FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Eddie Cochran
Eddie Cochran

Background information
Birth name Raymond Edward Cochran
Born October 3, 1938(1938-10-03)
Albert Lea, Minnesota
Origin Bell Gardens, California
Died April 17, 1960 (aged 21)
Bath, Somerset, England
Genre(s) Rockabilly, rock and roll
Occupation(s) Singer-songwriter, Guitarist
Instrument(s) Guitar
Years active 1953 - 1960
Label(s) Liberty
Notable instrument(s)
Gretsch 6120

Raymond Edward "Eddie" Cochran (October 2, 1938[1]April 17, 1960[2]) was an American rock and roll musician and an important influence on popular music during the late 1950s, early 1960s, and beyond. ImageMetadata File history File links Eddiecochrane. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Albert Lea is a city located in Freeborn County in southeast Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Bell Gardens is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Bath is a small city in Somerset, England most famous for its historic baths fed by three hot springs. ... This article is about the county of Somerset in England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... The term singer-songwriter refers to performers who both write and sing their own material. ... For the UK magazine, see Guitarist (magazine). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... For other uses, see Guitar (disambiguation). ... In the music industry, a record label can be a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Liberty Records was a United States-based record label. ... The Gretsch 6120 is a hollow body electric guitar with f-holes manufactured by Gretsch and first appearing in the mid-1950s with the endorsement of Chet Atkins. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Cochran was born in Albert Lea, Minnesota, as Ray Edward Cochran.[1] He took music lessons in school, but quit the band to play drums. Also, rather than taking piano lessons, he began learning guitar, playing the country music he heard on the radio. In 1955, Cochran's family moved to Bell Gardens, California. As his guitar playing improved, he formed a band with two friends from his junior high school. During a show featuring many performers at an American Legion hall, he met Hank Cochran (later a country music songwriter). Although they were not related, they began performing together and recorded as The Cochran Brothers.[3] Eddie Cochran also worked as a session musician, and began writing songs, making a "demo" with Jerry Capehart, his future manager. Albert Lea is a city located in Freeborn County in southeast Minnesota. ... Bell Gardens is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Middle school and junior high school cover a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education and serve as a bridge between them. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Garland Perry Hank Cochran (born August 2, 1935 in Isola, Mississippi) is an American country music singer and songwriter. ... Country music is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... Jerry Capehart (born 1929, died Nashville, Tennessee 7 June 1998)[1] was a songwriter and music manager. ... A talent manager, also known as a personal manager, is one who guides the career of artists in the entertainment business. ...


Guitars

When playing with Hank Cochran, Eddie Cochran played a Gibson electric acoustic guitar with a single florentine cutaway. This guitar featured a pair of Gibson P90 pickups, sometimes called 'dog ear' pickups due to their shape. The Gibson Guitar Corporation, of Nashville, Tennessee, USA, is a manufacturer of acoustic and electric guitars. ... For other uses, see P90 (disambiguation). ...


Later, Cochran moved to a 1956 Gretsch 6120 Chet Atkins Western model, which Eddie had modified. He replaced the neck position De Armond Dynasonic pickup with a black covered Gibson P-90 pickup. He also used acoustic guitars. The Gretsch 6120 is a hollow body electric guitar with f-holes manufactured by Gretsch and first appearing in the mid-1950s with the endorsement of Chet Atkins. ... Chet Atkins Chester Burton Chet Atkins (June 20, 1924 – June 30, 2001) was an influential guitarist and record producer. ...


Solo success

In 1956, Boris Petroff asked Cochran if he would appear in the musical comedy film The Girl Can't Help It. He agreed and sang a song called "Twenty Flight Rock" in the movie. In 1957, Cochran starred in his second film, "Untamed Youth" and also had his first hit, "Sittin' in the Balcony," one of the few songs he recorded that was written by another songwriter (John D. Loudermilk). ("Twenty Flight Rock" was written by AMI staff writer Ned (Nelda) Fairchild. AMI granted Cochran a co-writer credit, but no royalties, a common arrangement by which publishers move songs from demos to commercial recordings. The Girl Cant Help It is a 1956 comedy, musical film, starring Jayne Mansfield, Tom Ewell, and Edmond OBrien. ... Twenty Flight Rock is the name of a song originally performed and released in 1957 by Eddie Cochran, who co-wrote it with Ned Fairchild. ... John D. Loudermilk (born March 31, 1934 in Durham, North Carolina) is an American singer and songwriter. ...


