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Encyclopedia > Ecgfrith of Northumbria

Ecgfrith (645May 20, 685) was the King of Northumbria from 670 until his death. He ruled over Northumbria when it was at the height of its power, but his reign ended with a disastrous defeat in which he lost his life. Events End of the reign of Empress Kogyoku of Japan Emperor Kotoku ascends to the throne of Japan Byzantines recapture Alexandria from the Arabs Births Empress Jito of Japan Categories: 645 ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... Events Umayyad caliph Marwan I (684-685) succeeded by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan (685-705) Justinian II succeeds Constantine IV as emperor of the Byzantine Empire Sussex attacks Kent, supporting Eadrics claim to the throne held by Hlothhere Pope Benedict II succeeded by Pope John V Cuthbert consecrated... Northumbria, an kingdom of Angles in northern England, was initially divided into two kingdoms, Bernicia and Deira. ... Section from Shepherds map of the British Isles about 802 AD showing the kingdom of Northumbria Northumbria is primarily the name of an Anglian kingdom which was formed in Great Britain at the beginning of the 7th century, and of the much smaller earldom which succeeded the kingdom. ... Events On the death of his brother Clotaire, Childeric II becomes king of all of the Frankish kingdoms -- Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy. ...


Ecgfrith was the son of his predecessor as king, Oswiu of Northumbria. Bede tells us, in his Ecclesiastical History of the English People, that Ecgfrith (or Egfrid, as his name is spelled there) was held as a hostage "at the court of Queen Cynwise in the province of the Mercians" at the time of Penda of Mercia's invasion of Northumbria in 654 or 655. Penda was, however, defeated and killed by the Northumbrians under Oswiu in the Battle of Winwaed, a victory which greatly enhanced Northumbrian power. Oswiu (c. ... Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493 Bede (Latin Beda), also known as Saint Bede or, more commonly, the Venerable Bede (c. ... The Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (in English: Ecclesiastical History of the English People) is a work in Latin by the Venerable Bede on the history of the Christian church in England, and of England generally. ... Mercia, sometimes spelled Mierce, was one of the kingdoms of the Anglo-Saxon heptarchy, in what is now England, in the region of the Midlands, with its heart in the valley of the River Trent and its tributary streams. ... Stained glass window from the cloister of Worcester Cathedral showing the death of Penda of Mercia. ... Events King Reccaswinth issues Visigothic law code. ... Events November 15 - Northumbrian king Oswiu defeats the pagan Mercian king Penda in the Battle of Winwaed Empress Saimei ascends to the throne of Japan. ... The Battle of the Winwaed was fought on November 15, 655 between King Penda of Mercia and Oswiu of Bernicia, ending in the Mercians defeat and Pendas death. ...


Ecgfrith was made king of Deira, a sub-kingdom of Northumbria, in 664, and he became king of Northumbria following his father's death on February 15, 670. He had married Æthelthryth, the daughter of Anna of East Anglia, in 660; however, she took the veil shortly after Ecgfrith's accession, a step which possibly led to his long quarrel with Wilfrid, the Archbishop of York. Ecgfrith married a second wife, Eormenburg, before 678, the year in which he expelled Wilfrid from his kingdom. Deira (from Brythonic Deifr, meaning waters) was a kingdom in England during the 6th century AD. It later merged with the kingdom of Bernicia (Brythonic, Brynaich) to the north to form the kingdom of Northumbria. ... Events September, Synod of Whitby Births Deaths Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events On the death of his brother Clotaire, Childeric II becomes king of all of the Frankish kingdoms -- Austrasia, Neustria and Burgundy. ... Æthelthryth (also Etheldreda, Ediltrudis, Audrey or Awdrey) (c. ... Anna (d. ... Events Childeric II proclaimed king of Austrasia. ... Wilfrid (c. ... Events Pope Agatho succeeds Pope Donus. ...


