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Encyclopedia > Eddie Kendricks
Eddie James Kendricks
Eddie Kendricks, on the cover of his 1981 album Love Keys.
Eddie Kendricks, on the cover of his 1981 album Love Keys.
Background information
Birth name Edward James Kendrick
Also known as Eddie Kendrick
Born December 17, 1939; Union Springs, Alabama
Origin Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Died October 5, 1992;(age 52) Birmingham, Alabama, USA
Genre(s) R&B, pop, soul, disco
Occupation(s) Singer, dancer, songwriter
Instrument(s) Singing
Years active 1955 - 1992
Label(s) Motown, Atlantic, RCA
Associated
acts
The Temptations, The Supremes, David Ruffin

Eddie Kendricks (born Edward James Kendrick, December 17, 1939October 5, 1992) was an American singer and songwriter. Noted for his distinctive falsetto singing style, Kendricks co-founded the Motown singing group The Temptations, and was one of their lead singers from 1960 until 1971. As a solo artist, Kendricks recorded several hits of his own during the 1970s, including the number-one single "Keep On Truckin'." Eddie Kendricks album Love Keys This is an album cover. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Union Springs is a city in Bullock County, Alabama, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country United States State Alabama County Jefferson, Shelby Government  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (D) Area  - City  151. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country United States State Alabama County Jefferson, Shelby Government  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (D) Area  - City  151. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... For popular forms of music in general, see Popular music. ... The soul, according to many religious and philosophical traditions, is the self-aware essence unique to a particular living being. ... Disco is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that was popularized in dance clubs (discothèques) in the mid-1970s, and which dominated mainstream pop until the late 1970s. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Harry Belafonte singing, photograph by C. van Vechten Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice, which is often contrasted with speech. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ... The Supremes, later billed as Diana Ross and The Supremes, were a Motown all-female singing group. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... A singer is a musician who uses their voice to produce music. ... A songwriter is someone who writes the lyrics to songs, the musical composition or melody to songs, or both. ... Falsetto (IPA: Italian , General American , RP ) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range. ... Motown Records, Inc. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... Keep On Truckin is a song by Eddie Kendricks. ...

Contents

Biography

Early years

Edward James Kendrick was born in Union Springs, Alabama. His family later moved to Birmingham, where he met and began singing with his best friend Paul Williams in their church choir in the late 1940s. In 1955, Kendricks, Williams, and friends Kel Osbourne and Willie Waller formed a doo-wop group called The Cavaliers, and began performing around Birmingham. The group decided to move for better opportunities in their musical careers, and in 1957 Kendricks, Williams, and Osbourne moved to Cleveland, Ohio, with Waller staying in Alabama. In Cleveland, they met manager Milton Jenkins, and soon moved with Jenkins to Detroit, Michigan, where the Cavaliers renamed themselves The Primes. Under Jenkins' management, the Primes did well for themselves in the Detroit area, eventually creating a female spin-off group called The Primettes (later The Supremes). In 1961, Osbourne moved to California, and the Primes disbanded. Kendricks and Paul Williams joined forces with members of The Distants to become The Elgins, who signed to Motown that same year as The Temptations. Union Springs is a city in Bullock County, Alabama, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Jefferson County in the state of Alabama Coordinates: , Country United States State Alabama County Jefferson, Shelby Government  - Mayor Bernard Kincaid (D) Area  - City  151. ... Paul Williams (July 2, 1939 – August 17, 1973) was an American second tenor/baritone singer. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... See also: 1954 in music, other events of 1955, 1956 in music, 1950s in music and the list of years in music // January 1 - RCA victor announces a marketing plan called Operation TNT. The label drops the list price on LPs from $5. ... Doo-wop is a style of vocal-based rhythm and blues music popular in the mid-1950s to the early 1960s in America. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Nickname: Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (Latin for, We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes) Location in Wayne County, Michigan Coordinates: , Country United States State Michigan County Wayne County Founded 1701 Incorporation 1806 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) Area  - City  143. ... The Supremes, later billed as Diana Ross and The Supremes, were a Motown all-female singing group. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... “Temptations” redirects here. ...


