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Encyclopedia > Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople
Bartholomew I
Birth name Dimitrios Arhondonis
Patriarchate began November 2, 1991
Predecessor Demetrius I
Successor Incumbent
Born February 29, 1940 (age 67)
Imvros, Turkey
Styles of
Patriarch Bartholemew I
Reference style His All Holiness
Spoken style Your All Holiness
Alternative style None

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I (Greek: Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης Βαρθολομαίος Α) has been the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and thus "first among equals" in the Eastern Orthodox Communion, since 2 November 1991. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2000x3008, 3154 KB)Free use by mentioning the source: http://www. ... Demetrius I can refer to four people: Demetrius I of Syria Demetrius I of Macedon Demetrius I of Bactria Patriarch Demetrius I of Constantinople This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Image File history File links The Coat of Arms of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. ... A style of office, or honorific, is a form of address which by tradition or law precedes a reference to a person who holds a title or post, or to the political office itself. ... Throne inside the Patriarchade of Constantinople. ... First among Equals could refer to Primus inter pares, a political concept or First Among Equals, a novel by Jeffrey Archer ... This article treats the manner in which the Eastern Orthodox Churches are organized, rather than the doctrines, traditions, practices, or other aspects of Eastern Orthodoxy. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Early life and career

Bartholomew I was born in the village of Aghios Theodoros (Άγιος Θεόδωρος in Greek, in Turkish Zeytinli köyü) on Imbros (Ίμβρος Imvros to its Greek inhabitants, modern Gökçeada), on 29 February 1940), son of Christos and Merope Archontonis. His birth name is Dimitrios Arhondonis (Δημήτριος Αρχοντώνης, Dimítrios Archontónis). By citizenship he is Turkish, but belongs ethnically to the small remnants of the Greek community in Turkey (see Istanbul Pogrom). Location of Imbros Imbros, officially known as Gökçeada (older name in Turkish: Ä°mroz; Greek: Ίμβρος – Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey, part of Çanakkale Province. ... February 29th, or bissextile day, is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Greeks in Turkey numbered fewer than 2,000 in 1995. ... The Istanbul Pogrom, also known as the Istanbul Riots, or the Σεπτεμβριανά in Greek and the 6-7 Eylül Olayları in Turkish (both literally Events of September), was a pogrom directed primarily at Istanbul’s 100,000-strong Greek minority on 6–7 September 1955. ...

Demetrios Archontonis attended elementary school in his native Imbros and continued his secondary education in the famous Zographeion Lyceum in Istanbul. Soon afterwards, he studied Theology as an undergraduate at the Patriarchal Theological school, Halki seminary , from which he graduated with highest honours in 1961, and was immediately ordained deacon, receiving the name Bartholomew. Bartholomew fullfilled his military service in the Turkish army as a reserve officer between 1961 and 1963. From 1963 to 1968, Bartholomew pursued graduate studies at the Pontifical Oriental Institute of Rome, the Ecumenical Institue of Bossey (Switzerland) and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (Germany). His doctoral research was on Canon Law. The same year he became a lecturer in the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul, Greek: , historically known in English as Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... The Halki seminary was, until its closure by the Turkish authorities in 1971, the main school of theology of the Eastern Orthodox Churchs Patriarchate of Constantinople. ... This article is about the sacrament. ... Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ... Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) (Turkish: Türk Silahlı Kuvvetleri (TSK)) consists of the Army, the Navy (includes Naval Air and Naval Infantry) and the Air Force. ... The Pontifical Oriental Institute is the premier center for the study of Eastern Christianity in Rome, Italy. ... Main building of the LMU Munich University Main staircase of the university, Munich The Atrium at the main building The Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich (German Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, LMU or simply University of Munich) is considered the best in Germany and one of the most prestigious... The Pontifical Gregorian University The Pontifical Gregorian University is a Roman Catholic university in Rome. ...

