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Encyclopedia > Eastern Promises
Eastern Promises
Directed by David Cronenberg
Produced by Paul Webster
Robert Lantos
Written by Steve Knight
Starring Viggo Mortensen
Naomi Watts
Vincent Cassel
Armin Mueller-Stahl
Brice Stratford
Music by Howard Shore
Cinematography Peter Suschitzky
Distributed by Focus Features
Release date(s) September 8, 2007
All Movie Guide profile
IMDb profile

Eastern Promises is a 2007 drama and thriller feature film directed by David Cronenberg. The screenplay was written by Steve Knight, whose previous credits include Stephen Frears' Dirty Pretty Things. The film premiered September 8, 2007 at the Toronto International Film Festival.[1] Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... David Paul Cronenberg OC, FRSC (born March 15, 1943[2]) is a Canadian film director and occasional actor. ... Robert Lantos (born April 3, 1949, in Budapest, Hungary) is a Canadian film producer. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: The Hellenic League is not a professional sports league, so players in league dont meet WP:BIO If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page... Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr. ... Naomi Ellen Watts (born September 28, 1968) is a British actress known for her roles in Mulholland Drive, the film remakes of The Ring and King Kong, as well as her Academy Award-nominated role in the film 21 Grams. ... Vincent Cassel (born November 23, 1966) is a French actor. ... Armin Mueller-Stahl (born December 17, 1930) is a German film actor. ... Howard Leslie Shore (born October 18, 1946) is an Oscar, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Canadian composer, best known for composing the scores to The Lord of the Rings film trilogy and films of David Cronenberg. ... Peter Suschitzky (born July 25, 1941) is a Polish-British cinematographer, born in Warsaw to fellow cinematographer Wolfgang Suschitzky. ... Focus Features is the art house films division of Universal Pictures, and acts as both a producer and distributor for its own films and a distrubutor for foreign films. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 2007 has been referred to, by film and media critics, as the year of the threequels, a nickname referring to the large amount of third installment films released this year, including Spider-Man 3, Shrek the Third, Oceans Thirteen, Resident Evil: Extinction, The Bourne Ultimatum, Pirates of the Caribbean... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... The thriller is a broad genre of literature, film, and television. ... A reel of film, which predates digital cinematography. ... David Paul Cronenberg OC, FRSC (born March 15, 1943[2]) is a Canadian film director and occasional actor. ... Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... Stephen Frears in Sweden, 1989 promoting his movie Dangerous Liaisons. ... Dirty Pretty Things (2002) is a movie by Stephen Frears, a drama about two illegal immigrants in London. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Poster for the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival Box office at the Manulife Centre The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF), held in Toronto, Canada, is widely considered to be one of the top film festivals in the world. ...

Contents

Cast

Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr. ... Naomi Ellen Watts (born September 28, 1968) is a British actress known for her roles in Mulholland Drive, the film remakes of The Ring and King Kong, as well as her Academy Award-nominated role in the film 21 Grams. ... Look up patronymic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Vincent Cassel (born November 23, 1966) is a French actor. ... Armin Mueller-Stahl (born December 17, 1930) is a German film actor. ... Actress Sinéad Cusack with husband Jeremy Irons. ... Donald Sumpter is a British actor. ... Jerzy Skolimowski (b. ...

Director's comments concerning the plot

Adam Nayman of Eye Weekly reported that director David Cronenberg said "Just don't give the plot away" and Nayman wrote "His request is understandable." Nayman said, "There is one scene – the in-depth discussion of which prompted the director's anti-spoiler request referenced at the top of this story – that should rank not only in his personal pantheon of spectacularly deployed gore but among the most exhilaratingly visceral patches of cinema, period, full stop."[2] Chicago Sun-Times critic Roger Ebert noted Cronenberg's quote and agreed, saying "He is correct that it would be fatal, because this is not a movie of what or how, but of why. And for a long time you don't see the why coming."[3] eye weekly is an alternative newsweekly newspaper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ...