However, his most famous hit, "Summertime Blues" (co-written with Jerry Capehart), was an important influence on music in the late 1950s, both lyrically and musically. (The song, released on Liberty recording #55144, charted #8 on August 25, 1958.) Cochran's brief career included only a few more hits, such as "C'mon Everybody", "Somethin' Else", "My Way", "Weekend", "Nervous Breakdown", and his posthumous UK number one hit "Three Steps to Heaven." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jerry Capehart (born 1929, died Nashville, Tennessee 7 June 1998)[1] was a songwriter and music manager. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ... Liberty Records was a United States-based record label. ... CMon Everybody is a song by Eddie Cochran. ... Somethin Else is a song by the rockabilly musician Eddie Cochran, co-written with his girlfriend Sharon Sheeley, released in 1959. ...


Death

On Saturday, April 16, 1960, at about 11:50 p.m., while on tour in the United Kingdom, 21-year-old Cochran died in a traffic accident in a taxi (a Ford Consul, [reg. no. RBO 869], not, as widely quoted a London Hackney carriage) traveling through Chippenham, Wiltshire, England on the A4. The taxi crashed into a lamp post on Rowden Hill, where a plaque now commemorates the event (no other car was involved). He was taken to St. Martin's Hospital, Bath, but died at 4:10 p.m. the following day.[2] Songwriter Sharon Sheeley (Cochran's fiancée) and singer Gene Vincent survived the crash. is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Automobile stubs | Ford vehicles ... In the United Kingdom, the name hackney carriage refers to a taxicab licensed by the Public Carriage Office in Greater London or by the local authority (non-metropolitan district councils or unitary authorities) in other parts of England, Wales, and Scotland, or by the Department of the Environment in Northern... Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The A4 at Hotwells in Bristol The A4 crosses Picadilly Circus in central London The A4 is a major road in England, also known as the Great West Road. ... , Bath is a small city in Somerset, England most famous for its historic baths fed by three hot springs. ... Sharon Sheeley (April 4, 1940–May 17, 2002) was an American songwriter born in California in 1940 whos work found success for artists like Glen Campbell, Ricky Nelson, Brenda Lee, and former fiancee, Eddie Cochran. ... Gene Vincent, real name Vincent Eugene Craddock, (February 11, 1935 - October 12, 1971) was an American rocknroll pioneer musician, best known for his hit Be-Bop-A-Lula. // His parents, Ezekiah Jackson and Mary Louise Craddock, were shop owners in Norfolk, Virginia. ...


The taxi driver, George Martin, was convicted of dangerous driving, fined £50, disqualified from driving for 15 years, and sent to prison for six months.[4]


The car and other items from the crash were impounded at the local police station until a coroners' inquest could be held. At that time, David Harman, later known as Dave Dee of the band Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich, was a police cadet at the station. He taught himself to play guitar on Cochran's impounded Gretsch[citation needed]. Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich were a chart topping, UK pop group of the 1960s. ... Gretsch is a U.S. musical instrument manufacturer currently being distributed by guitar company Fender and drum craft company Kaman. ...


Eddie Cochran is interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Cypress, California.[5] A posthumous album, My Way, was released in 1964. Forest Lawn Memorial-Parks & Mortuaries is an American not-for-profit corporation that owns and operates a chain of cemeteries and mortuaries in Los Angeles, Orange, and Riverside counties in Southern California. ... Location of Cypress within Orange County, California. ... See the disambiguation page for additional meanings. ...


Posthumous releases and honours

Cochran was a prolific performer, and the British Label Rockstar Records has released more of his music posthumously than had been released during his life. The company is still looking for unpublished songs.


