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Encyclopedia > Ebbw Vale
Ebbw Vale
Welsh: Glyn Ebwy
UK Parliament Blaenau Gwent
European Parliament Wales
List of places: UKWalesList of places in Blaenau Gwent
For the Ebbw Vale in Australia, see Ebbw Vale, Queensland.

Ebbw Vale (Welsh: Glynebwy) is a town at the head of the valley formed by the Ebbw Fawr river in South Wales. It is the largest town and the administrative centre of Blaenau Gwent county borough. The Ebbw Vale/Brynmawr conurbation has a population of roughly 33,000. Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Blaenau Gwent is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Wales is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in Wales Lists of places within principal areas List of places in Anglesey List of places in Blaenau Gwent List of places in Bridgend List of places in Caerphilly List of places in Cardiff List of places in Carmarthenshire List... This is a list of places in the Blaenau Gwent county borough, south Wales. ... Ebbw Vale is a suburb of Ipswich City Council, Queensland, Australia. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Approximate extent of South East Wales. ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ...

Contents

History

Ebbw Vale town centre.
Ebbw Vale town centre.

Originally a rather insignificant spot with only about 140 inhabitants at the end of the 18th century, Ebbw Vale — and the whole valley — was transformed by the Industrial Revolution. The Ebbw Vale Iron Works (later the Ebbw Steelworks) opened in 1778, followed by the opening of a number of coal mines around 1790. At its height (1930s — 40s) the steel works in Ebbw Vale was the largest in Europe, attracting attention from German bombers during World War II. However the deep valley proved difficult to bomb and the plant survived. Ebbw Vale suffered from the decline of the steel and coal industries and there are now no steelworks or mines left in or around the town. In 2003 work began on demolishing the long-standing steelworks, and currently around one to two miles of the valley stands empty awaiting development. Plans have been made to re-introduce a railway service to the area, bringing a much-needed transport link. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... Year 1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Wyoming coal mine Coal mining is the mining of coal. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Ebbw Vale hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1958 . The Welsh Language was dominant in the area until the last quarter of the 19th century and remnants of the language (Welsh hymns and pockets of Welsh in nearby Rhymney) persisted into the 1970s. The Eisteddfod (literally sitting) is a Welsh festival of literature, music, and song. ... Jan. ...


In 1992, the town hosted the Ebbw Vale Garden Festival, the last National Garden Festival. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ebbw Vale Garden Festival Of Wales (National Garden Festival 1992) attracted over two million visitors to this small town in South Wales. ... The National Garden Festivals were part of the cultural regeneration of large areas of derelict land in Britains industrial districts during the 1980s and early 1990s. ...


Aneurin Bevan, the father of the National Health Service, stood for election into parliament as Labour Party candidate for Ebbw Vale in 1929, on his death in 1960 he was succeeded as MP by Michael Foot. A statue of Bevan in Cardiff. ... NHS redirects here. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Commons House of Lords Speaker of the House of Commons Michael Martin MP Lord Speaker Hélène Hayman, PC Members 1377 (646 Commons, 731 Peers) Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Michael Mackintosh Foot (born 23 July 1913) is an English politician and writer. ...


The Ebbw Vale conurbation today is a product of areas which grew up as a result of the iron industry or have developed as a result of distinct housing areas they include: Beaufort, Rassau, Garnlydan, Hill Top, Briery Hill, Glyncoed,Willowtown, Glanyrafon, Cwm, Newtown, Victoria, Tyllwyn, Waunlwyd and Ebbw Vale itself. In particular Beaufort and Victoria were the two original iron producing areas.


The Mittal Affair: "Cash for Influence"

Controversy erupted in 2002 as Plaid Cymru Member of Parliament Adam Price exposed the link between U.K. prime minister Tony Blair and steel magnate Lakshmi Mittal in the Mittal Affair, also known as 'Garbagegate' or Cash for Infuence.[1][2] [3] Mittal's LNM steel company, registered in the Dutch Antilles and maintaining less than 1% of its 100,000 plus workforce in the U.K., sought Blair's aid in its bid to purchase Romania's state steel industry. [4] The letter from Blair to the Romanian government, a copy of which Price was able to obtain, hinted that the privatisation of the firm and sale to Mittal might help smooth the way for Romania's entry into the European Union.[5] Plaid Cymru (IPA:; English: ; often referred to simply as Plaid) is a political party in Wales. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... Adam Robert Price (born September 23, 1968, Carmarthen) is a politician in Wales, and Plaid Cymru Member of Parliament for Carmarthen East and Dinefwr. ... For other people of the same name, see Tony Blair (disambiguation) Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born May 6, 1953)[1] is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service, Leader of the Labour Party, and Member of Parliament for the constituency... Lakshmi Narayan Mittal[1] (or Lakshmi Nivas Mittal) (लक्ष्मी निवास मित्तल) (born June 15, 1950) is a London-based Indian billionaire industrialist, born in Sadulpur Village, in the Churu district of Rajasthan, India, and residing in Kensington, London. ... The Netherlands Antilles (Dutch: Nederlandse Antillen), previously known as the Netherlands West Indies, are part of the Lesser Antilles and consist of two groups of islands in the Caribbean Sea that form an autonomous part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (none of the other Antilles use this term in...