Plot synopsis

Todd McCarthy of Variety wrote that the film has "some great twists."[4] David Elliott of The San Diego Union-Tribune[5] and film critic Tony Medley also noted the twists in the film.[6] Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California by the Copley Press. ...


Anna Khitrova (Naomi Watts), a midwife at a London hospital delivers a baby girl from an unconscious and hemorrhaging fourteen-year-old prostitute. The prostitute dies during childbirth and has no identification other than a diary, written in Russian and a business card for a restaurant called Trans-Siberian. Wanting to find relatives for the new-born girl, Anna sets out to uncover the mother's identity. Anna visits the restaurant, owned by charismatic Semyon (Armin Mueller-Stahl), a boss in the Russian Mafia or vory v zakone ("thieves in law"), who offers to help by translating the diary. Naomi Ellen Watts (born September 28, 1968) is a British actress known for her roles in Mulholland Drive, the film remakes of The Ring and King Kong, as well as her Academy Award-nominated role in the film 21 Grams. ... Armin Mueller-Stahl (born December 17, 1930) is a German film actor. ... The Russian Mob or Mafia, Russkaya Mafiya, Red Mafia, Krasnaya Mafiya or Bratva (slang for brotherhood), is a name given to a broad group of organized criminals of various ethnicity which appeared in the former Soviet Union territories after its disintegration in 1991. ... Thief in law (Russian: Вор в законе) is a skilled worker, particularly a thief, within the Russian Criminal world who satisfies certain requirements of the Russian criminal tradition. ...


Anna and her mother Helen (Sinéad Cusack) are visited by her Russian-born uncle Stepan (Jerzy Skolimowski), who urges her to destroy the diary and leave things as they are. Anna continues to search for the truth as Semyon becomes more interested in her and the diary. With Stepan's grudging help she learns that Semyon had raped the prostitute who died in childbirth and realises that Semyon is the father of the baby girl. Actress Sinéad Cusack with husband Jeremy Irons. ... Jerzy Skolimowski (b. ...


Outside Trans-Siberian she meets Nikolai Luzhin (Viggo Mortensen), a chauffeur and enforcer in Semyon's criminal enterprises. Nikolai spends most of his time with Semyon's unstable son, Kirill (Vincent Cassel), a violent and abusive drunk. Nikolai is forced to use his tact and diplomacy to keep Kirill out of trouble and to limit the problems Kirill causes through his stupidity and excesses. Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr. ... Vincent Cassel (born November 23, 1966) is a French actor. ...


Of Kirill's excesses, the latest is an ill-advised murder on a rival Chechen vory leader. Semyon knows that the Chechens will seek revenge and hatches a plan to save Kirill. He will let the Chechens kill Nikolai, but make them think they have killed Kirill. First Semyon has Nikolai promoted to Kirill's rank: Kaptain (and has him accordingly tattooed.) Then, with the Chechens searching London, he sends Nikolai to a bath-house. Nikolai thinks he is meeting with another gangster, but Semyon has an intermediary alert the Chechens, who arrive, ready to kill Kirill. In a desperate battle of survival, a naked Nikolai fights for his life, killing his attackers but enduring severe knife wounds.


Hospitalised after the fight, Nikolai is visited by a Scotland Yard detective specialising in the Russian Mafia; it is revealed that Nikolai is an undercover officer of the Russian Security Services (FSB) working with the British police. Nikolai explains that he knows the baby from the teenage prostitute is Semyon's child. He reasons that a simple paternity test will prove Semyon has had unlawful sex with a minor and give grounds for arrest and conviction. New Scotland Yard, London New Scotland Yard, it blowwsssss often referred to simply as Scotland Yard or The Yard, is the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service, responsible for policing Greater London (although not the City of London itself). ... For other uses, see FSB. Minor emblem of the Federal Security Service The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB) (Russian: ФСБ, Федера́льная слу́жба безопа́сности; Federalnaya Sluzhba Bezopasnosti) is the main domestic security service of the Russian Federation and the main successor agency, among others, of the Soviet-era Cheka, NKVD, and KGB...