One of his posthumous releases was "Three Stars", a tribute to Ritchie Valens, J.P. Richardson, better known as the Big Bopper, and Eddie's friend Buddy Holly, who had all died together in a plane crash just one year earlier. Cochran's voice breaks during the lyrics about Holly. Ritchie Valens (born Ricardo Steven Valenzuela, May 13, 1941 – February 3, 1959) was a pioneer of rock and roll and a forefather to the Latin Rock movement. ... Jiles Perry (J.P.) Richardson, Jr. ... Jiles Perry Richardson, Jr. ... For the Weezer song, see Buddy Holly (song). ...


In 1987, Cochran was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[6] His pioneering contribution to the genre of rockabilly has also been recognised by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame. Several of his songs have been re-released since his death, such as "C'Mon Everybody", which was a #14 hit in 1988 in the UK. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ... Rockabilly is one of the earliest styles of rock and roll music, and emerged in the early-1950s. ... The Rockabilly Hall of Fame was established on March 21, 1997 to present early rock and roll history and information relative to the artists and personalities involved in this pioneering American music genre. ...


The life of Eddie Cochran is chronicled in several publications, including Don’t Forget Me – The Eddie Cochran Story, written by Julie Mundy and Darrel Higham (ISBN 0-8230-7931-7), and Three Steps To Heaven, written by Bobby Cochran (ISBN 0-634-03252-6).


Influence

Cochran had an innovative technique of aligning the bass and guitar to the same harmonic frequency. His songs have been covered by artists such as The Who, The Beach Boys, Led Zeppelin, The Stun Gunz[7], The White Stripes, The Sex Pistols, and Paul McCartney. In acoustics and telecommunication, the harmonic of a wave is a component frequency of the signal that is an integral multiple of the fundamental frequency. ... The Who are an English rock band that formed in 1964. ... The Beach Boys are an American rock and roll band. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... This article is about the American duo. ... The Sex Pistols in 1977. ... Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born 18 June 1942) is an English singer-songwriter, composer, multi-instrumentalist, poet, entrepreneur, painter, record producer, film producer, and animal-rights activist. ...


Discography

Albums

  • Singin' To My Baby (August 1958)
  • The Eddie Cochran Memorial Album (September 1960)
  • Cherished Memories (December 1962)

References

  1. ^ a b Certificate of Birth: Ray Edward Cochran. State of Minnesota (1938-10-02). Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  2. ^ a b Certified copy of an entry of death: Edward Ray Cochran. County Borough of Bath (1960-07-02). Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  3. ^ Rockabilly HoF
  4. ^ Remember Eddie Cochran's Dark Lonely Street on www.eddiecochran.info
  5. ^ Gary Wayne. Forest Lawn Cypress: Stars' Graves. Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  6. ^ Rock and Roll HOF bio
  7. ^ (Cover), Twenty Flight Rock, Produced By Marty Munsch, Engineered by Bob Both
Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Martin Munsch was born in 1967 in Union County, New Jersey raised in the towns of Franklin Lakes & Wyckoff in Bergen County, New Jersey. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Freeborn County Historical Museum (1177 words)
Eddie Cochran had a short career that ended in tragedy, but he was alive long enough to establish himself as one of the top stars in the early days of rock-and-roll.
Eddie Cochran was a good looking young man who had become a huge star, and he was an even bigger star in the United Kingdom than he was in the United States.
Eddie is buried in Forest Lawn, in Cypress, California.
Eddie Cochran - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (595 words)
Cochran's brief career included only a few more hits, such as "C'mon Everybody," "Somethin' Else," "My Way," "Weekend," "Nervous Breakdown," and his posthumous UK number one hit "Three Steps to Heaven." Cochran is also known for his favorite instrument, the Gretsch 6120 electric guitar.
Eddie Cochran is interred in the Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Cypress, California.
In 1987, Eddie Cochran was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and his pioneering contribution to the genre has also been recognized by the Rockabilly Hall of Fame.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m