The Temptations

The Temptations began singing background for Mary Wells. After an initial dry period, The Temptations quickly became Motown's most successful male vocal group of the 1960s. Among the Temptations songs Kendricks sang lead on (usually in a falsetto voice, but he was also capable of singing in a tenor voice) were "The Way You Do the Things You Do" (the group's first US Top 20 hit), "I'll Be in Trouble", "Girl (Why You Wanna Make Me Blue)", "Get Ready", "Just My Imagination", and "Please Return Your Love to Me". He shares lead vocal duty on other records, including "You're My Everything" (shared with David Ruffin), and a long string of Norman Whitfield-produced psychedelic soul records where all five Temptations sang lead, such as the Grammy winner Cloud Nine and I Can't Get Next to You. Mary Esther Wells (May 13, 1943 – July 26, 1992) was an American soul, R&B, and pop singer. ... See also: 1959 in music, other events of 1960, 1961 in music, 1960s in music and the list of years in music // Events January 14 - Elvis Presley is promoted to Sergeant in the U.S. Army February 6 - Songwriter Jesse Belvin dies in an automobile accident in Los Angeles, California. ... Falsetto (IPA: Italian , General American , RP ) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range. ... The Way You Do the Things You Do is a 1964 hit single by The Temptations for the Gordy (Motown) label. ... This article is about the 1966 Temptations song. ... Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me) is a 1971 #1 hit single recorded by The Temptations for the Motown label and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... Norman Whitfield Norman Jesse Whitfield (born in Harlem, New York in 1943) was a songwriter and producer for Berry Gordys Motown label during the 1960s. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Psychedelic soul is a concept used to categorize music that featured elements of psychedelic rock and soul/funk music. ... Look up Cloud Nine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... I Cant Get Next to You is a 1969 number-one single recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield for the Gordy (Motown) label. ...


In the Temptations, Kendricks was responsible for creating most of the group's vocal arrangements, and also served as wardrobe manager, including the now famous purple suits the group wore for one performance. His favorite food was cornbread, and as a result he was nicknamed "Cornbread" (or "Corn" for short) by his bandmates. According to Otis Williams, Kendricks romantically pursued Diana Ross, lead singer of the Supremes, and he was said to have been close with Martha Reeves of the Vandellas. Cornbread or Johnny cake is a generic name for any number of quick breads (a bread leavened chemically, rather than by yeast) containing cornmeal. ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... Diana Ross (born Diane Ernestine Earle Ross[1] on March 26, 1944) is an American singer and actress, whose musical repertoire spans R&B, soul, disco, jazz, and pop. ... Martha Rose Reeves (born July 18, 1941 in Eufaula, Alabama) is an American R&B and soul singer and was the lead singer of the legendary Motown girl group Martha & the Vandellas. ...


Kendricks remained in the group through the rest of the decade, but a number of issues began to push him away from it in the late 1960s and early 1970s. He was uncomfortable with singing the psychedelic style that Whitfield was now crafting for the group as opposed to the romantic ballads they'd sung under the direction of Smokey Robinson, his friend Paul Williams was often too ill to perform with the group, and Kendricks often found himself at odds with bandmates Otis Williams and Melvin Franklin. As he grew away from the Temps, Kendricks began to rekindle his friendship with ex-Temptation David Ruffin, who convinced him to leave the group. Kendricks recorded one last hit single with the Temptations, 1971's "Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)"; by the time the record reached #1 on the US pop charts in April 1971, Eddie Kendricks had quit The Temptations and signed a solo deal with Motown's Tamla imprint. He was successful with his solo career, but it was short lived. [citation needed] The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... For psychedelics, see psychedelic drug. ... Otis Williams (born Otis Miles, Jr. ... Melvin Franklin (David Melvin English) (October 12, 1942 – February 23, 1995) was an American bass singer, best known for his role as a member of Motown singing group The Temptations from 1961 to 1994. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... See also: 1970 in music, other events of 1971, 1972 in music, 1970s in music and the list of years in music // February 8 - Bob Dylans hour-long documentary film, Eat the Document, premieres at New Yorks Academy of Music. ... Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me) is a 1971 number-one hit single released on the Gordy (Motown) label, recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...