After being arrested and forced to give blood, Semyon realises what is happening and assigns Kirill to kidnap and dispose of the baby girl. Kirill succeeds in the kidnapping but when Anna discovers the baby missing she recruits Nikolai's help to find her.


Nikolai knows where Kirill is most likely to dispose of a body and together with Anna, races to the slipway on the River Thames. They find Kirill, holding the baby by the water, but suffering a crisis of conscience. They convince Kirill not to throw the baby into the river, but to hand the child to Anna. Nikolai hugs Kirill telling him that his father, Semyon, will be going away and they will be in control themselves with nothing to fear. This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ...


The story closes with Anna raising the child (now several years older) at her home, and Nikolai sitting alone at the restaurant with the status of being the crime lord but deep in contemplation.


Production

Shooting began in November 2006, and various scenes were filmed in St John's Street, Farringdon, London. Filming also took place in Broadway Market, Hackney. The "Trans-Siberian Restaurant" is located in a building on the Southern end of St John's Street, next to Smithfield Market. The entrance to the "Ankara Social Club" of the film is actually the front door of a residential flat. The Broadway Market hair dresser known as "Broadway Gents Hairstylist" was changed to "Azims Hair Salon", where in the film one of the Russians is murdered. The owner Mr Ismail Yesiloglu decided to keep the majority of the shopfront after filming. In the original script, the name was "Ozims Hair Salon", but it was later changed to "Azims" as there is no such name as Ozim in Turkish. 67 die and about 300,000 people are affected by floods in Ethiopias Somali Region of Ogaden after the Shabelle River bursts its banks. ... Farringdon is an historic area of the City of London, represented today by the wards of Farringdon Within and Farringdon Without. ... Broadway Market is a pedestrianised area running from London Fields to the Regents Canal in Dalston in the London Borough of Hackney, East London. ... The London Borough of Hackney is a London Borough in the east end of London and part of inner London. ... The current route of the A1 (red) and the historic route of the Great North Road (blue). ... Smithfield (also known as West Smithfield to distinguish it from the East Smithfield area located in Tower Hamlets) is an area in the north-west part of the City of London (which is itself the historic core of a much larger London). ...


According to the New York Daily News[7] Viggo Mortensen studied Russian gangsters and the tattoos they wear, and also consulted a documentary on the subject called The Mark of Cain. The tattoos that he wore were, according to the New York Daily News, so real that when he went into a Russian restaurant in London, a Russian couple sitting next to him became very quiet when they saw the tattoos on his hands, but since Mortensen could not speak ten words of Russian the mood of the restaurant changed back to normal.[8] From that day on he washed his tattoos away when he went off the set. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The script made a point of excluding guns, and Cronenberg deliberately left any sight of them out of the movie. In an interview, Cronenberg explained, that the knives used in the film's pivotal fight scene weren't "some kind of exotic Turkish knives, they’re linoleum knives. [He] felt that these guys could walk around in the streets with these knives, and if they were ever caught, they could say 'we’re linoleum cutters.'" [9]


Release

The film premiered September 8, 2007 at the Toronto International Film Festival[1] where it won the Audience Prize for best film on September 15, 2007.[10] Eastern Promises opened in limited release in Russia on September 13, 2007.[1] is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Poster for the 2006 Toronto International Film Festival Box office at the Manulife Centre The Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF), held in Toronto, Canada, is widely considered to be one of the top film festivals in the world. ... Limited release is a term in the American motion picture industry for a motion picture that is playing in a select few theaters across the country (typically in cities such as New York and Los Angeles). ...


