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Encyclopedia > Echidna (mythology)

In the most ancient layers of Greek mythology Echidna (ekhis, meaning "she viper") was called the "Mother of All Monsters". Echidna was described by Hesiod as a female monster spawned in a cave, who mothered with her mate Typhoeus (or Typhon) every major monster in the Greek myths, The bust of Zeus found at Otricoli (Sala Rotonda, Museo Pio-Clementino, Vatican) Greek mythology is the body of stories belonging to the Ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. ... Roman bronze bust, the so-called Pseudo-Seneca, now identified by some as possibly Hesiod Hesiod (Hesiodos, ) was an early Greek poet and rhapsode, who presumably lived around 700 BC. Hesiod and Homer, with whom Hesiod is often paired, have been considered the earliest Greek poets whose work has survived... In Greek mythology, Typhon (ancient Greek: ), also Typhoeus (), Typhaon () or Typhus () is a son of Gaia and Tartarus who attempts to replace Zeus as the king of gods and men. ... In Greek mythology, Typhon (ancient Greek: ), also Typhoeus (), Typhaon () or Typhus () is a son of Gaia and Tartarus who attempts to replace Zeus as the king of gods and men. ...

the goddess fierce Echidna who is half a nymph with glancing eyes and fair cheeks, and half again a huge snake, great and awful, with speckled skin, eating raw flesh beneath the secret parts of the holy earth. And there she has a cave deep down under a hollow rock far from the deathless gods and mortal men. There, then, did the gods appoint her a glorious house to dwell in: and she keeps guard in Arima beneath the earth, grim Echidna, a nymph who dies not nor grows old all her days. (Theogony, 295-305)

Usually considered offspring of Tartarus and Gaia, or of Ceto and Phorcys (according to Hesiod) or of Chrysaor and the naiad Callirhoe, or Peiras and Styx (according to Pausanias, who did not know who Peiras was aside from her father), her face and torso of a beautiful woman was depicted as winged in archaic vase-paintings, but always with the body of a serpent (see also Lamia). She is also sometimes described as having two serpent's tails. Karl Kerenyi noted an archaic vase-painting with a pair of echidnas performing sacred rites in a vineyard, while on the opposite side of the vessel, goats were attacking the vines (Kerenyi 1951, p 51f): chthonic Echidna as protector of the vineyard perhaps. Theogony is a poem by Hesiod describing the origins of the gods of the ancient Greeks, ca 700 BC. // Hesiods Theogony a large-scale synthesis of a vast variety of local Greek traditions concerning the gods, organized as a narrative that tells how they came to be and how... In classic Greek mythology, below Heaven, Earth, and Hades is Tartarus, or Tartaros (Greek Τάρταρος, deep place). ... For other uses, see Gaia. ... In Greek mythology, Ceto, or Keto (Greek: Κητος, Ketos, sea monster) was a hideous aquatic monster, a daughter of Gaia and Pontus. ... Phorcys and Ceto, Mosaic, Late Roman, Bardo Museum, Tunis, Tunisia In Greek mythology, Phorcys, or Phorkys was one of the names of the Old One of the Sea, the primeval sea god, who, according to Hesiod, was the son of Pontus and Gaia. ... Roman bronze bust, the so-called Pseudo-Seneca, now identified by some as possibly Hesiod Hesiod (Hesiodos, ) was an early Greek poet and rhapsode, who presumably lived around 700 BC. Hesiod and Homer, with whom Hesiod is often paired, have been considered the earliest Greek poets whose work has survived... Greek mythology In Greek mythology, Chrysaor (Greek Χρυσάωρ, golden falchion, from χρυσός, gold, and ἄορ, sword, falchion) was a giant, the son of Poseidon and Medusa. ... A Naiad by John William Waterhouse, 1893. ... In Greek mythology, Callirrhoe was a naiad. ... In Greek mythology, Styx (Στυξ) is the name of a river which formed the boundary between Earth and the Underworld, Hades. ... Pausanias (Greek: ) was a Greek traveller and geographer of the 2nd century A.D., who lived in the times of Hadrian, Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. ... The Lamia who moodily watches the serpent on her forearm (painting by Herbert James Draper, 1909), appears to represent the hetaira. ... One of the founders of modern studies in Greek mythology, Karl (Carl, Károly) Kerényi (January 19, 1897 - April 14, 1973) was born in Hungary but became a citizen of Switzerland in 1943. ... For other uses, see Chthon (disambiguation). ...