Solo career

Eddie Kendricks' solo career began slowly; he endured two years of singles that missed the Top 40, while The Temptations continued with their string of Norman Whitfield-helmed hits (one of which, "Superstar (Remember How You Got Where You Are)", was written as a jab towards Kendricks and Ruffin). When Kendricks finally scored a hit in 1973, it resulted in his first and only solo #1 hit, the Frank Wilson-produced "Keep on Truckin'", which is often cited as a contender for "first disco song". Future hits included "Boogie Down," "Shoeshine Boy," and "He's a Friend." Superstar (Remember How You Got Where You Are) is a 1971 hit single for the Gordy (Motown) label, recorded by The Temptations and produced by Norman Whitfield. ... See also: 1970s in music. ... Frank Wilson is an African-American former songwriter and record producer for Motown Records. ... Keep On Truckin is a song by Eddie Kendricks. ...


Kendricks left Motown, forced to sign away the rights to his royalties to do so, in 1978, moving first to Arista Records, and later to Atlantic Records. By this time, his popularity had waned, and he was also gradually losing his voice as a result of chain smoking. He and David Ruffin briefly re-joined the Temptations for a 1982 reunion tour. Ruffin and Kendrick (Kendricks dropped the "s" from his stage name during the 1980s) reportedly met up one night when Ruffin went to watch Kendrick perform in a nightclub; Kendrick spotted Ruffin in the crowd, pointed him out, and invited him to come up on stage and perform with him. Afterward they talked about touring on their own and recorded an album as a duo for RCA in 1988. See also: 1970s in music. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures hired Clive Davis to be a consultant for the company’s record and music operations. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ... See also: 1982 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1982 Record labels established in 1982 other events of 1982 list of years in music 1980s in music // January 15 - K.C. and the Sunshine Bands Harry Wayne Casey is seriously injured in an automobile accident in Miami, Florida. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... RCA, formerly an acronym for the Radio Corporation of America, is now a trademark owned by Thomson SA through RCA Trademark Management S.A., a company owned by Thomson. ... See also: other events of 1988 Musical groups established in 1988 Record labels established in 1988 list of years in music 1980s in music // Peter Ruzicka becomes director of the Hamburg State Opera and State Philharmonic Orchestra. ...


Earlier, in 1985, they participated in the Hall & Oates live album Live at The Apollo recorded at a benefit at New York City's Apollo Theater; and sang with the duo at Live Aid in Philadelphia and the MTV Video Music Awards in New York. Hall and Oates have cited Kendrick, Ruffin and the rest of the Tempts as a major influence. Year 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays 1985 Gregorian calendar). ... Hall & Oates is a popular music duo made up of Daryl Hall & John Oates. ... Apollo Theater marquee, c. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ...


In 1989, Kendrick, Ruffin, and their old Temptations bandmates were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. There, Kendrick and Ruffin made plans with former Temptation Dennis Edwards to tour and record as "Ruffin/Kendrick/Edwards, Former Leads of The Temptations." The Ruffin/Kendrick/Edwards project was cut short in 1991, when Kendrick was diagnosed with lung cancer and David Ruffin died of a drug overdose. See also: 1989 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1989 Record labels established in 1989 other events of 1989 list of years in music 1980s in music // January 7 - Genesis 88 and Sunrise/Back to the Future stage large-scale illegal Acid House party in London January 14 - Paul... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Dennis Edwards (born February 3, 1943 in Birmingham, Alabama) is an American soul and R&B singer, most noted for being one of Motown act The Temptations lead singers. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Lung cancer is the malignant transformation and expansion of lung tissue, and is the most lethal of all cancers worldwide, responsible for 1. ... A drug overdose occurs when a drug is ingested in quantities and/or concentrations large enough to overwhelm the homeostasis of a living organism, causing severe illness or death. ...


In late 1991, Kendrick, by now living in his native Birmingham, underwent surgery to have one of his lungs removed in hopes of preventing the spread of the cancer. He continued to tour through the summer of 1992, when he fell ill again and was hospitalized. Eddie Kendrick died on October 5, 1992 of lung cancer in Birmingham at the age of 52. He is survived by his parents Johnny and Lee Bell Kendrick, sister Patricia Simpson, and three brothers: Charles, Robert, and Clarence Kendrick. See also: 1992 in music (UK) Musical groups established in 1992 Record labels established in 1992 other events of 1992 list of years in music 1990s in music // 1992 was a pivotal year in the development of music. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


Kendricks was portrayed by Terron Brooks in the 1998 biographical television miniseries The Temptations. Terron Brooks is an American singer, song writer/actor. ... The Temptations was a four-hour television miniseries broadcast in two-hour halves on NBC, based upon the history of one of Motown’s longest-lived acts, The Temptations. ...


