloton (from French, literally meaning ball and related to the English word platoon), bunch or pack is the large main group in a road bicycle race. ...


Records

The following are records that Merckx set during his career.

  • Most career victories by a professional cyclist: 525.
  • Most victories in one season: 54.
  • Most stage victories in the Tour de France: 34.
  • Most stage victories in one Tour de France: 8, in 1970 and 1974 (shared with Charles Pelissier in 1930 and Freddy Maertens in 1976).
  • Most days with the yellow jersey in the Tour de France: 96.
  • The only cyclist to have won the yellow, green and red polka-dotted jersey in the same Tour de France (1969).
  • Most victories in the Classic cycle races: 28.
  • Most victories in one single Classic cycle race: 7 (in Milan-Sanremo).
The bicycle Merckx used during his hour speed record attempt.
The bicycle Merckx used during his hour speed record attempt.

Freddy Maertens (born 13 February 1952 in Lombardsijde, Belgium) was a Belgian professional racing cyclist and twice World Road Cycling Champion. ... Since the first Tour de France in 1903, there have been exactly 1907 stages, some of which were divided into two or three substages, up to and including the 18th stage of the 2007 Tour de France. ... The Classic cycle races are the most prestigious one-day professional cycling road races in the international calendar. ... Milan - San Remo, nicknamed la primavera, is an annual cycling race between Milan and San Remo. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x660, 116 KB) Eddy Merckxs 1972 Hour Record bicycle, on display at Eddy Merckx metro station in Brussels. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (880x660, 116 KB) Eddy Merckxs 1972 Hour Record bicycle, on display at Eddy Merckx metro station in Brussels. ...

Hour record

Merckx also set the hour record in 1972. On October 25, he covered 49.431 km at high altitude in Mexico City. The record remained untouched until 1984, when Francesco Moser broke it using a specially designed bicycle and meticulous improvements in streamlining. Over 15 years, various racers improved the record to more than 56 km (Chris Boardman). However, because of the increasingly exotic design of the bikes and position of the rider, these performances were no longer reasonably comparable to Merckx's achievement. In response, the UCI in 2000 required a "traditional" bike to be used. When Boardman had another go at Merckx's reinstated record 28 years later, he beat it by slightly more than 10 meters at sea level. On the other hand, Merckx had raced a full road season winning the Tour, Giro and four Classics, while Boardman was a time trial specialist who had retired from road racing and had prepared specifically for the 2000 Hour Record.) The hour record for bicycles is the record for the longest distance cycled in one hour on a bicycle. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mexico City (in Spanish: Ciudad de México, México, D.F. or simply México) is the capital city of Mexico. ... This article is about the year. ... Francesco Moser (Born June 19, 1951) was an Italian professional road racing cyclist. ... Chris Boardman (born August 26, 1968) is a former English racing cyclist who won a gold medal at the 1992 Olympic Games. ... Entrance of UCI headquarter at Aigle (Switzerland) Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) is a professional cycling union that oversees cycling events in the international community. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Chris Boardman (born August 26, 1968) is a former English racing cyclist who won a gold medal at the 1992 Olympic Games. ...

The Eddy Merckx bicycle factory in Meise.
The Eddy Merckx bicycle factory in Meise.

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 587 pixels Full resolution (1077 × 790 pixel, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Eddy Merckx bicycle factory in Meise, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 587 pixels Full resolution (1077 × 790 pixel, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Eddy Merckx bicycle factory in Meise, Belgium. ... Geography Country Belgium Community Flemish Community Region Flemish Region Province Flemish Brabant Arrondissement Halle-Vilvoorde Coordinates , , Area 34. ...

After retirement

Having retired, Merckx has a bicycle factory [1] and is a race commentator. He was coach of the Belgian national cycling team during the mid-90s, and part of the Belgian Olympic Committee. Merckx is still asked to comment as an authority on cycling. As such, he has also figured as special advisor for the recent UCI addition "Tour of Qatar" since 2002.


In May 2004, he underwent an esophagus operation to cure the constant stomach ache which he suffered since he was a young man. He lost almost 30kg in the process, and took up (recreational) cycling again. The esophagus (also spelled oesophagus/Å“sophagus, Greek ), or gullet is an organ in vertebrates which consists of a muscular tube through which food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. ...


