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Encyclopedia > Economy of Aberdeen

Traditionally Aberdeen was home to fishing, textile mills, ship building and paper making. There industries have all but gone now and have been replaced with high technology developments in the electronics design and development industry, research in agriculture and fishing and of course the oil industry which has been largely responsible for Aberdeen's economic boom in the last three decades. The Oil industry brings to market what is currently considered the lifeblood of nearly all other industry, if not industrialized civilization itself. ...

Contents

Traditional (pre 1970)

Donside Paper Mill under demolition, February 15th 2006

Most of the leading pre-1970s industries date from the 18th Century, amongst them woollens (1703), linen (1749), and cotton (1779). These gave employment to several thousands of operatives. The paper-making industry is one of the most famous and oldest in the city, paper having been first made in Aberdeen in 1694. The industry has however, all but collapsed. Donside Paper Mill closed in 2001 and the Davidson Mill (run by BPB Paperboard) in 2005. Flax-spinning and jute and combmaking factories also flourished, along with successful foundries and engineering works. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 848 KB) Photographed by Peter Atkinson, 15/2/06. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 848 KB) Photographed by Peter Atkinson, 15/2/06. ... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fibre derived from the fur of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats, alpacas and rabbits may also be... Events February 2 - Earthquake in Aquila, Italy February 4 - In Japan, the 47 samurai commit seppuku (ritual suicide) February 14 - Earthquake in Norcia, Italy April 21 - Company of Quenching of Fire (ie. ... Torn linen cloth, recovered from the Dead Sea Linen is a material made from the fibers of the flax plant. ... Events While in debtors prison, John Cleland writes Fanny Hill (Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure). ... Cotton ready for harvest. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Linum usitatissimum Linnaeus. ... A hand-turned spinning wheel in action Cones of yarn for industrial use Spinning is the process of creating yarn (or thread, rope, cable) from various raw fiber materials. ... The word Jute is also used in reference to the Germanic people, the Jutes. ... A comb A comb for people with hair loss. ... A foundry is a factory which produces castings of metal, both ferrous and non-ferrous. ...


Richards of Aberdeen textile mill also closed in November 2004, bringing an industry spanning hundreds of years to a painful close.[1] Richards mill, in March 2006 Richards of Aberdeen was a textile company based in the Hutcheon Street area of Aberdeen. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the days of wooden ships ship-building was a flourishing industry, the town being noted for its fast clippers, many of which established records in the "tea races". The introduction of trawling revived this to some extent, and despite the distance of the city from the iron fields there was a fair yearly output of iron vessels. The last major shipbuilder in Aberdeen, Hall Russell, closed in the late 1980s. Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... A model of a vessel of the clipper type, the four-masted barque named Belle Étoile A clipper was a very fast multiple-masted sailing ship of the 19th century. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ...


Granite

Owing to the variety and importance of its chief industries Aberdeen is one of the most prosperous cities in Scotland. Very durable grey granite was quarried at Rubislaw quarry for more than 300 years, and blocked and dressed paving "setts", kerb and building stones, and monumental and other ornamental work of granite have long been exported from the district to all parts of the world. The terraces of the Houses of Parliament and Waterloo Bridge in London were built from Aberdeen granite. Quarrying finally ceased in 1971. A small cinder quarry A dimension stone quarry A quarry is a type of open-pit mine from which rock or minerals are extracted. ... Rubislaw Quarry was opened in 1740. ... This may refer to the: British Houses of Parliament. ... This article is about the bridge in London For other uses, see Waterloo Bridge (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


Fishing

This, though once the predominant industry, was surpassed by the deep-sea fisheries, which derived a great impetus from improved technologies throughout the 20th Century. Lately, however, catches have fallen due to overfishing in previous years, and the use of the harbour by oil support vessels. Aberdeen remains an important fishing port, but the catch landed there is now eclipsed by the more northerly ports of Peterhead and Fraserburgh. The Fisheries Research Services is based in Aberdeen, including its headquarters and a marine research lab. Peterhead is a town in Scotland with a population of approximately 18,000. ... Fraserburgh is a town in Aberdeenshire, Scotland on the extreme North East corner. ... The FRV Scotia Fisheries Research Services (FRS) is an Executive Agency of the Scottish Executive, part of the Scottish Executive Environment and Rural Affairs Department. ...


Agriculture research

Aberdeen is well regarded for the agricultural and soil research that takes place at The Macaulay Institute, which has close links to the city's two universities. The Rowett Research Institute is a world renowned research centre for studies into food and nutrition located in Aberdeen, it has produced three Nobel laureates and there is a high concentration of life scientists working in the city.[2][3] The Macaulay Institute is a land use research institute based in Aberdeen, Scotland. ... The Rowett Research Institute is a research centre for studies into food and nutrition located in Aberdeen, Scotland. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Jobs go at Aberdeen textile firm. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.
  2. ^ History and Background. Rowett Research Institute. Retrieved on 2007-02-01.
  3. ^ A Scientist's guide to Scotland. New Scientist. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.

 
 

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