Discography

Albums

as Eddie Kendricks

Tamla (Motown) releases
  • 1971: All By Myself
  • 1972: People ... Hold On
  • 1973: Eddie Kendricks
  • 1974: Boogie Down!
  • 1974: For You
  • 1975: The Hit Man
  • 1975: He's A Friend
  • 1976: Goin' Up In Smoke
  • 1977: Slick
Arista releases
  • 1978: Vintage'78
  • 1979: Something More
Atlantic release
  • 1981: Love Keys

as Ruffin and Kendrick Motown Records, Inc. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures hired Clive Davis to be a consultant for the company’s record and music operations. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... David Ruffin (Davis Eli Ruffin) (January 18, 1941 – June 1, 1991) was an American soul singer most famous for his work as lead singer of The Temptations from 1964 to 1968. ...

RCA release
  • 1988: Ruffin And Kendrick

RCA Records is one of the flagship labels of Sony BMG Music Entertainment. ...

Singles

Tamla (Motown} releases
  • 1971: "It's So Hard For Me To Say Good-Bye" (US #88)
  • 1971: "Can I"
  • 1972: "Eddie's Love" (US #77)
  • 1972: "If You Let Me" (US #66)
  • 1973: "Darling Come Back Home" (US #67)
  • 1973: "Girl You Need A Change Of Mind (Part 1)" (US #87)
  • 1973: "Keep On Truckin' (Part 1)" (US #1)
  • 1974: "Boogie Down" (US #2)
  • 1974: "One Tear" (US #71)
  • 1974: "Son of Sagittarius" (US #28)
  • 1974: "Tell Her Love Has Felt the Need" (US #50)
  • 1975: "Get the Cream off the Top" (US #50)
  • 1975: "Happy" (US #66)
  • 1975: "Shoeshine Boy" (US #18)
  • 1976: "Chains"
  • 1976: "Get It While It's Hot"
  • 1976: "He's a Friend" (US #36)
  • 1976: "It's Not What You Got"
  • 1977: "Goin' Up In Smoke"
  • 1977: "Born Again / Date With The Rain"
  • 1977: "Intimate Friends"
Arista releases
  • 1978: "Ain't No Smoke Without Fire"
  • 1978: "The Best of Strangers Now"
  • 1980: "I Just Want To Be the One In Your Life"
Atlantic release
  • 1981: "Oh I Need Your Loving"

Motown Records, Inc. ... Keep On Truckin is a song by Eddie Kendricks. ... Arista Records is an American record label that is a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony BMG, and operates under the RCA Records Group // After being fired from CBS Records, Columbia Pictures hired Clive Davis to be a consultant for the company’s record and music operations. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label, and operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ...

External links

  • Eddie Kendricks' Gravesite

  Results from FactBites:
 
Eddie Kendricks - Free Music Downloads, Videos, Lyrics, CDs, MP3s, Bio, Merchandise and Links (214 words)
Known for both his years with the Temptations and his major solo hits of the 1970s, Eddie Kendricks was among the many soul legends who did his part to put Motown Records on the map.
The expressive vocalist (who often sang in a falsetto) grew up in Birmingham, AL, but it was Motown's original home of Detroit that made him a star.
Kendricks was still living in Alabama in the..
Eddie Kendricks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (935 words)
Kendricks remained in the group through the rest of the decade, but a number of issues began to push him away from it in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Eddie Kendricks' solo career began slowly; he endured two years of singles that missed the Top 40, while The Temptations continued with their string of Norman Whitfield-helmed hits (one of which, "Superstar (Remember How You Got Where You Are)", was written as a jab towards Kendricks and Ruffin).
Eddie Kendrick died on October 5, 1992 of lung cancer in Birmingham at the age of 52.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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