Personal life

In 1967 Merckx married Claudine Acou. Merckx's mother asked the priest to celebrate the ceremony in French, a choice that ended up being a contentious issue in Belgium. They had two children: a daughter (Sabrina) and a son (Axel, who also became a professional cyclist). Axel Merckx (born August 8, 1972 in Uccle, Belgium), is a professional road bicycle racer for UCI ProTeam T-Mobile Team. ...


Despite this early incident, Merckx may be considered a perfect ambassador to Belgium (i.e. not leaning towards Flanders or Wallonia, but supporting the unity of the country). This, with his achievements, pushed him to high rankings in both the Flemish (3rd) and Walloon (4th) editions of the "Greatest Belgian" contest, held in 2005. For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1996 the Belgian king gave him the lifelong title of baron. In 2000 he was chosen Belgian "Sports Figure of the Century". For other uses, see Monarch (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Baron (disambiguation). ...


Merckx is known as a quiet and modest person. Many of his former helpers have worked in his bicycle factory and join him during recreational bike tours.


Merckx has condemned doping, but as mentioned he also tested positive twice in his career. For this very fact, the organization of the 2007 World Championships in Stuttgart explicitly included Merckx in a list of people who would not be welcome at the event. The decision caused quite a row and was criticized in the press and by the UCI. [4] When he confirms his stance against doping, Merckx will typically point out that cycling is unfairly treated when compared to other sports. In sports, doping refers to the use of performance-enhancing drugs, particularly those that are forbidden by the organizations that regulate competitions. ... The 2007 UCI Road World Championships will take place in Stuttgart, Germany, between September 25 and September 30, 2007. ... For other uses, see Stuttgart (disambiguation). ...


In the 1990s, he became a friend of Lance Armstrong and supported him when he was accused of drug use, stating he rather "believed what Lance told him than what appeared in newspapers". After Armstrong won his third Tour de France, Merckx predicted he would go on to win as many as seven. Lance Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971) is a retired American professional road racing cyclist. ...


Trivia and cultural references

  • Merckx was nicknamed "the cannibal" because he wanted to win every race he participated in, never "arranging" a race with another competitor. Other nicknames were "the Einstein of the two-wheelers", and, courtesy of Jacques Goddet, "Le Géant" (The Giant).
  • Eddy Merckx has a namesake who is a multiple Belgian Champion and world champion 2006 in three cushion billiards.
  • While climbing Mont Ventoux in 1970 to a stage win, he pushed himself so hard that oxygen had to be administered.
  • In the mid-seventies Merckx figured in some television commercials for cigarettes; an act for which he was criticized and which he now regrets.[5]
  • When the United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Belgium in 2005, she met Merckx as a cultural representative of Belgium. [6]
  • A station on the Brussels metro is named in his honour. In this station his world record bike can be seen.
  • A cycling contest, The Eddy Merckx Grand Prix, is named in his honour.
  • In the French comedy Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob (The Mad Adventures of Rabbi Jacob) (1973) with Louis de Funès, de Funès' character hears a conversation between a kidnapper and his victim, a revolutionary. When the revolutionary says: "The revolution is like a bike: When it doesn't move forward, it falls.", de Funès attributes the line to Eddy Merckx. One of the kidnappers corrects him and says Che Guevara once said this.
  • In the comic strip Asterix Merckx makes a cameo as a "fast runner" in the album Asterix in Belgium.
  • In 2000, the Belgian magazine Knack declared him to be "Belgian of the Century" and another four years later, the magazine Humo called him "the Greatest Belgian".
  • Paul Van Himst, another Belgian sport legend, is one of his closest friends.
  • Merckx cameoed as himself in several movies, of which the 1985 film American Flyers, starring Kevin Costner, is the best known.[7]

