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Encyclopedia > Economic and Social Committee
Politics - Politics portal

European Union
Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ...



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the European Union
Image File history File links European_flag. ... |- |} The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ...

Three pillars
Pillar I: European Community
Pillar II: Common Foreign and Sec. Policy
Pillar III: Police and Judicial Cooperation

Political Institutions
Commission
President (José Barroso)
Barroso Commission
Council of Ministers & European Council
Presidency (Austria)
Parliament
President (Josep Borrell)
MEPs
Constituencies
Elections (2004 / By country)
Party groups

Judiciary
Court of Justice
Court of First Instance
Civil Service Tribunal
Patent Tribunal

Advisory bodies
Economic and Social Committee
Committee of the Regions

Financial bodies
European Central Bank
European Investment Bank
European Investment Fund

Decentralised bodies
Agencies of the EU

Law
Acquis communautaire
Procedure
Treaties
Regulations - Directives - Decisions
Recommendations - Opinions

EU-related topics
Economic and Monetary Union
Enlargement
Pan-European political parties
Table of affiliated parties by country

The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters is the third of the three pillars of the European Union, focusing on co-operation in law enforcement and combating racism. ... The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union. ... This article needs to be updated. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ... The Council of the European Union forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ... The European Council, informally called the European summit, is a meeting of the heads of state or government of the European Union, and the President of the European Commission. ... Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies. ... Josep Borrell Josep Borrell Fontelles (born April 24, 1947) is a Spanish politician. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP) is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... In five European Union Member States (Belgium, France, Ireland, Italy and the United Kingdom), the national territory is divided into a number of constituencies for European elections. ... Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... Party groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents. ... The European Court of Justice (ECJ) is formally known as the Court of Justice of the European Communities, i. ... The Court of First Instance, created in 1989, is a court of the European Union. ... The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is an institution of the European Union created by the Treaty of Maastricht. ... The European Central Bank (ECB) (French: Banque Centrale Europeénne, German: Europäische Zentralbank) is the Central Bank of the EU (the Eurozone precisely) and in charge of monetary policy for the 12 EU countries that currently use the Euro currency. ... The European Investment Bank (the Banque Européenne dInvestissement) is the European Unions financing institution and was established under the Treaty of Rome (1957) to provide loan finance for capital investment furthering European Union policy objectives, in particular regional development, Trans-European Networks of transport, telecommunications and energy... The European Investment Fund, established in 1994, is a European Union agency for the provision of finance to SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises). ... The agencies of the European Union (or decentralised bodies of the European Union) are bodies which are distinct from the European Unions institutions, in that they have not been created by the treaties but rather by acts of secondary legislation, in order to accomplish a very specific task. ... The European Union is unique among international organisations in having a complex and highly developed system of internal law which has direct effect within the legal systems of its member states. ... The French term acquis (or sometimes acquis communautaire) is used in European Union law to refer to the total body of EU law accumulated so far. ... The European Union legislative procedure describes the way the European Union creates and enacts legislation across the community. ... The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ... A European Union Directive is the (mutally binding) collective decision made by the member states, acting through their national Government Ministers in the Council of the European Union and the Parliament. ... A European Union decision (defined in Article 249/EC) is one of the three binding instruments provide by secondary EU legislation. ... In European Union Law a recommendation Differs from regulations, directives and decisions, in that they are not binding for Member States. ... European Union. ... This article covers the EMU of the European Union. ... The European Union (EU) was originally created by the six founding states in 1952, but has grown to its current size of 25 member states. ... A European political party, or formally a political party at European level, is a type of political party organization in the European Union, eligible to receive funding from the Union. ... The majority of major political parties in Europe have aligned themselves into the pan-European political organisations listed below. ...

The European Union's Economic and Social Committee is the consultative assembly of European "social and economic partners". This phrase refers mainly to representatives of business, employers and trade unions.

Economic and Social Committee's office in Brussels
Enlarge
Economic and Social Committee's office in Brussels

It was established by the Treaty of Rome of 1957 in order to unite different economic interest groups to establish the Common Market. The creation of this committee gave them an institution to allow their voices to be heard by the Commission, the Council and the Parliament. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1195x673, 93 KB) Subject: Committee of the Regions and European Economic and Social Committeee buiding in Brussels Author: Zinneke; own picture, taken 2005-06-07 Licence: GFDL File links The following pages link to this file: Committee of the Regions Economic... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1195x673, 93 KB) Subject: Committee of the Regions and European Economic and Social Committeee buiding in Brussels Author: Zinneke; own picture, taken 2005-06-07 Licence: GFDL File links The following pages link to this file: Committee of the Regions Economic... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome refers to the treaty which established the European Economic Community (EEC) and was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg on March 25, 1957. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ...


The role of the ESC is purely consultative. However, the Treaty of Maastricht considerably enlarged the Committee's domain. Its influence now extends to matters such as social policy, social and economic cohesion, environment, education, health, customers protection, industry, Trans-European Networks, indirect taxation and structural funds. It is questionable, however, whether this expanded scope truly gave it any more authority. The Maastricht treaty (formally, the Treaty on European Union) was signed on 7 February 1992 in Maastricht between the members of the European Community and entered into force on 1 November 1993. ... TEN re-directs here; for alternate uses, see Ten. ...


On certain issues the ESC works in partnership with the Committee of the Regions. The Committee of the Regions (CoR) is an institution of the European Union created by the Treaty of Maastricht. ...


See also

This article or section should be merged with List of European Union-related topics The European Union has several institutions: The European Parliament The European Council The Council of the European Union (or Council of Ministers) The European Commission The European Court of Justice (incorporating the Court of First Instance...

External link

  • European Economic and Social Committee (official page)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Economic and Social Committee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (188 words)
The European Union's Economic and Social Committee is the consultative assembly of European "social and economic partners".
The creation of this committee gave them an institution to allow their voices to be heard by the Commission, the Council and the Parliament.
On certain issues the ESC works in partnership with the Committee of the Regions.
Center for Economic and Social Rights | Committee on Economic, Social & Cultural Rights General Comment 3 (1974 words)
Similarly, the Committee underlines the fact that even in times of severe resources constraints whether caused by a process of adjustment, of economic recession, or by other factors the vulnerable members of society can and indeed must be protected by the adoption of relatively low-cost targeted programmes.
The Committee notes that the phrase "to the maximum of its available resources" was intended by the drafters of the Covenant to refer to both the resources existing within a State and those available from the international community through international cooperation and assistance.
The Committee wishes to emphasize that in accordance with Articles 55 and 56 of the Charter of the United Nations, with well-established principles of international law, and with the provisions of the Covenant itself, international cooperation for development and thus for the realization of economic, social and cultural rights is an obligation of all States.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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