After returning in Istanbul in 1968, he took a position in the Patriarchal Theological Seminary of Halki, where he was ordinated priest, in 1969, by Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I. When Demetrius I became Ecumenical Patriarch in 1972 and established the Patriarchal Office, invited Bartlomew as its director. On Christmas 1973, Bartholomew became Metropolitan of Philadelphia, and renamed director of the office until his enthronement as Metropolitan of Chalcedon in 1990. From March 1974 until his enthronement as Ecumenical Patriarch, he was a member of the Holy Synod as well as of many Synodical Committees. Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul, Greek: , historically known in English as Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... His All Holiness Athenagoras I, by the grace of God, Archbishop of Constantinople New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch (Greek: Πατριάρχης Αθηναγόρας, born Aristokles Spyrou) (March 25, 1886 - July 6/7, 1972) was the 268th Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1948 to 1972. ... Demetrius I or Dimitrios I, (born Dimitrios Papadopoulos in 1914 - October 2, 1991) was the Patriarch of Constantinople from July 16, 1972 to 1991. ... Chalcedon (Χαλκηδών, sometimes transliterated as Chalkedon; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar). ... In several of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, the patriarch or head bishop is elected by a group of bishops called the Holy Synod. ...

He speaks contemporary Greek, Turkish, Italian, German, French and English; he is also fluent in classical Greek and Latin.

Accomplishments as Ecumenical Patriarch

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Declaration of 30 Nov 2006 (in Greek)

As Ecumenical Patriarch, he has been particularly active internationally. One of his first focuses has been on rebuilding the once-persecuted Eastern Orthodox Churches of the former Eastern Bloc following the fall of Communism there in 1990. As part of this effort he has worked to strengthen ties amongst the various national Churches and Patriarchates of the Eastern Orthodox Communion. He has also continued the reconciliation dialogue with the Roman Catholic Church started by his predecessors, and initiated dialogue with other faiths, including other Christian, Muslim, and Jewish sects. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself: as the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus Christ and the Twelve Apostles. ... A map of the Eastern Bloc. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination...

Perhaps most unusually, he has gained a reputation as a prominent environmentalist, putting the support of the Patriarchate behind various international environmental causes. This has earned him the nicknames "the Green Patriarch" and "the Green Pope" and in 2002 he was honored with the Sophie Prize. He has also been honoured with the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor, the highest award which may be bestowed by the Legislative Branch of the United States government. For the psychology topic, see Environmental psychology. ... Mossy, green fountain in Wattens, Austria. ... The current Pope is Benedict XVI (born Joseph Alois Ratzinger), who was elected at the age of 78 on 19 April 2005. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Sophie Prize is an international environment and development prize (USD 100,000 = 77,000 €), awarded annually. ... Congressional Gold Medal presented to Navajo Code talkers in 2000 The Congressional Gold Medal of Honor is the highest award which may be bestowed by the Legislative Branch of the United States government. ... The government of the United States, established by the United States Constitution, is a federal republic of 50 states, a few territories and some protectorates. ...

Bartholomew I after advocating certain aspects of Turkish foreign policy and attempts to celebrate the Liturgy in remote areas of the country thereby renewing with the Orthodox presence prior to 1924 has now come under intense pressure from Turkish nationalist elements. The patriarchal Seminary of Halki in the Princes' Islands remains closed since 1971 on government orders. The Halki seminary was, until its closure by the Turkish authorities in 1971, the main school of theology of the Eastern Orthodox Churchs Patriarchate of Constantinople. ... The Princes Islands (today Adalar) are a chain of nine islands off the coast of Istanbul, Turkey, in the Sea of Marmara. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday. ...

Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew’s tenure has been characterized by inter-Orthodox cooperation, inter-Christian and inter-religious dialogue, as well as by formal trips to Orthodox and Muslim countries seldom previously visited. He has exchanged numerous invitations of Church and State dignitaries. His efforts to promote religious freedom and human rights, his initiatives to advance religious tolerance among the world’s religions.