Cannibalism is the act or practice of eating members of the same species, e. ... Jacques Goddet (Paris, June 21, 1905 – December 15, 2000) was was a French sports journalist and director of the Tour de France from 1936 to 1986. ... Carambole billiards (or carom) is a billiards game possibly developed in the 18th century in France, though the exact date of invention is not clear. ... Mont Ventoux is a mountain in the Provence region of southern France, located some 20 km north-east of Carpentras, Vaucluse. ... General Name, symbol, number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, period, block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... From the earliest days of the medium, television has been used as a vehicle for advertising in some countries. ... Unlit filtered cigarettes. ... Seal of the United States Department of State. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... Eddy Merckx is one of the metro stations of line 1B of the Brussels Metro. ... Map of the Brussels metro system A station in the Brussels Metro Brussels, Belgium, has a metro network with three lines of metro (two of which share a common section), two lines of premetro (underground sections used by otherwise open-air tramway lines and designed so as to be convertible... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Louis de Funès poster from Les Grandes Vacances Louis de Funès de Galarza (fyˈnÉ›s) (July 31, 1914, Courbevoie, France, – January 27, 1983) was a French actor who is considered by many to be one of the giants of French comedy. ... In criminal law, kidnapping is the taking away of a person against the persons will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment (confinement without legal authority) for ransom or in furtherance of another crime. ... Revolutionary, when used as a noun, is a person who either advocates or actively engages in some kind of revolution. ... Ernesto Guevara de la Serna (June 14,[1] 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara, El Che or just Che was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary, medical doctor , political figure, and leader of Cuban and internationalist guerrillas. ... This article is about the comic strip, the sequential art form as published in newspapers and on the Internet. ... This article is about the comic book series. ... A cameo role or cameo appearance (often shortened to just cameo) is a brief appearance of a known person in a work of the performing arts, such as plays, films, video games and television. ... Asterix in Belgium is the twenty-fourth volume of the Asterix comic book series, by René Goscinny (stories) and Albert Uderzo (illustrations). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... HUMO is a popular, independent, Belgian weekly radio and television magazine, written in Dutch. ... Paul Van Himst (born in Sint-Pieters-Leeuw, October 2, 1943) was a talented Belgian football midfielder and a football manager. ... American Flyers is a flight school with headquarters located at the DuPage airport in West Chicago. ... Kevin Michael Costner (born January 18, 1955) is an American film actor, director and producer. ...

Significant victories by race

Grand Tours (11)

Eddy Merckx Grand tour results
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977
Tour de France general classification - - 1 1 1 1 - 1 2 - 6
Tour de France mountains classification - - 1 1 3 2 - 2 2 - ?
Tour de France points classification - - 1 2 1 1 - 2 2 - 5
Tour de France stages won - - 6 8 4 6 - 8 2 - 0
Giro d'Italia general classification 9 1 DSQ 1 - 1 1 1 - 8 -
Giro d'Italia mountains classification 3 1 DSQ 4 - 2 2 2 - 7 -
Giro d'Italia points classification 2 1 DSQ 3 - 2 1 4 - 2 -
Giro d'Italia stages won 2 3 4 3 - 4 6 2 - 0 -
Vuelta a España general classification - - - - - - 1 - - - -
Vuelta a España mountains classification - - - - - - 2 - - - -
Vuelta a España points classification - - - - - - 1 - - - -
Vuelta a España stages won - - - - - - 6 - - - -
  • 5× Tours de France, 34 stage wins
  • 5× Giro d'Italia, 24 stage wins
  • 1× Vuelta a España, 6 stage wins

Other stage races

The Tour de Suisse (English: Tour of Switzerland) is a UCI ProTour stage race held annually in June. ... The Tour of Belgium (Tour de Belgique/Ronde van België) is a more days Bicycle Race which is held anually in Belgium. ... Paris-Nice, nicknamed the race to the sun, is an annual professional cycling stage race held annually each March. ... The Tour de Romandie is a stage race which is part of the UCI ProTour. ... The Critérium du Dauphiné Libéré is an annual cycling road race, run over eight stages in the Dauphiné region in France during the first half of June. ... The Grand Prix du Midi Libre (nicknamed Midi Libre) was a multiple-stage cycling course in the south of France. ...

Classic cycle races (28)

Milan - San Remo, nicknamed la primavera, is an annual cycling race between Milan and San Remo. ... The Tour of Flanders (Dutch: Ronde van Vlaanderen) is a road cycling race held in Flanders, Belgium. ... Begun in 1896, Paris-Roubaix, third of the ten UCI World Cup races, has become the most famous single-day bicycle road race. ... Liège-Bastogne-Liège, often called La Doyenne (the oldest woman), is one of the five Monuments of the European professional road cycling calendar, and the oldest. ... The Giro di Lombardia (English: Tour of Lombardy) is an Italian cycle race, based in the Lombardy region. ... The Amstel Gold Race is a road bicycle racing race held (mostly) in the southern part of the province of Limburg, The Netherlands. ... La Flèche Wallonne is a major professional cycle road race held in April each year in Belgium. ... Paris-Brussels is a semi classic European bicycle race. ... Gent-Wevelgem is a professional cycle road race held in Belgium in early April each year. ...