The letter had a passage in it removed just prior to Blair's signing of it, describing Mittal as "a friend."[6]


In exchange for Blair's support Mittal, already a Labour contributor, donated £125,000 more to Labour party funds a week after the 2001 U.K. General Elections, while as many as six-thousand of Welsh steelworkers were laid off that same year, Price and others pointed out.[7] Mittal's company, then the fourth largest in the world, was a "major global competitor of Britain's own struggling steel industry, Corus, formerly known as British Steel." [8] Corus and Valkia Limited were two of the primary employers in South Wales, particularly in Ebbw Vale, Llanwern, and Port Talbot.[9]. Dorothea Langes Migrant Mother depicts destitute pea pickers in California during the Great Depression. ... For other uses, see Corus. ... British Steel is a large British steel producer, privatised in 1988 under the Thatcher government. ... Llanwern is an electoral district (ward) and smaller community (parish) in the urban-rural fringe of the City of Newport. ... , Port Talbot (Welsh: Aberafan or Porth Talbot) is an industrial town in the traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, with a population of approximately 50,000. ...


Education

Ebbw Vale currently is host to a selection of primary and infant schools, two secondary schools (Glyncoed Comprehensive School & Ebbw Vale Comprehensive School) both covering a large catchment area. Alongside this there is also the Ebbw Vale campus of Coleg Gwent, teaching a range of subjects from Mechanics, Media, Humanities to Hairdressing and Beauty. There is also an institute which provides a range of courses for mainly adult learners. Coleg Gwent (Gwent College) is Wales largest further education college. ...


Sport and culture

Sport features as one of the prides of the Ebbw Vale area, including a top flight Welsh Premiership rugby union team, that participated in the Celtic League and various European competitions until the restructuring of Welsh Rugby Union that took effect from the 2003-04 season effectively removed any professional rugby representation from the area. The Ebbw Vale rugby team is nicknamed 'The Steelmen' named after the steel works in the town. These days Ebbw Vale RFC still compete at a semi-professional level in the WRU Principality Premiership along with the Welsh Cup. In 2007, the club finished 2nd in the Premiership in what was one of their most successful seasons ever. Ebbw Vale are a Welsh rugby union club based in Ebbw Vale in south Wales. ...


Also in the town there is a keen interest in cricket (of which the town hosted several Glamorgan County Cricket fixtures until 1996), bowls, swimming, and a large host of football and rugby teams at varying degrees of skill. Eugene Cross Park is the home of both the town's rugby and cricket clubs. However, cricket predates rugby and Ebbw Vale's first recorded match was played against Blaina in 1852. During the 19th century the influx of people from the surrounding counties looking for work in the local iron works and coal mines gave cricket a boost and in June 1879 "a meeting was held at the Institute to form a cricket club in the town". It is also the birthplace of 2 time World Snooker Champion, Mark J Williams. Glamorgan County Cricket Club is one of the 18 major county clubs which make up the English and Welsh domestic cricket structure, representing the historic county of Glamorgan aka Glamorganshire (Welsh: ). Glamorgan CCC is the only Welsh first-class cricket club. ... Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a large baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four corners and in the middle of each of the long side cushions. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


In addition to the above the town also has a leisure centre which hosts facilities ranging from a gym, sauna, weights room, 5-a-side, squash courts and a 33m long, 4m deep swimming pool with diving boards.


Ebbw Vale's theatre, the Beaufort Theatre, is the largest in Blaenau Gwent The Beaufort Theatre is the principal theatre in Blaenau Gwent. ... Blaenau Gwent is a county borough and parliamentary constituency in South Wales. ...


Transport

Bus services are the main form of public transport to/from the town, until restoration of passenger train services with the reinstatement of the Ebbw Valley Line. Current services are:[10] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Number Service (From/To) General Details Operator Notes
22 Newport to Ebbw Vale Mon to Sat (every 60 mins) Red and White An operating brand of Stagecoach Wales
52 Ebbw Vale Circular Mon/Thu/Fri (3 trips) Scrivens
321 Aberdare to Bradford Mon to Sun (1 trip) National Express
B4 Gaer to Brecon Summer Only, Sun (1 trip) Bebb
E 2 Ebbw Vale (Town Centre to Hilltop) Mon to Sat (every 30 mins) Red and White
E3/E4 Brynmawr to Ebbw Vale Mon to Sat (every 30 mins) Red and White
E8 Ebbw Vale to Gam Lydan Mon to Sat (every 30 mins) Red and White
E11 Tredegar to Ebbw Vale Mon to Sat (every 60 mins) Clarkes
X4 Abergavenny to Cardiff Mon to Sat (every 30 mins) Red and White
X4 Tredegar to Abergavenny Mon to Sat (3 trips) Sun (5 trips) Clarkes
X18 Ebbw Vale to Newport Mon to Sat (every 60 mins) Red and White

Stagecoach Group plc (LSE: SGC) is a leading international transport group operating bus, train, tram, express coach and ferry operations. ... Stagecoach Group plc (LSE: SGC) is a leading international transport group operating bus, train, tram, express coach and ferry operations. ... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ...

