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Encyclopedia > Ebro
Ebro
Catalan: Ebre
Ebro Delta from space
Country Spain
Length 910 km (565 mi)
Watershed 80,093 km² (30,924 mi²)
Discharge at mouth
 - average 426 /s (15,044 ft³/s)
Source
 - location Pico de los Tres Mares, Cantabria, Spain
 - elevation 1,980 m (6,496 ft)
Mouth
 - location Mediterranean Sea, Spain
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Major tributaries
 - left Oca, Oja, Tirón, Najerilla, Iregua, Cidacos, Alhama, Jalón, Huerva, Martín, Guadalope, Matarraña
 - right Nela, Jerea, Bayas, Zadorra, Ega, Aragón, Gállego, Segre
Watershed of the Ebro

The Ebro (Catalan: Ebre) is Spain's most voluminous river. It starts at Fontibre (in the province of Cantabria) and passes Miranda de Ebro, Logroño, Zaragoza, Flix, Tortosa, and Amposta before ending in a delta on the Mediterranean Sea in the province of Tarragona. Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia , and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... Look up second in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Mesozoic island Cantabria, see Cantabria (Mesozoic island). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The River Aragón or río Aragón is one of the tributaries to the left of the river Ebro. ... Segre is a river tributary to the Ebre with a basin comprising territories across three states: France, Andorra and Spain (although culturally they all belong to the Catalan Countries). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1196x810, 149 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Ebro Segre River ... Early Ebro logo Modern Ebro logo c. ... Ebro is a town located in Washington County, Florida. ... Catalan IPA: (català IPA: or []) is a Romance language, the national language of Andorra, and a co-official language in the Spanish autonomous communities of Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia , and in the city of LAlguer in the Italian island of Sardinia. ... Ebros start in Fontibre. ... For the Mesozoic island Cantabria, see Cantabria (Mesozoic island). ... Location Location of Miranda de Ebro in Spain Coordinates : 42°41′ N 2°56′ O Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Miranda de Ebro (Spanish) Spanish name Miranda de Ebro Postal code 09200 Area code 34 (Spain) + 947 (Burgos) Website http://www. ... Location within Rioja Media (La Rioja). ... For other uses, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ... Flix (SAMPA: [fliS]) is an important town in comarca of Ribera dEbre, Catalonia by the Ebre river. ... A view of Tortosa Tortosa (Latin Dertusa, Arabic طرطوشة Ṭurá¹­Å«Å¡ah) is the capital of the comarca of Baix Ebre, in the province of Tarragona, in Catalonia, Spain, located at 12 metres above the sea, by the Ebre river. ... Amposta is the capital of the comarca of Montsià, in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Catalonia | Provinces of Spain ...

Contents

Name

The Romans named this river Iber (Iberus Flumen), hence its current name. The Latin name may be developed from the name of the pre-Romanic Iberians, ancient inhabitants of the Mediterranean coast of Iberia. Allegedly, it may also somehow be related to the Basque word ibar, which means 'valley'. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... The Lady of Baza, made by Iberians The Iberians were an ancient, Pre-Indo-European people who inhabited the east and southeast of the Iberian Peninsula in prehistoric and historic times. ... The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ...


History

In Antiquity, The Ebro was used as the dividing line between Roman (north) and Carthaginian (south) expansions after the First Punic War. When Rome, fearful of Hannibal's growing influence in the Iberian Peninsula, made the city of Saguntum (considerably south of the Ebro) a protectorate of Rome, Hannibal viewed this treaty as an aggressive action by Rome and used the event as the catalyst to the Second Punic War. Antiquity means different things: Generally it means ancient history, and may be used of any period before the Middle Ages. ... This article refers to the state which existed from the 6th century BC to the 1st century BC. For alternate meanings, see Roman Republic (18th century) and Roman Republic (19th century). ... This article is about the ancient city-state of Carthage in North Africa. ... Combatants Roman Republic Carthage Commanders Marcus Atilius Regulus Gaius Lutatius Catulus Gaius Duilius Hamilcar Barca Hanno the Great Hasdrubal Xanthippus The First Punic War (264 to 241 BC) was the first of three major wars fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5... Hannibal, the son of Hamilcar Barca, (247 BC – ca. ... Saguntum, now Sagunt, (Castilian Sagunto) is an ancient city in the fertile district of Camp de Morvedre in the province of Valencia in eastern Spain. ... Combatants Roman Republic Carthage Commanders Publius Cornelius Scipio†, Tiberius Sempronius Longus Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Gaius Flaminius†, Fabius Maximus, Claudius Marcellus†, Lucius Aemilius Paullus†, Gaius Terentius Varro, Marcus Livius Salinator, Gaius Claudius Nero, Gnaeus Cornelius Scipio Calvus†, Masinissa, Minucius†, Servilius Geminus† Hannibal Barca, Hasdrubal Barca†, Mago Barca†, Hasdrubal Gisco†, Syphax...


One of the earliest Cistercian monasteries in Spain, Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda (Royal Monastery of Our Lady of the Wheel), is located on the banks of the Ebro in Aragon. This edifice survives to the present intact, having been established in the year 1202. The monastery is strongly connected to the Ebro, since it used one of the first large waterwheels established in Spain for the production of power. The monastery also diverted flow from the Ebro to create a circulating hydrological central heating system for its buildings. Cistercians coat of arms The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin: ), otherwise White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which a black scapular or apron is sometimes worn) is a Roman Catholic order of enclosed monks. ... Monastery of St. ... Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda, outer courtyard Real Monasterio de Nuestra Senora de Rueda is an early Cistercian Monastery in the Aragon region of Spain. ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... An overshot water wheel standing 42 feet high powers the Old Mill at Berry College in Rome, Georgia A water wheel (also waterwheel, Norse mill, Persian wheel or noria) is a hydropower system; a system for extracting power from a flow of water. ...