World titles

Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ... The UCI Road World Championships, often referred to as the World Cycling Championships, is the annual world championship for bicycle road racing organized by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). ... Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ...

Track races

  • 17 six-day races
  • 3× European Championships
  • 7× Belgian Madison Championships (with Patrick Sercu)

Six-day racing is a track cycling specialism, which - as the name suggests - involves racing over six days. ...

Significant victories by year

1964
World Amateur Road Race Champion
1965
Six Days of Gent (with Patrick Sercu)
1966 (Team Peugeot-BP)
Milan-Sanremo
Trofeo Angelo Baracchi, with Ferdi Bracke
Championship of Flanders
Tour de Morbihan
1967 (Team Peugeot-BP)
World Pro Road Race
Milan-Sanremo
La Flèche Wallonne
Gent-Wevelgem
Trofeo Angelo Baracchi, with Ferdi Bracke
2 stages, Giro d'Italia
Critérium des As
Six Days of Gent (with Patrick Sercu)
1968 (Team Faema)
Giro d'Italia, including
Mountains Classification
Points Classification
4 stages
Volta a Catalunya
Tour de Romandie
Paris-Roubaix
Tre Valli Varesine
Tour of Sardinia
G.P. Lugano
A travers Lausanne
1969 (Team Faema)
Tour de France
Overall classification
Mountains Classification
Points Classification
6 stages
Paris-Luxembourg
Milan-Sanremo
Ronde van Vlaanderen
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Paris-Nice, including
4 stages
Super Prestige Pernod International
1970 (Team Faema-Faemino)
Tour de France
Overall classification
Mountains Classification
8 stages
Giro d'Italia, including
3 stages
Paris-Nice
Tour of Belgium
Paris-Roubaix
La Flèche Wallonne
Gent-Wevelgem
Critérium des As
Flag of Belgium Belgium National Cycling Championship Road Race
Super Prestige Pernod International
1971 (Team Molteni)
Tour de France
Overall classification
Points Classification
4 stages
World Pro Road Race
Milan-Sanremo
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Giro di Lombardia
Rund um den Henninger Turm
Omloop "Het Volk"
Paris-Nice
Dauphiné Libéré
GP du Midi Libre
Tour of Belgium
Super Prestige Pernod International
1972 (Team Molteni)
Tour de France
Overall classification
Points Classification
6 stages
Giro d'Italia, including
4 stages
Milan-Sanremo
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Giro di Lombardia
La Flèche Wallonne
Giro dell'Emilia
Giro del Piemonte
Grote Scheldeprijs
Trofeo Angelo Baracchi, with Roger Swerts
Hour Record - 49.431 km
Super Prestige Pernod International
1973 (Team Molteni)
Giro d'Italia, including
Points Classification
6 stages
Vuelta a España, including
Points Classification
Sprints Classification
Combined Classification
6 stages
Paris-Roubaix
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Grand Prix des Nations
Amstel Gold Race
Gent-Wevelgem
Omloop "Het Volk"
Paris-Brussels
GP Fourmies
Super Prestige Pernod Trophy
1974 (Team Molteni)
Tour de France
Overall classification
8 stages
Giro d'Italia, including
2 stages
World Pro Road Race
Tour de Suisse, including
Points Classification
KoM
3 stages
Critérium des As
Super Prestige Pernod Trophy
1975 (Team Molteni)
Milan-Sanremo
Ronde van Vlaanderen
Liège-Bastogne-Liège
Amstel Gold Race
Catalan Week
2 stages, Tour de France
1 stage, Tour de Suisse
Super Prestige Pernod Trophy
Six Days of Gent (with Patrick Sercu)
1976 (Team Molteni)
Milan-Sanremo
Catalan Week
1977 (Team Fiat)
1 stage, Tour de Suisse
Tour Méditerranéen
Six Days of Munich (with Patrick Sercu)
Six Days of Zürich (with Patrick Sercu)
Six Days of Gent (with Patrick Sercu)

Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ... The Six Days of Ghent (Dutch: Zesdaagse Vlaanderen-Gent) is a six-day track cycling race held annually in Ghent, Belgium. ... Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ... The Gent-Wevelgem is a professional cycle road race held in Belgium in early April each year. ... Image File history File links Jersey_pink. ... The Giro dItalia, also simply known as the Giro, is a long distance road bicycle racing stage race for professional cyclists held over three weeks in May or early June in and around Italy. ... The King of the Mountains is the title given to the best climber in a cycling road race. ... The Points Classification is an award category in road bicycle racing that recognizes the most consistent finisher in a stage race. ... The Tour of Catalonia is a popular road bicycle race held annually in Catalonia. ... The Tour de Romandie is a stage race which is part of the UCI ProTour. ... Begun in 1896, Paris-Roubaix, third of the ten UCI World Cup races, has become the most famous single-day bicycle road race. ... The 1969 Tour de France was the 56th Tour de France, taking place June 28 to July 20, 1969. ... Image File history File links Jersey_yellow. ... Image File history File links Jersey_polkadot. ... The King of the Mountains is the title given to the best climber in a cycling road race. ... Image File history File links Jersey_green. ... The Points Classification is an award category in road bicycle racing that recognizes the most consistent finisher in a stage race. ... Milan - San Remo, nicknamed la primavera, is an annual cycling race between Milan and San Remo. ... The Tour of Flanders (Dutch: Ronde van Vlaanderen) is a road cycling race held in Flanders, Belgium. ... Liège-Bastogne-Liège, often called La Doyenne (the oldest woman), is one of the five Monuments of the European professional road cycling calendar, and the oldest. ... Paris-Nice, nicknamed the race to the sun, is an annual professional cycling stage race held annually each March. ... The Super Prestige Pernod International was a season-long comnpetition in road bicycle racing between 1958 and 1988. ... The 1970 Tour de France was the 57th Tour de France, taking place June 27 to July 19, 1970. ... Image File history File links Jersey_yellow. ... Image File history File links Jersey_polkadot. ... The King of the Mountains is the title given to the best climber in a cycling road race. ... Image File history File links Jersey_pink. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... The Super Prestige Pernod International was a season-long comnpetition in road bicycle racing between 1958 and 1988. ... The 1971 Tour de France was the 49th Tour de France, taking place June 26 to July 18, 1971. ... Image File history File links Jersey_yellow. ... Image File history File links Jersey_green. ... The Points Classification is an award category in road bicycle racing that recognizes the most consistent finisher in a stage race. ... Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ... Fabian Wegmann (Gerolsteiner) leads team mate Marcus Zberg into the final sprint of the 2005 race. ... The 2005 edition of Het Volk climbs the Oude Kwaremont (Picture courtesy of Eddy Van Laere of the Official Het Volk Site (http://omloop. ... The 1972 Tour de France was the 59th Tour de France, taking place July 1 to July 22, 1974. ... Image File history File links Jersey_yellow. ... Image File history File links Jersey_green. ... The Points Classification is an award category in road bicycle racing that recognizes the most consistent finisher in a stage race. ... Image File history File links Jersey_pink. ... The Grote Scheldeprijs is a Belgian semi classic cycling race which starts in the city of Antwerp and finishes in the town of Schoten. ... Image File history File links Jersey_pink. ... Image File history File links Jersey_gold. ... The Grand Prix des Nations was an individual time trial (a race against the clock or contre la montre) for Europes leading professional racing cyclists. ... Paris-Brussels is a semi classic European bicycle race. ... The Grand Prix de Fourmies is a bicycle race held in the Fourmies commune of France. ... The 1974 Tour de France was the 61st Tour de France, taking place June 27 to July 21, 1974. ... Image File history File links Jersey_yellow. ... Image File history File links Jersey_pink. ... Image File history File links Arc_en_ciel. ... The 1975 Tour de France was the 62nd Tour de France, taking place June 26 to July 20, 1975. ... Tour Méditerranéen is a professional road bicycle racing event held in southern France along the Mediterranean Sea. ...