In the United States and Canada, the film opened in limited release in 15 theaters on September 14, 2007 and grossed $547,092 — averaging $36,472 per theater.[11] The film opened in wide release in the United States and Canada on September 21, 2007 (expanding to 1,404 theaters) and ranked #5 at the box office, grossing $5,659,133 — an average of $4,030 per theater.[11] The film has grossed $28,223,798 worldwide as of October 29, 2007 — $17,266,000 in the United States and Canada and $10,957,798 in other territories.[12] is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


The film took part in competition at the San Sebastian Film Festival September 20, 2007. The Donostia-San Sebastián International Film Festival is an annual film festival which originated in 1953 and is held in the Spanish town of Donostia. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


The film was shown at the London Film Festival on October 17, 2007 and was released in the United Kingdom on October 26, 2007.[1] The Times BFI London Film Festival is the UKs largest public film event, screening 300 films from 60 countries. ... is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Critical reception

As of September 25, 2007 on Rotten Tomatoes, 89% of critics gave the film positive reviews, based on 123 reviews.[13] On Metacritic, the film had an average score of 82 out of 100, based on 35 reviews.[14] is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ...


Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four stars and wrote "Eastern Promises is no ordinary crime thriller, just as Cronenberg is no ordinary director", and said "Cronenberg has moved film by film into the top rank of directors, and here he wisely reunites with Mortensen" who "digs so deeply into the role you may not recognize him at first." Ebert said the film has a fight scene that "sets the same kind of standard that The French Connection set for chases. Years from now, it will be referred to as a benchmark." Ebert praised the casting directors, saying the choice of Mortensen was "pitch-perfect." Ebert also said "What the director and writer do here is not unfold a plot, but flay the skin from a hidden world."[15] J. Hoberman of the Village Voice said "I've said it before and hope to again: David Cronenberg is the most provocative, original, and consistently excellent North American director of his generation", saying "neither Scorsese nor Spielberg, and not even David Lynch, has enjoyed a comparable run." Hoberman said the film is "directed with considerable formal intelligence and brooding power" and continues the trend of "murderous family dramas" seen in Spider and A History of Violence. Hoberman called the film "graphic but never gratuitious in its violence", "garish yet restrained", "a masterful mood piece", "deceptively generic" and said the film "suggests a naturalized version of the recent Russian horror flick Night Watch." When describing the cast, Hoberman said "Mueller-Stahl may be perfunctory...but Vincent Cassel literally flings himself into [his role]" and "Mortensen is even more electrifying as Nikolai than in A History of Violence"[16] Los Angeles Times critic Carina Chocano said "Expertly realized and gunmetal slick, Eastern Promises whirs along with perfect efficiency, but doesn't stir much in the way of visceral horror despite its penchant for treating the human body like a chicken carcass on a block." Chocano wrote "the movie is in many ways a B-movie companion piece to A History of Violence", and noted similarities to The Godfather. Chocano said "the movie is much less corporeal" than Cronenberg's previous films and wrote that Cronenberg's career "has in some ways been a reprise of the greatest fears of the 1950s, so it makes sense that technophobia and fear of the unrecognizable self have given way to xenophobia and fear of the unrecognizable society."[17] Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... The French Connection is a 1971 Hollywood film directed by William Friedkin. ... The Village Voice is a New York City-based weekly newspaper featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ... David Paul Cronenberg OC, FRSC (born March 15, 1943[2]) is a Canadian film director and occasional actor. ... Martin Marcantonio Luciano Scorsese (IPA: AmE: ; Ita: []) (born November 17, 1942) is an American film director, writer and producer and founder of the World Cinema Foundation. ... Steven Spielberg (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director and producer. ... For other persons named David Lynch, see David Lynch (disambiguation). ... Ralph Fiennes in Spider Spider is a 2001 film by Canadian director David Cronenberg. ... A History of Violence is 2005 film, directed by David Cronenberg. ... Night Watch (Russian: ) is a Russian fantasy action thriller film, made in 2004 by the Kazakhstan-born film director Timur Bekmambetov. ... Vincent Cassel (born November 23, 1966) is a French actor. ... A History of Violence is 2005 film, directed by David Cronenberg. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Look up xenophobia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Chris Vognar of The Dallas Morning News gave the film a "B+" and said "The film's genius performance belongs to the venerable Armin Mueller-Stahl, who plays the family head with a twinkling eye and an air of avuncular, Old World charm." Vognar wrote "Where some may see melodrama, Mr. Cronenberg locates timeless, elemental struggles between good and evil, right and wrong. But he makes sure to place a mysterious gray area front and center, personified here by Mr. Mortensen's Nikolai", writing "Nikolai Luzhin is...like Ray Bradbury's Illustrated Man...only more dangerous" and "scarily enigmatic." Vognar wrote that Eastern Promises shares themes of "ambiguous identity and rage-soaked duality" with A History of Violence and said both films "have a lock-step precision and both take a sly kind of joy in subverting genre expectations." Vognar said Eastern Promises "is a little too mechanical for its own good...but the mechanics also produce an admirable crispness and sense of purpose, a sense that the man behind the camera knows exactly what he's doing at all times."[18] Film Journal International critic Doris Toumarkine said the film is a "highly entertaining but sometimes revolting look at a particularly venal branch of the Russian mob." Toumarkine wrote that Mortensen and Watts "are intriguing moral counterpoints. They are also the key ingredients that make Eastern Promises a highly delectable and cinematically rich borsht that upscale film fans will devour." She described Mortensen's performance as "startling," called Watts "touching," Cassel "particularly delicious," but said "Mueller-Stahl, Cusack, and Skolimowski don’t have as much to chew on." She said the film "is also blessed by Howard Shore's restrained score, which lets the film’s other estimable elements breathe through." Toumarkine also said the film is "essentially a character-driven crime thriller but is also a bloody tour de force laced with considerable nudity and sexually bold content that will rattle the squeamish."[19] Todd McCarthy of Variety said the film is "a superbly wrought yarn" and "instantly takes its place among David Cronenberg's very best films", and said "it's possible that Cronenberg has never made a film of such consistent tone and control." McCarthy wrote "it's Mortensen's picture" and that his performance "recalls the magnetic work of Hollywood's greats of yore", "Cassel is at the top of his game", Mueller-Stahl is "mesmerizing", and Skolimowski was an inspired choice." McCarthy said that fans of Cronenberg will surely appreciate the film and said "the way [Steve Knight] spirals and layers his story out from [a] simple beginning is thrilling to behold." Todd McCarthy wrote there are "some great twists and turns-of-events, all the better for their subtlety" and that the ending is "eminently satisfying."[20] The Dallas Morning News is the major daily newspaper serving the Dallas, Texas area. ... Armin Mueller-Stahl (born December 17, 1930) is a German film actor. ... Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451, is widely considered... The Illustrated Man is a 1951 book of eighteen science fiction short stories by Ray Bradbury that explores the nature of humankind. ... Film Journal International is a motion-picture industry trade magazine published by the American company Nielsen Business Media, a division of The Nielsen Company. ... The Russian Mob or Mafia, Russkaya Mafiya, Red Mafia, Krasnaya Mafiya or Bratva (slang for brotherhood), is a name given to a broad group of organized criminals of various ethnicity which appeared in the former Soviet Union territories after its disintegration in 1991. ... Borscht with sour cream. ... Actress Sinéad Cusack with husband Jeremy Irons. ... Jerzy Skolimowski (b. ... Howard Leslie Shore (born October 18, 1946) is an Oscar, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Canadian composer, best known for composing the scores to The Lord of the Rings film trilogy and films of David Cronenberg. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Viggo Peter Mortensen, Jr. ...