The river Ebro was the initial starting ground of one of the most famous Republican offensives during the Spanish Civil War, in 1938. The offensive itself, known as the Battle of the Ebro, ended in defeat for the Republican forces, even though they enjoyed initial success in its first stages. However, they were not able to reach the desired objective of Gandesa. Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... Combatants Spanish Republic Nationalist Spain Commanders Juan Modesto Enrique Lister Queipo de Llano Francisco Franco Strength 100,000 90,000 Casualties 30,000 dead 20,000 wounded 19,563 captured 200 aircraft 6,500 dead 30,000 wounded 5,000 captured The Battle of the Ebro (Spanish: Batalla del Ebro... Gandesa is the capital of the comarca of Terra Alta, in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. ...


Delta geography

The Ebro Delta is one of the largest wetland areas (320 km²) in the western Mediterranean region. The Ebro delta has grown rapidly—the historical rate of growth of the delta is demonstrated by the town of Amposta. This town was a seaport in the 4th Century, and is now located well inland from the current Ebro river mouth. The rounded form of the delta attests to the balance between sediment deposition by the Ebro and removal of this material by wave erosion. Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ... Amposta is the capital of the comarca of Montsià, in the province of Tarragona, Catalonia, Spain. ... For other uses, see Port (disambiguation). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ...


The modern delta is in intensive agricultural use for rice, fruit, and vegetables. The Ebro delta also hosts numerous beaches, marshes, and salt pans that provide habitat for over 300 species of birds. A large part of the delta was designated as Ebro Delta Natural Park in 1983. A network of canals and irrigation ditches constructed by both agricultural and conservation groups are helping to maintain the ecologic and economic resources of the Ebro Delta. For other uses, see Rice (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fruit (disambiguation). ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... This article is about marsh, a type of wetland. ... Salt pans can refer to: Salt pan (geology), a flat expanse of ground covered with salt and other minerals, usually found in deserts. ...


Flow and floods

In Zaragoza from the end of the nineteenth century: For other uses, see Zaragoza (disambiguation). ...

  • March 1888: 3,760 m3/s
  • January 1891: 3,250 m3/s
  • February 1892: 3,790 m3/s
  • January 1895: 3,118 m3/s
  • March 1930: 3,600 m3/s
  • December 1930: 3,000 m3/s
  • October 1937: 3,000 m3/s
  • January 1941: 4,000 m3/s
  • February 1952: 3,260 m3/s
  • January 1961: 4,130 m3/s
  • November 1966: 3,154 m3/s
  • January 1981: 2,940 m3/s
  • February 2003: 2,988 m3/s
  • March 2003: 2,220 m3/s
  • April 2007: 2,282 m3/s.

The Ebro poured 1,874 hm³ in the river delta from 2007-03-27 to 04-11, with an average of 117 hm³/day . M3 may refer to: Messier 3, a globular cluster of stars M3 motorway, a motorway in England M3 motorway (Northern Ireland), a spur of the M2 M3 motorway in the Republic of Ireland, a proposed upgrade to part of the N3 road M3 motorway (Hungary) M-3 (Michigan highway) M3... For The Flashbulb album, see M³ (album). ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ...


Ecology

The zebra mussel is an invasive species that is extending upstream in Ebro waters. Binomial name Dreissena polymorpha Pallas, 1771 The Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) is a bivalve mussel native to freshwater lakes of southeast Russia. ... Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...


The Ebro delta has the world's largest colony of Audouin's Gulls. Binomial name Larus audouinii Payraudeau, 1826 The Audouins Gull (Larus audouinii) is a large gull restricted to the Mediterranean and the western coast of Saharan Africa. ...


See also

River in Madagascar relatively free of sediment load An hydrological transport model is a mathematical model used to simulate river or stream flow and calculate water quality parameters. ...

References

NASA Earth Observatory is an online publication of NASA where the public can access satellite imagery and scientific information about our planet for free. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 40°43′11.9″N 0°51′46.7″E / 40.719972, 0.862972 (Ebro River) Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ebro - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (150 words)
The Ebro (Greek: Έβρος, Latin: Iberus, Spanish: Ebro, Catalan: Ebre) is Spain's most voluminous and second longest river.
It starts at Fontibre (province of Cantabria), passes at Miranda de Ebro, Logroño, Zaragoza, Flix, Tortosa, and Amposta, and ends with a delta in the Mediterranean Sea in the province of Tarragona.
The zebra mussel is an invasive species that is extending upstream in Ebro waters.
Ebro - definition of Ebro in Encyclopedia (172 words)
The Ebro (Latin Iberus, Spanish Ebro, Catalan Ebre) is one of the major rivers of Spain.
Starts at Fontibre (province of Cantabria), passes Miranda de Ebro, Logroño, Saragossa, Flix, Tortosa, Amposta and ends with a delta in the Mediterranean Sea in the province of Tarragona.
The zebra mussel is an invading species that is extending upstream in Ebro waters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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