See also

This is a list of certified and recognised cycling records as recognised by the Union Cycliste Internationale, International Human Powered Vehicle Association, Guinness World Records, International Olympic Committee or other accepted authorities. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Thonon, Pierre (1970). Eddy Merckx du maillot arc en ciel au maillot jaune. De Schorpioen. 
  2. ^ Eddy Merckx and Marc Jeuniau (1972). Plus d'un Tour dans mon sac; mes carnets de route 1972. Editions arts et voyages Gamma diffusion. 
  3. ^ van Walleghem, Rik (1993). Eddy Merckx:the greatest cyclist of the 20th century. Pinguin Productions. ISBN 1884737722. 
  4. ^ Cyclingnews.com (2007-09-26). Eddy Merckx joins list of unwelcome people in Stuttgart. Retrieved on 2007-09-28.
  5. ^ "Duo interview Tom Boonen - Eddy Merckx", Gazet van Antwerpen, 3 February 2007
  6. ^ Glenn Kessler (2007-01-15). Rice's Packed Schedule Leaves Little Room for Cultural Visits. Retrieved on 2007-08-25.
  7. ^ Internet Movie Database profile Eddy Merckx (2007-06-19). Retrieved on 2007-06-19.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Gazet van Antwerpen (Antwerp Gazette, popularly named De Frut, sour head cheese) is a Belgian newspaper, circulated foremostly in the city of Antwerp and Flanders, and published by Concentra. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

  • Vanwalleghem, Rik (1996). Eddy Merckx: The Greatest Cyclist of the 20th Century. Boulder. ISBN 1-88473-722-6. 
  • Vanwalleghem, Rik (1989). Eddy Merckx, mijn levensverhaal : de ware selfmade man als wielrenner en als zakenman (Dutch). Helios. ISBN 90-289-1465-X. 
  • Rosier, Erik (1973). Eddy Merckx (Dutch). Franco-Suisse. OCLC 57423874. 
  • Cornand, Jan and Blancke, Andre (1975). Hoe Merckx de tour verloor / wielerseizoen 1975 van A tot Z (Dutch). Het Volk. 
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Rudi Altig
World Road Racing Champion
1967
Succeeded by
Vittorio Adorni
Preceded by
Jean-Pierre Monseré
World Road Racing Champion
1971
Succeeded by
Marino Basso
Preceded by
Felice Gimondi
World Road Racing Champion
1974
Succeeded by
Hennie Kuiper
Preceded by
Jan Janssen
Winner of the Tour de France
1969-72
Succeeded by
Luis Ocaña
Preceded by
Luis Ocaña
Winner of the Tour de France
1974
Succeeded by
Bernard Thévenet
Preceded by
Felice Gimondi
Winner of the Giro d'Italia
1968
Succeeded by
Felice Gimondi
Preceded by
Felice Gimondi
Winner of the Giro d'Italia
1970
Succeeded by
Gösta Pettersson
Preceded by
Gösta Pettersson
Winner of the Giro d'Italia
1972-74
Succeeded by
Fausto Bertoglio
Preceded by
José Manuel Fuente
Winner of the Vuelta a España
1973
Succeeded by
José Manuel Fuente
Preceded by
Franco Bitossi
Winner of the green jersey in the Tour de France
1969
Succeeded by
Walter Godefroot
Preceded by
Walter Godefroot
Winner of the green jersey in the Tour de France
1971-1972
Succeeded by
Herman Van Springel
Awards
Preceded by
Serge Reding
Belgian Sportsman of the Year
19691974
Succeeded by
Bruno Brokken
Records
Preceded by
Ole Ritter
UCI hour record (49.431 km)
25 October 1972-27 October 2000
Succeeded by
Chris Boardman

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cycling Hall of Fame.com (568 words)
Merckx was in a derny-paced exhibition race toward the end of the season.
Merckx was knocked unconscious and was bleeding heavily from a head wound.
Merckx suffered a concussion and required stitches to close the gaping wound.
Eddy Merckx (797 words)
Eddy Merckx wurde der Kannibale genannt, weil er seinen Gegnern nichts schenkte und sie regelrecht «auffraß».
Insofern ist Merckx Verschwörungstheorie gar nicht einmal abwegig.
1972 hatte Eddy Merckx mit 49,431km in Mexiko einen neuen Stundenweltrekord aufgestellt.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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