Famous residents

Jeff Banks (born March 17, 1943 in Ebbw Vale, Wales) is a renowned British Designer of both Mens and Womens Clothing, Jewellery, and Home Furnishings. ... Nicky Grist (born November 1, 1961 in Ebbw Vale) is a Welsh rally co-driver. ... Bill Randell (born 1922, died 2006 in Ebbw Vale) is a renowned entertainer and fund raiser in the south east valleys of Wales. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Victor Spinetti is a Welsh comic actor. ... Brian Hibbard (born November 26, 1946) is a Welsh actor and singer, best remembered as the lead vocalist in the original Flying Pickets. ...

Interesting facts

The view from Ebbw Vale.
The view from Ebbw Vale.
  • 44,000 red engineering bricks from Beaufort are said to support the Empire State Building
  • Southampton Docks stand on the crushed slag (cooled impurities from iron making) from Beaufort Ironworks.
  • The world's first steel rail was rolled at Ebbw Vale in 1857.
  • The rails for the Stockton and Darlington Railway were made at Ebbw Vale.
  • The Sydney Harbour Bridge was made from iron and steel from the Ebbw Vale steelworks.[cite this quote]

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... Opening of the Stockton and Darlington Railway by John Dobbin, circa 1825. ...

External links

  • Ebbw Vale Today - Ebbw Vale's Top Site
  • Habbzo.co.uk Largest Online MMORPH Game site, hosted in Ebbw Vale
  • Festival Church
  • Ebbw Vale Online
  • Ebbw Vale Rugby Club
  • Ebbw Vale Cricket Club
  • Ebbw Vale First Responder Scheme - As of January 2007, web site does not exist
  • Heads of the Valley Sub-Aqua Club, based in the leisure centre
  • Pubs in Ebbw Vale
  • A Movie About Ebbw Vale
  • A site about the Garden Festival of Wales, hosted in Ebbw Vale
  • Images of Ebbw Vale
  • Festival Park Owl Sanctuary, in the Festival Park Ebbw Vale
  • Blaenau Gwent Borough Council

Coordinates: 51.77791° N 3.21171° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


References

  1. ^ Plaid reveals Labour steel cash link Monday, 11 February, 2002, extracted 11-01-07
  2. ^ Lakshmi Mittal, steel mill millionaire Thursday, 14 February, 2002, extracted 11-01-07
  3. ^ Q&A: 'Garbagegate' Thursday, 14 February, 2002 extracted 11-01-07
  4. ^ Q&A: 'Garbagegate' Thursday, 14 February, 2002 extracted 11-01-07
  5. ^ Plaid reveals Labour steel cash link Monday, 11 February, 2002, extracted 11-01-07
  6. ^ Q&A: 'Garbagegate' 14 February, 2002, extracted 11-01-07
  7. ^ Plaid reveals Labour steel cash link Monday, 11 February, 2002, extracted 11-01-07
  8. ^ Q&A: 'Garbagegate' Thursday, 14 February, 2002 extracted 11-01-07
  9. ^ Steel firm condemns 'Mittal aid' Monday, 18 February, 2002, 14:47 GMT extracted 11-01-07
  10. ^ http://www.carlberry.co.uk/rfnlistr.asp?L1=EBB001&op=D

  Results from FactBites:
 
Images of Wales (626 words)
Ebbw Vale was originally a rather insignificant spot with only about 140 inhabitants at the end of the 18th century, but was transformed by the opening of the Ebbw Vale Iron Works (later to become the steelworks) in 1778.
The Ebbw Vale and Victoria stations in this parish are on the Great Western Railway, and a third station at Ebbw Vale belongs to the London and North Western Railway Co., who have a branch from here joining the Abergavenny line near Beaufort station.
Ebbw Vale is lighted with gas by the Beaufort Gas Light Co. and the Ebbw Vale Steel, Iron and Coal Company Limited, and is supplied with water from works in Llangunider parish.
Ebbw Vale - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (703 words)
Ebbw Vale (Welsh: Glyn Ebwy) is a town at the head of the valley formed by the Ebbw Fawr river in south Wales.
Ebbw Vale suffered from the decline of the steel and coal industries and there are now no steelworks or mines left in or around the town.
Ebbw vale currently is host to a selection of primary and infant schools, two secondary schools (Glyncoed Comprehensive and Ebbw Vale Comprehensive) both covering a large catchment area.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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