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Encyclopedia > Eddie Harris

Eddie Harris (October 20, 1934November 5, 1996), was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. Although he was one of the most popular jazz musicians of his day (and the first to receive a gold record), his inclusion in his repertoire of types of music other than jazz and his incorporation of comedy into his act led many jazz critics to consider him insufficiently committed to jazz. His experimentation with other types of music sometimes had questionable results, but many still regard him as one of the great jazz musicians. October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1934 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Jazz is a musical art form characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, polyrhythms, and improvisation. ... A saxophonist is a musician who plays the saxophone. ... The description Gold Album is applied to recorded music albums that have sold a minimum number of copies (in the US, currently 500,000 sales). ... Comedy is the use of humour in the performing arts. ...


Harris grew up in Chicago, and like other successful Chicago musicians such as Nat King Cole, Dinah Washington, Clifford Jordan, Johnny Griffin, Gene Ammons, Julian Priester, and Bo Diddley (among others), studied music under Walter Dyett at DuSable High School. He later studied music at Roosevelt College, by which time he was proficient on piano, vibraphone, and tenor saxophone. While in college he performed professionally with Gene Ammons. Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... Nat King Cole in The Blue Gardenia (1953) Nat King Cole (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965) was a hugely popular American singer and jazz musician. ... Dinah Washington (August 29, 1924 - December 14, 1963) an American blues, jazz, and gospel singer. ... John Arnold Griffin III (born in 1928) is an American bop and hard bop tenor saxophonist. ... Eugene Jug Ammons (April 14, 1925 - 1974) was an American jazz tenor saxophone player, and the son of boogie-woogie pianist Albert Ammons. ... Julian Priester is a jazz trombonist who has played with a considerable range of more widely known artists including Sun Ra, Max Roach, Duke Ellington, John Coltrane and Herbie Hancock. ... Bo Diddleys emphasis on rhythm largely influenced popular music, especially that of rock and roll in the 1960s. ... Walter Henri Dyett (1901–1969) was an American violinist and music educator. ... This article is about the modern musical instrument. ... [[image:Luigi Waites PlaysVibraphone. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... Eugene Jug Ammons (April 14, 1925 - 1974) was an American jazz tenor saxophone player, and the son of boogie-woogie pianist Albert Ammons. ...


After college he was drafted into the United States Army. While serving in Europe he was accepted into the 7th Army Band, which also included Don Ellis, Leo Wright, and Cedar Walton. Conscription is a general term for forced labor demanded by some established authority, e. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Bandleader Don Ellis (July 25, 1934 - December 17, 1978) consistently explored the area of unusual time signatures. ... Leo Wright (1933 in Wichita Falls, Texas - January 4, 1991 in Vienna) was an American jazz musician who played alto saxophone, flute and clarinet. ... Cedar Anthony Walton, Junior (born in 1934) is an American hard bop pianist. ...


After getting out of the army he worked in New York City before returning to Chicago, where he signed a contract with Vee Jay Records. His first album for Vee Jay, Exodus to Jazz included his own jazz arrangement of Ernest Gold's theme from the movie Exodus. A shortened version of this track, which featured his masterful playing in the upper register of the tenor saxophone, was heavily played on radio and became the first jazz record ever to be certified gold. Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States, and is at the center of international finance, politics, communications, music, fashion, and culture. ... Ernest Gold (born July 13, 1921, Vienna, Austria; Died March 17, 1999) was an Academy Award winning composer of the theme from the movie Exodus. ...


Many jazz critics, however, regarded commercial success as a sign that a jazz artist had sold out, and Harris soon stopped playing "Exodus" in concert. He moved to Columbia Records in 1964 and to Atlantic Records in 1965. At Atlantic in 1965 he released The In Sound, a bop album which won back many of his detractors. Columbia Records is the oldest continually used brand name in recorded sound, dating back to 1888. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is a record label founded in 1947 by Ahmet Ertegun and Herb Abramson. ... Bebop or bop is a form of jazz characterized by fast tempos and improvisation based on harmonic structure rather than melody. ...