The site of her cave, Arima, Homer calls "the couch of Typhoeus (Iliad, II.783). When she and her mate attacked the Olympians, Zeus beat them back and punished Typhon by sealing him under Mount Etna. However, Zeus allowed Echidna and her children to live as a challenge to future heroes. She was an immortal and ageless nymph to Hesiod (Theogony above), but was killed where she slept by Argus Panopes, the hundred-eyed giant. Homer (Greek: , ) was an early Greek poet and aoidos (rhapsode) traditionally credited with the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey. ... Chalcidian black-figure hydria of Typhon fighting Zeus, c. ... The twelve gods of Olympus. ... The Statue of Zeus at Olympia Phidias created the 12-m (40-ft) tall statue of Zeus at Olympia about 435 BC. The statue was perhaps the most famous sculpture in Ancient Greece, imagined here in a 16th century engraving Zeus (in Greek: nominative: Zeús, genitive: Diós), is... Mount Etna (also known as Mongibeddu in Sicilian and Mongibello in Italian, a combination of Latin mont- and Arabic jebel, both meaning mountain) is an active volcano on the east coast of Sicily, close to Messina and Catania. ... In Greek mythology, Panoptes (the all-seeing) was an epithet for both Helios and Argus. ...

Contents

Echidna and Typhon's offspring

The offspring of Typhon and Echidna were:[citation needed]

  1. Nemean Lion
  2. Cerberus
  3. Orthrus
  4. Ladon
  5. Chimera
  6. Sphinx
  7. Lernaean Hydra
  8. Ethon
  9. Teumessian fox

Some sources[citation needed] also include the Gorgons and the Graeae as her children. Hesiod claims that Sphinx and the Nemean Lion were her children by her son, Orthrus. The Nemean Lion (Latin: Leo Nemaeus) was a vicious monster in Greek mythology that lived in Nemea. ... Cerberus - Watercolour by William Blake In Greek mythology, Cerberus or Kerberos (Greek Κέρβερος, Kerberos, demon of the pit) was the hound of Hades, a monstrous three-headed dog (sometimes said to have 50 or 100 heads). ... Image:Geryon herakles vase. ... Dragons play a role in Greek mythology. ... Chimera on a red-figure Apulian plate, ca 350-340 BCE (Musée du Louvre) In Greek mythology, the Chimera (Greek Χίμαιρα (Chímaira); Latin Chimaera) is a monstrous creature of Lycia in Asia Minor, which was made of the parts of multiple animals. ... The Great Sphinx of Giza, with the Pyramid of Khafre in the background For other uses, see Sphinx (disambiguation). ... The 16th-century German illustrator has been influenced by the Beast of Revelation in his depiction of the Hydra. ... In Greek mythology, Ethon or The Eagle Kaukasios was a gigantic eagle born of the monsters Typhon and Echidna. ... In Greek mythology, the Teumessian fox (Greek: AlwpekoV TeumhsioV) was a gigantic fox that was destined never to be caught. ... See also Gorgona, for the Colombian/Italian islands. ... The Graeae (old women or gray ones), were three sisters, one of several trinities of archaic goddesses in Greek mythology. ...


According to Herodotus (III.108), Hercules had three children by her: This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Heracles. ...

  1. Agathyrsus
  2. Gelonus
  3. Scytha/Scylla

Agathyrsi were a people of Scythian[citation needed], Thracian, or mixed Thraco-Scythic origin, who in the time of Herodotus occupied the plain of the Maris (Mures), in the region now known as Transylvania. ... Gelonus, (also transliterated Helonus), 50. ... Greek mythology, Scylla, or Skylla (Greek Σκύλλα) was a name shared by two characters, a female sea monster and a princess. ...

Echidna in popular culture

Echidna was a recurring character in the television series Hercules: The Legendary Journeys as she is played by Bridget Hoffman. This version of her is shown as a multi-tentacled reptilian creature. Hercules: The Legendary Journeys was a television series produced from 1995 to 1999, very loosely based on the tales of the classical culture hero Hercules. ... Bridget Hoffman (also Brigette Hoffman) is a voice actor. ...