Bruce Westbrook of the Houston Chronicle gave the film one star out of four and said it had a "contrived plot" and wrote "what it's really about, more than sensitivity for displaced people or social analyses, is violence — hideous, gruesome, over-the-top violence." Westbrook said "For Cronenberg, such cheap sensationalism is business as usual, and this far into his career, that business has slipped into artistic bankruptcy", saying that the "history of violence...better served his early phase as a director of hard-hitting horror." He said "in some ways David Cronenberg seems more surgeon than film director. Executing scenes with surgical precision, he doesn't flinch at the sight of blood or the cuts that cause it." Westbrook wrote the film "isn't about Russian gangs so much as Cronenberg's own dark passions not just for violence but excruciating carnage, which he brandishes mercilessly" and that the film was "a stifling descent into grim shock and disturbing awe."[21] The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0765443/releaseinfo Retrieved 2007-09-15
  2. ^ Adam Nayman (2007-08-30). INDELIBLE INK. Eye Weekly. Retrieved on 2007-10-22.
  3. ^ Roger Ebert (2007-09-14). :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews :: Eastern Promises. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved on 2007-10-22. “"Just don't give the plot away," Cronenberg begged in that interview. He is correct that it would be fatal, because this is not a movie of what or how, but of why. And for a long time you don't see the why coming.”
  4. ^ Todd McCarthy (2007-09-08). Eastern Promises. Variety. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  5. ^ David Elliott (2007-09-13). A history of violence. The San Diego Union-Tribune. Retrieved on [[2007-11-15]].
  6. ^ Tony Medley. Eastern Promises. tonymedley.com. Retrieved on [[2007-11-15]].
  7. ^ John Clark (2007-09-09). Viggo Mortensen digs into naked emotional turf. New York Daily News. Retrieved on 2007-26-09.
  8. ^ Nanna Louise Teckemeier (2007-01-18). (Danish) Viggo is frightning (Original Danish title: Viggo er skræmmende). Ekstra Bladet. Retrieved on 2007-26-09.
  9. ^ FOREIGN AFFAIRS: David Cronenberg talks about his strangely intimate new Russian mafia movie Eastern Promises and snuff films on the Internet
  10. ^ Tamsen Tillson. "'Promises' wins best film in Toronto", Variety, 2007-09-16. Retrieved on 2007-09-17. 
  11. ^ a b Eastern Promises (2007) - Weekend Box Office. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-09-26.
  12. ^ Eastern Promises (2007). Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-10-29.
  13. ^ Eastern Promises - Rotten Tomatoes. Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  14. ^ Eastern Promises (2007): Reviews. Metacritic. Retrieved on 2007-09-21.
  15. ^ Roger Ebert (2007-09-14). :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews :: Eastern Promises. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  16. ^ J. Hoberman (2007-09-11). Still Cronenberg. Village Voice. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  17. ^ Carina Chocano (2007-09-14). 'Eastern Promises'. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  18. ^ Chris Vognar (2007-09-14). Eastern Promises. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  19. ^ Doris Toumarkine. EASTERN PROMISES. Film Journal International. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  20. ^ Todd McCarthy (2007-09-08). Eastern Promises. Variety. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.
  21. ^ Bruce Westbrook (2007-09-14). Hideous, gruesome, over-the-top violence. Houston Chronicle. Retrieved on 2007-09-14.

eye weekly is an alternative newsweekly newspaper in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The San Diego Union-Tribune is a daily newspaper published in San Diego, California by the Copley Press. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Ekstra Bladet is a Danish tabloid newspaper focusing on sensationalist stories. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Village Voice is a New York City-based weekly newspaper featuring investigative articles, analysis of current affairs and culture, arts reviews and events listings for New York City. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Dallas Morning News is the major daily newspaper serving the Dallas, Texas area. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Film Journal International is a motion-picture industry trade magazine published by the American company Nielsen Business Media, a division of The Nielsen Company. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Variety is a daily newspaper for the entertainment industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Houston Chronicle is a daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Metacritic is a website that collates reviews of music albums, games, movies, TV shows, DVDs and books. ... Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... All Movie Guide is a commercial database of information about movie stars, movies and television shows. ...

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