Early in his reign he defeated the Picts, who had risen in revolt, and created a new sub-kingdom in the north called Lothian. In 674, Ecgfrith defeated Wulfhere of Mercia and seized Lindsey. In 679, he fought a battle against the Mercians under Æthelred (who had married Ecgfrith's sister, Osthryth) on the river Trent. Ecgfrith's brother Ælfwine was killed in the battle, and the province of Lindsey was given up when peace was restored at the intervention of Theodore of Canterbury. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Lothian (Lodainn in Gaelic) forms a traditional region of Scotland, lying between the southern shore of the Firth of Forth and the Lammermuir Hills. ... Events Dagobert II and Theuderic I succeed Childeric II as king(s) of the Franks First glass windows placed in English Churches Arabic siege of Constantinople begins Cenfus and then Aescwine succeed to the throne of Wessex Births Deaths Wulfhere, king of Mercia Seaxburh, queen of Japan - Temmu Emperor of... Wulfhere (d. ... Lindsey or Linnuis is the name of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom that lay between the Humber and the Wash, forming its inland boundaries from the course of the Witham and Trent rivers (with the inclusion of an area inside of a marshy region south of the Humber known as the... Events Adamnan becomes abbot of the monastery on Iona. ... For the later earl, see Earl Aethelred of Mercia. ... The River Trent is one of the major rivers of England. ... Aelfwine (c. ... Theodore (602–September 19, 690) was the eighth archbishop of Canterbury. ...


In 684 Ecgfrith sent an expedition to Ireland under his general Berht, which seems to have been unsuccessful in the sense that no Irish land was conquered by the Saxons. But the expedition was successful in another manner because Ecgfrith's men did manage to seize a large number of slaves and make off with a significant amount of plunder. In 685, against the advice of Cuthbert, he led a force against the Picts, who were led by his cousin Brude mac Bili, but was lured by a feigned flight into their mountain fastnesses and slain at Nechtansmere (now Dunnichen) in Forfarshire. This disastrous defeat severely weakened Northumbrian power in the north, and Bede dates the beginning of the decline of Northumbria from Ecgfrith's death. He was succeeded by his illegitimate half-brother, Aldfrith. Events Wu Ze Tian took power in China. ... Cuthbert of Lindisfarne (c. ... The Battle of Nechtansmere was fought between the Picts and Northumbrians on May 20, 685, near Forfar, Angus. ... This article is about the region in Scotland. ... Depiction of Bede from the Nuremberg Chronicle, 1493 Bede (Latin Beda), also known as Saint Bede or, more commonly, the Venerable Bede (c. ... Aldfrith (died December 14, 704) was a King of Northumbria (685 - 704). ...


See Eddius, Vita Wilfridi (Raine, Historians of Church of York, Rolls, Series, London, 1879 - 1894), 19, 20, 24, 34, 39, 44; Bede, Hist. Eccl. (Plummer, Oxford, 1896), iii. 24; iv. 5, 12, 13, 15, 19, 21, 26. Eddius (Æddi) was a Kentish choirmaster recruited by bishop Wilfrid (c. ...


This entry was originally from the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica. (Redirected from 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica) The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...

Preceded by:
Oswiu
King of Northumbria Succeeded by:
Aldfrith

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aldfrith of Northumbria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (342 words)
Aldfrith (died December 14, 704) was a King of Northumbria (685 - 704).
Bede tells a story of Ecgfrith's sister, Elfleda, asking Saint Cuthbert who could possibly take over the kingdom after her brother's death, only to be reminded of the existence of Aldfrith, a scholar who had previously lived a quiet life of study in Ireland and on the island of Iona.
Although the power of Northumbria had been seriously weakened by the destruction of its army by the Picts at Nechtansmere, Aldfrith is credited with mitigating the damage and stabilizing the kingdom.
Ecgfrith of Northumbria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (487 words)
Ecgfrith was the son of his predecessor as king, Oswiu of Northumbria.
In 674, Ecgfrith defeated Wulfhere of Mercia and seized Lindsey.
Ecgfrith's brother Ælfwine was killed in the battle, and the province of Lindsey was given up when peace was restored at the intervention of Theodore of Canterbury.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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