During his trip to Turkey in November 2006 Pope Benedict XVI travelled to Istanbul (Constantinople) on the invitation of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Bartholomew I. The Pope participated in the feast day services of St. Andrew the First Apostle, the patron saint of the Church of Constantinople. This was the third official visit to the Ecumenical Patriarchate by a Pope of Rome (the first being by Paul VI in 1967, and the second by John Paul II in 1979). This article is becoming very long. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Saint Andrew (Greek: Andreas, manly), the Christian Apostle, brother of Saint Peter, was born at Bethsaida on the Lake of Galilee. ... The pope is the Catholic Bishop and patriarch of Rome, and leader of the Catholic Church. ... Paul VI, Giovanni Battista Enrica Antonia Maria Montini (September 26, 1897 – August 6, 1978), served as Pope from 1963 to 1978. ... Official papal image of John Paul II. His Holiness Pope John Paul II, né Karol Józef Wojtyła (born May 18, 1920 in Wadowice, Poland), is the current Pope — the Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church. ...

In an interview published on November 19 2006 in the daily newspaper Sabah, Batholomew I addressed the issues of religious freedom and the upcoming papal trip to Turkey. He also referred to the closing of the Halki seminary by saying "'As Turkish citizens, we pay tax. We serve in the military. We vote. As citizens we do everything. We want the same rights. But it does not happen. ... If Muslims want to study theology, there are 24 theology faculties. Where are we going to study?" He also addressed the issue of his Ecumenical title and its not being accepted by the Turkish government: We've had this title since the 6th century. ... The word ecumenical has no political content. ... This title is the only thing that I insist on. I will never renounce this title."(in Turkish)(in English). Sabah is a Turkish daily newspaper. ...


The official title of the Ecumenical Patriarch is His All Holiness, Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch, Bartholomew I; in Greek: Η Αυτού Θειοτάτη Παναγιότης, ο Αρχιεπίσκοπος Κωνσταντινουπόλεως, Νέας Ρώμης και Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης, Βαρθολομαίος Α.


He has been awarded honorary doctorates by a number of universities and educational institutions around the world, among them: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Democritus University of Thrace, University of Crete, University of Ioannina, University of the Aegean and University of Thessaly in Greece, Moscow State University in Russia, University of Iaşi in Romania, City University of London, Exeter University and University of Edinburgh in the United Kingdom, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven in Belgium, St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute and Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I in France, University of Bucharest in Romania, Flinders University in Australia, Adamson University in the Philippines, St. Andrew’s College and Sherbrooke University in Canada, Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, Georgetown University, Tufts University, Southern Methodist University, Yale University, Saint Vladimir’s Orthodox Theological Seminary in the United States. The National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (Greek: Εθνικόν και Καποδιστριακόν Πανεπιστήμιον Αθηνών), usually referred to simply as the University of Athens, is the oldest university in the region of the eastern Mediterranean and has been in continuous operation since its establishment in 1837. ... The Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (often referred to in English as Aristotelian University), named after the philosopher Aristotle, is the largest university of Greece. ... The Democritus University of Thrace is a university in Komotini, Greece which opened in 1973. ... The University of Crete is the principal higher education institution on the island of Crete, Greece. ... University of Ioannina is a university lying in the plains 5 km southwest of the city centre of Ioannina, Greece. ... The University of the Aegean (Greek Πανεπιστήμιο Αιγαίου) is a university located in Mytilene, Greece. ... Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University (Russian: Московский государственный университет имени Ðœ.Ð’.Ломоносова, often abbreviated МГУ, MSU, MGU) is the largest and the oldest university in Russia, founded in 1755. ... The University of IaÅŸi (in full: Alexander John Cuza University, IaÅŸi; Romanian: Universitatea Alexandru Ioan Cuza, IaÅŸi) is a university in IaÅŸi, Romania. ... City University, London, is a British university based at Northampton Square in Clerkenwell, London. ... The University of Exeter is the principal University in the English city of Exeter, in Devon. ... The University of Edinburgh, founded in 1582,[4] is a renowned centre for teaching and research in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Catholic University of Leuven in English - also the translated name of its French-speaking sister university) or K.U. Leuven is a Flemish university, located in the town of Leuven in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking (northern) region of Belgium. ... The Université de Provence Aix-Marseille I is a university located in both Aix-en-Provence and Marseille. ... University of Bucharest University of Bucharest is a university founded in 1864 by decree of Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza to convert the former Saint Sava Academy into the current University of Bucharest. ... Flinders University, or The Flinders University of South Australia, is a public university in Adelaide. ... Adamson University (AdU) is a Catholic university in Manila, Philippines. ... St. ... The Université de Sherbrooke is a large university with three distinct campuses, two of which are located in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, and another, which is located in Longueuil, approximately 170 km west of Sherbrooke. ... The Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology (Holy Cross) is an Eastern Orthodox Christian seminary located in Brookline, Massachusetts. ... Georgetown University, incorporated as the The President and Directors of the College of Georgetown, is a private university in the United States, located in Georgetown, a historic neighborhood of Washington, D.C. With roots extending back to March 25, 1634 and founded in its current form on January 23, 1789... Tufts redirects here. ... Dallas Hall at Dedman College at SMU The Laura Lee Blanton Hall during a rare snow Southern Methodist University (also known as SMU) is a private, coeducational university in University Park, Texas, (an enclave of Dallas). ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Saint Vladimirs Orthodox Theological Seminary is an Orthodox Christian seminary located in Crestwood, New York. ...