Over the next few years he began to perform on electric piano and the electric Varitone saxophone, and to perform a mixture of jazz and funk which sold well in both the jazz and rhythm and blues markets. In 1967 his album The Electrifying Eddie Harris reached second place on the R & B charts. An electric piano (e-piano) is an electric musical instrument of the 1960s or 1970s, which was built to replace a (heavy) piano on stage. ... Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. ... Rhythm and blues (or R&B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ...


In 1969 he performed with Les McCann's group at the Montreux Jazz Festival. Although they had been unable to rehearse, their session was so impressive that a recording of it was released as Swiss Movement, which became one of the best-selling jazz albums ever, also reaching second place on the R & B charts. Poster designed by Keith Haring The Montreux Jazz Festival is the best-known music festival in Switzerland. ...


From 1970 to 1975 he experimented with new instruments of his own invention (the reed trumpet was a trumpet with a saxophone mouthpiece, the saxobone was a saxophone with a trombone mouthpiece, and the guitorgan was a combination of guitar and organ), with singing the blues, with jazz-rock (he recorded an album with Steve Winwood, Jeff Beck, Albert Lee, Rick Grech, Zoot Money, and other rockers), and with comic R & B numbers such as "That is Why You're Overweight." 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Trumpeter performing with the United States Air Forces in Europe Band The trumpet is the highest brass instrument in register, above the tuba, euphonium, trombone, sousaphone, and french horn. ... The classical guitar typically has 3 nylon and 3 nickel-wound strings. ... This article or section should be merged with Pipe organ The Casavant pipe organ at Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, Montreal The organ is a type of keyboard musical instrument, distinctive because the sound is not produced by a percussion action, as on a piano or celesta, or by... For the emotional state, see Depression (mood). ... Jazz fusion (sometimes referred to simply as fusion) is a musical genre that loosely encompasses the merging of jazz with other styles, particularly rock, funk, R&B, and world music. ... Stephen Laurence (Steve) Winwood (born May 12, 1948 in Birmingham, England) was a part of the Birmingham Rhythm and blues scene from a young age, playing the Hammond organ and guitar, backing blues singers like Muddy Waters, John Lee Hooker, T-Bone Walker, Howlin Wolf, B. B. King, Sonny Boy... Jeff Beck The electric guitarist Jeff Beck (born June 24, 1944) is a British rock musician who played in a number of influential bands in the 1960s. ... Albert Lee is a British country guitarist, reputedly one of the fastest guitarists in the world. ... Rick Grech (born November 1, 1945, died March 17, 1990) Bass player for Blind Faith, Ginger Bakers Air Force and Traffic. ...


In 1975, however, he alienated much of his audience with his album The Reason Why I'm Talkin' Shit, which consisted mainly of stand-up comedy, and public interest in his subsequent albums declined sharply. He continued to record into the 1990s, but his experimentation ended and he mainly recorded hard bop. Richard Pryor hits the money line (NB This article refers to the history of stand-up comedy in the United States of America) A stand-up comedian or stand-up comic is someone that performs in comedy clubs, usually reciting a fast paced succession of amusing stories, short jokes and... Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but keeping the same mind-set. ... Hard bop is an extension of bebop (bop) music which incorporates influences from rhythm and blues, gospel music, and blues, especially in the saxophone and piano playing. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
JJA Library (2306 words)
And as the song suggests, Harris -- a wizardly musician, oddball inventor, trash-talking monologist, and stylistic innovator of the first rank, who appeared on more than 50 albums and sold more than two million copies of his first record -- remained equally aware that lots of listeners had no idea who he was.
Eddie Harris, born (1934) and raised in Chicago before moving on to L.A. in the 1960s, died November 5.
And in the 70s, Eddie's between-songs patter grew to become a major part of his onstage persona, revealing his delightfully skewed sense of humor and a real handle on blue and sometimes filthy comedy -- enough so that in 1976 he could issue an album composed entirely of improvised monologs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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