In the Gargoyles episode "The New Olympians", a snake woman named Ekidna is presumed to be Echidna's descendant. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In Disney's Hercules: The Animated Series, Echidna makes an appearance, voiced by Kathy Lee Gifford. This Echidna is portrayed as a neurotic 'Yiddish Momma' type character, concerned that her children (all monsters, though not all evil) aren't being cruel enough. VHS box cover of Kathie Lees Rock n Tots Cafe: A Christmas Giff starring Kathie Lee Gifford, copyright 1995 Rock n Tots Joint Venture. ...


Echidna appears as a boss monster in Final Fantasy III and Final Fantasy I: Soul of Chaos. It has been suggested that Characters of Final Fantasy III be merged into this article or section. ...


In Gene Wolfe's Book of the Long Sun, Echidna appears as the Great Queen of the gods and the wife of the chief god Pas. Gene Wolfe (born May 7, 1931) is an American science fiction and fantasy writer. ... The Book of the Long Sun is a tetralogy by Gene Wolfe, consisting of Nightside the Long Sun, Lake of the Long Sun, Calde of the Long Sun, and Exodus from the Long Sun. ...


In Tecmo's recent Rygar: The Legendary Adventure, Echidna appears as a titan who was formerly Cleopatra. This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In Atlus's Shin Megami Tensei series, Echidna occasionally shows up as a demon. Shin Megami Tensei is a console role playing game by Atlus that was released on many platforms. ...


In Rick Riordan's the Lightning Thief, Echidna sets her son the Chimaera upon the main character in the Gateway Arch. The Old Courthouse sits at the heart of the city of Saint Louis, with the arch to the east, near the rivers edge. ...


Echidne of the Snakes [1] is a fairly popular liberal feminist blog, whose pseudonymous author, Echidne, has adopted the persona of a part-human snake goddess. Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A pseudonym (Greek pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons true name. ... Persona literally means mask , although it does not usually refer to a literal mask but to the social masks all humans supposedly wear. ... Trinomial name Homo sapiens sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Humans, or human beings, are bipedal primates belonging to the mammalian species Homo sapiens (Latin: wise man or knowing man) in the family Hominidae (the great apes). ... blue: sea snakes, black: land snakes Superfamilies and Families Henophidia Aniliidae Anomochilidae Boidae Bolyeriidae Cylindrophiidae Loxocemidae Pythonidae Tropidophiidae Uropeltidae Xenopeltidae Typhlopoidea Anomalepididae Leptotyphlopidae Typhlopidae Xenophidia Acrochordidae Atractaspididae Colubridae Elapidae Hydrophiidae Viperidae A snake is a scaly, limbless, elongate reptile from the order Squamata. ... Statue of Ceres, the Roman goddess of agriculture For the 1934 film, see, see The Goddess (1934 film). ...


Echidna is the name of one of the gates of Radiata City in the role-playing game Radiata Stories. Radiata Stories is a video game from developer tri-Ace. ...


Echidna is a character in the manga/anime Black Cat.


Echidna is tattooed high on the arm of the character Aubrey from Ameila Atwater-Rhodes's Demon In My View.


See also

  • Echidna, a monotreme mammal of Australia and New Guinea.

Species Genus Tachyglossus    T. aculeatus Genus Zaglossus    Z. attenboroughi    Z. bruijnii    Z. bartoni    â€ Z. hacketti    â€ Z. robustus Genus †Megalibgwilia    â€ M. ramsayi    â€ M. robusta For other senses of this word, see echidna (disambiguation). ...

References

  • Mythography article
  • Kark Kerenyi, 1951. The Gods of the Greeks (Thames and Hudson)
  • http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/1111.html

  Results from FactBites:
 
Echidna (mythology) (62 words)
Echidna ("she viper") was a female monster in Greek mythology, usually considered offspring of Uranus and Gaia, or sometimes Ceto.
She had the face of a beautiful woman but the body of a serpent.
When she and her mate, Typhon, attacked the Olympians, Zeus beat them back but allowed Typhon, Echidna and their children to live as a challenge to future heroes.
Mythical Creatures and Monsters (6800 words)
Crommyonian Sow was the offspring of Typhon and Echidna.
The Nemean Lion was an offspring of Typhon and Echidna.
Ladon was an offspring of Typhon and Echidna, or of Phorcys and Ceto.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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