  • August 13, 1961, Diaconate, receiving the ecclesiastical name Bartholomew
  • October 19, 1969, Priesthood
  • Christmas 1973, Metropolitan of Philadelphia (Asia Minor)
  • January 14, 1990, Enthronement as Metropolitan of Chalcedon
  • October 22, 1991, Elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch
  • November 2, 1991, Enthronement in the Patriarchal Cathedral in the Phanar

The diaconate is one of three ordained offices in the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox churches. ... This article should be transwikied to wiktionary Ecclesiastical means pertaining to the Church (especially Christianity) as an organized body of believers and clergy, with a stress on its juridical and institutional structure. ... A priesthood is a body of priests, shamans, or oracles who are thought to have special religious authority or function. ... Anatolia (Greek: ανατολη anatole, rising of the sun or East; compare Orient and Levant, by popular etymology Turkish Anadolu to ana mother and dolu filled), also called by the Latin name of Asia Minor, is a region of Southwest Asia which corresponds today to... Chalcedon (Χαλκηδών, sometimes transliterated as Chalkedon; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Ãœsküdar). ... The Patriarch of Constantinople is the Ecumenical Patriarch, the first among equals in the Eastern Orthodox Communion. ... Fanar (formerly Phanar) is a neighborhood in Istanbul, Turkey (formerly Constantinople). ...

External links

The Current Eastern Orthodox Patriarchs
Ancient Patriarchates
Bartholomew I (Cons.) | Theodoros II (Alex.) | Ignatius IV (Hazim) (Ant.) | Theophilos III (Jeru.)
Autocephalous Churches
Alexius II (RU) | Ilia II (GE) | Pavle (RS) | Teoctist (RO) | Maxim (BG)
Chrysostomos II (CY) | Christodoulos (GR) | Sawa (PL) | Anastasios (AL) | Christopher (CZ/SK)
Preceded by
Metropolitan of Philadelphia
1973 - 1990
Succeeded by
Meliton (Karas)
Preceded by
Meliton (Hadjis)
Metropolitan of Chalcedon
1990 - 1991
Succeeded by
Joachim (Neradjoulis)
Preceded by
Demetrius I
Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople
1991 - present
Succeeded by



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